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Types of Computers

Supercomputers:
The highly calculation-intensive tasks can be effectively performed by means of
supercomputers.
Their ability of parallel processing and their well-designed memory hierarchy give
the supercomputers, large transaction processing powers.
Servers:
They are computers designed to provide services to client machines in a computer

network
They have larger storage capacities and powerful processors.
Usually they are very large in size, as they have large processors and many hard
drives.
They are designed to be fail-safe and resistant to crash.

Desktops:
A desktop is intended to be used on a single location.
Desktops are widely popular for daily use in the workplace and households.

Types of Computers
contd
Laptops:
Laptops run on a single battery and are enabled with an inbuilt

keyboard, touch pad acting as a mouse and a liquid crystal display.


Their portability and capacity to operate on battery power have proven
to be of great help to mobile users.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs):


It has a touch screen and a memory card for storage of data.
PDAs can also be used as portable audio players, web browsers and

smart phones.

Network Computers:
Network computer is a Personal Computer that is attached to a network

so that users can share information


A computer with minimal memory, disk storage and processor power
designed to connect to a network, especially the Internet.
Many users who are connected to a network don't need all the computer
power they get from a typical personal computer. Instead, they can rely
on the power of the network servers.

Computer Performance Aspects


Characterized by the amount of useful work

accomplished
by
a
computer
system
compared to the time and resources used
The important factors for this are the speed of

the computer
computer.

and

the

memory

in

the

Computational Speed
In computers, the CPU speed is (central
processing unit) measured in Hz or MHz
(Megahertz) or GHz (Gigahertz). For a CPU the
Hz refers to the clock speed of the processor.

Hertz
Kilohertz
Megahertz
Gigahertz

1 Hz
1,000 Hz
1,000,000 Hz
1,000,000,000
Hz

0.001 kHz
1 kHz
1,000 kHz

0.000001 MHz
0.001 MHz
1 MHz

1,000,000 kHz 1,000 MHz

Memory Size
The smallest unit of computer data is a Bit.
A single bit can hold only one of the two binary values
either 0 or 1.
A group of eight bits makes up one byte (e.g. 1011 0010).

1 byte = 8 bits
1 kB(kilo byte)=1024 bytes
1 MB(Mega byte)=1024 KB
1 GB(Giga byte)=1024 MB
1 TB(Tera byte)=1024 GB