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Modeling

Drop
Structures in
HEC-RAS
Version 3.1

Modeling Drop Structures


Overview
Modeling a Drop Structure as an
Inline Structure (Weir).
Modeling a drop structure with
cross-sections through the drop.
Example using Lab Data.

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HEC-RAS Version 3.1

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Overview

What is a Drop Structure?

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Overview

Why do we use Drop Structures ?

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Overview

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Overview

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Overview

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Overview

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Overview

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Overview

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Components of Drop Structure


Control Section
Energy Dissipation Section
Adjacent Protection

3 or
4
subcritical

yb
yc

yb = 0.715 yc

yb

Rectangular
channel

subcritical

stilling basin:used
to dissipate energy

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HEC-RAS Version 3.1

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Overview

How can we Model a Drop Structure


with HEC-RAS ?
Inline

Weir Option

Using

Cross Sections

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Overview

Which is more appropriate?


Inline

Weir Option - probably better if


just interested in elevations upstream
and downstream of structure.

Using

Cross Sections - better if interested


in profile through the structure.

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HEC-RAS Version 3.1

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Cross-Section Locations
When placing cross-sections near
and through a drop structure, they
need to be placed where the water
surface and velocity are changing
rapidly (this applies when using an
inline weir also).

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HEC-RAS Version 3.1

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Modeling a Drop Structure


as an Inline Weir

The standard weir equation is used:


Q = CLH3/2
where:

C = 2.6 - 4.0 (dependent on

shape)
L = Length of weir
H = Upstream Energy Head
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Inline Weir - Submergence


Submergenc
e is defined
as H2/H1

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Inline Weir - Submergence

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Inline Weir - Cross Section


Layout
6

Inline Weir
Structure
5
4

Cross Sections
1

3
2

Model the
floor blocks
as blocked
obstructions.
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Modeling a Drop Structure


as an Inline Structure
Under the
Geometric
Dataclick on
Inline
Structure

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Modeling a Drop Structure


as an Inline Structure
A series of windows allow for entry of weir characteristics

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Modeling a Drop Structure


with Cross Sections
Cross Sections

Model the
floor blocks
as blocked
obstructions.
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Cross Section Layout for Ogee


Shapes Drop Structure
Cross Sections

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Modeling Baffles in the


Stilling Basin
Increase
n values
at baffle
blocks to
account
for
increased
roughnes
s

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Example Using Lab Data

WES Physical Model Study (WES,


1994)

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Example - Modeled as a
Weir

Cross Sections
Inline Weir
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Example - Modeled with Cross


Sections Only

Cross Sections
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Example - Comparison of
Two Methods

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Example - Comparison
Zoomed In

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The End