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AUTOMOBILE

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
A PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by
Name: Patel Deep C.
No : 149860302010

En.

DIPLOMA

OF ENGINEERING
IN
AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

SHREE SWAMINARAYAN POLYTECHNIC, GANDHINAGAR


Auto-mobile Engineering
2016

Shree Swaminarayan
Polytechnic
Gurukul Campus,
Sector-22
Gandhinagar - 382022,
Gujarat (INDIA)
Contact Us: +91-079-23245821
Fax No: +91-079-23245821
Email ID : sspolytechnicgnr@gmail.com
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Mr.DEEP C. PATELstudying in 5th
semester of Automobile Engineering department has
successfully completed training at NANDA AUTOMOBILE
PVT LTD,KALOL and submitted the Industrial Training report
of the subject INDUSTRIAL TRAINING (3350201) in the
partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of diploma
engineering (Automobile Engineering), diploma engineering
carried out by Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad.
This is a record of the student who has carried out his/her
own study under my supervision and guidance. This report
has not been submitted to any other university or institution
for the award of any diploma.

ABSTRACT
This final report informs about the industrial
training and the quality of training got by us. As a Diploma
student it is very necessary to obtain an industrial training
and prepare a report on it. This training helps in improving
the knowledge of industry, Hierarchy of the industry, major
equipments used in industry and etc.
This report contains hierarchy of the industry,
major equipments used in industry and the practical
experiences absorbed by us. The report also contains the
brief description of major equipment used in industry.
The Diploma engineers are required to work
in industry and workshop to manufacture parts, assemble
automobiles or test components, diagnose and repair
automobile. The students need to have industry and
workshop exposure, where they can experience real life
equipment, materials, instruments and various kinds of
automobile.
This industrial training is to have real life
experiences to help them prepare for life. The automotive
sector needs skilled and managerial person who have
technical expertise as well as entrepreneurial qualities to
manage the growing automotive industry.
With this training, we as the student get
benefits like; Experience real life working environment and
practices; Gain knowledge, new skill and be aware of
current technologies; Assess automobile problem and find
possible solutions.

ACKNOWLEDGE
I, Patel Deep C. have completed four month industrial
training as a partial fulfillment of Diploma of Engineering
successfully. This moment, when I am preparing my project
report, a balance sheet of every moment I expensed at
Nanda Auto Mobiles Pvt.Ltd I must acknowledge one and all
who were my supporters, motivators, instructors and guides.
I am deeply indebted to my revered supervisor Mr.
Vinay Khatod, Head, Department of Automobile, Shree
SwaminarayanPolytechnics,
Gadhinagar
for
inspiring,
encouraging and guiding me in my training work. I confess, I
would not have completed my project work without his
suggestions, timely guidance and co-operation. He has been
constantly provided me a source of motivation for completes
this thesis and model.
I owe a world of gratitude to the authorities of Shree
Swaminarayan Polytechnic, Gandhinagar as they granted me
permission whenever I requested and also provided me
excellent facility of my work.
I wish to thank my friends
morally a lot.

, who supported me

I also thank to one and all who have been involved


directly or indirectly in my training work.Last but not listed, I
owe have a word of gratitude to the almighty god for
providing me hidden strength and inspiration.

INDEX
1. Automobile Industrial Training
Report
2. Certificate
3. Abstract
4. Acknowledgement
5. Introduction of industry/garage
6. Industry/garage Layout
7. Hierarchy Of Industry/Organization
chart
8. Types Of major Equipments, Basic
Hand, Power Tools,
Special purpose tools
8.1 Clear floor Maha lifts
8.2 Wheel Alignment
8.3 Wheel balancing
8.4 A/C Recovery machine

9. Practical Experience In workshop,


Faults, Remedies
Of Vehicle
repairs
9.1 Wheel Alignment
9.2 wheel Balancing
9.3 Clean & Check Battery
9.4 Brake Master Cylinder
Assembly Inspection
9.5 Throttle Body Cleaning
9.6 Air Bleeding Of Break
System
9.7 Air conditioning System
9.8 Front Break caliper Removal
& Install & More
10. Safety Features, accidental vehical
studies
11. My Liking & Disliking Of Workplaces
12. References

5. Introduction of workshop
NANDA AUTO MOBILES PVT.LTD
Plot No. 164 168. G.I.D.C., Estate,Near Kalol
Mehsana Highway
KALOL 382721(Gujarat)

6. Layout of workshop

6.Layout Of Showroom

6. Layout of Waiting Room

6. Layout of Store

15
w4
0

5w
30

0w
20

75
w9
0

7. Hierarchy of Workshop
Nanda Auto Mobiles Pvt. Ltd was established in
April 2013.
The Leading role to establish and run the
company is the persons as stated below :
(1)Managing Directors- Mr. Jayesh Nanda
(2)Workshop Manager (WM) - Mr. R.K.Zala
(3)Asst. Workshop Manager (AWM) - Mr.Monaj
Vaghila
(4)Customer Care Manager (CCM) Mrs. Monika
Patel
(5)Service Advisors
Mr. Jigar patel
Mr. jayesh shah
Mr. SandipPatel
(6)Floor Super visor
Mr. kalpesh kanojiya
(7)MechanicKamal Patel
Rajni Patel
Tushar Patel
YogeshThakor

Facilities
Paint Booth for Dust Free Painting
Free and Paid Services.
Computerized Wheel Alignment and Wheel
Balancing.
Fuel Injector Cleaning
100% Maruti Trained Technicians to provide
quality work.
Genuine spare parts and Accessories.
Undertaking accidental cases.
Workshop timing: From 9.00 A.M. to 7.00
P.M.
Computerized A/C Service System for
Servicing,
Gas Refilling and Recycling.

Value Added Services


Free Pick Up and Drop Facility. (Within 10 kms.
Radius)
24 hrs, Break down facility.
Maruti on Road Service Helpline.
Comfortable customer lounge With A/C and TV.
Cashless transaction for accidental repairs

8. Major Equipments,
Instruments Machines

In our workshop major


equipments/instruments/machines are as bellows:
8.1 Clear Floor Maha Lifts
8.2 Wheel Alignment
8.3 Wheel Balancing
8.4 A/C Recovery Machine (Fully Automatic)
8.5 Battery Charger

a Lifts

Specification and Specific Use

Specific Use:-

ATS ELGI in collaboration with MAHA


Germany offers you, MAHA electro- mechanical
two post lift. With high safety features and
additional benefits it ensures that you save
time, money and power.

Specification:-

Parameters
Load
Capacity(CE
Rated)
Lifting Height
(Max.)
Lifting Height
(Min.)
Lifting/
Lowering Time

Model: CFL
S3000
3.0 Ton

Model:
MAHA 3.5T
3.5 Ton

1990 mm

1990 mm

85 mm

85 mm

40 sec

40 sec

8.2 Wheel Alignment

Specification:-

Parameter
s
Model
Type
Lifting
Capacity
Motor
Details
Lifting
Capacity
(Jack Beam)

Data
HF 03 040,3 HP 4T
EW with JB
Hydro Electric
4000
30 hp,1400 rpm, 3
Phase 50 Hz 5%
2000

Specific
Use:Wheel alignment consists of
adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they
are parallel to each other and perpendicular to
the ground, thus maximizing tire life and
ensure straight and true tracking along a
straight and level road.

8.3Wheel Balancing

Specification:Wheel balancing is the process of


equalizing the weight of the combined tire and
wheel assembly so that it spins smoothly at high
speed.

Specification use:Parameters
Balancing
Accuracy
Cycle Time
Rim Width
Rim Diameter

Data
1g
5-8 sec
1.5"-20"
10"-30"

Wheel
Diameter
(Max.)
Wheel Weight
(Max.)

850 mm

Power Supply

230V, 1ph, 50Hz

Protection
Class
Balancing
Speed

65 Kg

IP 54
<100 rpm

8.4 A/C Recovery Machine Fully Automatic

Specification:ATS ELGI Super Coolmate is


a fully automatic single gas station for
recovering, recycling and recharging R134
refrigerant.

Specific Use: Refrigerant R 134 a


Type
Service
Fully Automatic or
Procedure Manual Operation
Scale
Resolution
Oil
Scale
Resolution
Vacuum
Pump
Recovery
Speed
Refrigerant
bottle
capacity
Power
Supply

10 g
5g
92 I/min
300 g/min
12 Kg

220v 50 Hz

8.5 Battery Charger

Specific Use:

Automotive Battery Charger


includes Bike Battery Charger, Digital Battery
Charger and Quick Battery Booster. Owing to
its robust construction, Automotive Battery
Charger ensures high durability. Manufactured
from quality components, Automotive Battery
Charger is highly reliable. Automotive Battery
Charger has a briefing of specific technicalities
that makes it user friendly.

8.5 Basic Hand Tools

Drum puller
Hammer
Screwdriver
Phillips Screwdriver
Wrench
Ratchet And Socket Sets
Torque Wrench
Monkey Wrench
Hex Key
Washer
Nut
Screw
Long and Short Needle Nose

Drum Puller

Drum Puller is used to pull out brake


drum out.
Sometimes it is also used to pull the
rear
wheel
bearing
from
the
differential gear.
The Drum puller is screwed on to
the drum studs.
And is hammered by the handle.

Hammer

A Hammer is a mechanical
tool that delivers a sudden impact to an
object. Commonly hammers are used to drive
nails, fit parts, forge metal and break apart
objects. There are different types of hammers
in use, they vary in shape, size and structure .

Types of Hammer: Beick Hammer


Body machanics Hammer
Dead blow Hammer
Chasing Hammer
Ball-peen Hammer

Beick Hammer
The chisel side scores a line around a brick.
The brick hammer can break the brick in two
parts

Body Mechnics Hammer


Body mechanics hammer is used
along with a small curved anvil
called a dolly to remove dents from
car panels

Screwdriver
Screwdriver:
Not only does the
beginning mechanic need Flat and
Phillips head screwdrivers, they need
an assortment of lengths and
gauges (thickness)
Types of Screwdriver:Stubbed screwdrivers
Normal length screwdrivers
Long, skinny screwdrivers
Heavy dutyflathead screwdriver
A small flathead screwdriver
Torx Screwdrivers

Stubbed Screwdriver
A must have for tight spaces and
great for removing sensors

Normal Length Screwdriver


For general screwdriver
purposes. This is the same
screwdriver shown in the
beginning of the screwdriver
section.

Wrench

Types of Wrench:

Adjustable Wrench
Combination Wrench
Double-Box Wrench
Open-End Wrench

Adjustable Wrench
The purpose of a wrench is to turn a
bolt head or nut. Selecting the
appropriate wrench depends on the
fastener's design and size. It can also
depend on how difficult the fastener is
to reach. Wrench types include open
end, combination, adjustable, and
Allen.

Combination Wrench

Tightens / loosens nuts and bolts.


Metric and standard sizes.
One open end and one box end
(usually the same size).

Double -box Wrench


Tightens / loosens nuts and bolts.
Metric and standard sizes.
Two box (or ring) ends (usually
different sizes)

Monkey Wrench

Ahandtoolwithadjustablejawsfortu
rningnutsofvaying sizes.

Torque Wrench
Tightens nuts and bolts to specific
foot pounds.
Made to work with either 3/8-inch or
1/2-inch sockets.
Sockets are available in standard and
metric sizes.

Hex Key
Tightens / loosens hex-head screws and
bolts.
Standard and metric sizes.
Available as separate wrenches or in
sets where the wrenches fold up into a
handle

8.6 Power Tools


Pneumatic
Wrench:Pneumatic
Wrench
at
my
workshop is one of
the most abundant
tool available there.
The wrenches are
not in their best
condition but they
are usable. They
are mostly used for
installing
and
dismantling wheels.

SDT

SDTs are used for diagnosing the fault


of the electrical system.
The SDT is connected to the car via a
port provided behind the dashboard.
It checks all the sensors and other
electrical
systems
and
finds
the
malfunction part.

9.Practical Experience in
Workshop, Faults and
remedies of vehicles repairs
The practical experiences of the
workshop are as follows:
8.1Wheel Balancing
8.2Wheel Alignment
.8.3Clean & adjust Spark Plugs
. 8.4Clean & check Battery
. 8.5Brake Master Cylinder Assembly
Inspection
. 8.6Throttle Body Cleaning
. 8.7Air Bleeding of Brake System
. 8.8Front Brake Caliper Removal &
Installation

9.1Wheel Balancing

Turn on the balancer


Clean the tire, rim flange and wheel
Mount the tire/wheel assembly on a balancer
Enter the A & D wheel dimensions
Enter width wheel dimensions
Lower the hood to spin the wheel and check
dimensions

Raise the hood after the tire stops


rotating
Note when the inboard center bar blinks
Attach inboard corrective weight
Press NEXT, which rotates the wheel
Note when the outboard center bar
blinks
Attach outboard corrective weights
Lower the hood to respin

9.2 Wheel Alignment


Make sure you have the correct tools for the
job. Digital camber gauges are quick and easy
to use [Fig.1]. For measuring toe [Fig. 2], you
will need toe plates or a toe bar. The plates
are cheaper, and each has two slots for
holding measuring tapes. You will also have to
find a flat piece of concrete on which to take
measurements and make the adjustments.
Some cars use shims for toe and camber
adjustments. If this is the case with your car,
youll need shims of varying thicknesses on
hand.
Measure your cars toe and camberat both
axles and write down the measurements.
Youll need those figures in the event your
new setup doesnt work well. You should also
check and recheck alignment after making
any changes because changing camber can,
in turn, change toe, and vice versa. Also,
torque the nuts when the car is on the ground
so the bushings do not make a lot of nasty
noise. Then choose the axle youre going to
adjust.

Camber adjustment:

Jack up the car and check out the


suspension geometry. Its a good idea to
make a simple drawing of the suspension
for reference. Most modern cars have
eccentric, or off-center, bolts holding the
suspension arms and links to the car [Fig.3].
By loosening a nut at one end and twisting
the head of the eccentric, the axis of the
bolt changes, affecting the links location
and, thus, changing camber. You will be able
to see the suspension move as you change
the eccentrics orientation. From your initial
measurement, estimate how much the
eccentric will have to rotate and make
small, logical changes. Also, some camber
adjustments happen at the top of the shock
tower. Tighten the nuts, lower the car, and
roll it back four feet, then push it back to
the same place. Measure camber; if its
within spec, torque the eccentric nut and
redo this step on the other side of the car. If
not, start this step over.

Toe adjustments:
Jack up the car and make
changes to the toe-control links (at the rear
axle) or to the tie rods (for the front axle
[Fig.4]). If your car has toe-control links,
adjustments are similar to those for eccentric
camber adjustment. Adjusting toe at the front
axle requires loosening the tie-rod locknut and
then spinning the tie rod to change its length.
Remember that if your toe spec calls for an
inch of toe-in, you only want to add a half-inch
per side. Tighten any fasteners and lower the
car. Roll the car back and forth and measure
toe. If it is within spec, torque the eccentric
nut or tie-rod locknut (with the car on the
ground) and then redo this step on the other
side of the car. If not, start this step over.
Return to step three,now starting with the
other axle. If you have to repeat this step,
remember to check toe and camber again.
Double-checkthe tightness of all the bolts
and nuts you touched. Test the alignment on
the track.

(Install Sensor on Wheel Rim)

(Loosen toe rod bolt)

(Toe Bar )

(Toe Adjust)

9.3 Clean & Adjust Spark Plugs

Disconnect Negative (-) Cable from Battery.


Remove 10mm bolt on igniters. Then remove
igniters.
Using a spark plug wrench, unscrew each
spark plug one or two turns to loosen any
carbon deposits in the plug base.
Blow out all carbon and dirt from each spark
plug hole with compressed air.
Remove the plugs carefully.
Inspect the plug for serviceability. Check for
burned and eroded electrodes, blistering of
porcelain at the firing tip, cracked porcelain, or
black deposits and fouling. Replace bad or
worn plugs in sets.
Measure and adjust the electrode gap of each
plug with a wire gauge of feeler gauge.
Re-install the plugs.

(Spark Plug wire)


(Spark Plug Gap)

(Gap Check)

(Details of Plug)

(Poor Spark Plug)

9.4 Clean & check Battery


Check electrode level in each battery cell. Topup with distilled water to bring to proper level.
Check the specific gravity of the electrolyte in
each cell of the battery using a hydrometer.
1.220 to 1.230 sp. Gr. indicates a fully charged
condition. Below 1.150 sp. Gr. indicates that the
battery needs recharging.
Clean the Battery terminals and cable
connectors.
Check the tightness of the terminal screws to
ensure good electrical connections.
Check the tightness of the negative ground
cable connection at the frame to ensure a good
ground connection.
Load test the battery. Connect a voltmeter
across the battery. If the voltage does not drop
below 10 volts on a 12 volts battery, the
battery is satisfactory.
Be sure the engine ground strap connection is
tight at both ends.
If the battery is not satisfactory, install a fully
charged battery to allow completion of the
tune- up.

(Battery
Detail)

(Battery Tester)

(Battery Location)

9.5 Brake Master Cylinder


Assembly Inspection
Check brake master cylinder for crack,
damage and brake fluid leakage. IF check
result is not OK, replace brake master
cylinder.

(Brake Master Cylinder)

9.6 Throttle Body Cleaning


Clean throttle body bore (1) and idle air
passage (2) by blowing compressed air.

(Throttle body)

9.7 Air Bleeding of Brake Sys


Fill master cylinder reservoir with new brake
fluid and keep at least one-half full of fluid
during bleeding operation.

(Master cylinder)

Remove bleeder plug cap. Attach a vinyl


tube (1) to bleeder plug, and insert the other
end into container (2).

Depress brake pedal several times, and


then while holding it depressed, loosen
bleeder plug about one-third to one-half
turn.
When fluid pressure in cylinder is
almost depleted, retighten bleeder plug.
Repeat this operation until there are no
more air bubbles in hydraulic line.

After bleeding all air, tighten bleeder


plug keeping brake pedal depressed.
Front
Rear

Attach bleeder plug cap.


After completing bleeding operation, apply
fluid pressure to pipe line and check for
leakage.
Replenish reservoir with new fluid up to
specified level.
Check brake pedal for sponginess. If found
spongy, repeat entire procedure of
bleeding.

9.8 Front Brake Caliper


Removal & Installation

Removal
Hoist vehicle and remove front wheel.
Remove brake flexible hose joint bolt (1)
from caliper (2). As this will allow fluid to
flow out of hose (3), have a container
ready beforehand

Remove caliper from caliper carrier.Remove caliper pin bolts

Installation
Install caliper to caliper carrier.
Torque caliper pin bolts to specification.

Connect flexible hose (3) with new hose washer


(4) to caliper as shown in figure.

Torque flexible hose joint bolt to


specification.
Tighten bleeder plug to specified torque.
Install front wheel.
After completing the installation of wheel,
fill reservoir with brake fluid and bleed air
from brake system.
Check every installed part for fluid leakage.
Perform brake test and check fluid leakage.

9.9 Clutch Plate


Replacement
Put Your Car in a Secure Position.
Get the Transaxle Ready for Removal.
Unbolt the Engine Mount.
Remove the Clutch and Repair the
Flywheel.
Replace the Damaged Clutch.
Reinstall the Transaxle.
The clutch is among the consumable part in an
automobile.
It gets worn out after some thousand kilometers.
So it is important to replace the clutch plate and
pressure plate when required.
For that, we would have to take the whole
transmission unit off.
So we have to remove all the connected wires and
mountings.
After that remove all the bolts which connects the
gearbox to the clutch housing.
Once those are removed, we can easily take the
gear box out.(which would be kind of heavy)
Now the clutch is easily accessible and we can now
remove the clutch plate and the pressure plate by
un-mounting the bolts

8.5 Fuel Pump Replacement

Disconnect the filler tube hose and the


electrical connection to the pump.
Support the fuel tank with a jack and a
block of wood. Remove any retaining straps
or bolts holding the tank to the frame.
Lower the tank.
Disconnect the fuel lines and remove the
fuel pump from the tank.
Compare the new fuel pump with the
original to verify that you have the correct
part. Install the new fuel pump

Fuel pump

8.5 Battery Water Top-Up


The electrolyte is too low if any part of the
plates is exposed to air. If the plates are not
fully covered with electrolyte, then the
battery cannot operate at full capacity
Exposing the plates to air ruins the area
exposed to air in a matter of days.
If the electrolyte is only about 1/2 inch (1
cm) below the top of the plates, adding
enough water to the battery to just cover the
plates may return it to serviceable condition
at a slightly reduced capacity. (Instructions
for adding water follow in Part 3 of this wiki
article.) Otherwise, you will need to consider
replacing the battery.
A low electrolyte level could be caused by
overcharging, so if this is the case, you
should consider having your alternator
checked.

8.5 Spark Plugs Replacement

Only remove them when the engine is cool


enough to touch. In the mean time,
assemble your tools while you wait for your
engine to cool. To change your spark plugs,
you'll need:
A ratchet socket drive wrench
An extension bar
Spark plug socket, usually included in most
ratchet socket sets

9.10 A/C Gas Replacing

The AC of Car has nitrogen gas filled into


its parts for cooling.
These parts due to wear makes the gas
to leak from the
joints.
We have to check the pressure of the
gas to see if the gas is being leaked or
not.
If it does then we have to dip the whole
system into soap water and find the
leakage.

A/C gas fiiling

A/C Gas recovery machine

9.11 A/C Filter Replacing


Open the glove box.
Remove the limiting stop arm.
Release the glove box.
Remove the old cabin air filter.
Clean filter chamber and check
seals and gaskets
Install the new cabin air filter

9.12 A/C Blower Cleaning

Place a mat on the floor outside the


passenger door to access the blower unit
of the A/C
Push the clip and remove the power
socket
Remove the wiring harness from the tab
to free the blower off the wiring harness.
Using the star screw driver / 8 mm flan
socket, remove the three screws holding
the blower.
Take the blower out and clean it
thoroughly and re-fit the same way as
above in the reverse order.

9.13 Cooling Coil


The exterior portion contains the
compressor, condenser andcoolingfan. A
central air conditioning unit circulates
refrigerant through a series of condensers
andcoilsto remove heat from the air in a
building. Theevaporator coilcontains
refrigerant, which extracts the heat and
humidity from the inside air.

9.14 Battery Voltage Check


Check and clean the battery terminals.
The positive lead on a voltmeter is usually
red.
Attach the negative voltmeter lead to the
negative battery terminal.
If your battery is in good condition, the
voltage should be between 12.4 and 12.7
volts. A reading lower than 12.4 volts means
that your battery needs to be charged.
If the reading is lower than 12.2 volts,
"trickle charge" the battery, which is a slow
charge. And then re-check.
If the reading is over 12.9 volts, you have
excessive voltage. Turn on the high beams
to remove excessive voltage surface
charge. Over voltage may be an indication
the alternator is over charging the batter

9.15 Light Replacement

The Lights are occasionally replaced if


damaged.
The bulbs of the lights, more often
gets blown due to fatigue.
The parts which are to be replaced
are just meant to unscrewed and
placed by new ones.

9.16 Gear Oil Replacement

The gear oil lubricates the whole


transmission system.
It is different in terms of viscosity and
working temperature than other oils.
The same kind of oil is used in the
differential .
Is needed to be replaced by every 40,000
Kms.

9.17 Drum Break Cleaning


The drum brake is mostly on the
rear wheel.
The drum is not air tight and as a
result for that we have the
consequences.
Mostly dust particles are gathered
inside the brake drum and we have
to remove that drum in-order to
maintain the brake.

9.18 Coolant Change

As
pre
schedule
of
preventive
maintenance, the engine oil of the car
should be changed on regular basis.

There has been provided an Allen Key


nut at the bottom of oil sump, which has
to be unscrewed allowing all the oil to
drip out.

Once the engine is fully rinsed with oil,


the Allen Key should again be tighten and
ensure to be leak-proof.

Using a filter-wrench open the oil filter


located beside the oil sump.

Take a new filter and apply some of the


residue oil on the gasket, and we can now
install the new filter to the car.

9.19 Air Filter Replacement


If you need assistance finding the
correct filter, an auto p\arts store or its
website can help you identify the
correct filter that fits your vehicle's
airbox. Try to get the stock filter that
comes with your vehicle to get the most
engine life and fuel efficiency out of
your vehicle.
The air box housing is usually situated
near the engine along a duct that
travels from the front of the car. On
older cars with carburetors the filter is
usually under a bulky, round cover
made of plastic or metal.
Newer, fuel-injected cars tend to have
a square or rectangular air filter housing
can be found slightly off centre between
the front grill and the engine.

9.20 Engine Oil & Oil Filter


Change
Oil filters work in a multi-pass system
that allows engine oil to continually pass
through the filter and remove dirt. A
vehicles entire oil supply is filtered
between four and five times every minute
and their function is to allow only clean
filtered oil through to the engine.
Ryco oil filters are designed to meet or
exceed
the
vehicle
manufacturers
specification and provide optimal filtration
for the specified service interval. Ryco
achieve this by measuring the three
critical areas of efficiency, life and flow

Diesel Filter Change


The purpose of a diesel filter is to protect
the injection system on diesel vehicles.
Diesel filters eliminate impurities present in
the fuel in various ways:
Contamination during production, transport,
stocking, repairs, etc.
Particles entering via the fuel tank
ventilation system.
Contamination by dirt and oxidation in the
fuel tanks or pipes.
Condense water in the fuel tank, due to
changes in the temperature
These contaminants can plug the injection
systems causing engine malfunction and
deterioration. Diesel filters modules also
fulffil other functions meeting the specific
requirements of each application: fuel
heating, pressure regulation, priming, water
level detection, etc...

SOGEFI develops its products in partnership


with the major automobile manufacturers. Its
expertise in the field of diesel fuel filtration
covers
conventional
injection
systems
(distributor pump) as well as the most
demanding common rail systems. Through the
use of advanced pleating technology and the
constant improvement of the filter media
used, FRAM provides patented solutions
tailored to increasing demands and to longer
filter replacement intervals, while maintaining
a minimal filter volume.
FRAM is offering the most complete range of
Diesel filters, cartridge, spin on and complete
modules in the Aftermarket.

6. Safety features needed in


Make sure yourworkshop
work surface is at a comfortable

height with plenty of room to set out your tools


and work piece.
A fully equipped First- Aid box should be present
and readily accessible in workshop.
No open flames or tobacco smoking.
Evaluate the lighting conditions in your
workshop.
Make sure that a grounded outlet of correct
amperage for your power tools is close by. This
outlet should be below the level of your work
table so that any electrical cords and extension
cords free of entanglement with loose materials.
Be certain all power cords are not worn or
damaged but in good repair.
Keep the floor area clear and wipe up all spilled
liquids immediately to prevent a slipping hazard.
Ensure that you can easily and safely work
around your bench no sharp edges or corners
sticking out.
Dress properly for your own physical protection.
Use a leather apron, leather glove, and thumb
guard. Clothes should not be loose enough to
get caught in moving tools.

Tools guards and rests should be properly


adjusted and used.
Wear disposable rubber gloves when
working with solvent-based liquids. These
liquids are strong skin irritants and can cause
burns or blisters. Some are absorbed through
the skin and can cause serious health
problems.
Only use a tool if it is in good condition. Keep
your tools sharp.
Always keep your hands and limbs well clear
of the cutting part of any tool.
Keep your tools in good working order, and
keep your work area organized and clean.

Fire hazard
Fire hazard presents the next primary danger to
an area where dust is not collected and
disposed of. Install a smoke alarm and fire
extinguisher. Anywhere dust has settled, a fire
path is presented from the spark or flame
source to anything combustible within the shop.
Uncontrolled and uncollected, airborne dust
particles settle and build up on any exposed
area or item in the work area. In a studio
workshop, where all aspects of carving are dealt
with many situations are presented wherein a
spark is generated.
A few worthy of consideration are:
Electrical motors and any heat or spark
generating electrical appliances.
Switches, outlets, and light bulbs.
Sparks generated from grinding metal when
sharpening tools.
Assembling metal armatures, bird legs and
supports with soldering iron or torch.

Heating elements.
Torches used for soldering and bit cleaning.
Improperly stored finishes.
Spontaneous combustion from improperly
discarded or un-cared for finish rags, brushes,
wipes.
Tobacco smoker.
All floor machinery and portable hand tools
should be inspected and kept in safe working
order. Every item should have a proper place
for storage and use, with consideration given
long beforehand to how its use will affect
surrounding areas.
Only use a tool if it is in good condition. Be
certain the switch operates properly.
Do not leave any machine unattended with
the power on.
Keep a well-stocked basic First-Aid Kit in your
shop where it can be reached easily. Always
replace what you use as soon as possible.
Carvers should always be up to date on their
tetanus shots.
Equip first aid kit with:
(1)A variety of bandages (2) Antiseptic
ointment (3) Cotton swabs
(4)A first-aid handbook (5) First-aid tape

7.My liking & disliking of


workshop
My Liking:
Technicians nature.
The first is the importance of their own work.
Way to teach for How to overcome problems
in the car.
Be encouraged to learn more.
Car service to the customer in less time as
possible to give back to him.
Liberal attitude of workshop manager.
Manager has try to teach us as much as
possible
My Dislike:
Management system