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An Introduction to Phil.

History

TH E P H ILIP P IN E
S ET TIN G

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

Philippine G eography

-coastline is
irregular and
stretches for
about 36, 289km

NDDU

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Philippine G eography
Because

of
irregular coastline,
the
country
abounds in good
harbors,
landlocked straits,
and hundreds of
small rivers, bays,
and lakes
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

NDDU

Philippine G eography
Mountainous, with Mt. Apo has

the highest peak (2, 954m high)


and Sierra Madre is the longest
mountain range

Mt. Apo

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Philippine G eography
Has 26 active

volcanoes,
Mt.
Mayon
and Taal are
the
most
active
Within
the
seismic belt
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

NDDU

Philippine G eography
Tropical

and maritime
climate and two major
seasons:
dry
season
(Dec-May)
and
wet
season (June-Nov)
Typhoons and tropical
cyclone frequently enter
the
Phil.
area
of
responsibility (PAR)
Aftermath of Ondoy
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Philippine G eography
Rich in valleys and

fertile plains
usually planted
with crops like rice,
corn, coconuts,
sugar cane, etc.
Abundant supply of
minerals like gold,
Tubbataha Reef
copper, silver,
lead, zinc, etc
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Fauna
Abounds in animal

life
3 unique mammals in
the country: tarsier,
tamaraw, mouse
deer
Have more than 600
species of birds
25,ooo species of
insects can be found
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Flora
Has approximately

10,ooo species of
flowering plants and
ferns
One of the richest
collection of orchids in
the whole world with over
900 species

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Forest and arable lands


Limited
Dipterocarp

(mahogany) forest
are endangered
900 hectares of
forests are left and
17% or 5 million
hectares of arable
lands are damaged
(1988 satellite map
images)
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Fisheries and M arine Resources


2,000 species of fish are

found. Smallest fish in the


world, pandaka pygmea, can
be found in the Manila Bay
10,000 species of shells
known to science
Fish catch has steadily
dwindled because of
destructive mode of fishing
Coastal zones have become
ecologically brittle

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

NDDU

Philippine Econom y
Population (millions)
GDP (US$ billions)
GDP per capita (US$)

- 95.3 million
- 213.1
- 2,223

World Economic Forum (2012)

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

NDDU

Philippine Econom y
Main Crop:Rice
Export Products:

coconut oil, fresh


bananas,
pineapples,
sugar, gum
resins, and abaca

Rice Terraces

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Industries:

mining, limber,
metal,
woodcraft,
furniture,
petroleum,
clothing
Top markets for
export: USA,
Japan, Hong
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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G overnm ent
Constitutional

republic with 3 coequal branches:


the executive, the
legislative and the
judiciary
Subdivided into
regions and
provinces
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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G overnm ent
17 regions
79 provinces
138 cities
1, 496

municipalities
42, 021
barangays
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Population
Population (millions)

95.3
Birth rate - 26.42
births/1000
Life expectancy - 67.89
men
- 73.85 women
84% are functionally
literate
Employed- 35 million
(2009)
Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Population
Employed
Agriculture
Industry
Service

- 35 million (2009)
- 34%
- 15%
- 51%

Ethnic group:
Languages:

- Austronesian
- 170
Official language:
- Filipino & English

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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Austronesian ethnic group

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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TH A N K YO U !!

Yvan R. Gumbao - HIST2

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