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Experiment Standing Wave

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You are on page 1of 12

LECTURER NAME:

GROUP MEMBER NAME : 1) GEE ANAK AGOM

(D20161073931)

interfere with one another while traveling opposite direction

along the same medium.

All standing wave patterns consist of nodes and antinodes.

The nodes are points of no displacement caused by the

destructive interference of the two waves.

The antinodes results from the constructive interference of

the two waves and thus undergo maximun displacement from

the rest position.

ENGAGE

EMPOWER

Objective :

antinodes.

medium through which a wave propagates.

Apparatus :

Mechanical Vibrator

amplitudes

Weight set

Acculab digital scale

EXPERIMENT SET UP

1.

2.

Generator window appears. Move it to a convenient location on the screen.

3.

Note that a sine wave has already been selected. We will use only sine wave in this

experiment. Set the amplitude and frequency of the signal generator initially to

approximately +2 V and 20 Hz, respectively. Then click on. Adjust the frequency

to observe the multiple harmonics of the standing wave. Remember that you can

obtain frequency steps of various sizes by clicking on the + and keys, as

well as the arrows.

PROCEDURES

antinodes)

1. Adjust the frequency until you obtain a nice standing wave

with two antinodes ( n = 2) . Record this frequency in the

Data section.

2. Obtain and record the frequencies for consecutive n values.

Take at least six measurements, starting with the fundamental

mode.

3. Calculate and record the wavelength, Eq (13) and wave speed,

(14), corresponding to each

n.

4. Plot a graph of frequency as a function of n . what is the

relationship between the two variables?

tension )

1. Choose one of the three strings. Measure and record the linear mass density ( =

M/L) of the string by obtaining its total mass M and total length L. Use the digital

scale to weight the string. Keep all units in the SI system ( kilograms and meters).

2. Using the 50-g mass hanger, measure and record the frequency for the n = 2 mode. (

NOTE = you may choose any integer fo n, but remember to keep n constant

throughout the rest of this section.)

3. Add masses in increment of 50 g, and adjust the frequency so that the same number

of nodes is obtained. Take and record measurements for at least six different

tensions.

4. The wave speed should be related to the tension F and linear mass density by v =

(F/)1/2

5. Calculate and record the wave speed in each case using Eq (14), and plot V 2 as a

function of F/ (you

have calculated V 2 from the measured tension and linear

mass density , these are the x-axis values. Be sure to covert the tension into units of

Newtons ).

6. Now plot : theoretical line V2 = F/. This is a straight line at 450 on your graph, if

you used the same scale on both axes.

a medium through which a wave propagates )

1. Measure the linear mass densities (= M/L ) of the two other

strings as describes above.

2. Keeping the tension and mode number constant at say, 100 g

and n = 2, measure and record the frequencies for the three

strings.

3. Calculated and record the experimental wave speed from the

frequency and wavelength for eachstring density.

4. Calculated and record the theoretical wave speed for each

string density from v = (F/)1/2 and compare these speeds

with the experimental values.

ENHANCE

vibrating string, the pitch produced by the guitar

changes. A longer vibrating string produces a lower note

and a shorter string, a higher note.

THANK YOU

BYE

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