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ACTIVE

and
PASSIVE
VOICE
of VERBS
A musical is a form of dramatic art
that is enjoyed by many people. It
takes a great deal of time and work to
present a musical. Many people are
needed to help in many ways before an
important show can go on. Star
performers are chosen to sing the lead
parts. A chorus practices often for
group singing. An orchestra plays
background music. The stage crew
makes necessary scenery changes.
1. What is a musical?
2. Who are chosen to sing the
lead parts?
3. Why are many people needed
before an important show can go
on?
4. What good traits do you think
people doing the show possess?
1. It takes a
great deal 1. A
of time and musical is a
work to form of
present a dramatic
musical. art.
2. A chorus
practices
2. Many
often for
people are
group
needed to
singing.
help.
3. An
orchestra 3. Star
plays performers
background are chosen
music. to sing the
lead parts.
4. The
stage crew 4. A
makes musical is
necessary enjoyed by
scenery many
changes. people.
Which sentences have
subjects which are the
doers of the action?
Which sentences have
subjects which are the
receivers of the
action?
Voice is that quality of a verb which
shows whether the subject is the doer
or is the receiver of the action.

A verb is in the active voice when


the subject performs the action.
*Benjamin G. Almeda, Sr. invented the striforator.
Subject - doer verb

*An orchestra plays background music.


Subject - doer verb
The verb is in the passive voice when
the subject receives the action. The verb in
the passive voice is made up of the verb be
and the past participle.

*The striforator was invented by Benjamin G. Almeda, Sr.


Subject -
receiver

*Star performers are chosen to sing the lead parts.


Subject -
receiver
Regular verbs form their past
and past participle in the same
way by adding d or ed to the
present form.

Present Past Past


Participle
look looked looked
invent invented invented
ask asked asked
Irregular verbs form their past and
past participle in different ways.

1. These irregular verbs have the same


form for the present, the past and the
past participle.
Present Past Past
Participle
burst burst (have) burst
put put (have) put
let let (have) let
2. These irregular verbs have the
same form for the past and past
participle.

Present Past Past


Participle
bring brought (have) brought
make made (have) made
say said (have) said
3. These irregular verbs form the
past participle by adding n to the
past.

Present Past PastParticiple


break broke (have) broken
choose chose (have) chosen
steal stole (have) stolen
4. These irregular verbs form the past
participle by adding n to the
present.

Present Past Past Participle


blow blew (have) blown
draw drew (have) drawn
give gave (have) given
5. These irregular verbs form the
past and past participle by
changing a vowel.

Present Past Past Participle


begin began (have) begun
drink drank (have) drunk
ring rang (have) rung
6. These irregular verbs form the past
and past participle in other ways.

Present Past Past Participle


come came come
do did done
eat ate eaten
run ran run
wear wore worn
Here are other examples.

Active Voice
Doer Verb Receiver
1.Engineers build roads and bridges.

2. Policemen maintain peace and order


in our community.
Passive Voice

Receiver Passive Verb Doer


1. Roads and bridges are built by engineers.

2. Peace and order in are maintained by our


community
policemen.
A. Read each sentence. Underline the verb and
write if it is in the
active voice or passive voice.
__________ 1. That man is called the Good
Samaritan.
__________ 2. The pupils answered the questions
immediately.
__________ 3. Ninoy Aquino makes us proud to be
Filipinos.
__________ 4. The song was written by Nina.
__________ 5. Masdan ang Kapaligiran was
composed by Asin.

passive 1. The delicious bibingka was cooked by Mother.


B. Identify the voice of the sentence. Write
Active or Passive

__________1. Alexander Graham Bell


invented the telephone.
__________ 2. My mother designed my
graduation dress.
__________ 3. Lani sang the National
Anthem with pride.
__________ 4. The bakya is made in Liliw,
Laguna.
__________ 5. The campaign was started by
nature lovers.
ASSIGNMENT
On your paper, rewrite the sentences
into their passive voice.
1. Someone invented a gas-saving
device.
2. In Lake Cebu, the Tbolis weave
Tnalak.
3. The government awarded the
inventor.
4. Joey built a tree house.
5. Mother cooks my favorite food.

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