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Dissolved

Oxygen

Dissolved Oxygen The Good The Good Gas Gas

The Good

The

Good Gas

Gas

Dissolved Oxygen The Good The Good Gas Gas
Happy Rays of Sunshine
Happy Rays
of Sunshine

Photosynthesis: Your one-stop

shop for all of your oxygen needs!

Solar energy + 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O → C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

Happy Rays of Sunshine Photosynthesis : Your one-stop shop for all of your oxygen needs! Solar

Oxygen

(to air)

Carbohydrate (plant material)
Carbohydrate
(plant material)

Carbon

Dioxide

(from air)

Water (from ground)

Happy Rays of Sunshine CO 2
Happy Rays
of Sunshine
CO 2

Aquatic plants and phytoplankton

(single cell floating plants) release oxygen into the water as a product of photosynthesis

O 2
O 2

Phytoplankton (single cell plants) – are the base of the aquatic food web and provide most of the aquatic oxygen.

Phytoplankton (single cell plants) – are the base of the aquatic food web and provide most
Phytoplankton (single cell plants) – are the base of the aquatic food web and provide most

Submerged aquatic plants can provide shelter for young fish as well as house an abundant food supply.

Submerged aquatic plants can provide shelter for young fish as well as house an abundant food

Oxygen: A Soluble Gas

H 2 O

O 2 H 2 O

O 2 H 2 O

O 2

H 2 O

H 2 O

O 2

O 2

O 2 H 2 O H 2 O H 2 O

H 2 O

O 2

H 2 O

Habitat Classification Based on DO Concentration

> 2 mg/L

0.2 – 2 mg/L

0 – 0.2 mg/L

Normoxic

Hypoxic

Anoxic

Most fish need oxygen levels > 2.0 mg/L

Respiration: How we, the animals, use oxygen (and plants too!)

C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 → 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + energy (in form of ATP)

Carbohydrate + Oxygen Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy

Oxygen in CO 2 and H 2 O out

Respiration: How we, the animals, use oxygen (and plants too!) C H O + 6O →
Respiration: How we, the animals, use oxygen (and plants too!) C H O + 6O →
Carbohydrate in
Carbohydrate in

Previous Meal

Energy out

CO 2 : A Soluble Gas Too!

H 2 O

O 2

CO 2

O 2

H 2 O

CO 2

H 2 O

O 2

CO 2

O 2

H 2 O

CO 2 O 2

H 2 O

H 2 O

CO 2

O 2

H 2 O

H 2 O

O 2

CO 2

H 2 O

Biological Production and Consumption of Oxygen

Heat

Energy

Biological Production and Consumption of Oxygen Heat Energy CO 2 Chemical Energy (ATP) Solar Energy Respiration
CO 2
CO 2

Chemical Energy (ATP)

Biological Production and Consumption of Oxygen Heat Energy CO 2 Chemical Energy (ATP) Solar Energy Respiration

Solar Energy

Biological Production and Consumption of Oxygen Heat Energy CO 2 Chemical Energy (ATP) Solar Energy Respiration
Respiration Photosynthesis C 6 H 12 O 6 O 2
Respiration
Photosynthesis
C
6 H 12 O 6
O 2

Biomass (g/m 2 /yr)

Daily Aquatic Oxygen Cycle

Moonshine Sunshine Moonshine Midnight Sunrise Noon Sunset Midnight Dissolved Oxygen
Moonshine
Sunshine
Moonshine
Midnight
Sunrise
Noon
Sunset
Midnight
Dissolved Oxygen
Day Photosynthesis Respiration Night

Day

Photosynthesis

Day Photosynthesis Respiration Night
Respiration
Respiration
Day Photosynthesis Respiration Night

Night

Day Photosynthesis Respiration Night
Low Respiration Photosynthesis Respiration High Respiration

Low

Respiration

Photosynthesis

Low Respiration Photosynthesis Respiration High Respiration
Respiration
Respiration
Low Respiration Photosynthesis Respiration High Respiration

High

Respiration

Low Respiration Photosynthesis Respiration High Respiration

High

Photosynthesis

Low

Photosynthesis

High Photosynthesis Low Photosynthesis
High Photosynthesis Low Photosynthesis
High Photosynthesis Low Photosynthesis
High Photosynthesis Low Photosynthesis
CO 2 +H 2 OH 2 CO 3 H + +HCO 3 - 2H + +CO
CO 2 +H 2 OH 2 CO 3 H + +HCO 3 - 2H + +CO 3
An increase in CO 2 causes an increase in H + 
pH

-

Moonshine

CO 2 +H 2 OH 2 CO 3 H + +HCO 3 - 2H + +CO

Sunshine

CO 2 +H 2 OH 2 CO 3 H + +HCO 3 - 2H + +CO

Moonshine

Midnight Sunrise Noon Sunset Midnight pH Level
Midnight
Sunrise
Noon
Sunset
Midnight
pH Level

Decomposition – Not good for DO

Decomposer organisms (mainly bacteria) consume oxygen

Sometimes consume oxygen faster than plants can produce it, even during the middle of the day!

A sudden increase in organic matter (think leaf litter) can create a spike in decomposition activity – especially if it is hot

Hurricanes not only add organic matter to our waterways, but also stir up the sediment.

Can cause fish kills!!

Abiotic Factors That Affect DO Concentration

Temperature

Wind

Water Clarity

Cloud Cover

Current Velocity (Flow)

Temperature

The warmer water is, the less DO it can hold

Think about opening a coke bottle after it sat a few hours on the dash of your car in August.

100% DO Saturation 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 5
100% DO Saturation
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Temperature (C)
100% Saturation Lavel

Excess DO evaporates into the atmosphere!

Oxygen Can Diffuse Out of or

Into the Water Column

Atmosphere Oxygen diffuses out of water column Oxygen diffuses into water column Oxygen > 100% Saturation
Atmosphere
Oxygen diffuses out
of water column
Oxygen diffuses into
water column
Oxygen > 100%
Saturation
Oxygen < 100%
Saturation
Water Column

Wind

Stirs in atmospheric oxygen

Wind Stirs in atmospheric oxygen

Current Velocity

The faster water flows, the more atmospheric oxygen is mixed into the water.

Current Velocity • The faster water flows, the more atmospheric oxygen is mixed into the water.
Current Velocity • The faster water flows, the more atmospheric oxygen is mixed into the water.

Water Clarity

Amount of Sunlight Reaching Plants
Amount of Sunlight Reaching Plants

The muddier the water is, the less light reaches the plants!

Cloud Cover

Clouds decrease the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants, thus oxygen production is reduced.

Cloud Cover • Clouds decrease the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants, thus oxygen production is
Cloud Cover • Clouds decrease the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants, thus oxygen production is
Cloud Cover • Clouds decrease the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants, thus oxygen production is
Cloud Cover • Clouds decrease the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants, thus oxygen production is