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PSYCHOMOTOR

TEACHING
STRATEGIES

SHEBBOBELLE
ARANETA
REHANA KINDO
SHANABAI
SALAMPONG
SITTIE SULTAN

WHAT ARE PSYCHOMOTOR SKILLS?

Psycho

Motor

- Psychomotor skills are skills in which the


processes involved are primarily muscular or are
described in glandular or in muscular terms.
Examples include typing skills and other motion

HISTORY OF
PSYCHOMOTOR
LEWIS 1971, GUDMUNDSEND 1975
Bringing back ART into the practice of nursing can only be done
if the procedures are properly, and smoothly executed and the
equipment and machines are dexterously handed.
Benner 1984
Used Dreyfuss model (1981) of skills acquisitions in describing the
development nursing competencies
A.) Freshmen are in the novice stage of skills acquisition who
follow procedural steps and rules rigidly
B.) New graduates are at advance beginner stage who posses
acceptable/competent levels of performance and critical thinking
skills
C.) Practicing nurses are experts whose performance is fluid
flexible and highly proficient. They have incorporated clinical

ADVANTAGES IN TEACHING
PSYCHOMOTOR SKILLS

Psychomotor skills have an important


influence on concept learning.
It is possible to analyze the task and make a
description of a response pattern optimally
suited to carrying out the activity in
question.
Knowledge of skill learning could help them
to help themselves if they have not already

DISADVANTAGES IN TEACHING
PSYCHOMOTOR SKILLS

Unless the initial training is satisfactory,


it is quite possible for a learner to acquire
unsatisfactory response patterns in the
learning stage and practice these
responses in an overlearning stage so that
the bad habits becomes habitual and the
performance is rendered unsatisfactory.

TEACHING METHODS FOR THE


PSYCHOMOTOR DOMAIN

Demonstration.
Supervised practice.
Return demonstration.

EXAMPLES

STAGES OF
PSYCHOMOTOR SKILLS
Novice

Expert


PHASES IN
PSYCHOMOTOR
DEMONSTRATION PHASE: WATCH AND LEARN
Crucial phase where instructor must smoothly, skillfully,
and successfully demonstrate the procedure step by step
which students must be able to see and hear clearly.
GUIDED PRACTICE PHASE
Explore and manipulate the equipment right after the
demonstration.
Feedback should be given immediately to reinforce good
behavior and eliminate error.

MASTERY PHASE-FINAL PHASE


Is skilled, smooth, and dexterous.
Requires continuous rehearsal and
practice to be acquired and maintained.

SUPPORTING PSYCHOMOTOR
LEARNING

ConceptualizationVisualization Verbalization

Practice

Feedback

SIMPLIFIED MODEL IN
TEACHING PSYCHOMOTOR
SKILLS
Introductory
Phase

Practice
Phase

A. Prepare
students for
learning the
skill
B. Provide
information
about the skill
C. Require
analysis of the
skill

A. Require
practice of the
skill
B. Observe
student
practice and
prompt when
needed
C. Provide
feedback
when needed

Perfecting
Phase
A. Require
precision
performance
B. Observe and
prompt on
details
C. Provide
feedback on
fine points