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MANPOWER

PLANNING
HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING

A strategy for the acquisition,


utilisation,improvement and retention of
an enterprises human resources
METHODOLOGY
1. Forecasting demand
2. Forecasting supply
Internal
External
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3. Reconciling supply/demand
4. Monitoring manpower utilisation

SOME MANPOWER
PLANNING ISSUES
1. How does manpower planning tie in with
corporate planning?
2. Who should manpower plan?
3. What detail and accuracy are required in
manpower forecasts?
4. Over what period should forecasts and
plans be attempted?
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5. How does manpower planning link up


with:
Recruitment?
Training?
Remuneration?
IR?
6. What changes in the organisations
environment will need reflecting in the
manpower plan?
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What is the job?: The job is the smallest


element of the organization.
Definitons
Task:
A piece of work which can be identified in terms
of its and results or objectives.
Job:
A number of tasks are sufficiently alike to be
groupped together and allocated to as individual.
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Position:
The individuals place in the
organization.
Job description:
A summary report of information relating
to a particular job.
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Person specification:
A statement, derived from the job analysis
process and the job description, of the
characteristics that individual would need
to possess in order to fulfill the
requirements of the job.
Occupation:
A group of similar jobs.
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MAIN APPROACHES TO
JOB DESIGN
Restructuring individual job
Job rotation
Job enlargement
Job enrichment

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Broader organisational approaches


Desirable task and job characteristics
Autonomous work groups
Managerial style
Management of change
People as agents
Quality circles
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JOB DESIGN
Ideally a job should:
constitute some sort of WHOLE
(ie. there should be an identifiable task)
be seen as meaninful and WORTH DOING
allow the worker to take DECISIONS within
the constraints set by the organisation.

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Give direct FEEDBACK to the worker on


his effectiveness
Provide REWARDS which are SEEN TO
BE FAIR for the inputs involved.

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