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LITERARY TYPES AND FORMS

A. PROSE FICTION presents a story


that is invented and not literally true.
-It is written to read rather than acted
or performed, and the events depicted
are told to us by a NARRATOR, not
enacted or dramatized.
1. Myth is often a STORY OF ORIGIN,
how the world and everything in it came
to be.

2. Legend comes from the Latin


adjective legenda. It refers to
unverified story handed down from
earlier
times,
especially
one
popularly believed to be historical.
3. Parable is a simple story
illustrating a MORAL or RELIGIOUS
LESSON.

4. Fable is usually short narrative


making an edifying or cautionary
point and often employing as
character animals that speak and act
like humans.
5. Fairy Tale is a kind of folktale or
fable. Marvelous and magical things
happen to characters in fairy tales.

6. Short Story is a piece of prose


fiction marked by relative shortness
and density, organized into a plot and
with some kind of denouement at the
end.
7. Novel is a fictional prose narrative
of considerable length, typically
having a plot that is unfolded by the
action, speech, and thoughts of
numerous characters placed in a
number of different situations.

8. Novella is a fictional
prose narrative that is longer
than a short story, but shorter
than a novel. It is form in its
own right.

B. POETRY is piece of art written by a poet in


meter or verse expressing various emotions
which are expressed by the use of variety of
techniques including metaphors, similes and
onomatopoeia.
1. Lyric Poetry a comparative short, nonnarrative poem in which a single speaker
presents a state of mind or an emotional state.
a. Song
b. Sonnet
c. Elegy
d. Ode

2. Narrative Poetry gives a verbal


representation, in verse, of a
sequence of connected events.
a.
b.
c.

Ballad
Metrical Romance
Epic

3. Dramatic Poetry like narrative


poetry, tells stories. But in dramatic
poetry, the poet lets one or more of
the storys characters act out the
story.
a.
b.

Dramatic Monologue
Soliloquy

C. DRAMA comes from the Greek word dran


which means to do or to act.
- It is a story acted out. It shows people
going through some eventful period in their
lives, seriously or humorously.
1. Tragedy refers to a drama in which a
heroic protagonist meets an unhappy or
calamitous end, brought about by some fatal
flaw of character, by circumstances outside his
or her control, or simply by destiny.
a.
b.

Tragicomedy
Melodrama

2. Comedy depicts humorous incidents


in which the protagonist are faced with
moderate difficulties but overcome them
and the play ends happily.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Satirical Comedy
The Comedy of Manners
Romantic Comedy
Black Comedy
Farce

D. NONFICTION PROSE presents factual


information or expresses a viewpoint.
1. Autobiography which comes from the Greek
words auton, self, bios, life and graphein,
write, is a biography written by the person
himself or herself.
2. Biography which comes from the Greek
words bios meaning life, and graphein
meaning write is a personal account of a
persons life written by another person.

3. Character Sketch is an
abbreviated portrayal of a particular
characteristic of people.
4. Diary or Journal is a daily record
of events in a persons life.

5. Editorial is a statement or an
article by a news organization,
newspaper
or
magazine
that
expresses the opinion of the editor,
editorial board, or publisher.
6. Essay is a brief work of nonfiction
that offers an opinion on a subjects.

THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!

Arcilla, Amee Joy


Alpad, Noriana

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