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Brazil - Language,

Culture, Customs and


Issaeva Dana

One of the fastest growing economies in the

world, Brazil is a colossal country located in
eastern South America. It is world-famous
for its attractive tourist destinations and
cultural diversity. The roots of the Brazilian
culture are found in African and European
indigenous traditions and cultures.

Facts and Statistics

Location:Eastern South America bordering
Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia
1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana 1,119 km,
Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km, Suriname 597
km, Uruguay 985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km
Climate:mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Ethnic Make-up:white (includes Portuguese,

German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed
white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes
Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Religions:Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
Government:federative republic

Brazil flag

Language in Brazil
Language is one of the strongest elements of
Brazil's national unity. Portuguese is spoken by
nearly 100 percent of the population. The only
exceptions are some members of Amerindian
groups and pockets of immigrants, primarily from
Japan and South Korea, who have not yet learned
Portuguese. The principal families of Indian
languages are Tup, Arawak, Carib, and G.

Etiquette and Customs in Brazil

Meeting Etiquette
Men shake hands when greeting one another,
while maintaining steady eye contact.
Women generally kiss each other, starting
with the left and alternating cheeks.
Hugging and backslapping are common
greetings among Brazilian friends.
If a woman wishes to shake hands with a
man, she should extend her hand first.

Gift Giving Etiquette

If invited to a Brazilian's house, bring the
hostess flowers or a small gift.
Orchids are considered a very nice gift, but
avoid purple ones.
Avoid giving anything purple or black as
these are mourning colours.
Handkerchiefs are also associated with
funerals, so they do not make good gifts.
Gifts are opened when received.

Dining Etiquette
If you are invited to a Brazilian's house:
Arrive at least 30 minutes late if the invitation is for
Arrive up to an hour late for a party or large
Brazilians dress with a flair and judge others on their
appearance. Casual dress is more formal than in
many other countries. Always dress elegantly and
err on the side of over-dressing rather than underdressing.
If you did not bring a gift to the hostess, flowers the
next day are always appreciated.

Traditional Brazilian Clothing

Brazilian clothing is popular for its grace and
sophistication, its striking colors, and beautiful
designs. If you happen to visit Brazil, you'll
understand how the traditional clothing in this
country has amalgamated into its present form,
with different cultural influences from its

Diverse Clothing
Traditional Brazilian clothing is influenced by a
combination of different races and immigrants
from all over the world. In the southern Brazil,
there is a mixture of German, Russian, and Italian
immigrants. Whereas in Rio de Janeiro,
immigrants from England, Portugal and Africa are
predominant. The Bahia region of Brazil is
influenced by the African culture. They wear long,
flowing skirts paired with head scarves. The fabric
is light, vibrant, and is usually paired with white
cotton shirts.

Gauchos of the Pampas

In Rio Grande do Sul, the southern plain region of
Brazil, the cowboys (gauchos) wear a distinctive
outfit: baggy trousers called bombachas, ponchos,
wide straw hats, and leather boots. The cowherds
(vaqueiros) in the Northeast region wear a coat,
hat, and leather chaps.

Southern Brazil
Towards the south of Brazil, the attire takes on a
European appeal, especially Italian and Spanish.
People in this region are likely to be among the first
to embrace trends that freshly debut on runways.
However, true traditional Brazilian attire can be
seen in the countryside, where clothing for men
include - shirts and jeans, where women wear
dresses made from inexpensive cotton, to suit the
sweltering climate and working outdoors.

Native Amerindians
In Amazon, the native Amerindians wear
traditional tunics and paint their faces, and are
often spotted with a heavy assortment of beads
around their necks.

Clothing in Bahia
These days, many native Americans have adopted
a contemporary way of dressing. In Bahia, many
women prefer traditional African clothing that
includes a bright colorful shawl, a Baiana dress or
a long full skirt and a turban-like head scarf. They
are fond of colorful, beaded necklaces, and
bracelets too, as mentioned earlier.

In Brazil, music is one of the most importantart
demonstrationsandnational culture, also
respected internationally. Noteworthy because it
goes beyond the world-famousCarnival.With the
distribution of immigrants throughout the country
each region of the country developed its own

Some musical styles are:

Bossa Nova
Jovem Guarda


More than a mere fish stew, moqueca
is served with theatrical flourish as
the piping hot clay pot is uncovered
at the table amidst clouds of fragrant
steam. Baianos (residents of Bahia, in
the North-East) and Capixabas (from
the neighbouring state of Esprito
Santo) both lay claim to the origins of
the dish, and both serve up equally
tasty variations. At its simplest, fish
and/or seafood are stewed in diced
tomatoes, onions and coriander. The
Capixabas add a natural red food
colouring urucum (annatto seeds),
while the Baianos serve a heavier
version, with dend (palm oil),
peppers and coconut milk. Its
teamed with rice, farofa (fried manioc
flour ideal for mopping up juices)
and piro (a spicy, manioc flour fish
porridge, thats far tastier than it



Feijoadais considered by
many Brazilians to be the
national dish. During the
time of colonisation the
Portuguese brought the
stew of black beans and
smoked beef and pork to
Brazil and its other
colonies. As a
resultfeiojada, which
means bean stew, is also
present in Angola,
Mozambique, Macau and

This seafood dish of shrimp

and coconut milk is popular in
the north of Brazil. It contains
shrimp, ground peanuts,
coconut milk, anddendoil
(palm oil) as well as onion,
garlic, chili peppers,
breadcrumbs, salt and pepper.
The ancestor of this dish was
brought to Brazil by slaves
from Africa, in fact the
namevatapis a Yoruba
meaning spicy seafood


Aa (pronouned asa-ee)
Of all the thousands of fruits from
the Amazon, aais the best
known, thanks to its super-food
status. Traditionally eaten by
indigenous tribes for energy, the
hard purple berry is also used in
Amazonian cooking, as a sauce
with fish. A clever marketing
campaign in the 80s thrust it into
the spotlight as the energy snack
of choice for surfers in glamorous
Rio de Janeiro. Served as a sweet,
gloopy, frozen sorbet, sometimes
topped with granola and slices of
banana, or whizzed up in juices, it
can found in every caf, bakery,
juice bar and supermarket across
the country. You can even buy
aa vodka, and aa beer.

Carnaval in Brazil
Carnaval in Brazil is an all around unforgettable
experience, celebrated all over the country, but it's
no surprise that Rio de Janeiro Carnival is the
funniest and the most spectacular.
When is Carnival in Brazil?
Carnival falls on a different date every year, about 40
days before Easter. From Friday to Ash Wednesday March 04th - Fevareiro 16th in 2017 - Brazilians close
their offices and shops, and throw themselves into
the world's most famous manifestation of freedom
and happiness, day and night, on and off the hot
crowded beaches, at the peak of summer.


Probably the biggest and the best in the world, Carnival is

virtually synonymous with Rio de Janeiro. One cannot think
of Carnival without thinking of the Cidade Maravilhosa, the
city's nickname that translate to "marvelous city".
Recently voted the happiest city in the world, by a survey
conducted by Forbes Magazine (September 2009), it's by
Carnaval time that Rio de Janeiro reaches its splendor,
attracting thousands of people from all over the world.

Rio Carnival

Football in Brazil
Association Football is the most popular sport in
Brazil. The Brazilian national football team has
won the FIFA World Cup tournament a record five
times, in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002,[4]
and is the only team to succeed in qualifying for
every World Cup competition ever held. It is
among the favorites to win the trophy every time
the competition is scheduled.


Pel, arguably the greatest footballer

ever, led Brazil to three of those
championships and is the top scorer
of all time in the sport. All of the
leading players in the national teams
are prominent in the football world,
including Garrincha, Cafu, Roberto
Carlos, Romrio, Rivaldo, Ronaldo,
Ronaldinho, Kak, and Neymar in the
men's game, and Marta in the
women's game. Some of these players
can be considered super-stars,

Thank you for attention!