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Energy Storage for Sustainable

Systems
R. Hebner and T. Aanstoos
Center for Electromechanics
The University of Texas at Austin
Storage is Needed to
Buffer temporal variations of loads and
sources.
Provide a constant, predictable source to the
grid.
Provide flexibility during dynamic market
conditions.
Energy Storage Systems
Chemical
Mechanical
Electrical
Current CEM-UT Flywheel Module Design VG 12048.2.ppt

3.6 kW, 3.66 kWHR, 53,000 RPM


Composite Flywheel
Motor Generator Stator
Flywheel Balance Holes Core & Windings
Damper
and Housing
Magnetic Bearing
Backup
Sensors
Bearing
Radial Magnetic
Bearing
Caging
Mechanism
Caging
Rotor Axial Mechanism
Position
Sensor Phase Angle
Sensors
Magnetic
Bearing
Sensors
Damper & Backup
Bearing Assembly
Combo
Magnetic
Bearing
Titanium Composite banding for
End Plate Mount Rotor Motor/Generator
Motor/Generator Section
Shaft Rotor Magnets,
End Plate/Mount Back Iron
Nominal Duty Cycle For Space Station VG 12109.ppt

4000
Flywheel Battery 97.5 53

Speed
3000 51
Flywheel Output Power (W)

97.0
Flywheel Efficiency

Flywheel Effic (%)


2000 49

Speed (kRPM)
Eclipse Power

1000 96.5 47

0 45

96.0
Recharge Power
-1000 43

-2000 95.5 41
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Time (min)

Turnaround Efficiency=93.7%
Comparison of Lead-Acid Batteries, Flywheel
Batteries, and SMES
Lead-AcidBattery FlywheelBattery SMES
Storagemechanism Chemical Mechanical Electrical
Life(yearsinservice) 35 >20 ~20
Technology Proven Promising Promising
Numberof ~700 ~5 ~1
Manufacturers
AnnualSales($in ~7000 ~2 Afew
millions)
TemperatureRange Limited Broader,butstill Controlled
limited
Environmental Disposalissues Small Small
concerns
Relativesize Larger Smallest Smaller

Maximumtimetohold Years Hours Days


acharge
Price($/kW) 50100 300400 >300
Research Needs for Flywheel
Batteries
Flywheel Materials
Magnetic bearings
Power conditioning