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Apolinario

Mabini y
Maranan
Brain of the Revolution
23 July 1864 - 13 May 1903

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


PERSONAL DETAILS
He wasborn 23rd July 1864 in Barangay Talaga in Tanauan, Batangas
He was the second of eight children of Dionisia Maranan and Inocencio
Mabini
Revolutionary leader,educator,lawyer, andstatesman
First legal and constitutional adviser to theRevolutionary Government
FirstPrime Minister of the Philippines

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


EDUCATION
He began his informal studies under the guidance of his mother
He was transferred to a regular school owned by Simplicio
Avelino
In 1881 He received a scholarship to go to the Colegio de San
Juan de Letran in Manila. His studies at Letran were periodically
interrupted by lack of funds

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


EDUCATION
In 1894 he receive his Bachelor of Arts with highest
honors and the title Professor of Latin from Letran, he
moved on to the University of Santo Tomas, where he
received his law degree in Law studies
The very point of Mabinis accomplishment is that all his
schooling, all his training, was done right here in his own
country

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


MASONRY AND LA LIGA FILIPINA
September 1892 he joined the fraternity of Freemasonry,
and taking on the name "Katabay
In 1893 he became a member of La Liga Filipina and was
made secretary of its new Supreme Council

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


POLITICAL ACTIVITIES
In September 1894, Mabini helped establish the reformist
Cuerpo de Comprimisarios, the "Body of Compromisers,"
which sought to negotiate better treatment from Spanish
officials
Early in 1896, he contracted polio, which left his legs
paralyzed
The colonial police arrested Mabini in October of 1896 for his
work with the reform movement

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


POLITICAL ACTIVITIES
In April 1898, he penned a manifesto on the SpanishAmerican War, this paper brought him to the attention of
General Emilio Aguinaldo and ordered to bring the author
of the war manifesto to him
12th June 1898 Mabini reached Aguinaldo's camp and soon
became one of the general's primary adviser. That same
day, Aguinaldo declared the Philippines' independence,
with himself as dictator

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


ESTABLISHING THE NEW GOVERNMENT
23rd July 1898, under Mabini's influence, the president
modified his plans, establishing a revolutionary
government with an assembly rather than a dictatorship
His detractors called him the "Dark Chamber of the
President," while his admirers named him "the Sublime
Paralytic
Mabini wrote most of presidential decrees

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


ESTABLISHING THE NEW GOVERNMENT
He molded policy on the organization of the provinces, the
judicial system, and the police, as well as property
registration, and military regulations
He was appointed as Secretary of Foreign Affairs and
President of the Council of Secretaries
He also exercised significant influence over the drafting of
the first constitution for the Philippine Republic

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


ESTABLISHING THE NEW GOVERNMENT
2nd January 1899, Mabini was appointed prime minister
and foreign minister of the new government
US negotiators refused the ceasefire condition, In
frustration he threw his support behind the war effort, and
on 7th May, he resigned from Aguinaldo's government

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


ESTABLISHING THE NEW GOVERNMENT
Aguinaldo declared war on the United States on 2nd June
1899. Mabini was captured by the Americans on 10th
December 1899, and was made a prisoner of war in Manila,
but granted leave to meet with William Howard Taft
The Americans immediately re-arrested him, and when he
refused to swear fealty to the US, sent him into exile in
Guam

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


ESTABLISHING THE NEW GOVERNMENT
During his exile, He wrote La Revolucion Filipina, worn
down and sickly, fearing that he would die in exile, He
finally agreed to take the oath of allegiance to the US.
He returned home to the Philippines in February 1903 after
agreeing to take the oath of allegiance to the United
States.
He resumed his work of agitating for independence for the
Philippines soon after he was back home from exile.

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


DEATH
Mabini died of cholera in Manila on 13th May 1903 at the age
of 38

TRIBUTES
Four Philippine municipalities are named after Mabini
Mabini Batangas, Mabini Bohol, Mabini Compostela Valley,
and Mabini, Pangasinan

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan


TRIBUTES
Naval Vessels - The Philippine Navy's Jacinto class corvette,
BRP Apolinario Mabini (PS-36), is also named after Mabini.
Philippine Peso - Mabini's face adorns the Philippine Ten
peso coin, along with that of Andrs Bonifacio
Government Awards and Citations - The Philippine
government presents the annual Apolinario Mabini Awards
to outstanding persons with disabilities

END OF REPORT

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