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3D CONCRETE PRINTING

3-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING
A process for making a physical object from a threedimensional digital model, typically by laying down many
successive thin layers of a material.

HISTORY
Additive manufacturing
1980s
2000s
2010 and onward

CONCRETE PRINTING PROCESS

CONCRETE PRINTING PROCESS


The printing process:
1. Data preparation
2. Concrete preparation
3. Component printing

EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM AND METHODS


Critical properties in the printing process are:

Extrudability
Buildability

EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM AND METHODS


1. Extrudability
The capacity of concrete to pass
through the small pipes/nozzles at the
printing head.
Influenced by:
Workability (consistency) of the concrete mix

EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM AND METHODS


2. Buildability
How well a material remains in
position without collapsing.

WHAT MAKES CONCRETE STRONG?


1. Self-compacting concrete

OPTIMUM MIX PROPORTIONS


Sand to Binder ratio 3:2:
70% cement, 20% fly ash and 10% silica fume plus 1.2 kg/m3 of 12/0.18 mm
length/diameter polypropylene fibers.

Water to binder ratio of 0.26:


Together with a superplasticiser and retarder with dosages of 1% and 0.5%
by weight of binder.

ADVANTAGES OF 3D CONCRETE PRINTING


Faster and accurate construction
Saves 30 60% of construction waste
Reduce production times by 50 - 70%
Reduce labor costs by 50 - 80%
Less expensive construction method
Customize homes and buildings
Reduced health and safety risks
Environmentally friendly
Rebuild homes affected by natural calamities

DISADVANTAGES

Reduced employee numbers in the industry


A limited number of materials can be used
Transportation is a requirement
Storage of the printer on site
Takes time to setup the printer
Costly Printer

WINSUN CO. - SHANGHAI

10 RECYCLED CONCRETE HOUSES IN 24 HOURS


Eco-friendly houses
Area: 200 square meters
Cost $4,800 USD (P230,880)
A mix of high-grade cement and glass fiber material
3-D printer used 6.6 m x 10 m and is 150 m long
WinSun plans to build 100 recycling factories in the country

10 RECYCLED CONCRETE HOUSES IN 24


HOURS

6-STORY APARTMENT BUILDING AND A


HOUSE
Apartment building
1,100 sq.m
20 feet tall, 33 feet wide and 132 feet long
Days to complete: 1 day per floor, total of 6 days to complete

House
161,000 USD (P7,744,100)
6.6 meters tall, 10 meters wide, and 150 meters long
Days to complete: 1 day

PHILIPPINES - LEWIS GRAND HOTEL

LEWIS GRAND HOTEL


First 3D printed hotel in the world
Don Juico Avenue, Angeles City, Pampanga
Owned by Lewis Yakich
Andrey Rudenko from Minnesota pioneered his own 3D Printing
Method
Area of Villa is 130 sq.m
Days to complete: 100 hours (More than 4 days)

LEWIS GRAND HOTEL

LEWIS GRAND HOTEL