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Sport Canterbury

SportStart
Professional Development
Programme

Learning
By the end of this workshop we will
Intentions

Understand the Physical Literacy and Long Term Athlete


Development philosophies, multi skills and teaching games for
understanding approaches

Know how movement skills are acquired and developed

Be able to plan and deliver physical education lessons (using


SportStart) with confidence

Workshop
This workshop is divided into 6 parts
Structure

Part One: Key Philosophies

Part Two: Teaching gymnastics

Part Three: Teaching athletics

Part Four: Games (invasion, net & wall, striking & fielding and target)

Part Five: Online Resources

Food for thought


Designed to Move

What do children
need?

Part
One:
Key
Philosophies
Physical Literacy
Long Term Athlete
Development

Physical Literacy
more than movement

A good hockey player plays


where the puck is.
A great hockey player plays
where the puck is going to be
Wayne Gretzky

Physical Literacy
Sport Canada
is the mastering of fundamental movement skills and fundamental sport
skills that permit a child to read their environment and make
appropriate decisions, allowing them to move confidently and with
control in a wide range of physical activity situations. It is the
foundation of long-term participation and performance to the best of
ones ability. Physical Literacy is the cornerstone of both participation
and excellence in physical activity and sport. Ideally, physical literacy is
developed prior to the adolescent growth spurt.

Physical Literacy

Dr Dean Kriellaa
rs
Exercise Physiologist
and Professor in
Physical Therapy at
University of
Manitoba

A child with a more


developed movement
vocabulary can engage
in more movements,
leading to more
participation in society.
By participating in
society that child
develops their social,
emotional and physical
wellbeing. If you have all
those pieces together,
you have a healthy
child.

Physical Literacy

Fundamental

Spatial Awareness

Decision Making

Problem Solving

Selecting Skills

Analysis & Evaluation

Precision

Tactical Awareness

Control

Fluency

Movement Skills

Fundamental Sport
Skills

Team Work

Giving & receiving instructions

Verbal

Non Verbal

Conveying meanings & ideas

Child
Three key areas to consider:
Development
Physical development (Move)
Cognitive development (Think)
Psychosocial development (Communicate)
Understanding = better teaching and coaching

What does quality


delivery look like?

What does quality delivery


the whole child
look Developing
like?
Physical
(Move)

Cognitive
(Think)

Psychosocial
(Communicate)

Physical
What children need?
Development
Experience
and variety
Fundamental movement skills
Locomotor skills (walk, jog, run, jump, bounce, crawl etc.)
Object control skills (catch, pass, kick, trap, throw, strike etc.)
Stability skills (roll, twist, turn, pivot, dodge etc.)
Fundamental sport skills
Sport specific skills
Note: Steady and slow growth periods around 57 years and then12-17 years of age
are best for teaching fundamental movement skills and specialised sport skills.
NO specialisation!
coach development framework

Cognitive
What children need?
Development

Open learning environments

Decision making

Problem solving

Opportunities to develop their tactical understanding

Questioning and accountability

Experience different roles/positons

Multiple environments/surfaces

Psychosocial
What
children need?
Development

High time on task

Activities that are progressive in intensity

Emphasis on success and cooperative games where everyone can succeed

Activities that are demonstrated with simple and limited verbal instructions

Opportunities to explore, question and foster natural curiosity and


imagination

The opportunity to play, have fun, participate and interact with others

coach development framework

The LTAD
A staged approach to developing
physical
literacy
Continuum

Physical Literacy
Building the base

Explore

Fundamentals of movement (Pre year


1)

Develop the fundamentals of


movement Agility, balance and
coordination (ABCs)

Built around fun unstructured active


play daily

Future development is dependent on


these movement experiences

Social interaction and being with


friends has a large influence over a
childs enjoyment and participation

Child centered approach helps


develop good attitudes toward PA

Learn

Fundamental movement skills (Years 1 3)

Fundamental movement skills are the


building blocks for all physical activity

Categorised into three areas:


- Stability Skills
- Object control skills
- Locomotor skills

This stage also places a large emphasis


on thinking and communication skills

Built around a Multi skill approach

Simple rules and strategies

Fun and inclusive

Fundamental
Movement
Skills
Stability
Skills
Focus on body posture and coordination when still (static) and
moving (dynamic)
Object Control Skills
Focus on objects being sent and received, travelled with and
received and sent
Locomotor Skills
Focus on the body, usually upright, moving from one point to another

Stability Skill

Object Control Skills

Locomotor Skills

Focus on the body posture and


coordination

Focus on objects being sent and received,


travelled with and received and sent

Focus on the body, usually upright,


moving from one point to another

Postural

Send

Basic

.
.
.

Coordination

.
.
.
.

Receive

.
.

Rhythmical

.
.
.

Jump

Receive and Send

Apparatus

Travel with

.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.

Stability Skill

Object Control Skills

Locomotor Skills

Focus on the body posture and


coordination

Focus on objects being sent and received,


travelled with and received and sent

Focus on the body, usually upright,


moving from one point to another

Postural

Send

Basic

Stop
Land
Freeze

Throw
Kick
Roll (ball)
Strike (static)

Coordination

Receive

Twist
Turn
Pivot
Bend
Lunge
Stretch/Curl
Dodge
Roll (body)

Catch
Trap (feet & stick)

Travel with

Dribble (hands, feet, stick)

Receive and Send

Volley
Strike (moving)

Walk
Run

Rhythmical

Gallop
Side Step
Skip

Jump

Hop (1:1)
Leap (1:other)
Jump (1:2)
Bounce (2:2)
Sissone (2:1)

Apparatus

Climb
Swing

Apply
Fundamental sports skills (Years 4 - 6)

Moving towards greater


cognitive development

Now looking to select and


link previously learnt skills
to produce fundamental
sport skills (E.g. run +
dodge)

Games are categorised


according to concept.

TGFU is the primary


approach

Refine Stage
Sport Specific Skills (Years 7 onwards)

Refining fundamental sport skills


into the more technical skills
required for specific sports

Developing, refining and


executing game plans, tactics
and strategies

Fundamentals
Continuum
The critical fundamental stage
is often overlooked by coaches,
teachers and parents, who focus on
competition and winning rather
than the acquisition of basic physical
literacy skills and fitness.

SportStart
A tool to implement the philosophy
Resources

Multi Skill activities to develop


Physical Literacy

Evaluation activities to measure progres


of Physical Literacy

Teaching Games
for Understanding

Conceptual games

Modify games to isolate key skills/concepts you wish to develop

Use modified small sided games to enhance time on task/practice time while
also allowing for differentiated learning

Focus on APPLYING fundamental movement and sport skills in generic games

Ask both technical and tactical questions to enhance learning

Categories

Activities are grouped according to their


similarities
Invasion
Striking
&
Fielding

Athletics

Activit
ies
Gymnast
ics

Net &
Wall

Target

Application
Making it easier or making it harder
(S.T.E.P)
Space
Task
Equipment
People

Part 2:

Teaching Gymnastics

Gymnastics
Body Control and Management
The objective of Gymnastics:
Compose and perform a sequence to score maximum points
The objective of the Gymnastics unit:
Move Perform basic gymnastic actions (using precision, control
and fluency)

Think & Communicate Link actions together to create sequences

Gymnastics
Families of Actions
Shapes

Rolls

Jump/Fligh Travel
t

Stretch

Pencil roll
Dish roll

Jump
Cat Leap

Walking
Forwards
Backwards

Forward roll
Elephant roll

Stag Leap

Step and hop

Tuck

Circle roll

Split Leap

Releve walk

Pike

Teddy bear roll

Straddle

Battement
Front Chasse

Part 3:
Teaching Athletics
(Run, Jump, Throw)

Development vs
Performance

Run
Developing a wide
range of locomotor
skills
Travelling quickly
Traveling in in
different pathways
(straight, curved etc.)

Jump

Taking off and landing Throwing far


Using different taking
off and landing
combinations
Linking a number of
jumps together
Jumping for distance

Maintaining a pace
Jumping for height
Taking off quickly
Collecting objects

Throw
Throwing accurate
Using different
techniques (under
arm, overarm, sling
etc.)
Using different
equipment

Practical
Gymnastics & Athletics
Activities

Part 4
Games

Practical
Your Turn
Activities

Invasion
End ball (INV 4)
Gateways (INV 6)

Net and Wall


Target bounce (NW 1)
Keep it up (NW 5)
Human tennis (NW 5)

Striking and Fielding


Skitter scatter (SF 1)
Beat the ball (SF 6)

Target
Beanbag golf (TAR 3)
Bowlarama (TAR 6)
Bombard (TAR 6)

Part 5:

Online
Resources
www.sportcanterbur
y.org.nz
Community sport

For teachers

Sportstart

Toolbox

Discussion/Questi
ons

Give kids the right start in sport and they will never stop