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CHANDIGA

RH

Submitted to:submitted by:


Ar Pooja Nigam
Gagan Kumar Tanwar,
2014PAR5117
Jogeshwar Singh, 2014PAR5012

INTRODUCTION
Chandigarh is one of the most significant urban
planning experiments of the 20th century. It is the
only one of the numerous urban planning schemes
of Le Corbusier to have actually been executed. It
is also the site of some of his greatest
architectural creations. The city has had a farreaching impact, ushering in a modern idiom of
architecture and city planning all over India. It has
become a symbol of planned urbanism. It is as
famous for its landscaping as for its architectural
ambience. Most of the buildings are in pure,
cubical form, geometrically subdivided with
emphasis on proportion, scale and detail.

HISTORY
SINCE PUNJAB WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS, THE CAPITAL

WAS LEFT IN PAKISTAN THERE FORE PUNJAB IN INDIA


REQUIRED NEW CAPITAL
LE CORBUSIER WAS APPROACHED BY PUNJAB GOVERNMENT
AND THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA
CHANDIGARH IS A BOLD EXPERIMENT IN MODERN CIVIC
DESIGN
MAXWELL FRY, JANE DREW AND PIERRE JEANNERET WERE
ALSO INVOLVED IN THE TEAM OF ARCHITECTS
WHEN LE CORBUSIER ASSUMED CONTROL OF THE
CHANDIGARH PROJECT IN 1951, HOWEVER THE DESIGN OF
THE CITY HAD ALREADY BEEN DEVISED BY THE NEW YORK
FIRM OF MAYER, WHITTLESEY, AND GLASS WHO RECEIVED A
CONTRACT FOR THE MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH IN 1950

GEOGRAPHICAL AND
DEMOGRAPHICAL PROFILE
Area

114 sq kms
Longitude
76 47' 14E
Latitude
30 44' 14N
Total Population (2011 census)
10.55 Lacs(97.25% people live in urban
regions)
Density of population/sq. km. 7,900

IDEA OF LE CORBUSIER
The city of Chandigarh is planned to human
scale.
Headcapitol (place of power)
Heart the city centre
Stomachthe commercial area
Armsuniversity and Industrial zone
Lungsleisure valley ,open spaces
Arteriesnetwork of roads

SECTORS
The key of modern urbanism is 'the
Sector', which was defined as a
container of family life (24 solar hours:
night and day). Each sector was 800
meters by 1,200 meters, enclosed by
roads allocated to fast-mechanized
transport and sealed to direct access
from the houses. The population would
be approximately from 5,000 to 20,000
inhabitants. Chandigarh had 30 sectors.

ROADS
The roads of the city were classified into seven
categories, known as the system of 7 Vs.
V-1 Fast roads connecting Chandigarh to
other towns;
V-2 Arterial roads;
V-3 Fast vehicular roads;
V-4 Free Flowing shopping streets;
V-5 Sector circulation roads;
V-6 Access roads to houses;
V-7 Footpaths and cycle tracks

HOUSING
The residential buildings were governed by a
mechanism known as 'frame control' created
by the municipal administration to control their
facades. This fixed the
building line and height and the use of building
materials. Certain standard sizes of doors and
windows are specified and all the gates and
boundary walls must conform to standard
design. The idea was to ensure that the view
from the street, which belonged to the
community, was of same visual order and
discipline to maintain uniformity.

COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS
All buildings located in the City Centre and
commercial or institutional buildings
located along V-2 roads were subjected to
controls. The system of the City Centre
was based on a grid of columns. fixed 5.26
meters shuttering pattern on concrete and
a system of glazing or screen walls behind
the line of columns. The interior planning
was left to the owners. and in the exterior,
certain variations are permitted to give
variety to the architectural composition.

THE SECRETARIAT THE HIGH


COURT THE ASSEMBLY HALL

CONCLUSION
POSITIVE HIGHLIGHTS
Each sector satisfies the necessities of human
needs
Separate roads for pedestrian, bicycle and
heavy vehicles
Shops on ground floor, Residence on upper
floor
Shop protected from rain and sun, as a covered
walkway for the customers

NEGATIVE HIGHLIGHTS
Roads being similar to each other creates
confusion
Brutal concrete gives a rough look
City not planned for lower income people.
Existence of slums around the city

DEVELOPMENT IN
CHANDIGARH
The city of Chandigarh was developed in 3
phases :
Sectors 1 to 30 have been developed in
Phase-I , it was completely developed in
1975.
Sector 31to 47 have been developed in
Phase-II , for accommodating population of
5 lakhs in combined.
Sectors from 48 to 56 in Phase III has
been taken up

CHANDIGARH MASTER PLAN 2031

GROWTH OF CHANDIGARH
The Chandigarh has become Hi-tech city by

setting up of I.T. park.


The Chandigarh being the regional centre is
hub of political and bureaucratic activities
of the 3 neighbouring states of Punjab,
Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
The high profile education and health
facilities are available in the Chandigarh,
like Punjab Engineering College and PGI,
York, Fortis.
The Chandigarh has its tourist potential.

PROBLEMS
With the development of the city, it is also
confronting some problems because
population increased in city due to high
rate of migration to cities and due to that :
Water supply demand is increased
Sanitation problem occurs
And slum development started

VILLAGES AND SLUMS


There are 18 villages in Chandigarh city

and 4 villages are under municipal


boundary.
There are 14 unauthorised slums have
population of 70000.

SLUM REHABILATION ON PERIPHERY

VISION IN TERMS OF
INFRASTRUCTURE
Safeguarding the health, integrated management of

water source, liquid & solid waste and protection of


environment.
Protection of environment and safeguarding the
health of the general public by providing a complete
underground sewerage system.
100% Coverage of the whole green area in gardens,
parks and open spaces with tertiary treated water in
order to save the potable water of drinking purposes.
To have good connectivity of city with other cities
through roads and better solid waste collection
centres.

REFERENCES
CENSUS 2011
CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF CHANDIGARH
MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH CITY
WIKIPEDIA

THANK YOU

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