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GROUP 8

CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
AND TECHNIQUES

REVIEW 2

FABRICATED CONSTRUCTION

JEET
JEEVISH
ATUL
MOINAK
NISHANT
PRAJWAL
VISWAJEE
T

WHAT WE COVER THIS TIME..??


PREFABRICATED DESIGN COMPONENTS
CODES AND STANDARDS IN
PREFABRICATION
SPECIAL CASE STUDIES AND MODEL

PREFABRICATED DESIGN
COMPONENTS
PRECAST HOUSEHOLD SHELTER
PRECAST BOUNDRY WALLS
PRECAST METER CHAMBER
PREFABRICATED STAIRCASE
METAL ROOFING SYSTEM

PRECAST HOUSEHOLD SHELTER


Precast HS system comprises of L-shaped wall panels
Easily buildable
Offers better quality and production cost comparable to
in-situ shelter.
The weight of L-panel is of order 5.5 to 6 tonnes.
Also available in lighter flat panels weighing 4 tonnes
Reduces the construction period

PRECAST BOUNDRY WALLS


Similar to but Smaller in size compared to precast wall
panels
Easy to handle transport and install to a site
Improved productivity and construction quality
Joints should be made considering water tightness,
panel sizes, weathering, tolerance, structural
movement, installation method.
Allows wide range of design Flexibility and innovation.
Commonly used modelling techniques are sand
blasting, acid washing, polishing and honing,
hammering and chipping.

Installation of wall
base
Completed view of the
precast boundary panel
walls
Precast walls are
placed

Precast Meter Chambers


Fabricated in two separate components; one is the
chamber and the other consist of precast concrete
shelves which slot into the precast chamber to separate
each of the different services.
Size of the chamber is typically 800 X 800 X 1800 high.
Manageable size and weight so can be transported and
installed easily.
Comes in variety of colours, textures

COMPLETED PRECAST METER


CHAMBER

Prefabricated staircase
Standard with tread sizes between 225mm to 250mm and risers
between 150mm to 175mm.
3 basic staircases profile are curved, straight, and spiral profile
These staircases can be prefabricated in 3 ways:
Type A for flight only
Type B flight and top
landing
TYPE C flight and base
landing
Better quality, accuracy, productivity, structures can be installed
quickly and cast in-situ works can be eliminated
Comes in various architectural forms

PRECAST FLIGHT

CANTILEVERD PRECAST TREADS

STEEL PLATE
FORMING
TREADS AND
RISES

STEEL
STRINGER
BEAMS WITH
STEEL

Steel plates
supported by
centre column

Steel plates supported


by tension
Rods Steel plates
supported by
tension
rods

Steel plates supported on 2


steel
beams

Steel plates
supported on
vertical steel
channels
Prefabricated spiral
staircase

SPECIAL CASE STUDIES


A.4-PIPE FAN COIL PIPE WORK
B.PREASSEMBLED PLANT MODULE
C.PREASSEMBLY OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
D. MODULAR APPROACH FOR McDonalds
Restaurant
E. IN HOUSE PREFABRICATION

4-PIPE FAN COIL PIPEWORK


To
minimise
the
program
time
By
prefabrication of
Repetitive elements

This project used a prefabricated 4-pipe fan coil


distribution pipework assembly for an office
development The driving force for deciding to
prefabricate was the very repetitious nature of the
installation as the building Was 3 floors high with all
floors identical.

PREASSEMBLED PLANT MODULES


Buisness continuity

This project involved the refurbishment of a semioccupied office block. The project involved the
preassembly of the seven modules including 4 roof
AHUs, chilled water pump Room and two chiller plant
rooms. The driving force for electing to preassemble the
plant rooms rather than install Them traditionally was
that off site manufacture would result in minimal
disruption to the building occupants during the heavy
furbishment work therefore maintaining business

PREASSEMBLY OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


This case study describes the application of
preassembled electrical systems to ease site
installation it demonstrates the advantages of this
system and potential areas of adoption. The driving
force was improved safety and reduced site
installation time
MODULAR APPROACH FOR MCDONALDS RESTAURANT
To reduce site installation time

Return on investment

This case study describes the approach taken by


McDonalds restaurants to modularize the
construction of their restaurants and reduce their
building services cost by 50% in 5 years the driving
force was faster construction time resulting in a
faster return on their investment

IN HOUSE FABRICATION
Construction as a
manufacturing process

It describes the approach taken by 2 UK construction


companies to develop their own in-housee
prefabrication facilities. It describes the approach
adopted to move from standard construction
activities to a manufacturing environment.The
driving force was to improve quality and reduce

Critical success factor

Case Study

S
No.

Description

Appropriate site management

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Appropriate use of skill labour

YE
S

NO YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Quality control

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Standardisation of component

YE
S

NO YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Coordination of design specific to off site


manufacture

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

N
O

Factory/contractor design capability

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Design for repeatability and innovation

YE
S

NO YE
S

YE
S

N
O

Manufacture competence

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

Manufacturer quality control

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

YE
S

10

Enough time for detailed design and


specification

NO NO N
O

NO N
O

CRITICAL SUCCESS
FACTORS
SHOWN BY CASE
STUDIES

Indian Codes and standards


IS 15916 (2011)
BUILDING DESIGN AND ERECTION USING PREFABRICATED CONCRETE CODE
OF PRACTICE
IS 11447 (1985)
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR CONSTRUCTION WITH LARGE PANEL PREFABRICATES
IS 15917 (2010)
BUILDING DESIGN AND ERECTION USING MIXED COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTIONCODE OF PRACTICE
IS 11384 (1985)
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION IN STRUCTURAL STEEL
AND CONCRETE