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FACTUAL

DESCRIPTION

FACT- A Fact is " something that actually exists;


reality; truth.
ETYMOLOGY- The word Fact derives from the Latin
Factum and was first used in English with the same
meaning " a thing done or performed" a use that is
not obsolete. The current usage of " something that
has really occurred or happened " dates back to
16th century.
FACTUAL DESCRIPTION- To factually describe
something is to present it as it is or appears to be.

Difference between a Factual Description and a Report


Factual Description

Report Writing

1.

A brief factually correct


account of a
person/place/object/
process

An account of a past eventfunction/ seminar/


workshop/ accident/
robbery etc.

2.

Usually simple Present


Tense is used except
when describing
something from past.

Always written in Past


Tense and appropriate use
of Passive Voice is done
when required.

3.

Written Objectively
without personal inputs.
Flow of information is
from General to
Specific.

Includes eye-witness
accounts and is otherwise
Objective.

Points to Remember
How to describe; an event/ a process/ a place/
an object
Think of the main points
Organize these points In a logical sequence
Dont use I/ We/ You
Write the paragraph in simple present tense
(For events use past tense)
Give it a heading.
Use link words like (first, then, next, finally)
Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of an object/place
Write the description in exact order in which its
found/placed.
Start with a general description and then move to
specific details.
Start with the description of the exterior and then
describe the interior, i.e. first outside, then inside.
Give it a heading.
Dont use I/ We/ You.
Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of a process:
Remember to describe it in the order in
which things actually happen/ are done.
Use present tense.
Use link words to organise the points that
describe the process.
Dont use I/ We/ You.
Give it a heading.
Follow the word limit 125 words.

Points to Remember
Factual Description of an event:
Use past tense to describe the event.
All factual description are written in
one long paragraph.
Give it a heading.
Dont use I/ We/ You.
Follow the word limit 125 words.

PAIR ACTIVITY
a) Form pairs
b) Blindfold your partner
c) Describe the picture in front of you to your partner. Timetwo minutes
d) Remove the picture and the blindfold.
e) Write a description of the picture as described to you by
your partner without any fresh inputs from your partner. Word
limit-100 words.
f) Read out the description to the class.
g) See the actual picture.
h) Pick out the mistakes and omissions.
i) Rewrite the factual description.

Write the following


Cell Phone
Your desk in the class
Your best friend