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INDUSTRIAL SUMMER TRAINING

MANISH SINGH
131100030 B.Tech
(EE)
GLA UNIVERSITY

Acknowledgement
This report is an outcome of the contributions made by some

of the

peoples. Therefore it is my sole responsibility to acknowledge them. I am


greatly thankful to the sincere

efforts made by Mr. R.B.Singh, J.E.

(maintenance) without whom this project would be abstract. I also thank


the staff

of 220kV Grid Transmission Substation, Naubasta-Kanpur

who

took out there precious time to tell me about the various equipments. My
special thanks is dedicated to Mr. Vijay Kumar, J.E. (maintenance).
I would also mention the outstanding support given by my
paved the way for me to overcome with this project report.

parents who

MANISH SINGH
131100030 B.Tech (7th
Sem)
Electrical Engineering
GLA UNIVERSITY

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
CABLES & O/H LINES
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
TRANSFORMER
CAPACITOR BANK
SWITCHGEAR
BATTERY
ISOLATOR
PROTECTIVE RELAY
CURRENT TRANSFORMER
POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER

INTRODUCTION
Asubstationisapartofanelectricalgeneration,transmission,anddistributionsystem.Substations
transformvoltagefromhightolow,orthereverse,orperformanyofseveralotherimportant
functions.Betweenthegeneratingstationandconsumer,electricpowermayflowthroughseveral
substationsatdifferentvoltagelevels.
Substationsmaybeownedandoperatedbyanelectricalutility,ormaybeownedbyalarge
industrialorcommercialcustomer.Generallysubstationsareunattended,relyingonSCADAfor
remotesupervisionandcontrol.
Asubstationmayincludetransformerstochangevoltagelevelsbetweenhightransmissionvoltages
andlowerdistributionvoltages,orattheinterconnectionoftwodifferenttransmissionvoltages.The
wordsubstationcomesfromthedaysbeforethedistributionsystembecameagrid.Ascentral
generationstationsbecamelarger,smallergeneratingplantswereconvertedtodistributionstations,
receivingtheirenergysupplyfromalargerplantinsteadofusingtheirowngenerators.Thefirst
substationswereconnectedtoonlyonepowerstation,wherethegeneratorswerehoused,and
weresubsidiariesofthatpowerstation.

CABLES & O/H LINES

TRANSFORMERS

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
P/T :
2152 NOS.

O/T :

T/H :

2506 NOS.

1211 NOS.

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
PROTECTION :
HT ISOLATOR

HT CABLE BOX

HRC FUSE ON HT

HRC FUSE ON LT

SWITCHGEAR

CAPACITOR BANK

BATTERY

ISOLATOR

ROTECTIVE RELAY

URRENT TRANSFORMER

POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER

Conclusion
Now I have studied a lot about the electrical
transmission system. One must have never thought that
so many things are required for just switching on a
television or a refrigerator or say an electric trimmer. The
three wing of electrical system viz.
Generation,
transmission and distribution are connected to each
other and that too very perfectly. Here man and electricity
work as if they are a family. Lots of labour, capital and
infrastructure is involved in the system just to have a
single phase,220V,50Hz power supply at our houses.