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"Every flower is a soul blossoming in Nature

It is well said "Flowers always make people better,


happier and more helpful; they are sunshine, food
and medicine to the soul.

FLOWER POWER
Flower
arrangement is
flourishing
immensely in the
hospitality sector.
Fresh flower
arrangements
have become a
must in hotels, as
it adds on to the

Areas where flower


arrangements are used in
Hotels:

Foyers
Lounges
Restaurants
Reception
Banquets
Lobby
VIP rooms & Suite
rooms

Impact of Floral
Arrangements: Enhancement of aesthetic
appeal of the area.
They add cheer, beauty & life
to the environment.
They give a refreshing feel to
the looker.

Guidelines for flower


arrangements:

Make a definite plan for any flower arrangement,


based on the purpose, room area and location.
Select containers, flowers and foliage that express the
mood of the area.
Use flowers with stems of different sizes.
Arrange the tallest stem first and then others.
Large flowers with bright, bold colours can be used in
small in nos.
Avoid mixing fresh and artificial flowers.
Avoid regular spacing.
Distinctive flowers should usually be placed alone.

Basics of Floral Arrangements

Ingredients Required:Mechanics
Equipments
Containers
Bases
Accessories
Plant material

1.Mechanics:The items used to keep the flowers, foliage and stem in


place within the container. These are not visible.

Some items are:

Floral foam (Oasis)


Chicken wire (wire mesh)
Pin Holders (Kenzan)
Adhesive tape
Setting Clay
Glue
Pebbles & marbles

2. Equipments:Tools to ensure that a good arrangement


is made. These are:
Bucket
Florist Scissors
Mister
Floral Tape
Wire
Knife

3. Containers: Vase & Jugs


Basket
Bowls & Trays
Wreath Frames
Candle Cups
Miscellaneous
Objects

4. Bases:Objects kept underneath the container


to add beauty to the display or protect
the surface.
Some of these can be:Wood base
Stone base
Oriental base
Tree section
Table mats

5. Accessories: Are non plant materials included in


arrangements. Their purpose is generally
decorative but could be functional at times.
Versatile accessories:
Bronze lamps
Hats
Wooden shapes
Beads
Candles
Carved objects
Shells etc.

6. Plant Material: Flowers


Tall Stems
Bold Leaves
Foliage
Dried plant
material
Artificial plant
material

Styles of Flower
Arrangement
Triangular Shape
Circular Shape
Crescent Shape
Fan Shape
Hogarth or S Shape
Ikebana

Triangular Shape
Arrangement
Most common
arrangement made
in the shape of a
triangle.
Commonly found on
Reception counter,
Buffet table, Side
stations and GRE,
Lobby Managers
Desk.

Circular Shape Arrangement


Circular design adds a pleasing
element. & aresatisfying to the
viewer's eye. It is loved by
nature since majority of flowers
lies in this shape. In fact, its also
easier to arrange flowers in
circular fashion.
This type of arrangement is laid
on conference tables or on
buffet tables. They can be
presented to high class
executives or politicians on
different occasion.

Crescent Shape
Arrangement
It is asymmetrical and
formal. It requires lot
of skill and experience
and are very eye
catching.
It is kept in the lobby
of the hotel. It is used
as a focal point to catch
the attention of the
guest.

Fan Shape Arrangement


It is a low
arrangement and it
does not interfere
with conversation
across the table.
Generally placed in
the restaurant
either in buffet or
on dining table.
Hotel rooms also
have this kind of
arrangement

S Shape Arrangement
This is very
graceful style of
arrangement. It is
easier to make when
curved branches are
used. Once 'S'
shape is made,
flowers are filled at
the center.

Ikebana

means 'making flowers live' in


Japanese. People in Japan use flowers to
symbolize season. They represent ideal
harmony between earthy and eternal life. In
each arrangement there is an imaginary
triangle tallest line represent heaven, towards
the heaven is man and the lowest line looking
up to both is earth.

This is been practiced


for past 100 years.
The formal type of
flower arrangement
is called Seika
style. Floating type
of arrangement is
called Ukibana and
basket type of
arrangement is
called Morimano.

Principles of floral
arrangements:

Balance
Focal point
Emphasis/Dominance
Rhythm
Contrast
Proportion
Scale
Texture

BALANCE means that the


finished arrangement does
not fall over or look as if it
will fall over.
Physical Balance
Symmetrical
Asymmetrical

Visual Balance

FOCAL POINT is composed of some massive


material such as a large flower, bright color
or something that will immediately attract
attention of the onlooker.

EMPHASIS or DOMINANCE may be


achieved through the use of a
dominant color, size, shape or
texture, or by using larger forms or
stronger colors.

RHYTHM may be obtained through repetition of


shapes, hues, line direction, etc.
Rhythm may also be achieved through a gradual
change or progression in size, weight, texture, or
color.

CONRAST or difference, is achieved by placing


opposite or unlike elements together so as to
emphasize or accentuate their differences.
Contrast stimulates interest.
PROPORTION means the size of each
element ( container, base, plant material etc)
should result in a pleasing harmonious
appearance.
TEXTURE : Plant materials come in various
textures, glossy, velvety, dull and so on.

SCALE is size relationship between flower and


flower or between flower and container. When
variation of size is too great or too small,
components are out of scale.

Placing Flower
arrangements:
EYE LEVEL: These can be prominently seen.
Placed at heights from 18 to 4 feet.
HIGH LEVEL: For anything placed well above
eye level. Flowers used must be long. Can also
be suspended from the ceiling.
LOW LEVEL: Flowers and vases must be large
and decorative.

Common Flowers
Lilies
Gerberas
Tulips
Gladioli
Dahlias
Chrysanthemums
Carnations
Freesias
Orchids
Bird of Paradise
Canna

Hycinths
Iris
Cosmos
Lotus
Marigold
Petunias
Anthurium
Daisies
Hibiscus
Daffodils
Tuberoses

FOLIAGE
Ivy
Jerusalem Sage
Mountain Lily
Iron bark
Buttercups
Cotton Lavender
Coral bells
Plantain lily
Golden heart

Variegated Privet
Coral Flowers
Golden Privet
Rubus
Fern
Palm Leaves
Copper beach
Oleander
Caladium

Care of Floral
Arrangements: Never expose arrangements to direct

draught or sunlight.
Never put floral arrangements near bowl of
fruits.
Spray Luke warm water from a mister to
keep flowers fresh.
Change water everyday.
Add listrene, ammonia, salt, sugar or aspirin
in small amounts to water to slow down
bacterial growth.
Use clean containers.

Conditioning of Flower arrangements


Never place a fresh flower arrangements where it will be
exposed to direct draughts from a fan or window.
Never store flowers near to fruits as they emit ethylene
gas causes wilting of flowers.
Prolong the freshness of arrangement with lukewarm
water from a mister.
Change- the water every day. NEVER USE CHILLED
WATER.
Listerine, ammonia, salt added in small amounts to slow
down bacterial growth.
Use clean containers for arrangements to prevent
premature fouling and bacterial growth.
Every three days, re-cut the stems and add more
preservative.

CARE OF INDOOR PLANTS


Watering: The amount and frequency of watering

depends on the king of plant, the weather, the type of


heating in the room and so on.
Potting & Re-potting: Use a light soil mix for potting
plants-a good mixture is made of equal quantities of leaf
mould and a peaty soil containing plenty of fibre.
Cleaning: Ferns, ivies, and other plants prized for their
green foliage require regular cleaning, so that the pores
do not become clogged with dust.
Feeding: A good propriety plant food is the best means
of giving the necessary foods to plants.

THANK YOU