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# MOISTURE MEASUREMENT

TECHNOLOGY

## PRESENTED BYARUN KUMAR GAUTAM

13EE14

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
MOISTURE
GENERAL FORMULA OF MOISTURE
MEASUREMENT
METHODS OF MOISTURE MEASUREMENT
APPLICATIONS
CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
Moisture analysis covers moisture content in both
high level and trace amounts in solids, liquids, or
gases.
Moisture in percentage amounts is monitored as a
specification in commercial food production.
Trace moisture in solids must be controlled for
plastics, pharmaceuticals and heat treatment
processes.

MOISTURE
Moisture content or Water content is the quantity
of water contained in a material, such as soil
(called soil moisture), rock, ceramics, fruit, and wood.
Water content is used in a wide range of scientific and
technical areas, and is expressed as a ratio, which can
range from zero (completely dry) to the value of the
materials porosity at saturation.
Moisture refers to the presence of a liquid especially
water , often in trace amounts.

## GENERAL FORMULA OF MOISTURE MEASUREMENT

Moisture content is calculated with the following
formula:
Moisture content=100% * (Wwt - Wdt)/(Wdt - Wt)
Where:
Wwt =weight of the moisture specimen with tare
Wdt = weight of the dried specimen with tare
Wt = weight of the container

## METHODS OF MOISTURE MEASUREMENT

There are two methods that can be used to measure
moisture content:
I. Laboratory methods
II. Electrical methods
III. LABORATORY METHODS
. Those methods which are performed in labs for
measuring the moisture content are known as
laboratory methods.
. These methods are the basic and the cheapest
methods. But these methods consume lot of time in
determining the moisture content.

## The various laboratory methods area) Water Separation

b) Gravimetric Method
c) Phase change method
II. ELECTRICAL METHODS
There are mainly two major types of electrical
methods. They are as follow1. Capacitive method
2. Resistive method

1. CAPACITIVE METHOD
. Capacitive sensing has gained increasing importance
in the last decades and is successfully employed in
various applications in industrial and automotive
technologies.
.Due to the high relative permittivity of water ( Er- of
water about 80), capacitive techniques are typically
well-suited for moisture measurement in bulk solids .

## The variation of the material permittivity and hence

the variation of the moisture content can be measured
as a change in capacitance when the test material is
located in between two electrodes.

2. RESISTIVE METHOD
The resistance of the material will depend in certain
cases on the water content and this can be used to
measure the moisture content.

Fig

Immediate results.
No preparation of samples.
Increased production .
Reduced water and energy consumption.
Better control of diseases .
Time and labour savings.
Higher accuracy.

The moisture present in the test substance should be
equally distributed.
Specific calibration required.

APPLICATIONS

## Clean Rooms & Glove Boxes

Food Packaging
Fuel Cell Production
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Production
Instrument Air & Compressor Systems
Natural Gas & LNG
Refrigerant Gases
Refinery Recycle Gas & Plant Start-up
Semiconductor Industry
SF6 / Air Circuit Breakers
Welding Gases

CONCLUSION
Moisture transport in building materials poses serious
problems, both to human comfort and the structural
integrity of building materials.
It is essential to be able to determine the conditions
and characteristics that cause moisture transfer across
building materials.

REFERENCES
The various sources from where this report has been
prepared are http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moisture_analysis
http://www.plasticstoday.com/blogs/resin-dryingand-moisture-measurement-plastics-webinar070820119
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moisture meters

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