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FUTURE TRENDS IN

AUTOMOBILE
ENGINEERING
LATEST ADVANCEMENTS COMNG
DOWN THE LINE

Now people will not just buy a car because they are
fuel efficient but they are concerned about several
other issues as well
IS THE CAR QUICK AND EASY TO REFUEL?
CAN IT TRAVEL A GOOD DISTANCE BEFORE
REFUELING?
IS IT AS FAST AS THE OTHER CARS ON THE ROAD?
HOW MUCH POLLUTION DOES IT PRODUCE?
IS IT COMFORTABLE AND CONVENIENT?

IS IT SAFE?
WHAT ABOUT ITS COST?
Design something that really solves this problem

FUTURE CARS
HIGH STRENGTH AND LOW WEIGHT
ADVANCED FUEL AND PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY
ADVANCED SAFETY FEATURES
COST EFFECTIVE
AUTONOMOUS
TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED FEATURES
LUXURIOUS
ECO FRIENDLY

ADVANCED TUMBLE FLOW


TECHNOLOGY

VARIABLE VALVE TIMING


WITH INTELLIGENCE

CONTINUOUS VARIATE
TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

HYBRID CARS
A

hybrid vehicle is one that


combines
a
smaller-than-normal
internal combustion gasoline engine
with the electric motor of an electricpowered vehicle.

They

are generally designed to be


more aerodynamic than most cars,
allowing them to slice through the
air instead of pushing it out of the

Working of hybrid cars

THE MOOVIE

The Moovie, an electric


powered car, designed by
Andr Costa, doesn't look
like an ordinary car. Its
round shape and large
side
sliding
doors
resemble the futuristic
cars we sometimes see in
the movies. It seats two
people, drives on big
wheels and has hollow
rims.

The large wheels save


energy because they don't
require as much work to

THE ZAP ZEBRA SEDAN


This golf cart like car is
powered
100%
by
electricity. All it needs to
get
it
going
is
an
electrical socket to plug
into and get it charged.
The car can reach speeds
up to 40 miles an hour.
If you like trucks more,
you're in luck. Zap also
has the Xebra PK truck.
Turn it into a flat bed or
keep it as is.

Complete Fuel Options


Chart
F u e l O p t io n s
3 F u e l O p t io n s
G a s o lin e

D ie s e l

H y d ro g e n

P ro

C on

P ro

C on

P ro

C on

a c c e s ib le

e x p e n s iv e

e f f ic ie n t

N O X o x id e s o f n it r o g e n a r e b a d

n o p o llu t io n

h ig h ly e x p lo s iv e

e a s y to b u y

le s s e f f ic ie n t

c h e a p e r th a n g a s

s u p e r io r f u e l

e x p e n s iv e t e c h n o lo g y

p o llu t e r

c le a n d ie s e l o r b io d ie s e l

n o s m e ll

d if f ic u lt t o c o lle c t

s m e lls

g a s s t a t io n s e x is t

e f f ic ie n t

n e w e n g in e / c a r

p r o d u c e s le s s C O

p le n t if u l
in e x p e n s iv e m a t e r ia l
k n o w h o w t o m a k e it

Car engine that runs on


air
The

mini cat which uses


compressed air, is a simple and
light urban car with a tubular
chassis, a body of fiberglass
which is glued and not welded.

This

car costs about Rs.3,65,000


and will be ready to hit the
roads by August 2012, as
scheduled by Tata motors.

THE HUMMER 02

This Hummer is not a "gas


hog" like the other ones.
Instead,
it
is
environmentally friendly.

How? The Hummer O2 is


built to emit O2 instead of
CO2 by using algae to
convert CO2 into pure
oxygen (in other words,
cleaner air).

In addition, the Hummer


O2 is made of recycled
parts.

Use of hydrogen as fuel


Hydrogen is one such fuel that has been
proposed for the purpose which was suitable
for spark ignition engines .
Hydrogen combines the properties of higher
calorific value ,higher velocity of flame
propagation ,non toxicity as well as lowest
possible emission levels that do not affect the
balance of the water of the hydrosphere.
More over the by product of combustion are
devoid of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide
which is the major advantage of vehicles
powered by fuel cell vehicles.

WORKING

The Bombardier
Embrio/2025
Embrio

Is a high tech unicycle or a


sleek motorcycle with retractable
tiny front wheels.
Powered by hydrogen fuel cells and
made of recycled aluminum and
polyethylene parts, the one-wheel
motorcycle rides on one wheel once
speeds reach 20km an hour. At rest
or in case of trouble, the tiny front
wheels drop back down.
How

does the Bombardier Embrio


stay balanced on one wheel?
It stays balanced with something
called gyroscope. It also comes with
sensors,
a
high-performance
braking system, active suspension,
and night vision. Best of all, making
a turn requires shifting body weight
instead of steering.

HYPER CARS

Instead
of
steel-framed
multi-ton vehicles powered
by
internal
combustion
engines, it is possible to
see cars made of carboncomposite materials that
are lighter and stronger
than
steel,
with
sleek
aerodynamic shapes and
incredibly efficient engines.

In fact, some of these cars


are so efficient that you
could plug them in and
return power to the grid for
a discount on your electric
bill.

THE RECY

It's called the Recy, is a


Mercedes Benz and was
designed
to
be
an
environmental
conscious
car. It truly is.
. How? Recy is powered by
a four-cylinder Blu-Tec biodiesel motor and is made
of recycled parts: wood,
alloys, glass and rubber
after using it for five years,
instead of adding it to the
filled junkyards we have
everywhere, Recy can be
taken to a recycling center
and be recycled again.

ULTRA-LIGHT CARS
German
car
startup
company,
Loremo,
which
stands
for
low
resistance mobile, will soon put its
first models on sale in Europe that
weigh around 1,200 pounds (544
kilograms)
Ultra light future cars will be made of
lightweight
products
including
plastics,
aluminum
and
metal
composites
and
other
hybrid
materials. By adjusting the weight of

STACKABLE CARS

When a City Car isn't in use, it would collapse


into a smaller size and stack against other
City Cars, much like a row of shopping carts.

In this manner, eight vehicles could fill the


area of a parking space traditionally used for
one standard-sized, conventional automobile.

To use this stackable car, all you'll need to do


is swipe your credit card at the nearest City
Car rack.

GMC PAD

The PAD is a high-tech motor home made for living in full-time,


not just for weekend trips. It's packed with the latest
communications equipment and amenities, which is why GMC
calls it a Living Activity Vehicle, or LAV.
The PAD includes DirecTV, On Star and XM Satellite Wi-Fi. That
means users would have constant access to more than a
hundred TV channels, high-speed wireless Internet, and a
variety of On Star services, including vehicle diagnostics,
emergency assistance, and traffic, travel and weather
information.
The interior walls of the PAD are covered with giant LCD
screens. A fully computerized resource management system
allows the PAD to wring every last drop out of fuel and potable
water supplies, with the projected time between refills lasting
weeks or months. To supplement energy demands, six square
meters of photovoltaic cells cover the top of the PAD, charging
on-board batteries with energy collected from the sun.

PROPOSED INTERIOR OF GMC


PAD

FUTURISTIC CARS

Futuristic car is totally adaptable. With a


press of a button, a driver will be able to
broadcast
any
picture
ormessage
anywhere on a cars surface beside a
chosen picture that suits drivers mood or
outfit.

Car
can
also
broadcast
marketing
messages. Changing a song, or a radio
station, or navigation to a wanted
destination will never be easier with
automatic (commanded by voice) battler.

AUTONOMOUS CARS

Alleviation of parking scarcity as cars could drop off


passengers, park far away where space is not
scarce, and return as needed to pick up passengers.
Improved productivity as business people can work
as they are being transported to and from meetings,
as opposed to having to drive the vehicle.
A reduction of collisions will result in reduced pain
and suffering, as well as reducing the costs of care
and ease the strains on the health service providers.
Increased roadway capacity due to reduced need of
safety gap and the ability to better manage traffic
flow.
Relief of vehicle occupants from driving and
navigation chores.

ULTRA (URBAN LIGHT


TRANSPORT)

ULTra
(Urban
Light
Transport), a mass-transit
system
will
be
using
driverless automatic taxi
to
send
up
to
4
passengers running on
tracks
which
are
accessible
through
a
series of stations.

It is powered by a battery
pack providing an average
2KW of motive power. It
will go into operation
within a year in the city of
Cardiff, United Kingdom.

LUXURY BUS

Probably time to
move out of your
house if you own
this cool bus.

The interiors are


even nicer than
some apartments
whats great is
that you can even
store your own
personal car in it.

SMART SAFETY
FEATURES

PRE CRASH SYSTEM

Assisted parking

Airbags

Anti-lock braking system

Global positioning systems

Collision avoidance system

THAN
K YOU