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Math lecture

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I

Lecture 4

Viacheslav Zhygulin

1.

2.

3.

4.

Revision.

Concavity.

Practice exercises.

Questions on HWs, quiz #1

Next Lecture:

1. Quiz # 1 (10 minutes)

2. Trigonometric functions.

Revision:

A function is a rule that takes certain numbers

as inputs and assigns to each a definite output

number. The set of all input numbers is called the

domain of the function and the set of resulting

output numbers is called the range of the

function.

Revision:

A linear function has the form

y = f(x) = b + mx.

Its graph is a line such that

m is the slope, or rate of change of y with

respect to x.

b is the vertical intercept, or value of y when

x is zero.

Revision:

We say P is an exponential function of t with

base a if

where P0 is the initial quantity (when t = 0) and a

is the factor by which P(t) changes when t

increases by 1.

If a > 1, we have exponential growth; if 0 < a <

1, we have exponential decay.

Revision:

Shifts and stretches:

as follows:

Revision:

Even and odd functions:

Revision:

Logarithm function:

Concavity.

The graph of a function is concave up if it bends upward as we move

left to right; it is

concave down if it bends downward. A line is neither concave up

nor concave down.

Exercise 1

The half-life of an exponentially decaying quantity is the time required for the quantity to

be

reduced by a factor of one half.

The doubling time of an exponentially increasing quantity is the time required for the

quantity

to double.

A deposit of P0 into a bank account has a

doubling time

of 50 years. No other deposits or withdrawals are

made.

(a) How much money is in the bank account

after 50

years? 100 years? 150 years? (Your answer will

involve

P0.)

(b) How many times does the amount of money

double

in t years? Use this to write a formula for P, the

amount of money in the account after t years.

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

For which pairs of consecutive points in Figure is

the function graphed:

(a) Increasing and concave up?

(b) Increasing and concave down?

(c) Decreasing and concave up?

(d) Decreasing and concave down?

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Give an example of:

1. A formula representing the statement q

decreases at a

constant percent rate, and q = 2.2 when t = 0.

2. A function that is increasing at a constant

percent rate and that has the same vertical

intercept as f(x) = 0.3x +2.

3. A function with a horizontal asymptote at y =

5 and

range y > 5.

Exercise 6

Exercise 7

Decide if the function f is invertible:

1. f(d) is the total number of gallons of fuel an

airplane has

used by the end of d minutes of a particular flight.

2. f(t) is the number of customers in Macys

department

store at t minutes past noon on December 18,

2014.

3. f(n) is the number of students in your calculus

class

whose birthday is on the n-th day of the year.

4. f(w) is the cost of mailing a letter weighing w

grams.

Exercise 8

Exercise 9

Are statements 1-4 true or false? Give an explanation:

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