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CLASSROOM

MANAGEMENT
Classroom management as defined by good
is the administration or direction of activities with
special reference to problems involving discipline,
democratic techniques, use of supplies and other
materials, the physical features of the classroom,
general housekeeping and the social relationships
of the pupils and teachers. It can be summarized
as the operation and control of classroom
activities.

Causes of Disciplinary Problems


in the Classroom
1. Teachers Personality lack of
knowledge of the subject matter,
poor decision making, etc.
2. Physical Factors health conditions
of the child
3. Individual Factors individual
differences due to family and
community background
4. Social Factors adjustment to the
group
5. Emotional Factors

Ways to Improve Classroom Discipline


1. Know your subject matter and be prepared
at all times.
2. Come to the class ahead of your students.
3. Call the class to order as soon as the bell
rings.
4. Follow some established daily routine.
5. Check the condition of the class as well as
the condition of every pupil.
6. Check pupils assignments regularly and
return their work promptly.
7. Explain to your pupils your expectations of
every activity that they will accomplish.
8. Provide adequate time for every activity.

9. Do not threaten your pupils. If threatened,


the pupils often feel challenged to see how
serious you and how far they could go before
you carry-out threats.
10. Have a good sense of humor.
11. Compliment your pupils/students on worthy
contributions.
12. Try to involve all pupils to class activities.
13. Handle calmly all attempts to distract your
attention.
14. Always have contingency plan in case of
emergency.
15. Never be sarcastic.
16. Always consider individual differences in
dealing with your pupils.
17. Never make a martyr out of a trouble maker.

PRINCIPLES IN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

1. Consistent, proactive discipline is the crux of effective


classroom management.
2. Establish routines for all daily tasks and needs.
3. Orchestrate smooth transition and continuity of
momentum throughout the day.
4. Strike a balance between variety and challenge in
students activities.
5. As classroom manager, be aware of all actions and
activities in the classroom.
6. Resolve minor inattention and disruption before they
become major disruptions.
7. Reinforce positive behavior.
8. Treat minor disturbance calmly.
9. Work out a physical arrangement of chairs that
facilitates an interactive teaching-learning process.
10.Make good use of every instructional moment. Minimize
discipline time to maximize instructional time.

Management of Time
Here are some research-based effective techniques:
1. Orchestrate smooth classroom transitions.
2. Remain involved with the students during the entire
class period allowing for no idle time.
3. Use fillers, in case you can finish the lesson ahead of
time.
4. Use planning or pacing material
5. Use common place to keep materials
6. Follow a consistent schedule and maintain the
procedures and routines established at the beginning of
the year.
7. Handle administrative tasks quickly and efficiently.
8. Prepare materials in advance.
9. Make clear and smooth transitions.
10.Limit disruptions and interruptions through appropriate
behavioral management technique.

Discipline

Some Causes of Disciplinary Problems

1. Unfavorable learning conditions


2. Teachers poor management skills
3. Students varied background

How to Prevent Discipline Problems

1. Employ more group-oriented methodologies


2. Use varied teaching techniques
3. Develop patience, compassion, genuine respect
and care for your students
4. The teachers personalities are their surest
arms that can either win or fail amidst a
controllable learning situation.
5. The teachers teaching style will determine
how the students will respond, at times
receptive, sometimes withdrawn.

Various Modes of Establishing


Discipline/Classroom Control

1. Discipline is the students responsibility.


2. Discipline is the teachers way of establishing a
desirable student-oriented environment for
learning.
3. Discipline is coupled with effective teaching
strategies and techniques.
4. Discipline is achieved through the effects of
group dynamics on behavior.
5. Discipline is believed to be the exclusive
responsibility of the teachers.

Are you a good disciplinarian?

1. Be prepared to face a class with multi-behavior tendencies.


2. Know your students well their names, family composition
and socio-economic status.
3. Show your sincere concern for their welfare.
4. Commendable behavior is reciprocal.
5. Be clam, poised and tactful in solving discipline problems.
6. At all times be firm and consistent in following classroom
dos and donts.
7. Be enthusiastic and the students will match your enthusiasm
instead of being drawn to trouble.
8. Let out your good sense of humor.
9. Speak with a good voice volume, not to loud to become noise
nor too soft to be heard.
10. Be humble in words and actions.

Ways of Dealing with Discipline Problems


Acceptable and effective:
1. Use verbal reinforcers that encourage good behavior and
discourage bad tendencies.
2. Use nonverbal gestures, frown or a hard look to dissuade
them from mischief.
3. Dialogues can help in discovering problems and agreeing on
mutually beneficial solutions.
4. Focus attention on one who us unruly and is about to disturb
the neighbors.
5. Award merits for good behavior and demerits for
inconsistencies and lapses.
6. A private one-on-one brief conference can lead to a better
understanding of mistakes that need to be remedied or
improved.
7. Give students the freedom to express or explain agitated
feelings and misgivings rather than censure them right away.

Unacceptable and ineffective:


1. Scolding and harsh words as a reprimand will have a
negative effect in the entire class.
2. Nagging and faultfinding, together will long sermons
are repugnant and nasty.
3. Keeping a student in a detention area during or after
classes as a penalty for misbehavior is a waste of time
and occasion for learning.
4. Denying a student some privileges due to unnecessary
hyperactivity can all the more encourage repetitions.
5. Assignment of additional homework compared to the
rest can make them dislike the subject.
6. Use of ridicule or sarcasm could humiliate and
embarrass a formentor.
7. Grades for academic achievement should not be
affected due to misdemeanor.

Five (5) Effective Disciplinary


Interventions backed up by research

1.Teacher Reaction
2.Tangible Recognition
3.Direct Cost
4.Group Contingency
5.Home Contingency

Managing the Physical Environment

Furniture Arrangement
1. The physical features in the classroom must be located
in areas where the contents could be viewed well and
be made available for use.

.Seating Arrangement
1. Sample seating arrangements:
2. Students in rows face front of classroom
3. Students face center of the classroom
4. Students at tables face front of the room
5. Students desks grouped so students face each other
.Physical Condition of the Classroom

Establishing Classroom Routines

Routines are the groundwork for a wellorchestrated classroom. The establishment of


routines helps maximize time for instruction.

Some routines on the following can be of great


help:
1. Beginning and ending the class day/period
2. Transitions
3. Getting/Distribution of Materials and
Equipment
4. Group work
5. Seatwork and teacher-led activities