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AERO 201

Winter 2017

Introduction to Flight and


Aerospace Systems
Module 1 Introduction & Basic notions
AERO 201
Winter 2017

Module 1 Overview
Context of Aerospace Engineering
Anatomy of Aircraft
Basic Notions: atmosphere, forces on the aircraft,
velocities

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Context of aerospace
engineering
- World air travel
- Environmental impact
- Market Segmentation & Manufacturers
- Aerospace system scope & challenges
- your role as future aerospace engineer
AERO 201
Winter 2017

World air travel


World Air Travel

[From Airbus Global Market Forecast 2016, retrieved online]


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Market forecast - example

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Context the environment:


Aviations contribution to emissions

[GAMA - BUSINESS AVIATION COMMITMENT ON CLIMATE CHANGE, 2009]

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Carbon neutral growth by 2020?

[GAMA - BUSINESS AVIATION COMMITMENT ON CLIMATE CHANGE, 2009]

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Aircraft Market & Manufacturers


Business Aviation

Business aviation is very competitive, but very profitable

[Bombardier Business Aircraft Market Forecast 2014-33]

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Aircraft Market & Manufacturers


Commercial aircraft 60-200 seat market

[Bombardier Commercial Aircraft Market Forecast 2015-


34]
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Aircraft Programs International Scale

[Airbus - Infographics]

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Understanding Aerospace Systems

Function: transport airborne payload


- What payload: passengers, cargo, both
- From where to where?
Point B
- How safe?
Point A
- Runway length?
- Landing weight?
- How much fuel burned in flight?
- Airline operation?

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by understanding the System-of-System


TCAA
EASA

Country X
FAA
FBO
Business Regulatory
Commercial Private
System
National
Regional Military International
Private Local

Operational System
Airports System
Turboprops
Jets SESAR Next Gen
UAVs
Helicopters ATC of Country
X
Air Vehicles System
Air Traffic Control /
Management System
[courtesy: adapted from Claude Lavoie]
AERO 201
Winter 2017

(some) Aerospace Engineering Challenges

Customer
(Airline/Operator):
Operational Quality, reliability,
flexibility, more
Environment: functions, low cost
Temperatures,
vibrations, cosmic
Authorities:
radiation
Evolving certification
rules, safety
Technology: requirements
New technologies
Aircraft Manufacturer: integration (risk),
Cost reduction, development obsolescence
time reduction, economic Society:
constraints, talent, Environmental impact
competition (noise, emissions,
Physical hazardous substances),
Integration: affordability,
Aircraft design choices, accessibility
weight & efficiency,
economic constraints

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but,
be aware

[Dream Airplanes from C.W.Miller]

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Summary
The aerospace system is a complex system and needs to
cope with increasing traffic
The aircraft operating in this complex system is a
complex system itself the requirements on the aircraft
need to be understood in its context
Aerospace engineering requires an understanding of the
global context

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Course Logistics Overview


Moodle: link to moodle page
Course Outline
Literature
Assignment
Laboratories
Quizzes

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Anatomy of aerospace systems


AERO 201
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Anatomy of Aircraft

[From Book: Understanding Flight]

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Anatomy, Aircraft Zones & Components

[Smartcockpit Falcon 7X]

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Anatomy of conventional jet aircraft


(A320)

Aircraft 3-view: top, side, front


showing basic dimensions

[Smartcockpit A320]

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Cutaway drawing: B-17

[online Flight International cut-wayas]


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Aircraft Zones Falcon 7X

[Smartcockpit Falcon 7X]

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Anatomy of a helicopter
Stabilizer Bar Rotor

Swash Plate

Tail Rotor
Engine

Tail Boom

Landing Skids

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AERO 201
Winter 2017

ATA chapters
ATA: Air Transport Association
ATA chapters: standard numbering for aircraft
components
ATA 0x, 1x: Aircraft General
ATA 2x, 3x, 4x: Airframe Systems
ATA 5x: Structures
ATA 6x: Propeller, Rotor
ATA 7x, 8x: Power Plant

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