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 The power supply is one of the most


important parts of the computer to
understand. The power supply unit
provides electrical power for every
component inside the system unit. It
converts  
 Ô  to  

 Ô or other levels required for
the system. In the past, it also supplied
 to the display monitor.
There are two basic types of power supplies:
 

 esigned to support T-compatible motherboards


 Has two 6-pin motherboard power connectors Ô
 T design pulls air in through the rear of the power supply
unit and blows it directly on the T motherboard.
 

 esigned according to newer TX design specifications to


support the TX motherboard
 Has a single 20-pin power connector Ô
 The cooling fan pulls air through the case from the front
and exhausts it out the rear of the power supply unit
important factors to be considered when shopping for a
power supply.
pattage
 In order to upgrade a computer with more equipment or a
faster processor, you need to make sure that the power
supply is adequate

Form Factor
 epending on the type of case and motherboard, the power
supply must adhere to the same form factor requirements
in order to fit inside the case and provide power to the MB
and other devices.

 type
ifferent  s require different voltages.
e.g.: an M chip and MB require more power than a entium
?xpandability
 If the power supply only has enough power to
supply the current  , MB and devices, there
may not be enough power to upgrade the system
?nergy ?fficiency
 ?ach power supply has an efficiency rating. The
higher this rating is, the less heat generated by
the power supply when converting voltage.
Fan Type and irection
 It is very important to make sure that the power
supply has a good fan. It will control and direct
the airflow within your case. Some fans can
adjust their speed to match the cooling needs of
the system. Some fans can change direction to
allow air to be blown directly on the  and
regulate the quality of air entering the case
Signals
The MB can regulate the speed of the fan
depending on the temperature inside the case,
turn off the fan to save power, and some can
even turn off the computer in the event of a fan
failure in order to prevent overheating

Fault Tolerance
If the computer needs to be on all the time, like a
server, having two power supplies could be an
option. If one fails, the other one takes over
right away.

Line onditioning
power supply that has a built in conditioner is like
having a surge protector but it will prevent both
spikes and brownout

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Voltage Wire Use Power Supply Form
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 ower supplies generate high voltages internally and can be
dangerous. nless you have been specifically trained to
work inside power supplies, you should not open one. ?ven
with the unit unplugged dangerous electricity can remain
stored within its components for some time. Opening the
power supply can also void the warranty.

 ower supplies use a three prong cord which connects from


the power supply to the wall outlet. sing the  with a
two-conductor extension cord, leaves your power supply
with no ground connection and is a R .
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 The    of the power supply refers
to its general shape and dimensions. The
form factor of the power supply must
match that of the case that it is supposed
to go into, and the motherboard it is to
power.
 ase sizes range from micro TX for a
"micro tower", a micro TX mini tower, an
TX mid tower, for an T TX full tower, a
micro TX for a desktop and an TX for a
desktop.
 The power supply fan helps prevent the computer
components from overheating by maintaining
airflow in the case. Older computer cases could
accommodate an additional fan, however, cases
are currently designed to accommodate up to six
additional fans.

 Overheating is a critical problem that can cause a


computer system to malfunction or fail. heat
sink is made of a material that absorbs the heat
generated. Then the heat sink disperses the heat
away from the  .