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Innovation in Power Plants

Dimitry Perel, E O IP Sales, SIL


dimitry.perel@siemens.com

October 2013

Page 1

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Trends in Gas Power


Plants

Page 2

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Trends in Gas Power Plants

High efficiency
High availability and reliability
Environmental impact - low emissions level
Fast start up time, high responsiveness
Peaking trend

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Gas Power Plants main cost components

CAPEX
Permitting
Engineering
Main equipment cost
Supplementary systems
cost (BOP)
Civil works cost

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2013

OPEX
Fuel cost
Scheduled maintenance cost
Routine maintenance cost
(water/lube oil etc)
Outages

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Dry Low Emission (DLE)


Combustion System

Page 5

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Dry Low Emission (DLE) Combustion System


Customer Requirements

Gas turbines with low NOX emissions


Maintaining low carbon monoxide (CO)
Proven and reliable systems
Highly efficient emission reduction
Low cost maintenance

Our Solution

Customer Benefits

Robust and scalable DLE technology


Broad GT range
Pre-mix combustion philosophy

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2013

Low NOX (mostly <15ppm NOX)


Stable emissions of CO
Maintaining stable engine operation
High reliability - minimizing maintenance

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Uncomplicated and stable DLE system


Low emissions with gas and
liquid fuel
Insensitive to ambient conditions
No moving parts
No need in regular tuning
Rapid load changes allowed

Page 7

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Dual-Fuel 4rd generation DLE Burner

Page 8

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

The SGT-800 DLE combustion system capability

Page 9

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

DLE - summary

OPEX
Fuel cost
Scheduled maintenance cost
Routine maintenance cost
(water/lube oil etc)
Outages

CAPEX
Permitting

Engineering
Main equipment cost
BOP cost
Civil works cost

Page 10

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Andasol, Spain:
The first commercial European CSP project

Page 11

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT750 Industrial
Power Turbine

Page 12

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT750
Market Requirements

Gas turbine rated 36MW


Suitable both for PG and MD
High efficiency
High availability and reliability
Low emissions level

Our Solution

Customer Benefits

Siemens DLE combustion system


36MW ISO output with 38.7% el. efficiency
Perfect compatibility both for MD, SC, CC and
cogeneration
High reliability and serviceability
TBO 68,000 EOH

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2013

Proven DLE technology - reliable combustion


Highest uptime in class
High power output and high efficiency
Smart service concept - 68,000 hours
between major overhauls

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Compressor

3 Compressor Bleeds

2 variable guide vanes

13 stages
Pressure ratio 24
Page 14

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT-750 Inlet and Compressor

Visual access to
compressor inlet during
operation

Electrical starter motor in


front of compressor

Low-weight inlet plenum


on wheels for easy
maintenance
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2013

Borescope ports
for each stage
Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Combustor system

8 combustor cans

Page 16

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Combustor design

Convective combustor cooling


Combustor
Transition duct

Page 17

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

4th generation DLE burner

Combustion air path


Main 2 gas fuel
Main 1 gas fuel
Pilot gas fuel
RPL gas fuel
(Rich Pilot Lean)

Page 18

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Turbine
Brush seals fuel-efficient
IR-camera access ports online blade temperature
Curvic disk couplings - easy maintenance
Retaining stator rings - easy maintenance

Two-stage air-cooled compressor turbine


Two-stage counter-rotating
uncooled power turbine
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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Compressor Turbine

IR camera access to blades 1 & 2

Two turbine stages

Conventional materials

Bolted to compressor rotor


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2013

Turbine blade 1 cooling


based on Siemens
experience

Brush seals
Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT-750 Infra-red camera ports


A temperature-sensitive camera can
measure the temperature pattern of
each blade.

IR camera port

Blade

Example
Platform
Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC)
delamination

Page 21

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT-750 Industrial power turbine


2-stage high-speed (6,100 rpm) Power Turbine
Compact and efficient
Suitable for both power generation and mechanical drive
Power turbine inlet guide vane can be set for different ambient conditions
Two shrouded uncooled blades
and honeycomb seals

High efficiency diffuser

Two tilting pad (long life) bearings

Bolted rotor
Page 22

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Package layout
Power generation
Air intake

Exhaust

Auxiliary room

AC-generator

Main Gear
Maintenance crane

GT room
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2013

Maintenance door
Industrial Power (E O IP)

Foot print
Power generation 20,3 x 4,8 m

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT750 first unit manufactured

Page 24

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

SGT750 - summary

CAPEX
Permitting
Engineering
Main equipment cost
BOP cost
Civil works cost

Page 25

2013

OPEX
Fuel cost
Scheduled maintenance cost
Routine maintenance cost
(water/lube oil etc)
Outages

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Present thermosolar technologies

Yes: Siemens Steam Turbines

Yes: Siemens Steam Turbines

Parabolic Trough

Central Tower

Yes: Siemens Steam Turbines

Stirling Dish Engine

Linear Fresnel Type


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2013

No Steam Turbine

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Steam Turbines for


Solar Thermal Power
Plants

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Steam Turbines for Solar Thermal Power Plants


Market Requirements
Highest efficiencies to minimize costs for the
solar field
Fast startup time to expand power generation
period
Designed for daily cycling
High reliability
Easy maintenance

Bild 1

Our Solution

Customer Benefits

Siemens comprehensive steam turbine


portfolio for solar thermal power plants from
1,5 to 250 MW
Multi-purpose proven design for any new
upcoming project
in non-reheat and reheat solutions
with axial exhaust to save civil work costs

Highly efficient, short payback of investments


Designed for daily start-up and shutdown
without reducing life time
Rapid start-up times
Daily cycling with low minimum load, maximum
running hours per day for plants without heat
storage

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

The first project since the -80ies...


Nevada Solar 1, Boulder City.
Siemens Reheat Steam
Turbine SST-700RH

Steam: 90 Bar, 371 C


Nominal output: 74 MWe
Max output:
76 MWe

PAC date: June 2007

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Boulder City solar field under erection

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Boulder City, Site erection 2006


Condenser
(locally supplied)

LP-Turbine
Generator
Gearbox
HP-Turbine

Auxiliary systems

Page 31

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Delivery of LP solar steam turbine to Andasol, Spain

Page 32

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Andasol, Spain:
The first commercial European CSP project
Picture from Early spring 2008
Plant now in operation

Page 33

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

The Andasol Solar Cycle


Water Steam Cycle ~380 C
Heat Transfer Fluid

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2013

SST-700RH

Max 390 C

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

An ISCCS - cycle
(Integrated Solar Combined Cycle System)
Typical design for project Hassi RMel in Algeria for Abener (and Kuraymat in Egypt for Iberdrola)

SIEMENS

SIEMENS

Gas Turbines 2x SGT-800

Steam Turbine SST-900

Figure by FLAGSOL GmbH 2008

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Siemens steam turbine solution for CSP plants

SST-700 HP/LP for Thermosolar Power Plants


Page 36

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Siemens Steam Turbine SST-700


Vacuum pumps

Gland steam
condenser
Generator

Condenser

Gearbox
HP Turbine

LP Turbine

Hydraulic- &
Lubrication oil units

Page 37

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

HP Turbine Steam turbine for CSP plants

High speed turbine ~8960 rpm for High Efficiency


Thermoflexible barrel casing for quick start-up and cool-down
Easy assembly and maintenance thanks to barrel design
Initially a Marine turbine developed for ship propulsion
Page 38

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

LP Turbine Steam turbine for CSP plants

Direct Driven
3000 rpm
Page 39

Exhaust
Last Stage Blades
Axial connection to condenser Three fixed rows of standard blades
2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Siemens Steam Turbine SST-900 for Central Tower

Central Tower non-reheat turbine:


Single casing Steam Turbine type
SST-900 with axial exhaust up to
~180 MWe

Page 40

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Advantages with Siemens Solar Turbines


High efficiency
=> Higher production or smaller solar field.
Daily cycling design
=> Turbine designed for daily cycling.
Fast start up time
=> Longer time producing power.
Barrel casing HP
=> Thermal stress, easy maintenance.
Low foundation
=> Easer and cheaper foundation.
Axial condenser
=> Increased efficiency.
Premium materials
=> Long life and high availability.
High speed HP turbine => Higher efficiency.
Siemens experience
=> Know-how and product development.
Siemens high quality
=> Long life design.
Siemens global service => Local services and back-up
Siemens proven design=> High reliability.
Siemens standard concept
=> Pre-designed solar turbine
Siemens reputation
=> Easier financing

Page 41

2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013

Thank You

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2013

Industrial Power (E O IP)

SIL presentation for Electricity Convention 2013