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Mechanical

Advantage
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
Mechanical Advantage
Lever
MA = resistance / effort force
MA = length of effort arm /

length of resistance arm


MA = height of effort force / height of load
Lever
MA = resistance / effort force
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
mechanical Advantage
Lever
MA = resistance / effort force
MA = length of effort arm /

length of resistance arm


MA = height of effort force / height of load

Wheel and Axle


Radius of wheel / radius of axle
Wheel and Axle
Radius of wheel / radius of axle
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
mechanical Advantage
Lever
MA = resistance / effort force
Wheel and Axle
Radius of wheel / radius of axle
Pulley
The number of sections of rope that
supports the resistance
Resistance / effort force
Pulley
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
mechanical Advantage
Lever
MA = resistance / effort force
Wheel and Axle
Radius of wheel / radius of axle
Pulley
The number of sections of rope that
supports the resistance
Resistance / effort force

Inclined Plane
Length of plane / height of plane
Inclined Plane
Length of plane / height of the plane
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
mechanical Advantage
Wedge
Length of wedge / thickness of base
Wedge
Length of wedge / thickness of base
Mechanical Advantage / Theoretical
mechanical Advantage
Wedge
Length of wedge / thickness of base
Screw
Circumference / pitch
In a 1 whole sheet of paper, answer the
following problems regarding Mechanical
Advantage and Efficiency.
Mechanical Advantage
A lever has a mechanical advantage of 5.
How much effort is required to lift a boulder
weighing 1000 N?
You exert a maximum force of 200 N to lift a
sack of rice weighing 600 N to a height of 1
m. What is the length of the plane in this
situation?
How much force should you exert to lift a 50
kg sack of rice using a single fixed pulley.
Efficiency of Machines
What is the efficiency of a machine that
requires 100 J of input energy to do 35 J
of useful work.

A leveris used to lift a heavy load. When


a 50-N force pushes one end of the lever
down 1.2 m, the load rises 0.2 m.
calculate the weight of the load
A machine has an energy input of
3, 150 J. If 1, 860 J of useful work is done by
the machine, then find the amount of energy wasted
and the efficiency of the machine.

How much force would be needed to lift a 200N


object if the MA of a pulley is 4?

If
a pulley was able to do 50 J of work but you applied
80 J of work to lift a piano, how efficient is that
machine?