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2/20/17 Security Level:

UL&DL Capacity Improvement Solution

UL&DL Capacity
Improvement
Solution
Zhang Guoqiu www.huawei.com
00136039

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Background

As MBB network developing, the increasing requirement for mobile bandwidth, the
As MBB network developing, the increasing requirement for mobile bandwidth, the
capacity
capacity of
ofwireless
wirelessnetwork,
network,especially
especiallythe
theradio
radiocapacity(user/cell
capacity(user/cellthroughput)
throughput)
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bottleneck.How
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providemore
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pipecapacity
capacitywith
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question
questionofofall
alloperators
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anddevice
devicevender.
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The influence factors for uplink throughput including RTWP, coverage, cell maximum
The influence factors for uplink throughput including RTWP, coverage, cell maximum
equivalent
equivalentuser
usernumber,
number,HSUPA
HSUPAuserusernumber,
number,CE,
CE,IUB
IUBbandwidth...
bandwidth...

The influence factors for downlink throughput including TCP, BLER, HSDPA user number,
The influence factors for downlink throughput including TCP, BLER, HSDPA user number,
CE,
CE,IUB
IUBbandwidth...
bandwidth...

UL&DL capacity improvement service evaluate the network with tools quickly, discover
UL&DL capacity improvement service evaluate the network with tools quickly, discover
network
networkbottleneck
bottleneckinintime,
time,dig
digout
outthe
thepotential
potential sale
salechance,
chance,improve
improvecustomer
customer
satisfaction.
satisfaction.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Capacity Optimization Structure Optimization
Application Value
1.Add text in here Scenario
Limited
capacity
UL Radio

Find out network bottleneck,


Low throughput, improve user and cell
2.Add text in here
poor user experience; throughput, improve user
3.Add text in here experience and TVO.
Improve network competition.

Through professional
1.Add text in here tool, give out all the
Limited
Capacity
UL Device

limited scenarios, than


2.Add text in here choose reasonable
solution(Parameter/Fe
3.Add text in here ature/Expansion)
UL Device
Capacity
Limited DL Device
Operation
1.Add text in here
Solution
Limited
Capacity
DL Radio

UL Radio Capacity
2.Add text in here capacity Limited RNC
RNC
Limited DL Radio Script
Script
Capacity RNC
RNC
3.Add text in here
Limited Counter
Counter
NODEB
NODEB
Counter
Counter
1.Add text in here
Limited
Capacity
DL Device

NODEB
NODEB License
License

2.Add text in here


3.Add text in here


Scenario Output Tool Analysis Log Collection

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Uplink Scenarios
Uplink
Uplinkthroughput
throughputisiseasy
easytotobe
belimited
limitedby
byradio
radioresource,
resource,atatthe
thesame
sametime,
time,
device resource limited will also influent user throughput.
device resource limited will also influent user throughput.
Radio
Radioresource
resourceandanddevice
deviceresource
resourceare
arerelatively
relativelyindependent
independentinin
uplink
uplinkcapacity
capacityoptimization
optimization: :
Radio resource Limited
Radio resource Limited
System
Systeminterference
interferencelimited
limited
Target Load Limited
Target Load Limited
UE
UECoverage
CoverageLimited
Limited
Device resource Limited
Device resource Limited
Equivalent
Equivalentuser
usernumber
numberlimited
limited
HSUPA user number limited
HSUPA user number limited
Admission
AdmissionCECELimited
Limited
Physical CE Limited
Physical CE Limited
IUB
IUBadmission
admissionbandwidth
bandwidthLimited
Limited
IUB physical bandwidth Limited
IUB physical bandwidth Limited
IUB
IUBQOS
QOSLimited
Limited
NODEB
NODEB CPU/DSPLimited
CPU/DSP Limited

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


UL Radio Optimization Whole Scenario
Capacity Solution Versio
Scenario Sub-Scenario Optional Solution
Limit Property n
RF Troubleshooting troubleshooting ALL
transient background
system anti-interference scheduling for HSUPA Feature R13
noise
interference Limit
optimize background Noise parameter ALL
stable background noise
automatically background noise update parameter ALL
increase UL ROT parameter ALL
multi-carrier expansion expansion ALL
newsite expansion expansion ALL
4RX Diversity function ALL
Independent demodulation of signals from multiple RRUs in one cell Feature R13
LDR based uplink radio load parameter ALL
LDB Between multi-carrier parameter ALL
CCPIC Feature R10
High R99 Load
Optimization of R99 and HSUPA user fairness feature R13
CQI feedback period optimization parameter ALL
High HS-DPCCH Load traffic-based activation and deactivation of the supplementary carrier in multi-
Feature R13
carrier
HSUPA PO Optimization parameter ALL
adaptive configuration of traffic channel power offset for HSUPA Feature R13
Radio Capacity Target Load
Limit IC Feature R12
Limit
HSUPA adaptive transmission Feature R12
2ms/10ms TTI switch based on RTWP parameter R12
High HSUPA Load
Dual-threshold scheduling with HSUPA IC Feature R13
FDE Feature R12
L2+ parameter R13
16QAM/E-DPCCH Boosting parameter R13
CPC DTX Feature R13
RRC request retransmission parameter optimization parameter ALL
RRC connection retransmission parameter optimization parameter ALL
High RRC Load
Cell PCH parameter ALL
FD/EFD Feature R12
RACH Access parameter optimzation parameter ALL
High RACH Load F2P,F2H trigger threshold optimization parameter ALL
F2P,F2H Timer Optimization parameter ALL
HSUPA coverage enhanced at UE power limitation Feature R13
adaptive configuration of traffic channel power offset for HSUPA Feature R13
UE Coverage
UE TX power Limit HSUPA adaptive transmission Feature R12
Limit
Coverage based E2D Feature R12
TTI switch for BE service base on coverage Feature R12

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System Interference Solution(1/4)
Solution1 : interference Troubleshooting

Description
For high RTWP cell in free time, maybe due to external interference
or RF engineering problem, See the UMTS RTWP Troubleshooting
Guide to check interference and make optimizations.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: eliminate external interference, improve throughput and
KPI.
Disadvantage: None

Application
Refer to the document: URFSTG01005-UMTS RTWP
Troubleshooting Guide-V1R2.docx Link

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


System Interference Solution(2/4)
Solution2 : RF optimization

Description
For high RTWP cell with low service load in busy hour, maybe due
to neighbor cell configuration or indoor antenna problem, suggest
to do some RF optimization.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: decrease intra cell, inter cell or inter RAT cell interference,
improve throughput and KPI, the gain depend on the strength of
interference.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
Refer to the document:
http://support.huawei.com/support/pages/kbcenter/view/product.do?actionFlag=deta
ilProductSimple&web_doc_id=SE0000232054&doc_type=123-2&doc_type=123-2

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


System Interference Solution (3/4)
Solution 3 : Automatically background noise update

Description
If the RTWP is high in free hour, and customer cant find the root cause and
solve interference after RTWP troubleshooting. For the cell with stable
background noise, you could synchronize the real background noise through
Automatically background noise update algorithm, which will improve
HSUPA available load.
Fixed setting : -106 by default
Automatic update : deliver the value detected during the night to Node B

Pros & Cons


Benefit:

- Keep the background noise consistent with the real value of background
noise.
- HSUPA available scheduling load may be increase.
Disadvantage:
- The background noise reference must be recorded without any user in
the cell.

Application
RNC MML MOD UCELLCAC: BGNSwitch=ON, BGNAdjustTimeLen=120,

BGNEqUserNumThd=0,
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. BgnStartTime=01&00&00,
Huawei Confidential BgnEndTime=06&00&00,
BgnUpdateThd=5, BgnAbnormalThd=100;
System Interference Solution(4/4)
Solution 4 : HSUPA anti-interference scheduling (feature WRFD-020136)

Description:
On commercial networks some site experience strong and random external UL
interference. The traditional HSUPA scheduling algorithm considers only the total
RTWP of a cell => available load resources are reduced and the
HSUPA throughput decrease.
With this feature, UEs HSUPA scheduling is performed based on the cell RTWP and traffic
volume of HSUPA UEs in the cell.
If the traffic volume (HSUPA and R99 users) is lower than the predefined threshold,
HSUPA scheduling can be performed even if the ROT of the cell increases to a very high
value.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Improve user throughput even though interference exist.
Disadvantage: Real RTWP will increase, the KPI such as access, call drop may be
degraded.
If there is no interference, this feature is useless and has no impact on
any KPIs.

Application
RNC MML MOD UCELLCAC: BackgroundNoise = 61;
Baseline
HUAWEI 61, equal
TECHNOLOGIES CO.,toLTD.
-106dB. Manually update to the mean RTWP value in free hour
Huawei Confidential
without users, it could get according to RNC counter.
Target High UL Load Scenario

Rule:
Busy Hour:

Cell MeanRTWP > Real Background Noise + Cell Target Load

Or

NODEB cell unhappy user proportion > 30% (Target Overload Limit)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Target Overload Solution (1/13)
Solution 1 : CQI feedback period optimization

Description:
The uplink feedback channel HS-DPCCH of HSDPA consume part of uplink
load More and more HSDPA user online at the same time in the cell (> 20
users); HSDPA uplink feedback channel contribute a big part of RTWP
load. It is recommended to optimize HSDPA CQI
feedback period, to reduce impact on uplink.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: The CQI period is postponed
=> the Load of HS-DPCCH decrease
=> the available load for HSUPA will increase.
Disadvantage: if the CQI period is too long, it could not reflect the
accurate channel quality on time and HSDPA throughput may be affected.

Application
RNC MML RNC Level

SET UHSDPCCH:CQIFBCK=D8,CQIFBCKFORSHO=D8; (CQI feedback period from


2ms to 8ms)
Cell Level
ADD UCELLHSDPCCH: CELLID=xxx, CQIFbCk=D8, CQIFbCkforSHO=D8;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Target Overload Solution (2/13)
Solution 2: Target ROT Optimization

Description:
HSUPA scheduling depends on UL load. You can optimize the value
of target ROT
The Higher is the target load => the more load is available for
HSUPA
The defaulted target load is 75%, we suggest to modify to 90%.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: HSUPA user number capacity and cell throughput will
improve
Disadvantage: As the uplink load increase, the coverage will
decrease. Call drop may degraded a the edge off the cell.

Application
RNC MML ADD UCELLHSUPA: MaxTargetUlLoadFactor=90;

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Target Overload Solution (3/13)
Solution 3 : RACH access parameter optimization

Description:
RACH access preamble adopt open-loop power control
When the coverage is bad or massive RRC access exist => UE TX
power could increase quickly involving RTWP peaks.
In order to control RTWP peaks, RACH access parameters could be
optimized. (More effective for indoor massive user scenario)

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Reduce the sharp impact of preamble open-loop power
control on uplink RTWP in initial RACH access. Cell mean RTWP should
decrease.
Disadvantage: the access delay may increase Access Parameter
Optimized Value
(default value)
Application Constantvalue (-20) -30
RNC MML MOD UPRACHUUPARAS: PreambleRetransMa
40
x (20)
CellId=xxx, PhyChId=4, Constantvalue=-30, PowerRampStep (2) 1
PowerRampStep=1, PreambleRetransMax=40; Mmax (8) 3
NB01max (0) 10

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Target Overload Solution (4/13)
Solution 4 : HSUPA 10ms BLER optimization

Description:
The current target BLER value is benefit for HSUPA user with high
throughput in good coverage.
If many users are online at the same time with low throughput => UE
sends high power in order to transfer low throughput (bad power
efficiency)
In that case target BLER optimization parameter from 1% to 10% is
recommended which will the UE Tx power and the nb of TB
retransmission

Pros & Cons


Benefit: The uplink power efficiency will improved, HSUPA user throughput
will increase, or RTWP may be decrease, KPI such call drop may improve.
Disadvantage: The parameter optimization may have negative affect for
the user with real high throughput.

Application
RNC MML inner parameters, contact with HQ before using.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential
Target Overload Solution (5/13)
Solution 5 : HSPA state transfer

Description:
In CELL_DCH state, when there is no data transmission, UE still need to
send dedicated channel DPCCH and HS_DPCCH
=> control channel load is high when many users are online, and
generates a big part of ROT.
After enabling HSPA state transfer switch, user will move to CELL_FACH or
CELL_PCH state when there is low date transmission

Pros & Cons


Benefit : some uplink load will be saved, control channel load and RTWP
will decrease .
Disadvantage : Time delay will and signaling could increase (cell
reconfiguration), and the call drop may be degraded.

Application
RNC MML SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:
DraSwitch=DRA_HSDPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-
1&DRA_HSUPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-
&DRA_PS_BE_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-1
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Target Overload Solution (6/13)
Solution 6: HSUPA CAC user number

Description:
For current HSUPA PO configuration, HSUPA consume more load
than R99

When there are many HSUPA users in a cell, HSUPA CAC user
limitation could decrease uplink load (Nb of R99 users could
increase)

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Uplink load may decrease, user throughput may be
improved.
Disadvantage: If the value is too low, the cell HSDPA capacity may
be reduces, leading to waste in HSUPA resources

Application
RNC MML MOD UCELLCAC: CellId=xxx, MaxHsupaUserNum=10;
HUAWEI (default
TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
= 20) Huawei Confidential
Target Overload Solution (7/13)
Solution 7 : 2ms/10ms TTI switch based on RTWP + HSUPA 2ms period retry

Description:
HSUPA 2ms TTI provide better throughput but will easily involve
RTWP peaks when data bursts appears, especially in dynamic CE
active scenario.
HSUPA 2ms TTI require more TX power, so we suggest to open
2ms/10ms TTI switch based on RTWP.
If 2ms period retry switch is on, massive 2ms/10ms ping-pong
switch may exist in case of RTWP peaks => close the 2ms retry
switch

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Uplink load may decrease.
Disadvantage: Lower throughput with TTI 10ms when the user
have real high throughput requirement.

Application
RNC MML

SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:
DraSwitch=DRA_BASE_RES_BE_TTI_RECFG_SWITCH-1;
SET UFRC: RetryCapability=TTI_2MS-0;
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Target Overload Solution (8/13)
Solution 8: traffic-based activation and deactivation of the supplementary carrier
in multi-carrier

Description:
This feature can deactivate the secondary carrier of a UE
supporting DC-HSDPA when the traffic volume of DC-HSDPA is low.

Deactivation of DC-HSDPA avoid redundant UL power of DC-HSDPA


UE so as to decrease UL interference and save power for UE.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: save UE TX power consumption, decrease uplink load,
improve HSUPA throughput.
Disadvantage: the time delay could increase for cell edge HSDPA
user at none DC status.

Application
NODEB MML SET MACHSPARA: SECCELLACTDEASW=ON;

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Target Overload Solution (9/13)
Solution 9: FDE

Description:
With the HSUPA uplink frequency domain balancing feature, the
NODEB uplink receiver reduces the multi-path interference of the
E-DPDCH.
FDE increase the Signal Noise Ratio (S/N) of the E-DPDCH and
the uplink resource usage efficiency
This feature is adapted to hotspot or VIP zone which has high
speed requirement.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: improve user throughput and cell capacity. Enhance a
higher peak data rate for HSUPA users.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
NODEB MML ADD LOCELL: LOCELL=xxx, FDE_MODE=TRUE;

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Target Overload Solution (10/13)
Solution10: Independent demodulation of signals from multiple RRUs in one cell

Description:
This feature reduces the number of inter-cell handovers by
enabling independent demodulation and combination of signals at
the baseband unit (BBU) for multiple RRUs in one cell.

Coverage areas of multiple RRUs can be flexibly combined to form


a linear coverage area when several cells are required to cover a
high speed road for example or for indoor building coverage.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: reduce the soft handover, improve cell capacity.
Disadvantage: more baseband resource are required.

Application
NODEB MML ADD SEC: STN=0, SECN=0, SECT =
MULTIRRU_SECTOR, RRUCOUNT=2, RRU1SRN=60, RRU2SRN=61;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Target Overload Solution (11/13)
Solution 11 : CCPIC phase1 & phase2 : Configuring Control Channel Parallel
Interference Cancellation

Description:
For service with a low rate and low activity, the control channel of
each user is a considerable interference source.
The UL DPCCHs are always on and form a substantial source of
interference
CCPIC cancels the interference from uplink control channels DPCCH to
improve the system capability.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: reduce the interference of control channel DPCCH,
increase the available uplink load, improve cell capacity.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
NODEB License control, phase1 available from RAN10, Phase2

realize in RAN 14.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Target Overload Solution (12/13)
Solution 12: Multi-sector expansion

Description:
In the scenarios of lack of frequency resource, hard to get new
site, need high cost and long period for expansion, HUAWEI
innovated multi-sector solution through flexible RRU topology,
advanced split antenna and professional network planning and
optimization.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: could solve radio congestion, improve uplink throughput,

cell coverage and capacity.

Disadvantage: more RRU and antenna resource needed,


professional network planning and optimization required.

Application
Expansion, outdoor adaptive

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Target Overload Solution (13/13)
Solution 13 : Micro site expansion

Description:
Micro site is flexible and easy to install, which could improve the
coverage

Pros & Cons


Benefit: easy install, offload cell capacity, relieve congestion,
improve user experience.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
Expansion, indoor adaptive

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UE Coverage Limit

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UE Coverage Limit Solution(1/3)
Solution1: Coverage based 2ms/10ms TTI switch + HSUPA 2ms period retry

Description:
HSUPA 2ms has it is more sensitive to the bad coverage.
=> At the cell edge or weak coverage area,
2msTTI can involve call drop.
Coverage based 2ms/10ms TTI switch is recommend.
If 2ms period retry switch is on, massive 2ms/10ms ping-pong
switch may exist, result in RTWP peaks => so close 2ms retry switch.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: improve user experience, decrease call drop.
Disadvantage: after switching from 2ms to 10ms TTI even if UE find
back a good radio coverage, will stay in TTI 10ms mode with lower
throughput.

Application
RNC MML SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:
DraSwitch=DRA_BASE_COVER_BE_TTI_RECFG_SWITCH-1;
HUAWEI SET UFRC: RetryCapability=TTI_2MS-0;
TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential
UE Coverage Limit Solution (3/3)
Solution3: HSUPA E2D feature

Description:
HSUPA feature improve user uplink throughput, but is more sensitive
to radio coverage. After HSUPA activation, the HSUPA user at the
edge of the cell has higher call drop rate and throughput limitation.

E2D algorithm reconfigure HSUPA user to DCH according to the


coverage and throughput, make sure the user could transfer data
successively.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: decrease call drop, improve user experience in UE power
limitation status.
Disadvantage: Impact user experience for high throughout
requirement

Application
RNC MML SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:
ReservedSwitch0=RESERVED_SWITCH_0_BIT5-
1&RESERVED_SWITCH_0_BIT7-1;
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential
CAC user number Limit
Rule:

ENU utility > 60% and (UL power congestion exist or cell configured
maximum ENU > 160), defined as ENU limited

HSUPA user number > cell configured maximum HSUPA user number
85 , defined as HSUPA user number limited

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


UL Device Optimization Whole Scenario
Capacity Solution
Scenario Sub Scenario Optional Solution Version
Limit Aspect Property
increase equivalent user number parameter ALL
Equivalent user
multicarrier/multisector/micro site
CAC User number number limited expansion
expansion ALL
Limited
HSUPA user increase HSUPA user number parameter ALL
number limited 60/96 HSUPA per cell feature R12
CE Overbooking(R14) feature R14
Admission CE
decrease GBR parameter ALL
Limited
CE Resource 2ms/10ms TTI switch based on admission
Limited feature R12
CE
Physical CE Dynamic CE feature R10
Limited CE expansion expansion ALL
IUB admission
Device Resource
bandwidth IUB overbooking parameter ALL
Limited
Limited
IUB physical
IUB Resource bandwidth IUB expansion expansion ALL
Limited Limited
troubleshootin
packe loss and time delay valuation ALL
IUB QOS Limited g
expansion expansion ALL

NODEB WMPT UTRP expansion expansion ALL


CPU Limited software upgrade upgrade ALL
NODEB CPU/DSP
NODEB WBBP
Limited ALL
CPU Limited WBBP expansion/resource group
expansion
NODEB WBBP optimization/software upgrade
ALL
DSP Limited

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CAC user Limit Solution (1/4)
Solution 1: UL CAC ENU Optimization

Description:
If the uplink CAC adopt algorithm-second, based on the equivalent
user number, we can find user access fail because of user number
limitation.

If there is no other resource congestion, increasing the UL total


equivalent user number from 95 to 120~200 is recommended.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: More users can access the network.
Disadvantage: Cell uplink load may increase, HSUPA throughput
may decrease if overload happen, call drop may be also degraded.

Application
RNC MML ADD UCELLCAC: UlTotalEqUserNum = 160;

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CAC user Limit Solution (2/4)
Solution 2 : multi carrier/multi sector/micro site

Description:
If there are available frequency resources, second carrier or three
carrier expansion is recommended.

If there are no frequency resources, suggest to adopt HUAWEI multi


sector solution for outdoor and micro site for indoor scenarios.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will relieve, system capacity enhance.
Disadvantage: more hardware cost.

Application
Expansion

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CAC user Limit Solution (3/4)
Solution3: HSUPA UL CAC user number (feature WRFD-01061211)

Description:

HSUPA admission failure can be limited by cell maximum user


number. If the number of HSUPA user is less than 20, it is
suggested to expand to 20.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: More users can access the network
Disadvantage: Cell uplink load will increase, so it is not suitable to

target overload cell.

Application
RNC MML MOD UCELLCAC: CellId=xxx, MaxHsupaUserNum =
20;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CAC user Limit Solution (4/4)
Solution4: 60/96 HSUPA User per cell (WRFD-010634 : 60 users, WRFD-010639:
96 users)

Description:
If there are more than 20 HSUPA user, suggest to adopt 60/96
HSUPA user per cell feature, which allow more users to bear on E-
DCH.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will relieve, user can reach high throughput.
Disadvantage: Cell uplink load will increase, so it is not suitable to

target overload cell.

Application
RNC MML MOD UCELLCAC: CellId=xxx, MaxHsupaUserNum=60;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CE Resource Limit
Rule:

RNC Admission CE utility > 70% and CE congestion exists, define as


admission CE limitation.

NODEB license CE utility > 70% and CE congestion exists, define as


license CE limitation.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CE Resource Limit Solution (1/6)
Solution1 : CE expansion

Description:
Through network audit tools, identify the high CE utility and CE
congestion site, expand WBBP and CE license.

Pros & Cons

Benefit: congestion will relieve, more user can access the network,
user throughput will increase in License CE limitation scenario.

Disadvantage: None.

Application

Hardware and License expansion

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CE Resource Limit Solution (2/6)
Solution2: Decrease GBR

Description:
If the uplink throughput is low in live network and the default GBR is
high, more CE resource will be reserved (low CE efficiency)
=> Decrease GBR from 64K to 32K, it will allowed
more users to access the network.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will decrease, more user can access the
network.
Disadvantage: Modifying the parameter may result in the user
experience degradation for high speed user.

Application
RNC MML: SET UUSERGBR: TrafficClass=BACKGROUND,
BearType=HSPA, UserPriority=GOLD, UlGBR=D32, DlGBR=D32;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


CE Resource Limit Solution (3/6)
Solution 3 : State Transfer

Description:
Open state transfer switch, allow the user without data transmission
or low throughput transfer to CCH state (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH)
release the dedicated resource, let the CE to the user with more
requirement.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will decrease, more user can access the
network.
Disadvantage : call drop rate may be degraded as signaling
increase, the time delay will degrade for high data transmission
requirement user.

Application
RNC MML: SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:

DraSwitch=DRA_HSDPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-
1&DRA_HSUPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-
HUAWEI 1&DRA_PS_BE_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-1;
TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential
CE Resource Limit Solution(4/6)
Solution4: TTI switch based on admission CE

Description:
HSUPA 2ms require more admission CE than 10ms, active 2ms may
result in admission CE congestion, influent user access. The feature
switch 2ms HSUPA user on 10ms when CE resource is congested,
which will allow more user to access the network, and improve the
CE utility and KPI.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: CE congestion will decrease, more user can access the
network.
Disadvantage: call drop rate may be degraded as signaling
increase, the time delay will degrade for high data transmission
requirement user.

Application
RNC MML: SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:

DRA_BASE_ADM_CE_BE_TTI_RECFG_SWITCH-1;
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CE Resource Limit Solution (5/6)
Solution 5 : Dynamic CE (WRFD-010638)

Description:
CE resources are hardware and limited resources of NODEB;
HSUPA improved uplink throughput, but also consume more CE
resources.
Dynamic CE could improve CE utility and efficiency, and improve
system capacity.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will relieve, CE utility will increase, user
experience is improved
Disadvantage: As CE utility increases, uplink throughput will
improve and uplink load will increase => cell coverage may shrink.

Application
License control only

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CE Resource Limit Solution (6/6)
Solution 6 : CE overbooking (WRFD-140212)

Description:
After the dynamic CE resource management feature is enabled, the RNC
generally ensures the GBR of HSUPA users and the resources required for data
transmission.
When the penetration rate of 2 ms TTI users is high and the actual UL HSUPA
service volume is not high. This admission causes a low NODEB CE usage (waste
of resources)
This algorithm optimize the difference between admission credits reserved by
RNC and actual CEs consumption reported by Node B, to allow more access
users and improve the CE usage.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Relieves CE congestion during UE access, Increases the
number of admitted UEs and the number of UEs with a 2 ms TTI,
Increases cell throughput when Uu resources are sufficient.
Disadvantage: None.

Application: Depend on feature WRFD-010638 Dynamic CE Resource Management.


When CE Overbooking is enabled, it is recommended that :
DRA_BASE_ADM_CE_BE_TTI_RECFG_SWITCH
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. under DraSwitch be turned on.
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IUB Resource Limit
Rule:

IP/ATM: UL UP assignment bandwidth utility > 70% and IUB UL


congestion exists, define as IUB Admission Limit.

IP/ATM:UL UP real bandwidth utility > 70%, define as IUB Physical Limit.

UL IUB congestion time > 60, define as IUB QOS Limit.

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IUB Resource Limit Solution (1/2)
Solution 1: transmission active factor optimization

Description
If a site has only IUB admission bandwidth limitation, and the physical
bandwidth utility is not high
=> decreasing the active factor of PS R99 and HSPA could allow more
user to access the network.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: congestion will decrease, IUB real utility will increase.
Disadvantage: IUB real bandwidth congestion may happen.

Application Active Factor adjustment From 100% to 50 %


RNC MML:

ADD TRMFACTOR: FTI=11, PSINTERDL=50, PSINTERUL=50,


PSBKGDL=50, PSBKGUL=50, HDINTERDL=50, HDBKGDL=50,
HUINTERUL=50, HUBKGUL=50; // define new PS interactive and
background services active factor index
ADD ADJMAP: ANI=xxx, ITFT=IUB, FTI=11; // adjacent node uses the
new index

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IUB Resource Limit Solution (2/2)
Solution2: Decrease GBR

Description:
For the site with low user throughput, decrease GBR could allow
more user to access the network.

Pros & Cons


Refer to CE Resource Limit Solution (2/6)

Application
Refer to CE Resource Limit Solution (2/6)

Solution3: IUB expansion

Description:
For the site with physical bandwidth limitation, suggest to expand
transmission according to network audit result.

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NODEB CPU/DSP Limit
Rule:
CNBAP utility > 60% or RL fail > 60

Optimize Solution:
Solution 1: URTP expansion

If WMPT CNBAP limited, expand UTRP could improve WMPT CNBAP


capacity.

Solution 2: WBBP expansion

If WBBP CNBAP limited, expand WBBP could improve WBBP CNBAP


capacity.

Solution 3: version upgrade

New NODEB software has optimization on CNBAP, could support higher


CNBAP; for the CNBAP limited site, suggest to upgrade to new NODEB
version.

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Downlink Scenarios
According
Accordingtotothe
therequirement
requirementfor
fordownlink
downlinkcapacity
capacityimprovement,
improvement,thethescenarios
scenarios
could
could be divided into two classes: throughput or user number improvement,each
be divided into two classes: throughput or user number improvement, each
class
class include two aspects: radio and device resource, current version only hasaa
include two aspects: radio and device resource, current version only has
consideration
considerationof ofthroughput
throughputoptimization
optimizationand
andcustomize
customizesolution:
solution:

Radio Resource Limit


Radio Resource Limit
Channel
ChannelQuality
QualityLimit
Limit
TCP Load Limit
TCP Load Limit
BLER
BLERLimit
Limit

Device Resource Limit


Device Resource Limit
HSDPA
HSDPAuser
usernumber
numberLimit
Limit
CODE Limit
CODE Limit
Admission
AdmissionCECELimit
Limit
License CE Limit
License CE Limit
IUB
IUBBandwidth
BandwidthLimit
Limit
IUB QOS Limit
IUB QOS Limit

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DL Radio Optimization Whole Scenario
Capacity Solution
Scenario Sub Scenario Optional Solution Version
Limit Aspect Property
MPOC adjustment parameter ALL
PCPICH power optimization parameter ALL
Channel Quality Limit Common channel optimization parameter ALL
RF Optimization troubleshooting ALL
Expansion expansion ALL
Decrease Power Margin parameter ALL
Common solution Increase CAC Threshold parameter ALL
Expansion expansion ALL
LAC timer optimization parameter ALL
High RRC Load
Cell PCH/R8 FD feature RAN12
FACH UE power control parameter RAN11
HSDPA status transfer timer optimization parameter ALL
High FACH Load
HSDPA status transfer trigger threshold optimization parameter ALL

TCP Load Limit CS over HSDPA feature RAN11


SRB over HSDPA feature RAN12
High R99 Load
BE Rate decrease/inter frequency HO LDR
Radio Resource Limit feature RAN10

Code Priority parameter RAN10


HSSCCH dynamic power control parameter RAN10
High HSDPA Load multi-carrier PA sharing feature RAN11
MIMO Prime feature RAN13
CPC HS-SCCH Less Operation feature RAN11
PCPICH power adjustment parameter ALL
High CCH Load
Decrease common channel PO parameter ALL
MPOC adjustment parameter ALL
BLER Limit
CQI Adjustment Based on Dynamic BLER Target feature RAN13
R99 Cell HSDPA feature RAN10
TPE feature RAN12
Downlink enhanced CELL FACH feature RAN12
L2+ feature RAN11
Normal Cell 64QAM feature RAN11
HSDPA Cell
MIMO feature RAN11
DC feature RAN12
64QAM+MIMO feature RAN12
DC+64QAM+MIMO feature RAN13

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DL Device Optimization Whole Scenario
Capacity Child Solution
Scenario Optional Solution Version
Limit Aspect Scenario Property
Increase HSDPA CAC user number parameter ALL

HSDPA user number



Limit
Expansion expansion ALL

Decrease GBR parameter ALL


Admission CE Limit
CE Resource Limit Decrease initial Rate parameter ALL

License CE Limit CE Expansion expansion ALL

Decrease GBR parameter ALL


Decrease initial Rate parameter ALL
IUB Bandwidth Limit
Transmission Active Factor adjustment parameter
Device Resource
Limit IUB Resource Limit IUB expansion expansion ALL

HSDPA flow control method adjustment parameter ALL


IUB QOS Limit
troubleshooting troubleshooting ALL

power and code allocation method


parameter ALL
adjustment

Expansion expansion ALL

HS-PDSCH code expansion expansion ALL


CODE Limit R99 Code Utility<
70% RNC/NODEB HS-PDSCH code Dynamic
parameter ALL
allocation
code adjustment LDR feature RAN11
R99 Code Utility>
70% F-DPCH(SRB OVER HSDPA) feature RAN12

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Channel Quality Limit
Rule:

Cell reported mean CQI < 17, define as Channel Quality Limitation

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Channel Quality Limit Solution (1/5)
Solution1: MPOC adjustment

Description

MPO value was used when UE measure the CQI, MPOC setting will
affect MPO value, unreasonable MPOC configuration, such as too
large, will result in small CQI :
MPO = min(13, Pcell-Pcpich - MPO constant) dB
For commercial network, suggest to adopt default value, 2.5dB.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: the CQI could reflect the real channel quality more

precisely.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
RNC MML: MOD UCELLHSDPA: CellId=xxx,

HsPdschMPOConstEnum=2.5DB;

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Channel Quality Limit Solution(5/5)
Solution 2 : Expansion

Description
For the cell with high TCP load, if the CQI is low, suggest to
improve CQI through expansion.
If there are available frequency resources, multi-carriers expansion
is recommended;
In the scenarios of lack of frequency resource, hard to get new
site, and high cost and long period for expansion, HUAWEI
innovated multi-sector expansion for outdoor and indoor micro
site.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: system capacity enhance, CQI will be improved.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
Expansion

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TCP Load Limit
Rule:

R99 TCP utility > 70% or downlink congestion ratio > 1%

or

Total TCP utility > 80%, define as TCP load limit.

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TCP Load Limit Solution (1/9)
Solution 1: Decrease Power Margin

Description
Power Margin parameter is used to set the reserved power for R99
handover;
In the low handover factor scenario, decrease the threshold will
increase available load.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Cell capacity enhance, user throughput will be improved.
Disadvantage: R99 soft handover success rate may degrade.

Application
NODEB MML: SET MACHSPARA: PWRMGN=1; (Default Value 5)

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TCP Load Limit Solution (2/9)
Solution 2 : Increase CAC Threshold

Description
If cell load is high with some congestion, and if there is no other
resources congestion :
Increasing downlink CAC threshold of 5% (from 80% to 85%) to
decrease the congestion temporarily
If the DL load of a cell is higher than this threshold => this service will
be rejected

Pros & Cons


Benefit: More users could be served at the same time.
Disadvantage: Total power congestion become more serious.

Application
RNC MML: MOD UCELLCAC: DlConvAMRThd=85,
DlConvNonAMRThd=85, DlOtherThd=80, DlHOThd=90,
DlCellTotalThd=95;

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TCP Load Limit Solution (3/9)
Solution 3 : Expansion

Description
If there are frequency resources available , multi-carriers
expansion is recommended;

In the scenarios of lack of frequency resource, hard to get new


site, and high cost and long period for expansion, HUAWEI
innovated multi-sector expansion for outdoor and indoor micro
site.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: System capacity increase, user experience improve.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
Expansion

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TCP Load Limit Solution (4/9)
Solution 4 : Cell PCH/R8 FD

Description
As smart phone penetration increases :
- More and more services and applications.
- More and more users are online at the same time, which consume lots of power
resource.

Signaling storm solution Cell PCH + R8 FD transfer more users to


CELL_PCH and CELL_FACH state
=> RRC attempts and dedicated channel resource consumption
decrease
Pros & Cons
Benefit: RRC attempts and dedicated channel users decrease, uplink
load will be improved.
Disadvantage: When user need to transfer data again, it need to
change to FACH or DCH state, time delay increase, signaling increase
(Cell update, RB re-configuration)
Application
Refer to the document:
UMTS Signaling Storm Solution material package
http://3ms.huawei.com/mm/docMaintain/mmMaintain.do?method=showMMDetail&f_id=UMTS201103230081
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TCP Load Limit Solution (5/9)
Solution 5: HSDPA status transfer timer optimization

Description
if FACH power is high, it is suggested to optimize the H2F timer
when BE services is in the stable low activity state

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Decrease cell power congestion. More users carry HSDPA
Disadvantage :
- If the value of this parameter is too low, it can not judge
whether the UE is in low activity state.
- If the value of this parameter is too high, the dedicated
channel resources are wasted.

Application
RNC MML: SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER:

BeH2FStateTransTimer=5.

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TCP Load Limit Solution (6/9)
Solution 6 : HSDPA status transfer trigger threshold optimization

Description
Optimize H2F/F2H trigger threshold:
- Increase the H2F 4B threshold and time to trigger
- Reduce the F2H 4A threshold and time to trigger

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Relieve cell power congestion. More users carry HSDPA
Disadvantage: When the service is carried on HSDPA, the
associated DL SRB will consume extra power.

Application
RNC MML:
SET UUESTATETRANS: BeH2FTvmThd=D512,
BeH2FTvmTimeToTrig=D160, BeF2HTvmThd=D256,
BeF2HTvmTimeToTrig=D100;

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TCP Load Limit Solution (7/9)
Solution 7 : SRB over HSDPA

Description
Smartphone penetration increased, more and more HSDPA users are
online at the same time.
HSDPA SRB channel consumes a large amount of power.
As the R8 terminal penetration increases, open the SRB over HSDPA
feature can effectively reduce HSDPA DCH channel load consumption.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: Relieve cell power congestion.
Disadvantage: Current R8 terminal penetration is low, the gain may
be not obvious.

Application
RNC MML:
SET UFRCCHLTYPEPARA: SrbChlType=HSDPA or
SET UFRCCHLTYPEPARA: SrbChlType=HSPA;

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TCP Load Limit Solution(8/9)
Solution 8 : BE Rate decrease/inter frequency HO LDR

Description
If the load occupied by R99 in a cell is high, resulting => TCP will be
limited
Open the LDR algorithm based on downlink power and :
- reduce BE service rate,
- or switch users to inter frequency cell

Pros & Cons


Benefit: reduce the R99 power => Relieve cell power congestion.
Disadvantage: R99 user experience may degrade.

Application
RNC MML:
ADD UCELLLDR: DlLdrSecondAction=InterFreqLDHO,
DlLdrThirdAction=BERateRed;

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TCP Load Limit Solution (9/9)
Solution 9 : HS-SCCH dynamic power control

Description
Dynamic HS-SCCH power control execute power control based on
CQI.
When CQI channel quality is good, send with lower power to
reduce the control channel overhead;
When the CQI channel quality is poor, then use higher power
to ensure coverage.
This feature eases the power limited at good coverage scene.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: eases the power consumption when the coverage is
good, Relieve cell power congestion.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
NODEB MML: SET MACHSPARA: HSSCCHPWRCMINDCH=CQI;

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BLER Limit
Rule:

Cell mean BLER > 20%, define as BLER Limit.

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BLER Limit Solution (1/2)
Solution1: MPOC adjustment

Description
The unreasonable MPOC configuration will result in the UE-reported
CQI distortion, BLER is high.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: BLER decrease, user throughput increase.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
RNC MML: MOD UCELLHSDPA: CellId=xxx,
HsPdschMPOConstEnum=2.5DB;

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BLER Limit Solution(2/2)
Solution2: CQI adjustment based on BLER

Description
This algorithm can dynamically identify the channel environment,
determine the optimum schedule BLER (SBLER) target, and correct
the CQI based on the target value to obtain the maximum uplink
throughput rate.

Pros & Cons


Benefit: BLER decrease, user throughput increase.
Disadvantage: None.

Application
NODEB MML:
SET MACHSPARA:CQIADJALGOFNONCON=CQI_ADJ_BY_DYN_BLER;

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Service Procedure
Capacity
Capacityimprovement
improvementcan canbebe
delivered as the procedure
delivered as the procedure
illustrated
illustratedininthe
thefigure,
figure,ititincludes
includes
the following steps:
the following steps:
Customer
Customerdemand
demandacquisition
acquisition
Network data collection
Network data collection
Tool
Tooldata
dataanalysis
analysis
Evaluatedscene
Evaluated sceneoutput
output
customize optimizationsolution
customize optimization solution
Effect evaluation
Effect evaluation
Casesummary
Case summary&communication
&communication

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Tool Usage Method

Data
Datacollection:
collection:
RNC MML script(inner, mandatory)
RNC MML script(inner, mandatory)
RNC Performance(mandatory)
RNC Performance(mandatory)
NODEB Performance(optional, without the data, some scenarios will be
NODEB Performance(optional, without the data, some scenarios will be
empty)
empty)
NODEB License File(mandatory)
NODEB License File(mandatory)
Customize
Customizesolution
solutionbased
basedon
onscenarios:
scenarios:
Uplink refer to URFSTG01181-Technical Guide to UMTS Uplink Capacity
Uplink refer to URFSTG01181-Technical Guide to UMTS Uplink Capacity
Improvement-V100R002.
Improvement-V100R002.
Downlink refer to URFSTG01182-Technical Guide to UMTS Downlink
Downlink refer to URFSTG01182-Technical Guide to UMTS Downlink
Capacity
CapacityImprovement-V1R2.
Improvement-V1R2.

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Thank you
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