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Security Level: Huawei

Confidential

Building the Excellent Network f


or Z
31 March 2014
Author/ Email: Jerry Wang/wangzhaowu@huawei.com
Dept.: Wireless Network Planning Dept.
Version: 2.0
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

How to build the Excellent Network


Business
Business

Subscriber

Excellent Network

Experience
User
Experience

Success
ARPU Churn Rate

Excellent

Voice

Data

Call Block Rate (<2%)


Call Drop Rate (<2%)
Bad Voice Quality
(<10%)

KPI
Performance
KPI

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Session Block Rate (<10%)


Average Setup Time (<10s)
Throughput (1Mbps)

Good

Source: Huawei experience

Accessibility

Maintenance

Mobility

RRC SR (>99%)
CS RAB SR (>99%)
PS RAB SR (>98%)

CS Call Drop Rate


(<0.5%)
PS Call Drop Rate (<1%)

Network Infrastructure
Network
Infrastructure

Source: the 3rd report

Reasonable

Source: Huawei experience

Capacity

Coverage

Capability

RF: TCP/RTWP/Code/FACH<70%
NodeB: CE/CNBAP <70%
RNC: SPU/DPU/INT <60%
Tx: Iu-CS/Iu-PS/Iub <60%

Huawei Confidential

Population coverage >90%


Indoor coverage rate > 80%
RSCP > -95dBm, EC/IO >
-11dB
Continuous F2/F3 coverage

Page 2

Network

SHO SR(>99%)
Inter-Freq SR (>95%)Optimization
Inter-RAT HO SR (>95%)

Network
Insight

Network Capability
HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA+
Terminal Capability
R5/R6/R7/R8/R9, U900

Building the Excellent


Basic MBB Network

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Page 3

AGENDA
KEY FINDINGS
BUILDING EXCELLENT NETWORK

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 4

1. Z is facing intense competition in Sudan MBB market

* Mobile Broadband(MBB) defined as HSPA and LTE.

Zs MBB market share keep slowly decline in last year, its due to the MTNs aggressive MBB
strategy.
Zs Data ARPU is lower than MTN a little in last year, except 3Q of 2013.
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Page 5

2. User experience decreased with the user increased


HSDPA
Mean Throughput benchmark @BH
1400

HSDPA Throughput and User (RNC04)


600
500

515 Kbps

3.4

3000

2745

1200

1Mbps is the most of operators choose

2500

1000

400

2000

-1/2

300
200

800

1500

253 Kbps
1000

811

600

kpbs

400

100

500
200

201303

201312

VS.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput
Total HSDPA User

HSDPA
HSDPAthroughput
throughputdecreased
decreasedseriously
seriouslywith
withthe
theregistered
registeredsubscriber
subscriberincreased
increasedto
to3.4
3.4
times
timesin
in99month.
month.
Zs
ZsMBB
MBBuser
userexperience
experienceisis253Kbps,
253Kbps,which
whichisislower
lowerthan
thanother
othertypical
typicaloperators
operatorsin
in
North
NorthAfrica.
Africa.
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Page 6

3. KPIs worse than last year due to Top 10 worst cells


KPI

201303 201312

Check
Result

RRC Setup Success Rate

99.85% 99.87% OK

AMR RAB Setup Success Rate

99.70% 99.64% OK

Accessibility PS R99 RAB Setup Success Rate 99.60% 99.91%

OK

HSDPA RAB Setup Success Rate

99.60% 99.53%

OK

HSUPA RAB Setup Success Rate

99.79% 99.76%

OK

SHO Success Rate


Mobility

99.97% 99.96% OK

CS Inter-RAT HO Success Rate

98.05% 96.67%

OK

CS Inter-RAT HO Proportion

78.31% 73.56%

OK

AMR Call Drop Rate

0.25%

0.49%

OK

PS Call Drop Rate

0.58%

0.20%

OK

Retainability

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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In
InRNC04,
RNC04,Top
Top10
10worst
worstcells
cellscontributed
contributedaa
lot
lotof
offail
failtimes
timesof
ofall
allfail
failtimes,
times,to
tooptimize
optimize
the
theTop
Top10
10cells
cellsabnormal
abnormalKPI
KPIisisnecessary.
necessary.

Page 7

4. Whole resource load is normal, RNC04s load is little high


Cell
381 cells

4 RNC

127 NodeB

Cell1

Core

RNC

NodeB
Iub

Cell2

IUCS

MSC

Cell3
NodeB

RNC

IUPS

SGSN

CE

TCP: 10% UR>70%

N
N

Type

RTWP: 44% >-100dBm

R
R

DL: 12% UR>70%

Code: 12% UR>70%

W
W
W
W

FACH: 1% UR >70%

Iub:

N
N

UL: all UR < 15%


DL: 20% UR >70%

N
N
R
R

UR: Utility Ratio

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

13

UL: 47% UR>70%

W
W

12

R
R Risk

W
W Warning

04
70%

15

SPU Load

52% 60%

DPU Load

13% 38% 53% 39% NN

INT Load

16% 19% 18% 20%

CS
License
PS
License

R
R

N
N

The total congestion time is 20K in


1%

9%

14% 44%

6%
82%
W
W

4%
65%

N
N

3 days, accounted for 0.01% of total


RAB attempt times, whole resource
availability is 99.99%.
Source: 4 RNC, Feb,2014

N
N Normal

Huawei Confidential

59%

Page 8

5. Network capability can not meet the users requirement


Users Requirement

Network Capability

Application Behavior

Fast

1.9

No Signaling Storm Solution (CELL_PCH, R8 FD)

SPU CPU LOAD

60.00%

2.4

Dec.2013

50.00%
40.00%

Dormancy

30.00%

1.8
Mar.2013

20.00%

Always-

10.00%
0.00%

online

Push Service

21% 3G Terminal Experience are Restricted

Speed

3.1

Jordan-Z,
UAE-D
Lebanon-M
Egypt: 77%
Egypt:
100%

RNC04
Source: RNC04, Dec. 2013

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

TunisiaO
SaudiZ,S,M
Egypt:
40%

150Mbps

84Mbps

20MHz

42Mbps

21Mbps
10
14.4Mbps
7.2Mbps
5MHz
MHz
5MHz
5MHz
HSPA
HSPA HSPA+(R7) HSPA+
64 QAM
(16QA
(R8)
(R5/R6
M)
64QAM
)
+DC/MIM
Page 9
O

10
MHz
HSPA+
(R9)
64QAM
+MIMO
+DC

LTETech
2*2MIM
O

Terminals Analysis ---3G Terminals supporting U900

3G Terminals support for U900


91%

90%

Marina

86%

85%

Minya

Asyut

Giza

U900 layer can offload current U2100 layer in most of the areas.
Since only 5MHz are available in GSM900, careful preparations for 2G
layer is a must to minimize the risk of any traffic loss after completely
switching off GSM900 layer.

DCS coverage boosting proposals


shall be considered.
Page 10
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10

Terminals Analysis --- Terminal Support LTE


LTE Terminal Number Distribution
200

Support LTE FDD

150

9.0%
8.1%

16
28

Cell Num 100


50
0

0
23
Marina

0
4
27
17

Minya

53
0
10
21
12

Asyut

1000+
500~1000
200~500
50~200
0~50

30
17

Giza

Giza

Marina

2.5%

2.6%

Minya

Asyut

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

This is a
potential
area to
start
integratin
g LTE
sites

Giza

Huawei Confidential

Page 11

Based on PS CDR(1
Days).

11

Summary
Planning
Planning Suggestion
Suggestion

Challenges
Challenges

Parameter
Parameter Optimization
Optimization (Professional
(Professional Service)
Service)
1.
1.ZZ is
is facing
facing intense
intense Competition
Competition in
in Sudan
Sudan
MBB
MBB market
market
2.
2.User
User Experience
Experience Decreased
Decreased with
with the
the
user
user increased
increased
3.
3.KPIs
KPIs worse
worse than
than last
last year
year due
due to
to Top
Top 10
10
Worst
Worst Cells
Cells
4.
4.Whole
Whole resource
resource load
load is
is normal,
normal, RNC04s
RNC04s
load
load is
is little
little high
high
5.
5.Network
Network Capability
Capability can
can not
not meet
meet the
the
Users
Users requirement
requirement

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

1.
1.

Parameter
Parameter Optimization
Optimization (LDR,
(LDR, Carrier
Carrier strategy,
strategy, HSPUA)
HSPUA)

2.
2.

Resource
Resource Optimization
Optimization (TCP,
(TCP, RTWP,
RTWP, Code,
Code, CE,
CE, Iub)
Iub)

3.
3.

KPI
KPI Optimization
Optimization (RRC,RAB)
(RRC,RAB)

Software
Software Upgrade
Upgrade
4.
4.

Expand
Expand RNC04s
RNC04s PS
PS Throughput
Throughput and
and 47
47 NodeBs
NodeBs CE
CE License
License

5.
5.

Deploy
Deploy Signaling
Signaling Storm
Storm Solution
Solution to
to decrease
decrease signaling
signaling

6.
6.

UL
UL Capacity
Capacity Improvement
Improvement Solution
Solution (4
(4 Features)
Features)

7.
7.

DL
DL Capacity
Capacity Improvement
Improvement Solution
Solution (HSDPA,
(HSDPA, HSPA+/64QAM/DC)
HSPA+/64QAM/DC)

8.
8.

Deploy
Deploy 22ndnd carrier
carrier for
for hotspot
hotspot

Hardware
Hardware Expansion
Expansion
9.
9.

Add
Add 22 SPU
SPU for
for RNC04
RNC04 to
to avoid
avoid Flow
Flow Control
Control

10.
10. Add
Add 12
12 baseband
baseband for
for NodeB
NodeB to
to avoid
avoid CE
CE congestion
congestion
11.
11. Upgrade
Upgrade 10
10 cells
cells power
power to
to avoid
avoid impact
impact user
user experience
experience
12.
12. Upgrade
Upgrade Top
Top 10
10 cells
cells Iub
Iub bandwidth
bandwidth
13.
13. Deploy
Deploy 14
14 new
new site
site for
for weak
weak coverage
coverage and
and heavy
heavy traffic
traffic area
area

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Page 12

AGENDA
KEY FINDINGS
BUILDING EXCELLENT NETWORK

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Page 13

Step1: Network Optimization


1.
1. Optimization
Optimization

2.
2. Software
Software Feature
Feature

3.
3. Hardware
Hardware Expansion
Expansion

RNC SPU

Parameter
Parameter
Optimization
Optimization

Huawei
Professional
Service

KPI
KPI

Optimization
Optimization

Resource
Resource

Optimization
Optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

License

Signaling

Expansion

Storm Solution

NodeB Baseband
NodeB Power

Capacity

Carrier

Improvement

Expansion

Iub Expansion
New Site

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Page 14

Parameter Optimization (Professional Service)


UL Capacity Improvement

DL Capacity Improvement
Applicable
Scope (cell)

Possible Profit

TCP and Code Utility Balance (TBD)

8 / 81

Cell HSDPA
Throughput

13

CELL PCH/R8 FD (TBD)

6 / 81

Cell HSDPA
Throughput

RNCID

Sub-Solution

Applicable
Scope (cell)

Possible Profit

RNC

04

CQI Feedback period Optimization (Done)

31 / 153

RTWP
Avg@Busy Hour

13

04

HSUPA PO Optimization (TBD)

31 / 153

Cell HSUPA
Throughput

Sub-Solution

04

UL GBR Optimization (Done)

17 / 52

UL CE Cong
Times

04

RF interference Investigation and


Parameter Optimization (Done)

4 / 150

Cell HSUPA
Throughput

13

SCCPCH Expansion (TBD)

5 / 81

Fach Cong Time

04

Outer Loop Power Control Enhanced


(TBD)

31 / 153

Cell HSUPA
Throughput

13

CCCH Congestion Optimization


(TBD)

5 / 81

Fach Cong Time

04

LDR Based on UL CE Congestion (Done)

17 / 52

UL CE Cong
Times

13

Follow on issue Investigation (Done)

6 / 81

Cell HSDPA
Throughput

04

LDR Based on RTWP (Done)

31 / 153

HSUPA.MeanCh
Throughput

13

DL DPCCH PILOT PO Optimization


(TBD)

6 / 81

Cell HSDPA
Throughput

13

PS Soft Handover Optimization


(Done)

6 / 81

Cell HSDPA
Throughput

04

2MS/10MS TTI Switch Based on UL


Admission CE (Done)

17 / 52

UL CE Cong
Times

04

2MS/10MS TTI Switch Based on RTWP


(Done)

31 / 153

RTWP Avg@BH

9 Parameter Optimization already down by Huawei Service Team


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Note: This is only for reference, we need to double check with your team
Page 15

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Resource Optimization (Professional Service)


Equipment

Item

Result

TCP
(>70%)

10%

RTWP
(>-100dBm)

Optimization Suggestion
Decrease Power Margin; HSDPA status transfer trigger threshold optimization
BE Rate decrease/inter frequency HO LDR; DL LDR optimization; HS-SCCH dynamic power control
Small Data Packet Storm Solution

44%

2ms/10ms TTI switch based on RTWP + HSUPA 2ms period retry


Multi-sector expansion

Cell

Decreasing HsPdschMinCodeNum and enable DYNCODES

Code
(Utility>70%)

12%

FACH
(Utility>70%)

1%

Modifying RRC OF REGISTEST/inertRAT on FACH


Decreasing HsScchCodeNum; DL LDR optimization ; decreasing GBR
Increasing the SF for FACH to be from SF64 to SF32
Increasing the Iub Capacity to be 9Kbps instead of 4.5Kbps
(UL) Decreasing HSUPA TTI2ms Handover to TTI10ms threshold ; Decreasing GBR

UL CE
(Utility>70%)

47%

Iub
(Utility>70%)

20%

(UL) Enable Dynamic CE; CE overbooking feature should be introduced; Close TTI 2MS; CE expansion
(DL) CE expansion; Decreasing GBR and DL LDR actions optimization

NodeB

Transmission active factor optimization


Decrease GBR; Iub expansion
Note: This is only for reference, we need to double check with your team

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Page 16

KPI Optimization (Professional Service)


KPI
RRC/RAB/CDR
common

Possible Reason

Suggestion
Expand specific resource

RTWP problem

RACH access parameter optimization: MOD UPRACHUUPARAS: CELLID=xx,


PHYCHID=4,CONSTANTVALUE=-30, PREAMBLERETRANSMAX=40, POWERRAMPSTEP=1;
Reselection parameter optimization ,and FDDQMIN in 2G side should be 2 db more than Qqualmin+
SSEARCHRAT to in case of ping pong reselection

Bad coverage(ECNO)
RRC

RF optimization
Increasing RLMAXDALPWR for None Power congestion cells
MOD UCELLRLPWR: CellId=xx, CNDomainId=CS_DOMAIN, RlMaxDlPwr=30, RlMinDlPwr=-120

UL CE Congestion
FailEstCs.Code.Cong
FailEstabCS.DLPower.Cong
FailEstabCS.IubFail
DRD failure
FailEstab.PS.IUBBand.Cong

Increasing the SF for FACH to be from SF64 to SF32


Increasing the Iub Capacity to be 9000 B/s instead of 4500 B/s
Expand CE resource
Expand Code resource
Expand Power resource
Check the transmission problem and alarm
SET UDPUCFGDATA: DrdRollBackSwitch=ON;
Expand Iub bandwidth resource

CS Call drop during


compress mode

1)Inter-frequency HO failure rollback switch: Open switch:RESERVED_SWITCH_0_BIT11 and set


T313=1 2)Optimize DELTACFN, SET UCMCF:DELTACFN=120

Missing neighbor

Make the CDR analysis based on PCHR


1) Increase SHOQUALMIN to -18 2) RF optimization (events 1A/1B/1C:By speeding up events 1A and
1C and slowing down 1B for worst cells) 3) Radio link re-establish for PS TRB rest solution after update
to RAN15 4) E2D Base on coverage solution 5) suggest do one trial for Radio link re-establish after
RNC update to RAN15

FACH congestion

RAB

CDR

Bad coverage(ECNO)

Note: This is only for reference, we need to double check with your team
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Page 17

Step2: Software Feature


1.
1. Optimization
Optimization

2.
2. Software
Software Feature
Feature

3.
3. Hardware
Hardware Expansion
Expansion

RNC SPU

Parameter
Parameter
Optimization
Optimization

Huawei
Professional
Service

KPI
KPI

Optimization
Optimization

Resource
Resource

Optimization
Optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

License

Signaling

Expansion

Storm Solution

NodeB Baseband
NodeB Power

Capacity

Carrier

Improvement

Expansion

Iub Expansion
New Site

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Page 18

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Expand RNC04s PS Throughput and 47 NodeBs CE License


Cfg: 256CE

Cfg: 3999Erl/217Mbps

47 NodeB

Note: In 8 month, PS throughput increased by 50%, CS Traffic increased by 194%.

RNC04s PS License utilization exceed 80%, expand the PS throughput license is


recommended.

47 NodeBs UL CE utilization exceed 70%, expand CE license and baseband is


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

recommended.

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Page 19

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Deploy Signaling Storm Solution to decrease signaling


EFD Procedure

Normal
DCH

DCH

PCH

IDLE

FACH

PCH
FACH

All service

Data Service

Idle<->DCH<->Idle

PCH<->FACH<->DCH <->PCH

PCH<->FACH<->PCH

( 35 signaling)

( 18 signaling)

( 6 signaling)

39%

Heartbeat

Total: 24 signaling, saving 11 signaling (32%)

Data Service

Heartbeat

Data Service

Note: In order to get best gain, this solution must be bundled with professional service.

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Page 20

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

High PS Signaling in Z 3G network


Avg. Signaling: 20 RAB/User@BH

Source: PCHR of Huawei RNC04, Dec, 20


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Page 21

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

High PS Signaling (without Signaling Storm Solution )


Avg. Signaling: 11 RAB/User@BH

La
t
Op in A
er me
at ric
or
M a

Source: PCHR of Huawei RNC303, April, 20


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Page 22

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Low PS Signaling (with Signaling Storm Solution )


Avg. Signaling: 1 RAB/User@BH

No
Op rth
er Afr
at ic
or a
M

Source: 1 hours PCHR of RNC7, Dec, 2013


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Page 23

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

UL Capacity Improvement Solution


Benefit: 10%~20% uplink capacity gain
RNCID

Sub-Solution

Applicable
Scope (cell)

Possible Profit

14

WRFD-020136 Anti-Interference Scheduling for HSUPA

4 / 150

Cell HSUPA Throughput

14

WRFD-140202 Control Channel Parallel Interference


Cancellation (Phase 2)

89/156

Mean RTWP decrease

14

WRFD-020137 Dual-Threshold Scheduling with HSUPA


Interference Cancellation

31 / 153

Cell HSUPA Throughput

14

WRFD-020131 Optimization of R99 and HSUPA Users Fairness

31 / 153

Cell HSUPA Throughput

Note: Each features gain is depend on the specific situation, must evaluate before turn on the feature (Professional Service).
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Page 24

Anti-Interference Scheduling bring 50%+ uplink


capacity gain in strong external interference scenario
Feature Theory

Feature
Theory
CellName
Free Time
Mean RTWP
The feature guarantee the minimum UL load even though
background
noise is high,
which improve
user throughput.
SEGON-C1
2014-02-25
16:00:00
-92.49
16:00:00
-94.13 Cell
TheHADLA-C1
new threshold Min2014-02-25
UL coverage
load is used to balance
HSUPA capacity and coverage.
KABEER_A1
2014-02-25 16:00:00
-95.16

Scenario
VS.HSUPA.
HSUPA User Num
DCH User Num
MeanChThroughput
The gain is dependent on the uplink interference strength, it
doesnt
work if there is no interference.
19.18
18.81
61.1
If the18.76
interference from other sources
16.45 > 6dB, the throughput
58.39 gain is
huge (more than 100%).
22.84
16.89
35.89

DAMARB-B1

2014-02-25 16:00:00

-96.77

17.11 Optimus :
Portugal

ALTAI-C1

2014-02-25 16:00:00

-96.82

Some
18.45cells RTWPs are always
14.63> -100dBm in whole
50.34
day

MEDANI-B1

2014-02-25 16:00:00

-97.98

Choose
traffic and turn on this 39.98
feature.
36.11 the Top 20 highest 17.96

PSTRA-C1

2014-02-26 04:00:00

-98.12

20.03

OBTIBA-B1

2014-02-25 16:00:00

-98.34

37.09

10.32
23.67
HSUPA cell throughput
9.09 increase 54%.27.13

HADLA-A1

2014-02-28 05:00:00

-99.38

22.06

12.92

8.19

32.09

OBGALA-A1

2014-02-25 16:00:00

-99.95

20.15

39.66
No obvious influence about
8.04
26.91
the network KPIs for the

cells and theis


Maybe there are strong external interference in these cells, to remove theopening
interference
neighbor cells.

the 1st step

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Turn on this feature on these cell area is recommended.


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Page 25

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

CCPIC Phase2 bring 10%~30% uplink capacity gain


Uplink Capability Challenges

Reducing the Interference of Control Channel

RA
N1
4~

More small packet users in one cell brings strong


interference
Cell capacity decrease due to strong interferences by
large number of users

Feature off
Strong interference from
control channel

User1

User2

Feature on
VS

User1

User3

User 2 and 3 are


interferences for user 1
CCPIC: Control Channel Parallel Interference Cancellation

Interferences of 2 and 3 are


removed before demodulation of 1

CCPIC phase1 support cancellation in one base-band board


CCPIC phase2 support cancellation in whole cell

44% (169) NodeB already enabled the CCPIC Phase1, we recommend enable the feature in more sites.
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Page 26

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Case(1/2): 88% UL load is consumed on Control Channel


UL User and Load

UL Load Breakdown
RTWP

User

->

RTWP

, Speed

CCH (88%)

TCH
Load(12%)

Total UL
Load

Thermal

TCH (12%)

As
As UL
UL users
users number
number increasing:
increasing:

RTWP
RTWP will
will increase
increase

User
User throughput
throughput rate
rate will
will decrease
decrease

CCH
Load(88%)

Noise

65%
65% UL
UL load
load is
is used
used by
by UL
UL DPCCH
DPCCH
due
to
too
many
CELL_DCH
due to too many CELL_DCH users.
users.

88%
88% load
load is
is consumed
consumed on
on
Control
Channel;
Control Channel;

13%
13% UL
UL load
load is
is used
used by
by HS-DPCCH
HS-DPCCH
due
due to
to too
too many
many HSDPA
HSDPA users.
users.

Only
Only 10%
10% UL
UL Load
Load is
is used
used by
by
user
user traffic;
traffic;

Small Packet Solution can save control channel load which consumed the most UL resource
Source: 455(22%) cells of RNC7
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 27

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Case(2/2): UL load gain forecast


UL breakdown of one Cell

CCH (86%)

UL load forecast for 4 features


UL capacity: 10%~30%

Dynamic RoT effort forecast


Experience
UL RTWP

UL RTWP

TCH Load

CCH Load

CCH Load

CCPIC
Phase2
Dynamic
CQI
Dynamic
TCH Load
BLER
Dynamic PO

TCH Load

with
with lots
lots of
of online
online users
users (85)
(85)
at
at BH.
BH.

TCH Load

CCH Load

CCH Load

Cell
Cell 36087
36087 is
is aa typical
typical cell
cell

Dynamic RoT

After
After deploy
deploy 44 features,
features, UL
UL load
load will
will be
be

After
After deploy
deploy Dynamic
Dynamic RoT,
RoT,
more
more UL
UL load
load will
will be
be used
used on
on

saved
saved
Saved
Saved UL
UL load
load can
can be
be showed
showed as
as

Traffic
Traffic Channel,
Channel, but
but user
user

RTWP
RTWP decrease
decrease or
or UL
UL throughput
throughput

experience
experience will
will be
be better
better

improvement
improvement
UL capacity will increase after deploy Small Packet Solution; User experience will be improved especially for hot spot cells.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 28

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

DL Capacity Improvement Solution


DL Capacity Improvement Solution

Speed

150Mbps

84Mbps

20MHz
42Mbps

21Mbps
7.2Mbps
5MHz
HSPA
(16QAM)

14.4Mbps
5MHz
HSDPA
(R5)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

10MHz

10MHz
5MHz
HSPA+(R7)
64 QAM

Tech
HSPA+ (R8)
64QAM
+DC/MIMO

Huawei Confidential

HSPA+ (R9)
64QAM
+MIMO+DC
Page 29

LTE
2*2MIMO

License Signaling Capacity Carrier

Deploy 2nd carrier for hotspot

Most operator in North Africa deployed 2nd carrier, Tunisia-O, Saudi-Z and Jordan-Z deploy 3rd
carrier in hot site.

Frequency is the most valuable asset, to improve the frequency utility ratio by deploying 2 nd
HUAWEI
TECHNOLOGIES
CO., LTD.
carrier
for
some hotspot

Huawei Confidential

Page 30

Step3: Hardware Expansion


1.
1. Optimization
Optimization

2.
2. Software
Software Feature
Feature

3.
3. Hardware
Hardware Expansion
Expansion

RNC SPU

Parameter
Parameter
Optimization
Optimization

Huawei
Professional
Service

KPI
KPI

Optimization
Optimization

Resource
Resource

Optimization
Optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

License

Signaling

Expansion

Storm Solution

NodeB Baseband
NodeB Power

Capacity

Carrier

Improvement

Expansion

Iub Expansion
New Site

Huawei Confidential

Page 31

Add 2 SPU for RNC04 to avoid Flow Control


To add 2 SPU boards for
RNC04 is recommended
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Max of VS.XPU.CPULOAD.MAX(none)

Max of VS.XPU.CPULOAD.MEAN(none)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 32

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Add 12 baseband for NodeB to avoid CE congestion

op 12 Cell (UL CE Utility Ratio>90%)


RNCID

NodeBID

DL CE Utility
Ratio

Add DL CE
number

UL CE Utility
Ratio

Add UL CE
number

04

MANAGL

90.01%

126

114%

253

13

SAHILC

82.34%

92

107%

217

04

SEGON

82.52%

91

102%

182

13

ALTAI

77.70%

70

102%

196

13

PSTHUR

77.44%

73

101%

192

13

HADLA

77.76%

74

100%

202

13

HYMTAR

73.84%

52

98%

174

13

SLALBW

74.39%

61

97%

192

04

MYOTRF

73.77%

54

97%

178

13

HYSHTI

77.69%

70

96%

174

High priority is to add WBBP


to Top12 NodeB which UL
CE Utility Ratio exceed 90%.

WBBP: WCDMA Baseband Processing unit

Expand Principle: To determine whether the baseband processing board (WBBP) is overloaded, check
whether the uplink or downlink CE utility ratios exceed the baselines (70%). Other specifications such as the
CNBAP and the number of cells/carriers supported by are not considered.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 33

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Upgrade 10 cells power to avoid impact user experience

Top 10 Cell (Total TCP Ratio>70%)


Cell Name
NASEEM_B1
KOREA-B1
SAHILC-B1
HEGLIG_C1
ABDOON-C1
ALBUR-C1
HYSHTI-B1
OBGALA-A1
DEIAN5_A1
SAHILC-C1

Configured
Capacity(W)
20
40
40
20
20
20
40
20
20
40

Total TCP Utility


Ratio
82%
78%
78%
78%
78%
78%
78%
77%
77%
77%

Currently, 10% (36) cells Total TCP utility ratio exceed 70%, upgrade these cells power is top
priority.

Upgrade principle are, 20w and 30w upgrade to 40w, 40w upgrade to 60w.

Deploy the 2nd Carrier is also needed.


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 34

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Upgrade Top 10 cells Iub bandwidth

p 10 Node B (DL Iub Utilization Ratio >70%)


Node B
DMZREP
DEIAN4
MKHAZN
DNGLA2
DMAZN3
ABUHMD
SINGA3
SINAR2
GSHLAK
WALAA

UL Iub Utility Ratio


35%
26%
37%
23%
21%
23%
27%
24%
31%
21%

DL Iub Utility Ratio


88%
88%
86%
85%
85%
84%
84%
84%
84%
83%

High priority is to add E1s to


Top10 NodeB which DL Iub
Utility Ratio exceed 70%.

Currently, 20% (24) Node B DL Iub utility ratio exceed 70%, upgrade these cells power is top
priority.

E1 expansion is also needed.


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 35

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Bad user experience is due to bad RSCP and ECIO


RSCP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

User HSDPA Throughput

Huawei Confidential

ECIO

Page 36

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Bad RSCP is due to the Weak Coverage in edge and far site
RSCP Distribution

All User Distribution

RSCP Distribution
(-_-115.00]
4% 4%

(-115.00_-105.00]
30%

62%

(-105.00_-95.00]
(-95.00_-80.00]
(-80.00_+)

edge
34%
34%ofofcoverage
coveragearea
areaRSCP
RSCP<-95dBm.
<-95dBm.
RSCP
RSCPoptimization
optimizationofofedge
edgeor
orfar
farsite
siteisis
recommended.
recommended.
Far
site

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

U900
U900coverage
coverageimprovement
improvementisis
recommended.
recommended. (60%
(60%Terminal
Terminalsupport
support
U900)
U900)

Huawei Confidential

Page 37

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Bad ECIO is due to Many User in some hot spot site


ECIO Distribution

All User Distribution

ECIO Distribution
(-_-14.00]

25%

4%

13%

(-11.00_-8.00]

57%

70%
70%areas
areasECIO
ECIO<<-11dB.
-11dB.
ECIO
ECIOneed
needtotobe
beimproved.
improved.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 38

(-14.00_-11.00]
(-8.00_-5.00]
(-5.00_+)

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Some bad ECIO is due to overshooting in some site


ECIO Distribution

Overshoot Distribution

1.6KM
2.5KM

MDUNIV-B1

3.0Km

There
Thereare
aresome
someovershooting
overshootingarea,
area,e.g.
e.g.
the
thecell
cell50472(MDUNIV-B1)
50472(MDUNIV-B1)covered
coveredthe
the

2.2KM

farthest
farthestdistance
distance3km,
3km,the
thecell
cellneeds
needstoto
perform
performRF
RFoptimization
optimization(e.g.
(e.g.adjust
adjustthe
the
antenna
antennadown
downtilt
tiltangle)
angle)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 39

RNC Baseband Power Iub Site

Deploy 14 new site for weak coverage and heavy traffic area
New Site Position

Site Distance

3.0km
600M
1072M
2.0km
1155m
1086m 2.1km
780M

800m

652m

Site
Siteplanning
planningprinciple:
principle:
RSCP <105 dBm* and ECIO<-14.
RSCP <105 dBm* and ECIO<-14.

AddNewSiteInfo

Suggest to add 14 site in dense area with U2100 and U900.


Suggest to add 14 site in dense area with U2100 and U900.
* Parameter can be modified according to customer request.
* Parameter can be modified according to customer request.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 40

Summary
Planning
Planning Suggestion
Suggestion

Challenges
Challenges

Parameter
Parameter Optimization
Optimization (Professional
(Professional Service)
Service)
1.
1.ZZ is
is facing
facing intense
intense Competition
Competition in
in Sudan
Sudan
MBB
MBB market
market
2.
2.User
User Experience
Experience Decreased
Decreased with
with the
the
user
user increased
increased
3.
3.KPIs
KPIs worse
worse than
than last
last year
year due
due to
to Top
Top 10
10
Worst
Worst Cells
Cells
4.
4.Whole
Whole resource
resource load
load is
is normal,
normal, RNC04s
RNC04s
load
load is
is little
little high
high
5.
5.Network
Network Capability
Capability can
can not
not meet
meet the
the
Users
Users requirement
requirement

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

1.
1.

Parameter
Parameter Optimization
Optimization (LDR,
(LDR, Carrier
Carrier strategy,
strategy, HSPUA)
HSPUA)

2.
2.

Resource
Resource Optimization
Optimization (TCP,
(TCP, RTWP,
RTWP, Code,
Code, CE,
CE, Iub)
Iub)

3.
3.

KPI
KPI Optimization
Optimization (RRC,RAB)
(RRC,RAB)

Software
Software Upgrade
Upgrade
4.
4.

Expand
Expand RNC04s
RNC04s PS
PS Throughput
Throughput and
and 47
47 NodeBs
NodeBs CE
CE License
License

5.
5.

Deploy
Deploy Signaling
Signaling Storm
Storm Solution
Solution to
to decrease
decrease signaling
signaling

6.
6.

UL
UL Capacity
Capacity Improvement
Improvement Solution
Solution (4
(4 Features)
Features)

7.
7.

DL
DL Capacity
Capacity Improvement
Improvement Solution
Solution (HSDPA,
(HSDPA, HSPA+/64QAM/DC)
HSPA+/64QAM/DC)

8.
8.

Deploy
Deploy 22ndnd carrier
carrier for
for hotspot
hotspot

Hardware
Hardware Expansion
Expansion
9.
9.

Add
Add 22 SPU
SPU for
for RNC04
RNC04 to
to avoid
avoid Flow
Flow Control
Control

10.
10. Add
Add 12
12 baseband
baseband for
for NodeB
NodeB to
to avoid
avoid CE
CE congestion
congestion
11.
11. Upgrade
Upgrade 10
10 cells
cells power
power to
to avoid
avoid impact
impact user
user experience
experience
12.
12. Upgrade
Upgrade Top
Top 10
10 cells
cells Iub
Iub bandwidth
bandwidth
13.
13. Deploy
Deploy 14
14 new
new site
site for
for weak
weak coverage
coverage and
and heavy
heavy traffic
traffic area
area

Huawei Confidential

Page 41

Building the Excellent


Basic Voice Network

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 42

Agenda
BACKGROUND
NETWORK EVALUATION
RECOMMENDATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 43

Sudan Wireless Network Market


Penetration

Technology Split

90%

W-CDMA

80%
70%
60%
50%

59%

68%

64%

72%

75%

77%

40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Wireless Market Share


MTN

Sudatel

100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2012

CDMA

85%

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Country Profile:

Zain

Population: 34.8M; GDP/capita : $2,400; Mobile Penetration: 68%

31%

Description:
GSM is the best choice to provide economic mobile service for developing
country.
Low mobile penetration means high mobile growth potential in Sudan.
GSM will take an very important position in Sudan in coming 4 years.
Z is the Top1 mobile operator in Sudan.

26%
43%

Source: Informa World Cellular Data Metrics

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

GSM

Huawei Confidential

Page 44

GSM Network is an Important Part of ZAIN


GSM Subscriptions in Sudan

Data and Voice Proportion in Revenue

25000000

data

20000000

voice

15000000

7%

10000000
5000000
0

93%
Zain Sudan

Sudatel Sudan

MTN Sudan
Informa World Cellular Data Metrics

Informa Worldwide total and prepaid subscriptions

GSM
Advantage

Description:
GSM subscriber is still increasing rapidly and will keep increasing in coming several years.
GSM voice traffic and data throughput is also increasing rapidly.
Voice is the main of revenue, GSM voice is a good choice because its advantages.
GSM can offer a basic data service with high profitability, UMTS can offer the excellent MBB experience.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 45

Scope of GSM Network Evaluation


Parameter

BSC27 & BSC28 (Cover Rural Area and Urban Area)

BSC Version

BSC27

BSC28

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

BSC27

BSC28

V900R013ENGC00SPH52
9

Site Number

75

63

Cell Number

226

190

TRX Number

1397

1126

Cell Type

GSM900;CoBCCH

A Interface

TDM

Abis Type

TDM

Freq Hoping

Base Band

Support GPRS

Yes

Support EDGE

Yes

Support AMR

Yes

Source: Dec/2013
Huawei Confidential

Page 46

Agenda
BACKGROUND
NETWORK EVALUATION
RECOMMENDATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 47

Make Audit Intelligent (MAI) Index System Overview


GSM
GSM MAI
MAI Index
Index System
System
Network
Network
Architecture
Architecture

Equipment&
Equipment&
Resource
Resource

Coverage
Coverage &
&
Interference
Interference

Performance
Performance
&Business
&Business

Site Architecture
Index

Equipment
Health Index

Coverage Index

Network
Performance
Index

Spectrum Load
Index

Resource
Capacity Index

Interference
Index

Voice Quality
Index

LAC Architecture
Index

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

PS Service
Quality Index

Huawei Confidential

Page 48

MAI Evaluation Result Overview

Description:
Lack of resource will cause bad network performance, which will affect user experience (Call Block).
Weak coverage will cause bad Um quality, which will affect the user experience (Call Drop/Bad Quality )
Bad user experience will reduce customer satisfaction, which will affect business success (brand, churn rate).
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 49

Resource Capacity Index Evaluation Results

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

BSC27

63.89
TRXs Resources Satisfaction: 90.06
Transmission Resources Satisfaction: 85.00
Board Resources Satisfaction: 63.89

Description:
TRX and Abis resource are not enough, already affected the PS and
CS service performance.

BSC28

BSC27s XPU board resource is not enough, and some CPU average
usage is near 70%, it would cause the flow control.
Suggestion:
74.33
TRXs Resources Satisfaction: 90.64
Transmission Resources Satisfaction: 74.33
Board Resources Satisfaction:100.00

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Expand the TRX and Abis resource is recommended.


Balance the load between the CPUs.

Huawei Confidential

Page 50

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

Coverage Index Evaluation Results


BSC27
93
96

90.26
UL Weak Coverage & Bad Quality Rate: 4.93%
DL Weak Coverage & Bad Quality Rate: 5.05%

BSC28
93
96

86.13
UL Weak Coverage & Bad Quality Rate: 6.68%
DL Weak Coverage & Bad Quality Rate: 7.70%

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Description:

The weak coverage is serious for the 2BSCs in the rural


area. And in the urban area, the weak coverage is normal.
Huawei Confidential

Page 51

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

Performance Index Evaluation Results


BSC27

BSC28
Network Performance Index

92.44

92.16

Score_of_CS 91.17
Score_of_PS 94.35

Type

KPI

Baseline

BSC27

BSC28

Immediate Assignments Success Rate

97%

95.06%

94.37%

TCH Assignment Success Rate

99%

97.45%

98.34%

HO Success Rate

94%

95.76%

92.10%

TCH Call Drop Rate(Excluding HOs)

1%

2.49%

2.76%

SDCCH Call Drop Rate

1%

0.16%

0.24%

Accessibility

TBF Establishment Succ Rate

95%

96.82%

97.66%

Retainability

TBF Call Drop Rate

5%

4.55%

3.77%

Accessibility

CS

Mobility
Retainability

PS

Score_of_CS 89.93
Score_of_PS 95.49

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Description:
The performance is normal, some CS KPIs
is lower the baseline. some PS KPIs is just
reach the baseline.

Page 52

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

Voice Quality Index Evaluation Results


BSC27

BSC28

65.55

65.50

VQI_of_BSC27_CS 3.11

LFE
DTX
Codec

HO

Linear Process

FER/BLER

Description:

VQI and MOS

Non Linear Process

BER

VQI_of_BSC28_CS 3.10

4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5

VQI(Voice Quality Indicator) is similar


with the MOS. so it can used as the
voice quality.

VQI

The VQI of the 2BSCs is lower than


the baseline(3.8), which stand for bad
MS1->MS2 MOS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

voice quality.

Corrected VQI

Huawei Confidential

Page 53

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

Data Quality Index Evaluation Results


BSC27

Target Throughput

Source: Huawei mLAB

120

114

109

100
80

Waiting time

Downlink EDGE LLC PDU Throughput: 69.13Kbps

40
20

Tx Model

Traffic size

Satisfy 90% service

BSC28

64

60

Service Model
63.54

69

BSC27
Target DL LLC Rate

BSC28
Actual DL LLC Rate

Description:
In BSC27/28, the user throughput <70Kbps
We can calculate the Excellent and Good user
experience baseline based on traffic size (from Gb

Satisfy 90% service

56.56

The actual throughput is much lower than the


target, so the PS service quality is bad.

Downlink EDGE LLC PDU Throughput: 64.25Kbps

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

trace) and Waiting time .

Huawei Confidential

Page 54

Summary
Network Challenges

Solution

Low CS/PS Service Quality

Experience
Optimization

Weak Coverage
Coverage
Enhanceme
nt

Lack of Channel Resource


Lack of Abis Resource

Capacity
Enhancement

Lack of Board Resource

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 55

Agenda
BACKGROUND
NETWORK EVALUATION
RECOMMENDATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 56

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

TRX Configuration
TRX Number per GRFU(BSC27)
7
6

TRX Number per GRFU(BSC28)

TRX Power for Different Configuration

48

46

46.02
44.31
43.01

44

38

36

Power(dBm)

42

40.79

40

40.00

TRX Number per GRFU

Description:
Most of GRFU is configured 2~4TRX, a little GRFU is configured 5~6 TRXs.
If configure more TRX per GRFU, each TRX will has lower power. If the power
decreases 3dBm, the cover radius will decrease by 20%.
BSC27 and BSC28 have serious weak coverage, to add new GRFU for the

Cover radius decrease 20% if power decrease 3dBm


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

weak coverage area is our recommendation.

Huawei Confidential

Page 57

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

TRX Expansion Recommendation


CS Traffic Forecast
140000
120000
100000
80000
60000
40000
20000
0

BSC27

X1.2

BSC27

226
184

200
150

139

190
166
125

100

X1.4

BSC28

Description:

As the forecast, the CS traffic will increase 1.2 times, PS traffic

All Cell Number

will increase 1.4 times in 2014, we calculated the TRX needs

Cells Need
Expansion(No Forecast)

based on the forecast.

Cells Need
Expansion(Forecast)

According to the TRX expansion plan, in BSC27, 184 cells need


more TRX, in BSC28, 166 cells need more TRX.

50
0

450000000
400000000
350000000
300000000
250000000
200000000
150000000
100000000
50000000
0

BSC28

Number of Cell Needed Expansion


250

PS Traffic Forecast

BSC27

TRX_PLAN_for_B
SC27BSC28

BSC28

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 58

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

High Output Power Module (MRFUe)


MRFUe : 1T2R 1*125W

TRX Power for Different Configuration


51

49

48

46
Power(dBm)

46

Description:
45

44

43

42

41

40

MRFUe is the TRX module with high output power, and it can
improve the coverage of the wide coverage area.

36
1

TRX Number per MRFUe

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

And it also support the GUL evolution.

Huawei Confidential

Page 59

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

Flexible Scalability Blade RRU3936


TRX Power for Different Configuration

RRU3936: 1T2R 1*80W

50

49

48

46

46

44

44

43

Power(dBm) 42

42

41

40

40
38

38
36
1

TRX Number per RRU3936

Description:
Blade RRU is the most advanced RRU of Huawei with efficient design and GUL evolution.
And for the wide coverage scenario, the RRU which can fixed on the antenna tower can decrease
the loss of the feeder between the TRX and antenna about 3dB, and it can increase the power.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 60

Abis Resource Expansion Recommendation


Abis E1 Expansion
80

74

70

65

60

63

57

54

50

62

45

40

Abis Idle Time Slot Expansion

ALL Site Number

80

Site Number Need Add


E1(No TRX Expansion)

70

Site Number Need Add


E1(TRX Expansion without
Forecast)

38

Site Number Need Add


E1(TRX Expansion with
Forecast)

30
20
10

74
63

ALL Site Number

Site Number Need Add


Idle Timeslot(No TRX
Expansion)

Site Number Need Add


Idle Timeslot(TRX
Expansion without
Forecast)

Site Number Need Add


Idle Timeslot(TRX
Expansion with Forecast)

60
50
40

33

30

24
20

20

25
2223

10

BSC27

BSC28

Some Flex Abis Site Configure Idle Time Slot


30
25

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce

20

20

20

17

15

Description:

to the configuration, we can get the Abis E1 expansion plan.


Attention, for the Fix_Abis mode, it must configure the idle time

10

10

BSC28

lack of Aibs resource will restric the PS throughput. According

27

24

BSC27

slot. for the Flex_Abis mode, it should not configure the idle

time slot.

0
HJLIJA

HWEWA

KOTRA

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

MNAGL3

MNAGL4

Abis_Resource_P
LAN_for_BSC27BSC28

TREBAT

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Page 61

Capacit Coverag Experien


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XPU Board Resource Expansion Recommendation


XPU Resource Usage(BSC27)

XPU Resource Usage(BSC28)

0.8

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

0.1

0.1

CPUS load sharing optimization (14.0/15.0) Description:


Some CPU have high usage (70%, trigger the flow control ), while some CPU
load are low, which is due to unbalance site load.
We suggest to balance the CPU load by moving some BTS from the CPU with
high usage to the one with low usage.
We suggest to upgrade to GBSC R14/R15, the new version can make the
CPU load sharing automatically.

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Capacit Coverag Experien


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Accurate Site Planning Methodology


1 Assessment

2 Planning

6D based hotspot finding


Traffic

Revenue
Coverage

Co-ordination planning

User

Coverage planning

3 Site Design

Parameter planning & simulation


Network
Performance

4 Planning Result

Planning map & priority

Target

Terminal
Capacity planning

Complaint

6D assessment

New sites map

GSM
Macro

Hotspot map

GSM
Micro

Weak coverage
map

Hot spot& weak coverage map

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

UMTS
Macro
UMTS
Micro SRAN

Start Point

RF engineering parameter planning

Site planning map

LTE
TDD
LTE
Macro
LTE
Micro

Co-ordination planning

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Planning simulation

Page 63

Site planning table with priority

Accurate Site Planning Recommendation


Location based on
MR

Traffic map

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
e
ce
Signal map

> 0.15Erl
0.075~0.15
Erl
<0.075Erl

Weak signal ratio >


30%
Weak signal ratio 1030%
Weak signal ratio
<10%

New site

UMSONT

Location on Google
Earth

Longitud Latitud Azimut

e
e
h
Sector A
30
Sector B

33.565

14.344

Sector C

To add 21 site for weak


coverage and high traffic

210
310

Existed sites
Added By Capacity

NewSite

Added By Customer
Added By Coverage

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

MR: Measurement Report


Huawei Confidential

Page 64

Capacit Coverag Experien


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Experience Improvement Recommendation


Type

Sub-Type

High PDCH Load


PS Experience
Improvement

Low Um Quality Caused


by Weak Coverage
High PS Reselection

CS Experience
Improvement

Low Um Quality

Too Many Handover

Interference
Reduction

Solution

Benefits

Version

Active TBF Allocation

Increase LLC throughput

GBSS14.0

PDCH Dynamic Adjustment with Two


Thresholds

Improve call drop rate of PS TBF and


reduce proportion of TCF HR by 27%

GBSS13.0

Small Packet Resource Balancing

PDCH efficiency improved 22%, PDCH


number reduced 11%

GBSS15.0

Enhanced EDGE Coverage

Reduce retransmission rate by 18.9% and


enhance DL throughput by 2.6%

GBSS13.0

Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC)

Expedite speed of cell reselection

GBSS13.0

Packet SI Status PSI

Reduce time of cell reselection by 57%

GBSS13.0

Network Support SAIC

Enhance DL HQI by 0.1%-0.2%

GBSS13.0

Robust Air Interface Signaling

Enhance TCH call drop rate by 5%-10%

GBSS13.0

Um Interface Speech Frame Repairing

Reduce FAMR VQI<2.5 proportion by 2%6% and HAMR VQI proportion by 1%-9%

GBSS13.0

Smooth Voice Call Handover

Increases the average MOS on the entire


network by 0.05 to 0.1 points.

GBSS15.0

PS Downlink / Uplink DTX

Reduce interference of DL /UL PDCH and


save BTS energy

GBSS14.0

PS Power Control

Reduce network noise by 5db and improve


RxQuality 0~5 by 0.24%

GBSS13.0

N/A

Note: Most of features of GBSS13 are already trialed in your network.


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 65

Capacit Coverag Experien


y
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ce

Network Optimization Solution - Accurate Network Optimization


Interference Decrease

Handover Optimization

IUO Cells Optimization

IUO: Intelligent Underlay Overlay

Decrease the PS interference.


Optimize the frequency configuration.

Optimize the handover parameter to


decrease the bad quality caused by
the handover delay.

Optimize the IUO cell parameter to


increase the quality.

Description:
Huawei Accurate Network Optimization is the tool that can analysis the data (MR/Configuration/Project
Parameter), and it provide optimization suggestion, such as parameter setting or frequency configuration.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 66

Optimization
Measure

Summary
Challenges

Solution

Weak Coverage

Coverage Enhancement Solution - ASP

Lack of Channel Resource

TRX Expansion Plan


NPI Service to optimize the TCH Busy Threshold

Lack of Abis Resource

Abis Resource Expansion Plan

Lack of Board Resource

XPU Board Load Balance Optimization(R14/R15)

Low CS/PS Service Quality

Feature: CS/PS Experience Improvement

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 67

How to build the Excellent Network


Business

Business

Subscriber

Excellent Network

ARPU Churn Rate

Excellent

Experience
Experience

Success

Voice

Data

Call Block Rate (<2%)


Call Drop Rate (<2%)
Bad Voice Quality
(<10%)

Maintenance

Mobility

RRC SR (>99%)
CS RAB SR (>99%)
PS RAB SR (>98%)

Availability

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Source: Huawei experience

Accessibility

Site availability > 98%


Resource availability >
99%
Indoor coverage rate >
80%

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CS Call Drop Rate


(<0.5%)
PS Call Drop Rate (<1%)

Reasonable

Network Infrastructure
Network
Infrastructure

Session Block Rate (<10%)


Average Setup Time (<10s)
Throughput (1Mbps)

Good

KPI
KPI

Source: the 3rd report

Network

SHO SR(>99%)
Inter-Freq SR (>95%)Optimization
Inter-RAT HO SR (>95%)
Source: Huawei experience

Architecture

Resource Utilization

Sites per RNC < 300


Cells per RNC < 1500
Continuous F2
coverage
IP Backhaul

Page 68

Network
Insight

RF: TCP/Code/FACH: <70%


NodeB: CE/Iub/CNBAP <70%
RNC: SPU/DPU/INT utility ratio
<60%
Transmission: Iu-CS/Iu-PS/Iur <
60%

Next Steps

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 69

Action1: Network Planning based on Forecast

x2

*
*

AMR Call PS RAB


AMR
PS PS
RNC13 User Times per Times per Traffic
UL DL
User
User
per User
Growth
2.00
1.00
1.59
1.00
1.54 1.33
Rate

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Ca
se

Huawei Confidential

Page 70

Network Planning

TCP Forecast
RTWP Forecast
Code Forecast
PCH Forecast
RACH & FACH
Forecast
CE Forecast
SPU Forecast
DPU Forecast
License
forecast
INT Forecast
IU-CS Forecast
IU-PS Forecast
IUB Forecast

Action2: Migrate the 2G to 3G to increase Revenue


Who
Who

Network Audit

3G
3G User
User
3G
Network

2G
Network

User
User on
on
3G
3G
2G3G
2G3G
User
User

User
User on
on
2G
2G

Why
Why

Where
Where

Cell level distribution


Parameters Setting

3G Loading check

2G3G
2G3G User
User

3G
3G
terminal
terminal
stay
stay in
in 2G
2G
High
High PS
PS
with
with 2G
2G
terminal
terminal

Low
Low PS
PS
with
2G
with 2G
terminal
terminal

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

0 10 MB
10 20 MB
20 40 MB
40 80MB
> 80 MB

Network coverage

69%

Symbian

Android

iPhone

Windows Mobile

Huawei Confidential

Optimization
Coverage and

Business Suggestion:
new terminal and new
tariff package

10% 7% 1%
12%

BlackBerry
Datacard

Focus on user
experience

capacity improvement

Terminal distribution

How
How

Terminal analysis

Page 71

Action3: Network Planning based on User Experience


1

Setting
Target
Speed

Experienc
e
Evaluation

Network
Planning

Implementat
ion

Engineering Delivery
User Experience GAP Evaluation
RF/Parameters Optimize
RNC Level
Proportion
Feature Enhancement Simulation Verification
Cluster Level
Calculate the Target Cell Level
Hardware Expansion Performance Statistics Verification
Grid Level
On-site Test or Driver Test
Speed
Service Type and

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Page 72

Thank you!
www.huawei.com

Thank You!
Copyright2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
The information in this document may contain predictive statements including, without limitation, statements
regarding the future financial and operating results, future product portfolio, new technology, etc. There are a
number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or
implied in the predictive statements. Therefore, such information is provided for reference purpose only and
constitutes neither an offer nor an acceptance. Huawei may change the information at any time without notice.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

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