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esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises

Part 1 human sounds


The human body makes a lot of different sounds. We have many
words to describe these. Read the sentences and see if you can
work out what the sound is. Then check with the audio by clicking
on the word.
I cant hear him very well as he has a tendency to mumble.
My dog sniffs and is able to recognise the scent of different
people.
I had to whisper to my friend in class so that the teacher wouldnt
hear.
Its normal to sigh when you are disappointed or relived.
I find myself giggling a lot when I sit next to my friend Jamie; hes
just so funny and I quite fancy him.
I groaned in pain when I fell over and hit my knew while playing
sport.

esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises


Part 2 Noises
We have many different words for a lot of different noises.
The following sounds are both verbs and nouns. Click on the words to
listen to their sounds. Then match them to the correct sentence below.
Bang

Click

Crash Tick

Whistle

Splash

Slam Drip

Dont _____________ the door like that, youll wake Kevin up!
Did you hear that _____________? It sounded awfully like a gun.
I hate it when people _____________ their fingers at waiters to get their
attention. Its so behind the times and quite disrespectful too.
I am fed up of that _____________ in the kitchen. Well have to get someone
to fix it.
I was trying to relax by the pool when a little boy jumped in and made a
huge _____________.
My neighbour is always _____________ in his garden. The problem is that
hes tone deaf and sounds terrible!
The clock in my kitchen _____________ very loudly.
Did you hear the car outside _____________ into the fence?

esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises


1. Unscramble the following sound words:
MBUMEL
NSOER
SNFFI
GORAN
WIHSREP
SGHI
GGGLEI

_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________

esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises


1. Unscramble the following sound words:
BNAG
DIPR
CILCK
SMAL
CRSHA
SLAPSH
KCTI
WIHSLET

_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________
_
_______________

esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises


Match the sound and noise words to their definition:
A.Whistle B. Crash
C. Giggle D. Snore
F. Sigh
G. Bang H. Slam
I. Drip
K. Whisper L. Click

E. Mumble
J. Groan

______1. When people use their mouth to make a sound between


their lips
______ 2. This is what happens when your tap doesnt stop running
water.
______ 3. When you cant hear what a person says because they
dont enunciate properly.
______ 4. When something collides into something else and makes
a loud sound.

esson 1 Vocabulary: sounds and noises


______ 5. When you laugh in a very high-pitched and childish way.
C
______ 6. When you lower your voice and speak very quietly. K
______ 7. The noise a gun makes. G
______ 8. The noise someone might make when they are sleeping.
D
______ 9. When you use your thumb and finger to make a noise. L
______ 10. When you breathe in then out in relief or
disappointment. F
______ 11. The sound you make when you are in pain. J
______ 12. The noise you make when you close something very

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


Here are some sentences with pronouns and the different
reasons and ways of using them:
1. General pronouns:
You have to be careful not to literally translate when learning a
language.
You = in general, everyone.
One should never live beyond their means.
One = a much more formal way of using you
They say its much easier to learn a language when you are
younger
They = a way of talking informally about other people in general

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


Their job always makes them pressed for time.
They wanted to buy the business outright and so that is what
they did.
Its easy to mistake them for their sister. They really look alike.
Their/They/Them = a gender neutral way of speaking about
somebody.
2. Reflexive pronouns
I was very pleased with myself as I drummed up business for my
new venture very quickly = we use reflexive pronouns when the
subject and the complement are the same.
I sat down beside her = we usually use reflexive pronouns after
prepositions but NOT prepositions of place.

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


He shaves every other day NOT he shaves himself every other
day.
We DONT use reflexive pronouns with verbs like; shave, wash,
feel, concentrate, relax
They designed the house themselves.
= to emphasize the subject.
They bought the house by themselves.
By + reflexive pronoun = alone

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


3. Reciprocal pronouns
They bought each other presents.
They helped one another with their homework.
Each other/one another = A does action to B and B does same
action to A.
4. It and there
Its going to be warm next weekend.
Its time to get going or well be late.
It + be = to talk about weather or time

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


There is a big theatre on the corner of my street.
There were far too many people in that party.
There + be + noun = to talk about the existence or presence of
things or people.

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


Multiple choice. Decide which of the words in italics is
correct. Both answers may fit.
(One | you) should be careful when driving in bad weather.
They couldnt afford a Gardener so they did the Garden (by
themselves | themselves.)
They bought (themselves | each other) presents for Christmas.
(There | Their) was a lot of noise from the neighbours last night.
Either John or Jane left (their | his) umbrella in class.
We had a whale of a time last weekend at the beach as (it was |
there was) good weather.

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


Make some sentences with these pronouns using the words
underneath. Tell your Teacher.
You

Crash

___________________________________________________________________
_
It

Bang

___________________________________________________________________
_
One

Whisper

___________________________________________________________________
_
There

Slam

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


Their

Whistle

___________________________________________________________________
_
They

Sigh

___________________________________________________________________
_
Them

Giggle

___________________________________________________________________
_
Myself

Snore

___________________________________________________________________
_

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


1. Which pronoun belongs where?
You
One
Their Themselves
It There Each other
Itself

Himself

The clock ticks by _______________.


_______________ never knows whats going to happen in the future.
_______________ have to be proactive if you want to make changes.
Harry often wakes _______________ up snoring.
They really care about _______________.
They cut _______________ hair _______________.
Yes I heard it. _______________ was a very loud bang followed by a crash.
_______________ was a person whispering in class today and they wouldnt
shut up.

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


2. Correct the mistakes, related to the pronoun usage. Rewrite the
correct version of the sentence underneath.
1. It was there fault, not mine.
___________________________________________________________________
2. I cut my hair myself. I dont need a hairdresser.
___________________________________________________________________
3. My partner and I love ourselves.
___________________________________________________________________
4. It were many people in the class.
___________________________________________________________________

esson 2 Grammar: pronouns


2. Correct the mistakes, related to the pronoun usage. Rewrite the
correct version of the sentence underneath.
5. There is a very warm day today.
___________________________________________________________________
6. One never know where life will take you.
___________________________________________________________________
7. He lives opposite herself.
___________________________________________________________________
8. Jane is very angry with her for being in the red.
___________________________________________________________________

esson 3 Pronunciation: some tricky words


Read the words and their definitions and listen to how they are
pronounced. Repeat the words.
Bellyache
[Verb] /bel.i.ek/ Informal meaning to complain.
Stop bellyaching and get on with your work!
Grievance
[Noun] /ri.vns/ Formal meaning a complaint or strong feeling
that you
have been treated badly.
He still carries grievances about his previous job.
Kick up a fuss
IDIOM. To show anger about something that isnt particularly
Necessary.
He kicked up a great big fuss about his employee
being five

esson 3 Pronunciation: some tricky words


To go on at somebody.
To constantly complain to someone about their behaviour.
Her parents went on at her for not having got top results
in her exam.
To make a noise about something
to talk a lot or complain about something but not too strongly.
Hes been making a bit of noise about having to do
overtime.
Whinge
[verb]/wnd/ To complain about trivial things and quite childish in
nature.
Oh for heavens sake, please stop whinging its only a bit
of spilt wine.

esson 3 Pronunciation: some tricky words


1.Can you remember how to pronounce the words?
Bellyache
Grievance
Kick up a fuss
To go on at somebody
To make a noise about something
Whinge

esson 3 Pronunciation: some tricky words


2. Can you say the words naturally within a sentence?
Some of them are tricky. Listen to them and repeat.
A) The girls were giggling at Grandmas grievance.
B) Bens big bellyaching makes me want to shout at him.
C) Kicking up a fuss is sometimes unnecessary.
D) When my parents go on and on at me for something it doesnt
make me change my mind.
E) If I make a noise about something I feel like Im doing
something about it.
F) Wishing for Wendy to not whinge is wistful.

esson 3 Pronunciation: some tricky words


You have one minute to decide which of the two are correct?
Grievance

Grievance

Kick up a fuss

Kick up a fuss

Whinge

Whinge

To make a noise about something


something
To go on at somebody
Bellyache

Bellyache

To make a noise about

To go on at somebody

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


Complaining with confidence and sophisticated use of the
language will get you heard and understood. People are more
likely to act on your complaint if it sounds logical, ordered and of
course polite. In addition to this it also has to be to the point
and you must sound assertive.
You also have to be able to deal with negative responses so as well
as complaining in general, you will get to look at different ways of
complaining, responding and exaggerating depending on the
situation itself.

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


1. Some good and effective general phrases for
complaining:
Excuse me but Im afraid I have a problem with
Unfortunately, I am unable to use this due to
Im not very happy with this because
I would like to make a complaint about

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


2. Complaining in certain situations.
Situation 1: Your neighbour is playing his music very loudly
-Please could you turn down your volume as I am trying to do
some work.
-Ive noticed that you have your music on very loud. Please would
you turn it down?
but your neighbour responds negatively to you. So what
can you say back to them?
-If you wont turn it down then Im afraid Ill have no other choice
but to call the Police.
-Then I will have to take more serious action.

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


Situation 2. You find a fault with an item of clothing you
bought
-Hi, Id like to return this item please. It has a mark on the sleeve.
-Hi, Id like to return this item because it isnt my
size/colour/doesnt suit me.
but the shop assistant is not being very helpful
-Well I havent worn this item so I dont see what the problem is.
-Id like to speak to your manager about your refund policy please.

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


3. Your meal is cold in a restaurant:
-Excuse me, my dish is completely cold.
-Im afraid I cant eat this as its too cold.
but the waiter or waitress isnt being very attentive:
-This is the second time Ive asked. Would you please do
something about my dish?
-Id like to see the Manager please.
4. A receptionist is being rude to you:
-I dont think you are being very fair, please dont to talk to me like
that.
-Im afraid I cant put up with your attitude. Please, bring out the
Manager. (this is quite rude and versions such as this should only
be used when the person really wont listen).

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


Think about the following situations. How would you
complain about them? Try and remember the options for
complaining. Say one sentence to your teacher who will tell
you if that is acceptable and appropriate.
Situation 1: Your flatmate leaves a mess wherever they go.
___________________________________________________________________
___
Situation 2: A shop assistant is refusing to take back your unworn
shirt.
___________________________________________________________________
___
Situation 3: Your employee is always late for meetings.
___________________________________________________________________

esson 4 Functional language - complaining


Read the dialogue and decide which complaint word(s) fits
the space. There may be several correct answers: Gap fill.
Neighbour from hell:
A: Hi there, Im your downstairs neighbour and Ive noticed that
you often play your music very loudly.
B: So? Whats your ________? (problem | issue | deal)
A: My _______ (problem | issue | deal) is that its anti-social
behaviour and I would like you to turn it down.
B: Im sorry that its bothering you but I like music.
A: I understand that but I dont want to hear it in my own house.
B: Please take your _________ somewhere else. I dont want to hear
it. (complaint | grievance | bellyaching)
A: I really dont appreciate your ______ (attitude | tone) so Im
________ (afraid) I have no other option but to call the Police.
B: Do that then! I dont appreciate people who ________________
over nothing! (kick up a fuss | make a noise | go on at me |
complain | bellyache | whinge)

Listening to a narrative
1. Who was the girls only friend?
Google.
2. What four actions did the computer order her to do?
Clap her hands, click her fingers, dance on the spot and whistle a
tune.
3. Who had seen her do it?
Her whole family.
4. How did she feel at dinner?
Angry and embarrassed.
5. What did her partner say was the reason behind her
dream?
She was becoming afraid of the influence and obsession of
technology on the world.

Reading neighbours from hell


My neighbours from hell
Elizabeth, 42, talks about her problem with not one but two of her neighbours. She
is a housewife with three kids who lives in a Terraced house in the centre of Bristol,
UK and had lived happily there up until about three years ago.
Im not going to lie, my situation has been tremendously difficult, and I want
readers to know how bad it has been for me. At the beginning, I thought I was 1) in
this by myself: About three years ago, a new couple moved in next door. I often
tried to make polite conversation but soon realised they wanted 2) to keep
themselves to themselves. Not long after they moved in I saw someone moving
in a huge oblong box and wondered what it could be. It didnt take me long to find
out it was, of all things, a piano. Now Im not one to whinge over nothing but the
noise from this piano was constant. At first it was a nice, calming tune, but before
long it turned out to be 3) bothersome. My kids couldnt concentrate on their
homework and I started to get headaches. The kids would start groaning when the
piano started up again and so I knew it was time to make some noise about this
myself. So I went next door and tried to explain my grievance to the couple in a
manner that was as friendly as I could manage (having to cope with a headache
and upset kids at the same time). I think the first thing I said was something like
<Im sorry to bother you but I cant help but notice the noise from your piano. Its
rather loud and constant. Could you perhaps limit your playing?> The woman at the
door shouted that it wasnt noise and slammed the door in my face.

Reading neighbours from hell


Not long after this, another neighbour moved in a young guy at
University. I did not like where this was leading. The guy had constant
weekend parties and played his video games every weeknight through a
sound system. Again, I went round to complain to him but he just didnt
answer. Im sure my other neighbours think Ive got too much time on my
hands but quite honestly I had been 4) resorted to kicking up a fuss
about this. I was at the stage of calling the police. However, one
neighbour told me that a polite and official looking letter might 5) do the
trick. I appreciated my neighbours help writing the formal warning before
getting the authorities involved but it just didnt work. They didnt pay any
attention to it. The authorities almost refused to get involved but with a
bit of persuasion they 6) sorted the whole mess out.

Reading Corner
My neighbours from hell
Elizabeth, 42, talks about her problem with not one but two of her neighbours. She is a housewife with
three kids who lives in a Terraced house in the centre of Bristol, UK and had lived happily there up until
about three years ago.
Im not going to lie, my situation has been tremendously difficult, and I want readers to know how bad
it has been for me. At the beginning, I thought I was 1) in this by myself: About three years ago, a
new couple moved in next door. I often tried to make polite conversation but soon realised they wanted
2) to keep themselves to themselves. Not long after they moved in I saw someone moving in a
huge oblong box and wondered what it could be. It didnt take me long to find out it was, of all things,
a piano. Now Im not one to whinge over nothing but the noise from this piano was constant. At first it
was a nice, calming tune, but before long it turned out to be 3) bothersome. My kids couldnt
concentrate on their homework and I started to get headaches. The kids would start groaning when the
piano started up again and so I knew it was time to make some noise about this myself. So I went next
door and tried to explain my grievance to the couple in a manner that was as friendly as I could
manage (having to cope with a headache and upset kids at the same time). I think the first thing I said
was something like <Im sorry to bother you but I cant help but notice the noise from your piano. Its
rather loud and constant. Could you perhaps limit your playing?> The woman at the door shouted that
it wasnt noise and slammed the door in my face.
Not long after this, another neighbour moved in a young guy at University. I did not like where this
was leading. The guy had constant weekend parties and played his video games every weeknight
through a sound system. Again, I went round to complain to him but he just didnt answer. Im sure my
other neighbours think Ive got too much time on my hands but quite honestly I had been 4) resorted
to kicking up a fuss about this. I was at the stage of calling the police. However, one neighbour told me
that a polite and official looking letter might 5) do the trick. I appreciated my neighbours help writing
the formal warning before getting the authorities involved but it just didnt work. They didnt pay any

Reading Corner
1. What two problems did Elizabeth have?
___________________________________________________________________
_______
2. What was the result of her first attempt to deal with the
problem?
___________________________________________________________________
_______
3. What was the result of the first attempt to deal with her second
neighbour?
___________________________________________________________________
_______

Reading Corner
Match the phrases or words in bold to their definition:
A: To work/to have a favourable result
B: Annoying
C: To resolve a problem
D: To be alone in a problem
E: To not want to socialise with others
F: To be forced to do something
____ 1. To be in it by yourself
____ 2. To keep yourself to yourself
____ 3. Bothersome
____ 4. To be resorted to
____ 5. To do the trick
____ 6. To sort the (whole) mess out

Reading Corner
1. What did her neighbour help her do?
_______________________________________________________________
_______
2. Did it have a favourable result?
___________________________________________________________________
___
3. What happened at the end?
___________________________________________________________________
___