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HISTORICAL

RESEARCH

Presented by:

ASMIT P. ALMACIN
JOEL P. RODRIGUEZ

OBJECTIVES
The Nature of Historical Research.
What is Historical Research?
Purposes of Historical Research.
Steps Involved in Historical Research.
Historical Sources.
Generalization in Historical Research
Advantages and Disadvantages of
Historical Research

The nature of Historical


Research?
The Unique characteristics of historical
research is that it focuses exclusively
on the past.

What is Historical
Research?
It is the systematic collection and
evaluation of data to describe, explain
and thereby understand actions or
events that occurred sometime in the
past.

The purposes of
Historical Research
To make people aware of what has happened in the
past so they may learn from the past failures and
successes.
To learn how things were done in the past to see if they
might be applicable to present-day problems and
concerns.
To assist in prediction.
To test the hypothesis concerning relationships or
trends
To understand present educational practices and
policies.

Steps in Historical
Research
There are four essential steps involved in a historical study
Defining the problem or hypothesis to be investigated
Searching for relevant sources material;
Summarizing and evaluating the sources the researchers
is able to locate;
Interpreting the evidence obtained & then drawing
conclusions about the problem or hypothesis.

Historical Sources
Most historical source material can be grouped into four
basic categories: Documentation, Numerical Records, Oral
statements, and relics.
Documents are written or printed materials that have been
produced in one form or another sometime in the past.
A primary source is one prepared by individual who was a
participant in or a direct witness to the event that is being
described.
A secondary sources is a document prepared by an
individual who was not a direct witness to an event but who
obtained his or her description of the event from someone
else.

Generalization in
Historical Research
As in all research, researchers who conduct
historical studies should exercise caution in
generalizing from small or non representative
samples.

Advantages and
Disadvantages of Historical
Research
The main advantage of historical research is that it permits
the investigation of topics that could be studied in no other
way. It is the only research method that can study evidence
from the past
A disadvantage is that controlling for many of the threats to
internal validity is not possible in historical research.

References;
Sixth Edition
How to Design and Evaluate Research Methodology
Jack R. Fraenkel Normal E. Wallen
Mc Graw-Hill International Edition