Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 9

WASTE GENERATION

Waste

generation include activities in


which material identified as no longer
being of value and are either thrown
away or gathered together for disposal.

Factor Influence Generation of SW


Socio-economic

background:
- the buying power
- income level
Cultural background
Locality:
- urban
- rural setting

Physical
characteristic

Characterization
of solid waste

Chemical
characteristic

Density : used to
assess volume of
transportation vehicle &
size of the disposal
facility.
Moisture content:
increase the weight of
SW, so the cost of
collection &
transportation will
increasing.

Is essential in understanding
the behaviour of waste all
through the waste
management system and also
in selecting and determining

COLLECTION
Elements

of collection, includes not only


the gathering of solid waste and
recyclable material, but also the
transport of these materials after
collection, to the location where the
collection vehicle is emptied.

COLLECTION ACTIVITIES
The most common collection services are
curb/alley, set out/set back pickup, and
backyard pickup.
The collection services provided to large
apartment buildings, residential complexes,
commercial and industrial activities
typically in centred around the use of large
movable and stationary containers and
large stationary compactors.

PICK UP POINT
Curb or Alley Pickup

The quickest and most


economical point of collection.
Using standard container that
has been design by city council.

Set-out, Set-back
Pickup

Collectors have to enter


property
Set out crew carries full
containers from resident storage
before collection vehicle arrives.
Collection crew load their refuse
into vehicles
Set back crew return the
container to storage area.

Backyard Pickup

Usually accomplish by the use


of tote barrels
The collector enter the
residents property, dumps the
container into a tote barrel,
carries it to the trucks and dump
it.

Transfer and Transport


Refers

to the facilities used to transfer


of wastes from one location to another.
small collection vehicles are transferred
to larger vehicles that are
used to transport the waste over
extended distances to disposal sites.

COLLECTION VEHICLE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Lorry with compactors (4-12 tonne)


Open lorry (3-10 tonne)
Lorry RORO (2.5 tonne)
Tricycle motor
Long haulage vehicle (20 tonne)

COLLECTION FREQUENCY
Residential areas: everyday/once in 2 days
2.
Commercial
- daily
. Food waste: maximum period should not exceed:
-the normal time accumulation of waste to fill a
container
- the time for fresh garbage to putrefy & emits fouls odor
- The length of fly-breeding cycle (<7days)
1.