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BLOOD PRESSURE

1. Aldhila Eka N
2. Diajeng Fatmawati
3. Dian Aspriana T
4. Emi Rentika
5. Fika Rahmawati
6. Hilma Nadzifah
7. Intan Nur Fatimah
8. Ivada El Umma
9. Retna Rosalena
10.Wulida Hadaina

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

What Is Blood Pressure?


Blood is carried to
all parts of your
body in vessels
called arteries.

Blood pressure is
the force of blood
pushing against
the arteries.

What Is Blood Pressure?


Blood is carried to all parts
of your body in vessels
called arteries.

nu Top
m
be
r

Your blood pressure is at


its highest when the heart
beats, pumping the blood.

This is called SYSTOLIC pressure.

120/
80

When the heart is


at rest, between
beats, your blood
pressure falls.
Bottom number

This is called DIASTOLIC pressure.


Your blood pressure is always given as these two numbers
with one above or before the other.

http://www.hsfpe.org/

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

CATAGORY OF BLOOD
PRESSURE
Catagory

Systolic (MM/HG)

Diastolic (MM/HG)

NORMAL

120 MM/HG

80 MM/HG

HYPOTENSION

< 90 MM/HG

< 60 MM/HG

HYPERTENSION

>140 MM/HG

> 90 MM/HG

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

What Is Normal Blood Pressure?


Category
Normal

Systolic
(Top Number)

Diastolic
(Bottom Number)

Less than 120

Less than 80

Normal blood pressure is when both


numbers are lower than 120/80.

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

What Is High Blood Pressure?


When blood pressure stays elevated over a long period of
time it is called high blood pressure or hypertension.

http://diseases-explained.com/

High blood pressure is dangerous because it


makes the heart work too hard and contributes
to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

What Is High Blood Pressure?


Hypertension
A blood pressure of

140/90 is considered high blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure

Systolic

Diastolic

Stage 1

140-159

90-99

Stage 2

160 or higher

100 or higher

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

Why Is High Blood Pressure Important?


Increases your risk for :
Heart disease & Stroke

the 1st and 3rd leading causes of


death for Americans.

If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can also cause:


Heart failure
Heart Attack
Kidney disease
Blindness

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

What can high blood pressure do to your body?


Stroke

Heart Attack

High blood pressure is the most


important risk factor for stroke. Very
high pressure can cause a break in a
weakened blood vessel, which then
bleeds in the brain. This can cause a
stroke. If a blood clot blocks one of
the narrowed arteries, it can also
cause a stroke.

High blood pressure is a


major risk factor for
heart attack. The
arteries bring oxygencarrying blood to the
heart muscle. If the
heart cannot get enough
oxygen, chest pain, can
occur. If the flow of
blood is blocked, a heart
attack results.

Blindness

High blood pressure can


eventually cause blood
vessels in the eye to burst or
bleed. Vision may become
blurred or otherwise impaired
and can result in blindness.

Heart failure
The heart is unable to
pump enough blood
to supply the body's
needs.

Arteries

Kidney disease
As people get older,
arteries throughout the
body "harden,"
especially those in the
heart, brain, and
kidneys. High blood
pressure is associated
with these "stiffer"
arteries. This, in turn,
causes the heart and
kidneys to work harder.

Kidneys act as filters to


rid the body of waste.
High blood pressure can
narrow and thicken the
blood vessels of the
kidneys. The kidneys
filter less fluid and waste
builds up in the blood.
The kidneys may fail
altogether.
Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

PREVENT BLOOD PRESSURE


You can take action to prevent getting high blood pressure
or take steps to control it!
See your doctor for regular blood pressure check ups
If youMaintaining
drink alcoholic
beverages,
a healthy
weightdrink
in moderation
Eat a healthy diet rich in
vegetables and fruits, and low
Choose
prepare
foods with less salt
fatand
dairy
foodsactive
Get
physically
If you smoke, think about quitting

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc

THANKS FOR YOUR


ATTENTION

Source: Your Guide To Lowering Blood Pressure, www.nhlbi.nih.govc