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SCAFFOLD

S
&
BARRICAD

Prepared By:
Denirose F. Serna

SCAFFOLDS

An elevated,
temporary structure
used to support a
work crew and
materials to aid in the
construction,
maintenance and
repair of buildings,
bridges and all other
man made structures.

Types of Scaffolding
Supported
1. Tube and clamp scaffold
2. Prefabricated modular system
scaffold
3. H-frame / facade modular system
scaffolds
4. Timber scaffolds
Suspended
Aerial Lifts/Scissor Lifts

Supported

consist of one or more


platforms supported by
outrigger beams, brackets,
poles, legs, uprights, posts,
frames, or similar rigid
support
Scaffold poles, legs, posts,
frames, and uprights must
be on base plates and mud
sills or other firm
foundations

Tube and clamp scaffold


Consist of steel tubes
and clamps.
Vertical tubes are
connected to horizontal
tubes via right angle
clamps. Diagonal tubes
are periodically
connected to the
scaffold via swivel
clamps in order to
stabilize the scaffold

Prefabricated modular
system scaffold

Manufactured and
designed exact to
size, to fit only for
their intended
purpose.

H-frame / faade modular


system scaffolds

Used in all types of exterior


works such as plastering,
painting, exterior covering,
coating works
Since H frame already
possesses ladder by itself,
stepping upwards and
downwards are pretty easy
Includes H frame, Diagonals
and safety fence

Timber Scaffolding

Support for the


planks is provided
by a timber frame
fabricated and
erected at the site

Suspended

A mobile scaffold
that is suspended
form ropes or
cables. Also known
as a swinging
scaffold.

Aerial Lifts/Scissor Lifts

Are essentially elevated

Risks

Falls from elevation-can be caused


by slipping, unsafe access, and lack of
fall protection
Struck by-from falling tools and debris
Electrocution-from overhead power
lines
Scaffold collapse-often caused by
instability of overloading
Bad planking-may give way to
materials or occupant load

safety requirements for


working on scaffolds

Provide fall protection (usually guard


rails) whenever a scaffold is more than
10 feet above a lower level.
Do not overload scaffolds. Scaffolds
must support their own weight and 4
times the maximum intended load.
When required, secure platforms from
movement or tipping.
Keep scaffolds and work platforms free
of debris.
Organize tools and materials as neatly
as possible on them.

Guardrails

A rail that prevents people from


falling off
Installed along open sides and ends

Types of Guardrails
Along the front edge-of
platforms not more than 14
from the work. For lathing and
plastering, a gap of 18 is
permitted
Top rails-should be no less than
38 and no more than 45 tall

Midrails-should be placed halfway


between top rail and platform. For
construction work, midrails may not
be spaced more than 19 apart
Toeboards-must be at least 3-
high. Open spacing between the
toe board and platform cannot
exceed

alternative to guardrail
systems

PFAS (Personal Fall Arrest


System)- asystemused
toarrestan employee in a
fallfrom a working level. It
consists of an anchorage,
connectors, a body belt or
body harness and may
include a lanyard,
deceleration device, lifeline,
or suitable combinations of
these.

Essential elements of safe


scaffold construction
Appropriate construction-to
control the risk of a scaffold
falling or collapsing
Proper access-direct access to
or from another surface. Ramps
and walkways 6 above lower
levels must have guardrails

Scaffold platform construction


Platform must be fully planked
Able to support
Scaffolds able to support
Gaps-no gaps larger than 1 are
permitted between adjacent
planks or deck units, or between
the platform and the uprights

Exceptions-a larger gap (not to


exceed 9-) is permitted when
the employer can demonstrate a 1
or less gap is not feasible
Overlap-platforms at least 12 over
supporters, unless restrained to
prevent movement

BARRICADES

Erected to prevent personnel


from inadvertently been exposed
to a hazard

Types of Barricading

Soft Barricadesthey are to be used to


identify and protect
personnel from
general hazards and
also those which are
high risk and may
pose a risk to life and
health

Solid Barricadesthe purpose of a


solid barricade is to
provide a physical
barrier capable of
performing the same
function as a
permanent guardrail

Method of Barricading

Caution Barricadestape shall be erected to


inform personnel of an
uncontrolled hazard
within the barricade area
Restricted Access
Barricades-shall be
erected to prevent
unauthorized personnel
from accessing the
barricaded area

Electrical Work
Barricades-is to be
erected to prevent
access to electrical
hazards
High Voltage Testing
Barricades-is to be
erected around the item
under test to provide a
minimum safe approach
distance

Removal of Barricades

Tapes and barricades shall be


removed once they are no longer
required

Construction Work areas

For work which is part of a


construction activity including
where a principal contractor is
appointed, Danger Construction
Work Area signs shall be used

Responsibilities

Manager-manager operations
shall ensure that this procedure is
implemented and maintained
throughout the operations
Coordinators and Supervisorsshall ensure the maintenance of
the barricade in accordance with
the procedure, and also the
sufficiency of the supplies

Employees and Contractorsshall ensure that they do not


access a barricade area unless the
conditions detailed on the
barricade sign are compiled; they
must also maintain and monitor the
condition of barricades in their
work areas.

Training and competencies

Training records-the People


Services Department is responsible
for managing and maintaining all
training records