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ANNAMACHARYA INSTUITE OF SCIENCE AND

TECHNOLOGY
Self-Healing Bacterial Concrete

UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF PREPARED


BY
M.LOKNATH M.Tech
B.MAHESWARAREDDY
(Assistant professor)
14705A0316
EXTRACTED FROM
International Journal of Applied Engineering
Research ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 11.
Number 2 (2016) pp 1373-1378 Research
India Publications. http://www.ripublication.com
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
BIO CONCRETE
SPECIAL PRESENT IN BIO CONCRETE
MECHANISM IS HAPPENING INSIDE BIO CONCRETE
THE HEALING AGENTS ARE APPLIED
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
APPLICATIONS
CONCLUSION
REFERRENCE
INTRODUCTION
Crack formation is a typical phenomenon

related to durability.

Percolation of cracks may lead to leakage problems, causing

deterioration of the concrete matrix or corrosion of embedded steel


reinforcement.

In recent years a bacteria-based self-healing concrete is being

developed in order to extend the service life.

A two component healing agent is added to the concrete mixture.

The agent consists of bacteria and an organic mineral precursor

compound.
BIO CONCRETE

Its is a special type of concrete invented by a group of


microbiology researchers under the head of Henk
Jonkers.

Bio concrete is also called as BACTERIAL CONCRETE or


self healing concrete.

Its specially made to increase


the lifespan or the durability
of concrete structure by
the self healing action
of that concrete.
SPECIAL PRESENT IN BIO CONCRETE

There are two thing present in bio


concrete.
1) The special bacteria that has to resist the
alkalinity and the mechanical stress of
concrete.
2) The chemical precursor to activate the
bacteria.
MECHANISM IS HAPPENING INSIDE
BIO CONCRETE
THE HEALING AGENTS ARE APPLIED

1)BY DIRECT APPLICATION


) The bacteria and the chemical precursor(calcium
lactate) are added directly while making the concrete.

2) ENCAPSULATION LWA
a) The part of the coarse aggregate is replaced by the light
weight aggregate(LWA) , which is impregnated with twice
the calcium lactate solution and the spores of bacteria.

b) After impregnation the clay particles with 6% healing


agents and the concrete is made .
BEFORE AFTER
HEALING HEALING
ADVANTAGES
Incorporation of the agent in the concrete will be
relatively cheap as well as easy when the aggregate is
immobilized in porous light weight aggregate prior to
addition to the concrete mixture.
The self healing bacterial concrete helps in reduced
maintenance and repair costs of steel reinforced
concrete structures.
Oxygen is an agent that can induce corrosion, as
bacteria feeds on oxygen tendency for the corrosion of
reinforcement can be reduced.
Self healing bacteria can be used in places where
humans find it difficult to reach for the maintenance of
the structures. Hence it reduces risking of human life
in dangerous areas and also increases the durability of
the structure.
Formation of crack will be healed in the initial stage
DISADVANTAGES

If the volume of self healing agents (bacteria and


calcium lactate) mixed becomes greater than
20%, the strength of the concrete is reduced.

Preparation of self healing concrete needs the


requirement of bacteria and calcium lactate.
Preparation of calcium lactate from milk is
costlier. Hence preparation of self healing
concrete costs double than conventional
concrete.
APPLICATIONS

Marine structure
Base wall
Concrete flooring
Tunnel lining
Highway bridge
Underground retaining walls
CONCLUSION
decrease of permeability of water
and other liquids in concrete.
increases the compressive strength
of concrete. The compressive
strength
Splitting tensile strength is increased
All over maintenance cost is
minimized
REFERRENCE
Wang, J., Van Tittelboom, K., De Belie N., and Verstraete, W.. "Use of
Silica Gel or Polyurethane
Immobilized Bacteria for Self-healing Concrete." Construction and
Building Materials 26.1 (2012): 532-40.Print.
Li, V., University of Michigan, Self-healing concrete for safer, more
durable infrastructure. Science Daily,22 Apr. 2009. Web. 28 Feb.
2012.
Jonkers, H. M., A. Thijssen, G. Muyzer, O. Copuroglu, and Schlangen, E.
"Application of Bacteria as Selfhealing Agent for the Development of
Sustainable Concrete." Elsevier. Elsevier B.V., 30 Dec. 2008. Web.
25Feb. 2012.
Brownell, Blaine. "Self-Healing Concrete." Architect, The AIA Magazine
(2011): 90-91. Print. O'Driscoll, Cath. "Bacteria Fill in the Gaps in
Concrete." Chemistry & Industry (2010). Web. 11 Feb. 2012.
Zwaag, S. Van Der, and Schmets A. J. Self Healing Materials: An
Alternative Approach to 20 Centuries of Materials Science. Dordrecht,
The Netherlands: Springer, 2007. Print.
Yonkers, H. M., and E. Schlangen. "Crack Repair by Concrete-
immobilized Bacteria." Proc. of First International Conference on Self
Healing Materials, Delft University of Technology, Noordwijk Aan Zee.
Springer, 2007. Print