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MCQS ON BASIC

RESEARCH

A systematic study directed toward


greater knowledge or understanding of
the fundamental aspects of phenomena.

a. Basic research
b. Pure research
c. Applied research
d. A and b both

Which research refers to scientific study and


research that seeks to solve practical
problems

a. Basic research
b. Applied research
c. Exploratory research

Method in which Data collected using a


questionnaire, analysed statistically.

a. Multi method quantitative designs


b. Mono method qualitative design
c. Mono method quantitative
design

Method in which researcher uses more than


one quantitative data collection technique

a. Multi method qualitative designs


b. Mono method quantitative design
c. Multi method quantitative
designs

Method in which researcher uses more than


one qualitative data collection technique

a. Multi method qualitative


designs
b. Mixed methods design
c. Multi method quantitative designs

__________is the classical


form of research?

a. Experiment
b. Case study
c. Grounded theory
d. Narrative inquiry

Final layer of research


onion is
a. Time Horizon
b. Strategy(ies)
c. Methodological Choice

HYPOTHESIS REFERS TO:


A. The outcome of an experiment
B. Aconclusiondrawnfroman
experiment

C. A form of bias in which the


subject tries to
experimenter

outguess the

D. Atentativestatement about
therelationship

STATISTICS IS USED BY
RESEARCHERS TO:

A. Analyzethe empiricaldata
collectedin a study

B. Make their findings sound better


C.
Operationallydefinetheirvariables

D. Ensurethe study comes out the


way it was intended

A literature review requires:

A. Planning
B. Good & clear writing
C. Lotofrewriting
D. All ofthe above

A literature review isbased on


theassumption that:

A. Copy from the work of others


B. Knowledge accumulates and
learns fromthe workof others

C. Knowledgedisaccumulates
D. None oftheabove option

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING


STATEMENT IS NOT TRUE?
A. A research proposal is a document that
presents a plan for a project

B. A research proposal shows that the


researcher is capable of successfully
conducting the proposed research project

C. A research proposal is an unorganized


and unplanned project

D. A research proposal is just like a research


report and written before the researchproject

Preliminary data collection is a


part of the

A. Descriptiveresearch
B. Exploratory research
C. Appliedresearch
D. Explanatoryresearch

CONDUCTING SURVEYS IS THE MOST


COMMON METHOD OFGENERATING:

A. Primarydata
B. Secondary data
C. Qualitativedata
D. Noneoftheabove

After identifying the important variables


and establishing the logical reasoning in
theoretical framework, the next step in the
research process is

A. To conductsurveys
B. To generate the hypothesis
C. To focus group discussions
D. To use experimentsin an
investigation

THE APPROPRIATE ANALYTICAL


TECHNIQUE IS DETERMINED BY:

A. The research design


B. Nature of the data collected
C. Natureofthehypothesis
D. BothA& B

The theoretical framework discusses


the interrelationships among the.

A. Variables
B. Hypothesis
C. Concept
D. Theory

research is based on naturalism.

A. Field research
B. Descriptive research
C. Basic research
D. Applied research

Which is the characteristic of


research
A. data are collected systematically
B. Data are interpreted systematically
C. There is a clear purpose: to find out
things
D.All of the above

WHAT IS A GOOD RESEARCH? THE


FOLLOWING ARE CORRECT EXCEPT
a)Purpose clearly defined
b)Research process detailed
c)Research design thoroughly
planned
d)Findings presented
ambiguously

Presented by
Muhammad ishfaq

Researchers are tempted to rely too heavily


on data collected in a prior study and use it
in the interpretation of a new study

a)True
b)False

Research is any organized inquiry carried out


to provide information for solving problems.

a)True
b)False

One of the terms given below is defined as


a bundle of meanings or characteristics
associated with certain events, objects,
conditions, situations, and the like

a)Construct
b)Definition
c)Concept
d)Variable

The following are the synonyms


forindependent variableexcept

a)Stimulus
b)Manipulated
c)Consequence
d)Presumed Cause

The following are the synonyms


fordependent variableexcept

a)Presumed effect
b)Measured Outcome
c)Response
d)Predicted from

A proposal is also known


as a:

a)Work plan
b)Prospectus
c)Outline
d)Draft plan
e)All of the above

Secondary data can almost always be obtained


more quickly and at a lower cost than
__________data.

a.)Tertiary
b.)Collective
c.)Research
d.)Primary

The purpose of __________________ research is to help in the process of developing a clear and
precise statement of the research problem rather than in providing a definitive answer.

a.)Marketing
b.)Causal
c.)Exploratory
d.)Descriptive

A systematic, controlled, empirical,


and critical investigation of natural
phenomena guided by theory and
hypothesis is called _____________

a.)Applied Research
b.)Basic Research
c.)Scientific Research
d.)None Of The Above

__________________ is the determination of the plan for


conducting the research and as such it involves the
specification of approaches and procedures..

a.)Strategy
b.)Research Design
c.)Hypothesis
d.)Deductive

If the researcher is concerned with


finding out who, what where, when, or
how much, then the study is __________.

a)Exploratory
b)Descriptive
c)Empirical
d)Causal

A RESEARCH DESIGN IS THE


STRATEGY FOR A STUDY AND THE
PLAN BY WHICH THE STRATEGY IS TO
BE CARRIED OUT

a)True
b)False

____________________ presents a
problem, discusses related research
efforts, outlines the data needed for
solving the data and shows the design
used to gather and analyze the data.

a.)Research Question
b.)Research Proposal
c.)Research Design
d.)Research Methodology

The introduction of the new models of Nokia mobile will lead to a


decrease in the sales of Siemens mobiles. In this statement :

a.)The introduction of the new models of Nokia


mobile, is the independent variable, and the
decrease in the sales of siemens mobiles is the
dependent variable.
b.)The introduction of the new models of Nokia
mobile, is the dependent ariable, and the decrease in
the sales of siemens mobiles is the independent
variable.
c.)There are no independent or dependent variables.
d.)None of the above.

A SET OF SYSTEMATICALLY INTERRELATED


CONCEPTS, DEFINITIONS AND PROPOSITIONS
THAT ARE ADVANCED TO EXPLAIN AND PREDICT
PHENOMENA IS CALLED

a.)Research
b.)Model
c.)Theory
d.)None of the above

Data that is created, recorded or generated by an entity


other than the researcher's organisation is collectively
called

a)Primary data
b)Secondary data
c)Internal data
d)External data

Research is an expensive,
sophisticated process that is often
beyond the reach of small businesses
with their limited budgets.

a)True
b)False

Primary data are generally available


more quickly and at a lower cost than
secondary data.

a)True
b)False

A variable that is not influenced by or


not dependent on other variables in
experiments is called

a)Independent variable
b)Dependent variable
c)Experimental variable

THE QUALITY OF A RESEARCH TO PRODUCE


ALMOST IDENTICAL RESULTS IN
SUCCESSIVE REPEATED TRIALS REFLECTS
IT'S

a)Reliability
b)Validity
c)Accuracy

What should a market researcher do


once he or she has defined the
problem and the research objectives?

a)Collect the information


b)Budget for information collection
c)Develop the research plan
d)Sample the population
e)Develop a survey instrument

Presented by
Saddam hussain

When planning your literature


search you need to:
a)Have clearly defined research
questions and objectives
b)Define the parameters of your
search
c)Generate key words and search
terms
d)All the above

The first step in the research


process is the:
a)Development of the research
plan
b)Survey of stakeholders to
determine if problems exist
c)Collection of the available
sources for needed information
d)Definition of the problem
and research objectives

what are the qualities of a good


hypothesis

a)deduction and induction


b)exploratory and deductive
c)dejection and injection
d)none of the above

A ___________________ is conducted to detect


weaknesses in research instruments design

a)Pilot study
b)Questionnaire
c)Interview
d)Sampling

reliability is mostly a matter of


______________, while validity is mostly
about _____________

a)consistency, accuracy
b)accuracy, consistency
c)similarity, dissimilarity
d)similarity, consistency

A dependent variable refers to:


a. The variable being manipulated
or varied in some way by the
researcher.
b. the experimental condition.
c. the variable which shows us the
effect of the manipulation.
d. a variable with a single value which
remains constant in a particular
context.

Variables are:
a. the main focus of research in
science.
b. something that we can measure.
c. something that can vary in terms
of precision.
d. all of the above.

Which of the following


constitute discrete variables?
a. Number of reported crimes in
one week.
b. Type of offender, e.g. rapist, burglar,
thief.
c. Favourite animal.
d. A student's top typing speed.

________________ IS THE IDEA THAT


KNOWLEDGE COMES FROM EXPERIENCE.

a. rationalism
b. deductive reasoning
c. logic
d. empiricism

FOR ANY STUDY YOU SHOULD QUESTION


THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF:

a. the interviewing process.


b. the sampling procedure.
c. the questionnaire.
d. all of the above.

Before searching you should define


the timeframe of your search. Why?

a. So you don't find the library busy.


b. So you work when you are most
efficient.
c. So you do not incur unnecessary
costs.
d. So you find the most articles.

Citation means that a particular


paper has been:
a. reproduced elsewhere.
b. discussed orally by another
author.
c. quoted in another paper by
another author.
d. sold to another publisher.

WHICH IS THE MAJOR DISADVANTAGE OF USING


PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS IN LITERATURE
REVIEWS?

a. The information is too recent.


b. Subscription fees are high.
c. Humans control the quality.
d. Information could be as old as
four years.

Why is it important for a researcher


to review the literature?

a. Because it shows time has been


spent on the subject.
b. Because it identifies like-minded
researchers.
c. Because it is traditional.
d. Because it will find if anyone
has done the work before.

Which of these is the most efficient way to


locate relevant journals?

a. Browsing in a newsagents.
b. Following up references in articles
c. .Searching using tertiary
sources.
d. Browsing the shelves in the library.

Which one of the following is a


data collection method?
a. The onion.
b. The case study.
c. Positivism.
d. The interview.

A study is based on 30 people (across three


focus groups). What type of study is this?

a. Structured study.
b. Qualitative study.
c. Quantitative study.
d. Questionnaire study.

A study is based on 1000 people


interviewed face to face in shopping
centres. What type of study is this?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Ethnographic study.
Qualitative study.
Self-completion study.
Questionnaire study.

Which research strategy is described here? The collection of


data using questionnaires, but it also includes other techniques
(e.g. structured observation and structured interviews).

a.
b.
c.
d.

Ethnography.
Survey.
Action research.
Grounded theory.

Which research strategy is described here? The researcher is involved in the acts
under study; s/he causes changes and monitors the outcomes.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Survey.
Grounded theory.
Action research.
Case study.

Which research strategy is described here?Theory is developed from data generated


by a series of observations or interviews principally involving an inductive approach.

a. Ethnography.
b. Grounded theory.
c. Action research.
d. Experiment.

Presented by
MOHSIN MUMTAZ

What is the difference betweenresearch


questionsandresearch objectives?

a. The question is worded by the


researcher, the objective is not.
b. No difference, they are the same.
c. The wording of one is likely to
be more specific than the
other.
d. One of these is proposed by a
supervisor.

What is 'a possible explanation that


we may or may not agree with'?

a. The hypothesis.
b. Grounded theory.
c. The research question.
d. The objective.

The terms dissertation and thesis


may be different names for the
same thing.
a. True
b. False

WHICH WORD FILLS ALL THE BLANKS IN THIS


EXTRACT:WE TALK ABOUT GENERATING __________,
TESTING _______, REJECTING ________.

a. questions
b. aims
c. hypotheses
d. objectives

All of these may appear in a research


proposal, but which one will ALWAYS appear?

a. Business objective.
b. Research objective.
c. Creative objective.
d. Marketing objective.

Literature review is not usually


concerned with helping in:
a.
b.
c.
d.

subsequent data collection.


objective setting.
literary appreciation.
research instrument design.

THE LITERATURE REVIEW WILL


EXAMINE:
a. all aspects of a topic.
b. only one side of the main
argument.
c. only opinions.
d. only facts.

The starting point for a


literature search is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

tertiary data.
primary data.
secondary data.
some other data.

Researchers need to be cautious of some


material, particularly material found online.
Why?

a. It has been used before.


b. The authors name often does not
appear.
c. It is too recent.
d. The quality is unknown.

Which one of these is likely to


be peer-reviewed?
a. The Economist.
b. Woman's Own.
c. The European Journal of
Management.
d. The Guardian.

Which of the following best describes


quantitative research?

a. the collection of nonnumerical


data
b. an attempt to confirm the
researchers hypotheses
c. research that is exploratory
d. research that attempts to
generate a new theory

A variable that is presumed to cause a


change in another variable is called a(n):

a. categorical variable
b. dependent variable
c. independent variable
d. intervening variable

Qualitative research is often


exploratory and has all of the following
characteristics except:

a. it is typically used when a great deal


is already known about the topic of
interest
b. it relies on the collection of nonnumerical
data such as words and pictures
c. it is used to generate hypotheses and
develop theory about phenomena in the
world
d. it uses the inductive scientific method

What is the key defining


characteristic of experimental
research?
a. extraneous variables are never
present
b. a positive correlation usually
exists
c. a negative correlation usually
exists
d. manipulation of the
independent variable

Which of the following includes


examples of quantitative variables?

a. age, temperature, income, height


b. grade point average, anxiety
level, reading performance
c. gender, religion, ethnic group
d. both a and b

In research, something that does


not "vary" is called a ___________.

a. variable
b. method
c. constant
d. control group

Which research strategy is described here?Theory is developed from data generated by a series of observations or interviews principally involving an
inductive approach.

Ethnography.
Grounded theory.
Action research.
Experiment.

For any study you should question the


validity and reliability of:

the interviewing process.


the sampling procedure.
the questionnaire.
all of the above.