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Bandwidth

Priority
Administrative Weight
Attributes & Affinity

Bandwidth
ip rsvp bandwidth <x> <y>
RSVP
X /c

X /
Y MPLS
default: X==Y==75%

Priority
tunnel mpls traffic-eng <S>
{H}
tunnel
S = setup priority (0-7) -
H = holding priority (0-7) -
0

Priority


()
,

S<H
Default: S=7, H=7

Priority
= 40MB tunnel S=7, H=7
= 40MB tunnel S=6, H=6
RtrA
45MB

RtrB

45MB

RtrC

45MB

RtrD

Priority
= 40MB tunnel with S=7, H=7
= 40MB tunnel with S=6, H=6
RtrA
45MB
ResvTear
RtrB

RtrC

45MB

RtrD

45MB

RtrC ResvTear RSVP RtrA,

Administrative Weight
mpls traffic-eng administrativeweight <X>

X = 0, 1, (232 1)
, IGP

Administrative Weight
tunnel mpls traffic-eng pathselection metric {te|igp}

Default - igp
te

administrative-weight

tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-selection


metric {te|igp}
mpls traffic-eng administrative-weight
<x>

admin weight == interface delay


VoIP
TE metric

Attributes & Affinity


32 ,

Affinity ()

Attributes & Affinity


mpls traffic-eng attributeflags <0x0-0xFFFFFFFF>

Attributes & Affinity


tunnel mpls traffic-eng affinity
<0x0-0xFFFFFFFF> {mask <0x00xFFFFFFFF>}


affinity
:
0x2 mask 0xA - 2 and 8; 2
1, 8 - 0

Attributes & Affinity


:
VoIP,
0x2,
VoIP affinity
0x0 mask 0x2

Auto-Bandwidth

tunnel mpls traffic-eng auto-bw ?
collect-bw Just collect Bandwidth info on this tunnel
frequency

Frequency to change tunnel BW

max-bw

Set the Maximum Bandwidth for auto-bw on this tunnel

min-bw

Set the Minimum Bandwidth for auto-bw on this tunnel


IP

~ (POS + APS)

IGP

~5-30

,
CPU

~1-2


MPLS
LSP

~ (POS + APS)

IGP

~5-30

,
CPU

~1-2


LSP

~1-5


MPLS
tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option
1 explicit name straight
tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option
2 dynamic
:


Fast ReRouting (Cisco)

Link Protection
,
Node Protection

Path Protection

Link Protection
TE A->B->D->E
RtrA

RtrB

RtrD

RtrC

RtrE

Link Protection
B
(RtrD)
B , D
(-)
RtrA

RtrB

RtrD

RtrC

RtrE

Link Protection
B->D , A->E B>D
, A
A->B->C->D->E ( 10-30 )
RtrA

RtrB

RtrD

RtrC

RtrE

Link Protection
ingress LSP:
tunnel mpls traffic-eng fast-reroute
RtrA

RtrB

RtrD

RtrE

RtrC

:
mpls traffic-eng backup-path <backup-tunnel>

QoS
MPLS
DS-TE: Diffserv-aware Traffic Engineering (L-LSP)
( )
DiggServ
, MPLS TE
()
QoS
QoS

MPLS DS (E-LSP)
DSCP -> EXP
EXP -> PHB

TE
Find route & set-up tunnel for 20 Mb/s from POP1 to POP4
Find route & set-up tunnel for 10 Mb/s from POP2 to POP4

WAN area

POP4

POP1
POP

POP2
POP
POP


MPLS TE
RtrA
RtrE

RtrC
RtrG
RtrB

RtrD

RtrF

2 C<->E
40MB
100MB C<->E, 55

, 20MB VoIP?


MPLS TE
RtrA
RtrE

RtrC
RtrG
RtrB

RtrD

RtrF

55MB LLQ+40MB LLQ = 95 MB LLQ 25 50%


:
,
!
:

Delay

Best-Effort

Data
Premium AF1


EF

0%

Utilization

% 100%

EF < % , EF M1 ms
AF1 < % , AF1 M2 ms

Diffserv-Aware Traffic
Engineering
ip rsvp bandwidth <x> sub-pool
<y>

X, Y sub-pool

Y /c,
X


TE

,
,

Diffserv-Aware Traffic
Engineering
tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth <x>
sub-pool
,
X / sub-pool
sub-pool ,

DS-TE
2000
Internet Drafts:
draft-ietf-tewg-diff-te-reqts-00.txt
draft-ietf-mpls-diff-te-ext-01.txt
draft-ietf-ospf-diff-te-00.txt
draft-ietf-isis-diff-te-00.txt

TE - Best Effort
Find route & set-up tunnel for 20 Mb/s from POP1 to POP4
Find route & set-up tunnel for 10 Mb/s from POP2 to POP4

WAN area

POP4

POP1
POP

POP2
POP
POP

TE MPLS Diff-Serv
Find route & set-up tunnel for 20 Mb/s (aggregate) from POP1 to POP4
Find route & set-up tunnel for 10 Mb/s (aggregate) from POP2 to POP4

WAN area

POP4

POP1
POP

POP2
POP
POP

DiffServ Aware Traffic


Engineering of EF

Find route & set-up tunnel for 5 Mb/s

from POP1 to POP4

Find route & set-up tunnel for 3 Mb/s of EF from POP2 to POP4

WAN area

POP4

POP1
POP

POP2
Find route & set-up tunnel for 7 Mb/s of BE from POP2 to POP4

POP

Find route & set-up tunnel for 15 Mb/s of BE from POP1 to POP4

POP


GMPLS
:
- SDH/PDH

() DWDM
()
GMPLS ,
-
GMPLS
SDH DWDM -


IP:
OSPF IS-IS

, SDH

IP-


GPMLS
-

IP

SDH

Fiber

SDH

IP

GMPLS

:
IP- SDH/PDH
SDH/PDH

GMPLS
Internet Draft

Nortel, Alcatel, Lucent, Siemens, Cisco, Juniper,
CIENA
Optical Internetworking Forum
Optical UNI
Optical UNI
- SuperComm-2001.
25 ,
Nortel, Lucent, Cisco, Alcatel, CIENA, Sycamore