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ADS505

LOCAL
GOVERNMENT
Presented by :
1) Ummu Syafrawa Binti Hasnan
2) Noor Ashikin Binti Abdul Aziz
3) Nor Izzah Binti Ahmad

Question 1
a) Discuss the need for an
efficient system of local
government at the local level

Benthamite Tradition
Jeremy Bentham : Founder of modern
utilitarianism (1748-1832)
A British philosopher, jurist and social
reformer
Philosophy : the greatest
happiness of the greatest number
that is the measure of right and
wrong

What is utilitarianism ..?


An ethical philosophy in which the happiness
of the greatest number of people in the
society is considered the greatest good
An action is morally right if its consequences
lead to happiness and wrong if it ends in
unhappiness.
adhere to the principle that a person should
do anything that will produce the most good
for everyone or most happiness to the
greatest number of people

Why LG must be efficient..?


To ensure decisions are made quickly and
in line with the needs of local residents
To make sure the citizens are satisfy with
the service given by the local authorities
To make sure the local government easily
communicate and deal with the citizens
To improve economic opportunities
among the society
To keep harmony among the society

Question 2
b) Identify local government
main function in a nation of
your choice

Local Government (LG) in Malaysia


LG in Malaysia is the lowest level of
hierarchy in the governance of Malaysia,
after federal and the state.
*Provide goods and services to local
people.
Under the Ministry of Urban Well Being,
Housing and Local Government.
Governed under Local Government Act
1976 (Peninsular Msia), Local Government
Ordinance 1961 (Sarawak), Local
Authority 1996 (Sabah)

Environment
protection &
building control

Town
planning &
control

Social
functions

Public
amenities

Main
function

Public
health &
sanitation

Environment
protection
& building
Environment
control
In order to build a building, the developer
may apply for a temporary CF.
A CF shall be given when the qualified
persons have certified that they have
supervised and constructed in accordance to
the law.
Certificate of fitness
The law is contained in the Uniform Building ByLaws 1984 in subsidiary legislation made under
section 133 of the Street, Drainage and Building
Act 1974

Public
amenities
Social
Focus on bus stand, car park, town hall
to provide community halls or sports centers in
exchange for planning permission and council
service.
These buildings become the assets of the council,
whereupon fees and charges can be collected for
the use of the facilities in the buildings.
They also focus on public transport in the area or
outside the area for the movement of residents as
stated in Local Government Act 1976.
Rapid KL, MARA Liner

Public health &


Public
sanitation
To preserve public health or to prevent the spread of
diseases by providing the place (quarantine) for the
infected person
To ensure that local markets are kept in a clean and
proper state and that filth and refuse are removed in
specified area.
To inspect, control, supervise the preparation of any
food at any food premises. Section 72 (1)(a)
Collaborate with Ministry of Health is there any issue
on dengue or any other cases
Eg: fogging at the infected area

Social
functions
Security
provide the cleanliness activities
provide in terms of social on
education facilities, health
consciousness
Protect the handicap people by
building the special welfare for them
Section 64 (a)
Eg : handle the gotong-royong
activity to clean in certain rural area
or clean the nearby rivers that are

Town planning &


control
Handles the agreement with the local
residents first if they want to come out
with any projects
Hand out the notice to the residents
before doing so (3 months before), so
that they can prepare themselves.
Eg : LRT projects, housing projects,
highway projects and etc..

Overall functions of LG in
Malaysia
DISCRETIONARY
MANDATORY
Includes critical
functions.
Eg : refuse
collection, street
lighting, public
health and
cleansing

Includes all
development
functions.
Eg : development
and maintanance
of recreational
parks,
landscaping,
public amenities,
housing &
commercial
activities.

Conclusion
As a conclusion , local governments in
Malaysia exist because of the emergence
of awareness to help the federal
government to administer the states.
The existence of local government in
Malaysia plays an important role in
ensuring the urban development and
maintanance are being delivered to the
society equally.

References
http://
www.dbkl.gov.my/index.php?option=c
om_content&view=category&id=17&Ite
mid=182&lang=ms
http://
penanginstitute.org/v3/resources/articl
es/statistics/676-local-government-in-m
alaysia-types-functions-organisation-me
mbers-and-budget
http://
jkt.kpkt.gov.my/english.php/pages/view

Continued..
http://
www.slideshare.net/faizahyahya9/ke
rajaan-tempatan
http://
www.slideshare.net/fatimahsaid/teoriutilitarianisme
http://www.scribd.com/doc/14050520
/Local-Government-Malaysia#scribd
http://
pengajianmalaysiaikmtsya.blogspot.