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plot,

characteriza
tion, setting,
conflict,
tone,
usually
begin
symbolism,
with an
dialogue
exposition
describing the
main
characters or
can
be
the setting.

fictional or
nonfictional
can also
be
.
used to
relate
historical or

point of view of a
main character, a
witness to the
events in the
story, or a person
who is retelling a
story he or she
heard from
another person.

Have
imagery,
figurative
language,
and sound
patterns.

Narrative poetry poetry that tellsWith


a story.
the

main purpose
of narrative
poetry is to
entertain, not
to express the
poet's
thoughts or

exception of
epic poems,
narrative
poetry tells a
story in a more
summarized

Dramatic poetry

Presents one or more characters speaking,


usually to each other
Sometimes to themselves or directly to the
reader
Gives the idea that the reader is actually
witnessing a dramatic event.
One character speaks to one or more other
characters, whose replies are not given in
the poem.
The speaker through a moment of personal
Dramatic poetry
crisis
has
: reveals his deepest thoughts.
3. emotional conflict
5.
1. a definite setting
4. a natural language
rhythm
2. a dramatic
situation

What is dramatic poetry?


also known as dramatic verse or verse drama.

It is a written work that tells a story and


connects the reader to an audience
through emotions or behavior.
A form of narrative closely related to
acting.
It is usually performed physically and
can be either spoken or sung.

than plain
characters
poetry uses
i) the speech ii) point of view, iii) narrative
because the
giving the
and actions
focus is
audience an
of at least
usually on
idea of his
one person
how that
personality,
to depict a
individual,
morals, history
making
scene
or a fictional
KEY
person
is dreams.
and
plot. come alive
FEATURE emotionally
much easier when
or physically
S OF
someone can show
DRAMATI controls or
It requires
physically what that
C
iv
responds
to
character is
action,
such
as
POETRY
) makingwhat
supposed to feel or
facialis
going on
v) This is do.
the main
expressions,
way that dramatic
gesturing or
poetry separates
interacting with
itself from other
other people or

vi)

viii
)

The text
usually
follows verse
form or
rhymes.

It typically ends
up feeling very
rhythmic.

KEY
FEATURES
Writers
often
think
about this
OF
DRAMATIC
as theyre
POETRY
vii) making up a new
dramatic poem,
because they
want a person to
be able to deliver
the lines well,
and because
they want the
audience to
understand
whats
happening.

solilo
quy

a character speaks
mainly to himself, not
interacting with anyone
else.
It typically is a good way
to quickly show what he
thinks, wants or is going
to do, because it gives
insights into his mind.
The best example comes
from
WilliamShakespeares
tragic play,Hamlet, in
which Hamlet questions
whether it is better to

It is very similar to a soliloquy in


that it reveals something about
the speaking character.
The main difference is that, the
actor is talking to someone else
in the play, not just himself.
This second person doesnt say
anything, but their presence
often makes the speech a little
bit more believable.
This type of dramatic poetry
usually shows up during critical
moments in the plot.
Eg: My Last Duchess , Ferrara Robert

Dra
mati
c
mon
olog
ue

main goal is to
make the
audience feel
something for
the character,
rather than to
The
move the
plot
along.
individual

delivering
the lines
serves the
main role of
observer.
Eg: Abou Ben Adhem
James Henry & Leigh
Hunt

sympathy,
hatred or
anything in
between.
Also
incorporates
Theelement
result is
the
usually
that a
of suspense,
personor
conflict,
watching
tensionthe
play becomes
emotionally
connected to
what is going
on, creating a
more
memorable
theater
experience.

Character Sketch

Dialogue
the benefit of this

takes at least
form is that actors
two people, who
can play off each
exchange lines
other, responding
to direct action,
naturally to what
give information
the other person
or tell
does so that the
something An
about
example
play doesnt seem
themselves.
in this group
overly rehearsed.
is The
Shadowy
Waters by
William

WHAT IS LIMERICK?
a humorous poem five lines long in
which the first, second, and fifth lines
have one rhyme and the third and
fourth another
a light or humorous verse form of five
chiefly anapestic verses of which lines
1, 2, and 5 are of three feet and lines 3
and 4 are of two feet with a rhyme
scheme of aabba
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/limerick

Consists of five lines.


The first line usually begins with 'There was a....'
and ends with a name, person or place.
A limerick should have a rhyme scheme of
aabba:
Lines 1,2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4rhyme.
Lines 1,2 and 5 should have 7 10syllablesand
lines 3 and 4 should have 5 7syllables.

Limericks are described as a form of 'anapestic


trimeter'; the 'anapest' is a poetic verse
consisting of three syllables.
Lines one, two and five of a limerick should
consist of three anapests each (trimetres) ,
concluding with an identical or similar phoneme
to create the rhyme.
Lines three and four are shorter, constructed of
two anapests each (dimetres) and again rhyming
with each other.
The theme is diverse and it is primarily linked to
human characteristics, morals and customs.

What is Haiku?
Focuses on a very simple subjects +
providing an interesting or
unexpected perspective
Two distinct image are placed in
juxtaposition enlightening
connection between the two
The poem involves nature and

Most often,
haiku
poems are
about
seasons or
nature
Funny haiku
My homework is late.
My dog ate it this
morning.
I sure like my dog.

Haiku is a
Japanese
poetry form

Haik
u
Written form :
Line 1: 5
syllables
Line 2: 7
syllables
Line 3: 5
syllables

an
unrhymed
three-line
poem
Winter is coming.
Snow will be arriving
soon.
We should rake the
leaves.

The structure of Haiku


Haiku
Structu
ral
rules

Season
al
theme

In Japan, these poem is valued for its


simplicity, openness, depth and lightness.
Structural rules:
Use exactly 17 syllables
Syllables are arranged in three lines of 5-7-5
Avoid similes and metaphors
Refers to the season of the year

Seasonal theme:
Contain a kigo, a season word
Seasonal words isnt always that obvious, so
might as well consider the theme to find it

The wren is
chirping,
But it grows dusk
just the same.
Haiku master Issa

Notice
the

A wren chirping
The growing dusk

NURSERY RHYMES
A nursery rhyme is a short rhyming story, often set to
music and usually designed for young children.
Songs for children often serve as an oral record of
important political and historical events.
They also can preserve archaic forms of language.
In the English language, the bulk of commonly used
nursery rhymes date from the 16th-18th centuries,
with some originating in Europe and others, such as
Mary Had a Little Lamb.

Has simple vocabulary and a catchy rhyme.


Nursery rhymes are often used to help young children
build their vocabulary.
Counting is often integrated into nursery rhymes.
They also show children how to find and keep a beat,
and they can be used to get children to start reading.
When a child learns a nursery rhyme, he or she also
can learn to follow it on a page, so many children learn
the fundamentals of reading this way.

Characteristics And Features


Simple poems set to music
Has/ have character(s)
May take different forms
The theme can be very loose or focused
Rhyming Words

Simple poems set to music


Most of nursery rhymes and songs are simple
poems set to music.
Thus they share a lot of characteristics of poems
like:
short phrases and a large number of repetitions.

For example:
Pussy cat, pussy cat, where have you been?
I've been to London to look at the Queen.
Pussy cat, pussy cat, what did you do there?
I frightened a little mouse, under the chair.

Has/ have character(s)


The nursery rhymes and songs have
character(s) or subject(s) in it.
Most of the characters are relatable with
childrens daily life.
Example: Little Miss Muffet

May take different forms


Childrens nursery rhymes and songs,
may take different forms (like many
other songs).
For examples:
Monologues
Sung by a group
Story form
Sung by a single narrator

Rhyming Words
Childrens nursery rhymes and songs
usually have simple melodies thus
making it easier for them to sing.
Example: Humpty Dumpty and Three
Blind Mice