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ANGLES AND THEIR

MEASURES

In the previous lesson, you


have learned about rays. We
now look at the important of
rays to geometric figures.

In the figure at the right, lines m


and n have a point in common.

D m

What point is it?

Are the points C, O and


D collinear?

How about points B, O


and D, are they
collinear?
Can you name rays with
endpoint O?
What figure is formed by
two rays with a common
endpoint?

D m

A
O
C

In the figure, lines m and


n share a common point
O.
Likewise, the rays OC, OB,
A
OD and OA, share a common
endpoint which is O.

D m

The two rays, OA and OD,


form a geometric figure
called an ANGLE.

An angle is the union of two rays that


have a common endpoint.
The rays are the sides of the angle and
their common endpoint is called the
vertex of the angle.

B
The angle has
vertex A and sides AB and AC.

The symbol is used to mean angle.


This symbol is affixed to name an angle.
The given angle can be named as:
BAC or CAB; vertex A must be written
between the other two letters.
A; this can be done when there is only one
angle using this vertex.

EXAMPLE 1:

Name the angle below in several


ways.
2

ANSWERS:

2
W

HWK
KWH

ANGLE MEASURE

Degree is the unit of measure for


angles.
It is denoted by the symbol .
Protractor is a device in measuring
the angles.

TYPES OF ANGLES
Angles are classified according to their
measures as follows:
An acute angle
measures greater
than 0 degrees but
less than 90 degrees.

A right angle
measures exactly 90
degrees.

An obtuse angle
measures greater
than 90 degrees but
less than 180
degrees.

A straight angle
measures 180
degrees. .

Opposite Rays
Two rays with a common endpoint in
opposite directions are called opposite
rays.
Q

PQ and PR are opposite


rays.

PARALLEL LINES

h
g
Notation:

h // g

Picture markings
for parallel lines

Definition:
Parallel lines are coplanar lines that do not intersect.

PERPENDICULAR LINES

l
k
Definition:
Perpendicular lines are intersecting lines that form 90 angles.

ANGLE PAIRS
An angle can be paired with another angle in various
ways. Pairs of angles have different classifications in
Geometry.
They are given special names based on the relative
positions of the angles or on the sum of the measures
of their angles.

Adjacent Angles
Adjacent angles are two angles in a plane
that have a common vertex and a common
side but no common interior points.
A
C

Common side: BC
Common vertex: B
B

Complementary Angles
Complementary angles are two angles
whose
sum of their degree measurements equals
90 degrees.

EXAMPLE:
These two angles are complementary. Their sum is
90

58 + 32 = 90

Adjacent Complementary Angles.

Those same two angles can be


"pasted" together to form a right
angle!
These 2 angles are adjacent
they share a vertex and a side.

Supplementary Angles
Supplementary angles are two angles
whose sum of their degree measurements
equals 180 degrees

EXAMPLE:

These two angles are supplementary.


The sum of their measures is 180

139 +41 =
180

Linear Pair
Two angles are called a linear pair if and
only if they have a common side and their
sides are opposite rays.
A linear pair of angles are two angles that are
adjacent and supplementary angles.

Linear Pair
.
Linear Pair Postulate:
If two angles form a linear pair, then they are supplementary.

If

Then m 1 m 2 180

Vertical Angles
Two angles are said to be vertical if and only if the sides
of one angle are opposite rays to the sides of the other.
Vertical angles are opposite angles formed by
intersecting lines.

Vertical Angles
1 & 3 are a vertical pair of angles
2 & 4 are a vertical pair of angles

Vertical Angle Theorem:


If two angles are vertical angles, then they are congruent.

If

Then