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TEXT TO BRAILLE

CONVERSION USING
MATLAB
Presented by
Ms. Anusha Jagannath (410713431002)

Guide : Dr. Sowmya, PhD


M.E, EMBEDDED SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
DHANALAKSHMI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, CHENNAI-601301

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

AGENDA
OBJECTIVE
FEATURE
LITERATURE SURVEY
METHODOLOGY
ALGORITHM
SOFTWARE USED
RESULTS
ERROR ANALYSIS
CONCLUSION
FUTURE SCOPE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
REFERENCES

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

OBJECTIVE
Text to Braille conversion.
Output saved in rich braille-text format.

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

ABOUT BRAILLE
Creator: Frenchman Louis Braille.
Tactile writing system.
Small rectangular blocks called cells.
Varied dot- arrangement pattern.

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

BRAILLE ALPHABET

Figure 1: English Alphabet in Braille


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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

NUMBERS IN BRAILLE

Figure 2: Numbers in Braille

Figure 3: Hashed Alphabet as Numbers

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

SPECIAL CHARACTERS

Figure 4: Special Characters in Braille


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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

FEATURE
MATLAB
Look Up Table
Unique identity for small and capital letters.
Unique identity for numbers and special characters.
Output in Text Format.
Print in Embossing Paper.
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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

LITERATURE SURVEY

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

LITERATURE SURVEY

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LITERATURE SURVEY

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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

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LITERATURE SURVEY

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METHODOLOGY
Description
Input: Document format.
Special Look Up Table.
Output: Document format (.txt). No restriction

in input value.

Other methods: Image format(.jpeg, .jpg),

limited number of input.


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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

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METHODOLOGY

Block Diagram

Figure 4: Text to Braille Conversion Block Diagram


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Dept. Electronics & Communication, DCE, Chennai

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ALGORITHM
Look Up Table // List
File read operation //Mention the input file
File write operation initialization //Mention the output file
{
Switch (text_input)
{
Define various cases for the letters, numbers and
special characters;
File write in output file //To store the braille converted
output
}
End
}
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SOFTWARE USED
MATLAB: Matrix Laboratory
High-level language
Interactive environment
Numerical computation, visualization, and programming.
Signal, image and video processing, control systems etc.
Version: R2013a

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RESULTS

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Letter d and the sterling character d.


Optimization: Code execution time proportional
to code length.
The decimal point and period.

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A novel feature introducing Look Up Table; provides


rich text-format braille output and helps further
reading, analysis and documentation of Braille scripts.

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New line reading.


Space recognition.
Tamil into Braille.

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[1]. Dr.B.L.Shivakumar M.Rajasena thipathi, English to Braille Conversion Tool using


Client Server Architecture Model International Journal of Advanced Research in
Computer Science and Software Engineering Research Paper
Volume 3, Issue 8, August 2013 ISSN: 2277 128X, www.ijarcsse.com.
[2]. S. Padmavathi, Manojna K. S. S, S. Sphoorthy Reddy and D. Meenakshy,
Conversion of Braille to Text in English, Hindi and Tamil Languages,
10.5121/ijcsea.2013.3303
[3]. Kartha.V, Nair. D.S. ; Pranoy, S.S. ; Pranoy, P. ; Jayaprakash, P. , DRISHTIA
gesture controlled text to braille converter, India Conference (INDICON), 2012 Annual
IEEE , DOI: 10.1109/INDCON.2012.6420639 , Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 335
339, IEEE CONFERENCE PUBLICATIONS
[4]. Josie Howse, Frances Gentle, Karen Stobbs, Janet Reynolds, Transition to Unified
English Braille (UEB) in the ICEVI Pacific Region, Round Table Conference on
Information Access for People with Print Disabilities, 23-25 May 2010, Auckland, New
Zealand
[5]. Ghose, R. Dasgupta, T. ; Basu, A., Architecture of a web browser for visually
handicapped people Students' Technology Symposium (TechSym), 2010 IEEE, 3-4
April 2010
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[6]. Dasgupta, T., Basu, A. A speech enabled Indian language text to Braille
transliteration system Information and Communication Technologies and
Development (ICTD), 2009 International Conference on 17-19 April 2009. 25
[7]. Xuan Zhang, Ortega-Sanchez, C. ; Murray, I.A System for Fast Text-to-Braille
Translation Based on FPGAs, Programmable Logic, 2007. SPL '07. 2007 3rd
Southern Conference on, 28-26 Feb. 2007.
[8]. Xuan Zhang, Ortega-Sanchez, C. ; Murray, I. Text-to-Braille Translator in a
Chip, Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2006. ICECE '06. International
Conference on, 19-21 Dec. 2006
[9]. Paul Blenkhorn and Gareth Evans, Automated Braille Production from WordProcessed Documents, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND
REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2001.
[10]. Alasdair King, Text and Braille Computer Translation, Department of
Computation, 28 September 2001, http://www.alasdairking.me.uk.

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