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Learning

Competencies
discuss the nature and background
of basketball
practice proper and acceptable
behavior (e.g. fairness, respect for
authority) when participating in
basketball
execute proficiently basic skills and
tactics in basketball

Basketball

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FOLLOWING

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What is Basketball?
History
Hall of Fame
The NBA
Positions
Greats to Play the Game
Authors Page
Resources
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Concept Map

What is Basketball?
Basketball is a team sport in which
two teams of five active players
each try to score points against one
another by propelling a ball through
a 10 ft high hoop (the goal) under
organized rules. Basketball is one of
the most popular and widely viewed
sports in the world.
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What is Basketball? (cont)


While competitive basketball is
primarily an indoor sport, played on
a basketball court, less regulated
variations have become exceedingly
popular as an outdoor sport among
both inner city and rural groups
Techniques involved in the sport
include: shooting, rebounding,
passing, dribbling, blocking, and
stealing
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History of the game


In early December 1891, Dr. James
Naismith, a Canadian physical education
student and instructor at YMCA Training
School (today, Springfield College) in
Springfield, Massachusetts, sought a
vigorous indoor game to keep his students
occupied and at proper levels of fitness
during the long New England winters to
keep the students in shape.
After rejecting other ideas as either too
rough or poorly suited to walled-in
gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and
nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot
elevated track.
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History continued
The first official game was played in the YMCA
gymnasium on January 20, 1892 with nine players
and the game ended at 1-0 with the game-winning
shot made from 25 feet, on a court just half the size
of a present-day National Basketball Association
(NBA) court. "Basket ball", the name suggested by
one of Naismith's students, was popular from the
beginning. By 1897-1898 teams of five became
standard.
By the 1950s, basketball had become a major
college sport, thus having the way for a growth of
interest in professional basketball.
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Facilities & Equipment


COURT

The court is a rectangular


plain, spacious flat surface
and free of obstacles sizes
is 26 m x 14 m measured
from the inner portion of the
lines. Lines bounding the
court should be 5 cm thick.
Ceiling must not be less
than 7 m.

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Facilities & Equipment


The Ball
The ball may be advanced toward the
basket by being shot, passed between
players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled
(bouncing the ball while running). Weight is
600-650- g
Circumference is 75-76 cm. Bounce should
be 1.80 m and less than 1.20 m.
The size of the basketball is also regulated.
For men, the official ball is 29.5inches
(74.9 cm) in circumference (size 7, or a
"295 ball") and weighs 22ounces (624 g). If
women are playing, the official basketball
size is 28.5inches (72.4 cm) in
circumference (size 6, or a "285 ball") with
a weight of 20ounces (567 g)

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Facilities & Equipment


The Ring

The basket is a steel rim 18inches


(45.7 cm) in diameter with an
attached net affixed to a backboard
that measures 6feet (182.9 cm) by
3.5feet (106.7 cm), and one basket
is at each end of the court. The
white outlined box on the backboard
is 18inches (45.7 cm) high and
2feet (61.0 cm) wide. At almost all
levels of competition, the top of the
rim is exactly 10feet (305 cm) above
the court and 4feet (121.9 cm)
inside the baseline.

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Positions

Point guard: Usually the fastest player on the team, organizes


the team's offense by controlling the ball and making sure that
it gets to the right player at the right time; can also be called
the Floor General
Shooting guard: Creates a high volume of shots on offense;
tends to guard the opponent's best perimeter player on defense
Small forward: Often primarily responsible for scoring points
via cuts to the basket and dribble penetration; on defense
seeks rebounds and steals
Power forward: Plays offensively often with his back to the
basket; on defense, plays under the basket (in a zone defense)
or against the opposing power forward (in man-to-man defense)
Center: Uses size to score (on offense), to protect the basket
closely (on defense), or to rebound.

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Greats to Play the Game

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and many
more

Original Basket

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History

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PASS

Skills in Basketball

1. Chest Pass
Generally, one foot is ahead of the other, knees flexed
slightly. Ball is held at chest level, fingers spread at reach
side of the ball. Elbows remain close to the body and the
ball is sent with extended arms and proper wrist snap, as
one foot moves toward the receiver.
2. Overhead Pass
Stand in a short position, with the ball held overhead. The
arms upward, throw with a forceful wrist and finger snap.
The pass should take a slight downward path to be the most
effective.
3. Bounce Pass
Any of the first three passes described can be adapted to
make a bounce pass. The object is to get the pass to the
receiver on first bounce so that the ball comes to this out
stretched hands about waist high. The ball must be bounced
a little more than halfway between the two players.

Skill in Basketball

DRIBBLING
Dribbling is a basic skill done by pushing the ball
repeatedly to the floor. Tapping the ball is not
allowed. The fingers control the ball. This can be
done different levels: high, medium, high, low and
very low. It can also be done fast and slow.
1. Control Dribble
This can be used to protect the ball from an
opponent who is close by.
2. Speed Dribble
This can be done during a fast break situation or
when no opponent is guarding the ball handler.

Skill in Basketball
CATHCING
Stand in a relaxed but stable and firm position.
Place both hands in front with open arms ready to
catch the ball. And as the ball comes, catch it with
both hands and do the receiving motion.

Skills
in
Basketball
SHOOTING
Basketball is about gaining points, it is not mere exhibition.
One must be very skillful when it comes to shooting.
TYPES OF SHOTS
1. JUMP SHOT- a shot executed with both feet taken off from the floor
in a vertical jump, arms straight upward and legs and feet slightly
apart in the air.
2. DUNK SHOT OR FANCY SHOT- a shot that is commonly known as
slum shot. It is executed with forceful shot above the rim, powerful
and fancied. Not recommended for beginners because of its risk to
injury.
3. SET SHOT- is a shot usually done with feet flat on the ground, or a
shot executed with a screen and peek from the teammates to get an
easy shot.
4. LAY-UP SHOT- a shot that involves dribbling and running skills. It is
executed by dribbling the ball away from the basket, taking off in
right or left foot, stretching arms and hands, and using the board to
bank the shot.

Rules in Basketball
JUMP BALL
Jump ball is done to start the game. One ach
player is assigned to the jump ball, usually the center
player. They face each other inside the center circle
while the other members of the team surround them.

IN-BOUND THROW
The ball is thrown inward when:
1. The ball goes out of bounds.
2. There is a successful shot made.
3. There is a foul
4. There is a traveling violation.
5. The player who controls the ball steps on the end
or side line.
6. There is a 3 second, 5 second, 10 second, 24
second violation
7. There was time-out.

Rules in Basketball
TIME LIMITS
Throwing the ball
Entering the opponents court
Shot clock
Held ball
Restricted area
Free Throw

SCORING
2 points for every conversion
1 point for every free throw
3 points from the 15 foot area

5 seconds
10 seconds
24/30 seconds
5 seconds
3 seconds
5 seconds

Rules in Basketball
VIOLATIONS WHILE PLAYING
1. Traveling or walking two or more steps without
dribbling the ball
2. The ball goes out of bounds.
3. Failure to enter opponents court in ten seconds.
4. Double dribbling (resumption of dribbling after dribbling
stops)
5. Stepping on the line while doing the free throws.
6. Stepping on the line or sideline by the one in control of
the ball.
7. Personal foul, technical foul.
8. Unsportsmanlike behavior.
END OF THE GAME
After 40 minutes, the game ends. However, if the score
is tied, there shall be a five-minute extension.

Rules in Basketball
SUBSTITUTION
Substitution is done when the ball is dead as permitted
by the table official. After a foul, both teams can have
substitution. When there is a request for substitution and
the ball is already given by the referee to a team, the one
requesting should wait for another chance.

FOULS- an attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent


through physical contact is illegal.
1. Defensive Foul- a foul committed by a defensive player
on a offensive player.
2. Offensive Foul- also known as charge. Its a foul
committed by an offensive player on a defensive player.
3. Technical Foul- a foul committed by a player, coach, or
any member of the coaching team staff for showing poor
sportsmanship.

ASSESSMENT

IDENTIFICATION

____________1. It is a
rectangular plain, spacious
flat surface and free of
obstacles sizes is 26 m x 14
m measured from the inner
portion of the lines.
Answer

__________2. A team sport in


which two teams of five
active players each try to
score points against one
another by propelling a ball.
Answer

_________3. It is a basic
skill done by pushing the
ball repeatedly to the
floor.
Answer

__________4. It is a steel rim


18inches (45.7 cm) in
diameter with an attached
net affixed to a backboard
that measures 6feet (182.9
cm) by 3.5feet (106.7 cm),
and one basket is at each
Answer
end of the court.

_________5. It is done when

the ball is dead as


permitted by the table
official.
Answer

Enumeration
a. Give at least three (3)
violations in playing
basketball.
b. Give two (2) types of fouls
and its discription.