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Introduction to the Legal

System of Bangladesh
Syed Mahfujul Haque Marjan
Course Instructor
Media and the Law
MSJ 11411

What is Judicial System ?

The judiciary (also known as the judicial

system or court system) is the system of

courts that interprets and applies the
law in the name of the state.
Judicial SystemThe judiciary in

Bangladesh consists of the higher

judiciary (the Supreme Court) and the
subordinate judiciary (the lower courts)

of Bangladesh

Supreme Court

Supreme Court

Supreme Court of Bangladesh

Supreme Court the apex court of

the country
It consists two division-the

Appellate Division and the High

Court Division

Chief Justice of Bangladesh and other

judges in each division constitute the

Supreme Court

Chief justice and other judges are

independent in the exercise of their judicial

functions subject to the provisions of the

Justice Surendra Kumar Sinha

The Chief Justice and other judges are

appointed by the President in accordance

with the advice of the Prime Minister.
Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed

from amongst the advocates of the Supreme

Court and judicial officers
Judges appointed in the Appellate Division

sit in that division with the Chief Justice, and

the judges appointed in the High Court
Division sit in that division

High court division has power of

judicial review
High court division may also

withdraw a case from any

subordinate court
In enforcing the fundamental rights,

high court division is empowered to

declare any law inconsistent with
the fundamental right or any other

Both the divisions of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh are courts of

record, and have power subject to the provisions of the Contempt of

Courts Act 2013 to investigate and punish any one for contempt of

High court division has superintendence and

control over all subordinate courts and tribunals
established by law

Appellate division hears appeals from the

judgment, decree, order or sentence passed by

the high court division or from any other court
or tribunal
The appellate division has advisory jurisdiction

to give its opinion when sought by the President

on any question of law of public importance
Appellate division has power to issue any

direction, order, decree or writ including

attendance of any person or discovery or
production of any document

Subordinate Judiciary

District judge is the head of the judiciary

in each of the districts

District judge has administrative control

over all the civil courts of the district

Civil Procedure CodeAny person adversely

affected by the action or threat of another as

to his right to property or status is required to
get the dispute decided through the civil court
by presenting a plaint before it and obtaining
a decree, and at times to execute the decree if
his adversary does not comply with it.

In entertaining and deciding a suit or

proceedings the civil court follows the

procedure laid down in the Code of
Civil Procedure 1908
Code of Criminal Procedures, 1861

covers offences punishable with

death, life imprisonment, or
imprisonment for a term exceeding
two years.