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Cisco Support Community Expert Series

Webcasts in Russian:


BGP:
Prefix-Independent
Convergence


Cisco TAC
21.05.2013

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 1


Cisco Support Community
Expert Series Webcasts in Russian
Cisco
BGP: Prefix-Independent Convergence
.

Experts photo



Cisco TAC

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 2


2
,


, !

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:
https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-33272

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 4



!
Q&A , .

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1
BGP PIC
Cisco?

a) . .
b) ,

c)

d) BGP PIC production

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 6


:


BGP
BGP PIC
BGP PIC

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 7


2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 8


BGP Prefix-Independent Convergence (BGP PIC)



,
, BGP.
,

IOS IOS XR.

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 9


BGP

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 10


(Loss of Connectivity, LoC)

,
.
,

,
(LoC)
,
.

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LoC

Routing
Proto-
VoIP cols
call
Signalling

Video
TCP
Tunnels Session
go dies
L1/L2
down
Transport
Conver-
gence

50 msec 500 msec 1 sec 5 secs 30 secs 1 Minute

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 12



:


( ,
)






(
)
HW FIB

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: IGP vs. BGP

IGP (OSPF/ISIS)
( ,
)
BGP
, LoC
.

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BGP control plane:

1.

2. IGP
1/2

3. IGP BGP , next-hop


3/8, NH 1.1.1.1
NH <PE2>
4. PE3 ,
,
PE1
5. RIB/FIB
1.1.1.1

1.1.1.5
3/8, NH <PE1>
NH <PE2> PE3

PE2

3/8, NH 1.1.1.5
NH <PE1>

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15


BGP control plane:

1. (1)

2. IGP , 3/8, NH 1.1.1.1


, () 1 NH <PE2>

3. IGP BGP , next-hop

4. BGP ,

PE1
5. RIB/FIB

1.1.1.1
3.0.0.0/8

1.1.1.5
3/8, NH <PE1>
NH <PE2> PE3

PE2

3/8, NH 1.1.1.5
NH <PE1>

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 16


BGP control plane:

1.

2. eBGP 3/8, NH 1.1.1.1


NH <PE2>
3. 1 ,
,

4. withdraw
Withdraw: 3/8, NH <PE1>
iBGP
PE1
5. 2/3
eBGP
,
RIB/FIB 1.1.1.1
3.0.0.0/8

1.1.1.5
3/8, NH <PE1>
NH <PE2> PE3

PE2

3/8, NH 1.1.1.5
NH <PE1>

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 17


C BGP control plane:


IGP,
.
.
BGP,
next-hop,
BGP


BGP

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: control plane vs.data plane
Control Plane Convergence
, ;
data plane
Data Plane Convergence
IGP

BGP
,
control plane
,

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BGP data plane

,
,
FIB
?

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FIB:

BGP Net
110.0.0.0/24
OIF

BGP Net
OIF

110.1.0.0/24

BGP Net
110.5.0.0/24
OIF

IGP Net
10.0.0.3/32 OIF

:
, MAC re-write, MPLS label etc.
BGP next-hop
,
Cisco,

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 21


FIB:
P1
PE1

PE3 PE2

P2

BGP Net
110.0.0.0/24
IGP pathlist
BGP Net
110.1.0.0/24 PE1 via P1 Gig1, dmac=x
BGP pathlist PE1 via P2

PE1
PE2 IGP pathlist
Gig2, dmac=y

BGP nexthop(s) PE2 via P2


BGP Net
110.5.0.0/24
IGP nexthop(s) Output Interface
IGP BGP
BGP , BGP
PIC (Prefix-Independent Convergence)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 22



BGP PIC

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BGP:


,
BGP



next-hop

next-hop



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:

BGP PIC Core


, IGP BGP next-hop

: PE-P, P-P; P

BGP PIC Edge


, BGP next-hop
: CE-PE;

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 25


BGP PIC Core:
P1

PE1

PE3 PE2

P2

Core Failure: AS,



IGP PE3 RIB
PE1 nex hop ( next hop!!!)
BGP Dataplane c
FIB,
(BGP PIC Core)
BGP NHT BGP,
BGP Control-Plane Convergence.

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 26


BGP PIC Core

FIB/CEF
IGP BGP next-hop,
rewrite

Output Chain Element
(OCE), IGP (
)

FIB entries

BGP Net Adjacency


110.0.0.0/24 Adjacency OCE
OCE
110.0.1.0/24 Load
Load OCE
OCE
110.0.2.0/24 Adjacency
Adjacency OCE
OCE

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 27


BGP PIC Edge:
PE1 does not set next-hop-self

P1 P1
PE1 PE1

PE3 PE2 PE3 PE2

P2 P2

Edge Failure:
AS
IGP PE3 RIB
BGP Next-Hop (PE1)
BGP Dataplane Convergence PE3 (BGP PIC
Edge); PE2
BGP NHT BGP next-hop,
BGP Control-Plane Convergence.

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 28


BGP PIC Edge

BGP PIC Edge


/
BGP
RIB, FIB CEF

,

data plane ,
forwarding

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 29


BGP PIC Edge Next-Hop-Self
PE1 does set next-hop-self

P1

PE1

PE3 PE2

P2

next-hop
(next-hop-self),
next-hop
, LoC!!!
: Next-hop
, 1
PIC-Edge

next-hop (2)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 30



BGP PIC

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 31


*
,
BGP PIC, ()

/ next-hop,
next-hop
(
BGP PIC CEF- )

* BGP PIC Edge; BGP PIC Core


2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 32



BGP PIC MPLS VPN Inter-AS Option
B
IPv4, IPv6, VPNv4, and VPNv6 address
families; Multicast or L2VPN Virtual
Routing and Forwarding (VRF) address families.
2
/ ,

:
TTL.
BGP PIC BGP Best External

BGP PIC NSF/SSO

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 33


BGP PIC: Single CE, Dual
PE

eBGP CE PE

1 3, 2 -

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 34


BGP PIC: Dual CE, Dual
PE

eBGP CE PE; iBGP 1 2

1 3, 2 -

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 35


BGP PIC: Dual CE, Dual
P + IP MPLS

eBGP CE PE; iBGP 1 2; VPNv4 iBGP


1/2/3/4
MPLS (AS64500)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 36


BGP PIC:
/ IP MPLS

eBGP CE PE; iBGP 1 2

VPNv4

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 37


2

BGP PIC ?

a) ,

b) ,

c) ,

d) ,

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 38



BGP PIC

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 39


BGP PIC Core (1/2)

BGP PIC
data plane;
CEF/FIB
,
, (CRS, XR12k
ASR9k, ASR1k, NX-OS)
...

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 40


BGP PIC Core (2/2)
Cisco 7600 CEF,
,


cef table output-chain build favor convergence-speed


:
7600#sh cef table
Global information:
Output chain build favors:
platform: memory-utilization
CLI: convergence-speed
operational: convergence-speed

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 41


BGP PIC Edge: IOS (1/2)
BGP PIC Edge: Multipath Unipath

BGP PIC Edge Multipath equal-


cost BGP next-hop
Active-Active

ontrol/data plane

next-hop

BGP Multipath:

maximum-paths eibgp/ibgp/ebgp

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 42


BGP PIC Edge: IOS (2/2)
BGP PIC Edge Unipath
BGP next-hop
Active-Backup

Backup next-hop


FIB :

router bgp ...


address-family ipv4 [vrf ...]
or
address-family vpnv4
bgp additional-paths install

BGP Best External:


router bgp ...
address-family
bgp advertise-best-external

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 43


BGP PIC Edge: IOS XR
BGP PIC Edge Multipath: IOS

BGP PIC Edge Unipath:


route-policy backup
set path-selection backup 1 install [multipath-protect] [advertise]
end-policy

router bgp ...


address-family ipv4 unicast
additional-paths selection route-policy backup
additional-paths receive
additional-paths send
!
address-family vpnv4 unicast
additional-paths selection route-policy backup
additional-paths receive
additional-paths send
!

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 44


PE1

BGP PIC: IOS PE3

PE2

PE3#sh bgp vpnv4 unicast vrf red


BGP table version is 43, local router ID is 10.0.0.3
Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, i - internal,
r RIB-failure, S Stale, m multipath, b backup-path, x best-external, f RT-
Filter, a additional-path
Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

Network Next Hop Metric LocPrf Weight Path


Route Distinguisher: 1:1 (default for vrf red)
*> 100.0.0.10/32 100.1.10.10 0 0 100 i
*bi 110.0.0.11/32 10.0.0.2 0 100 0 110 i
*>i 10.0.0.1 0 2000 0 110 I
PE3#

Backup/Repair
Backup/RepairPath
Path

RIB,

Show ip route [vrf <>] repair-path

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 45


PE1

BGP PIC: IOS PE3

PIC-Edge
PIC-EdgeEnabled
Enabled
PE2

PE3#sh bgp vpnv4 unicast vrf red 110.0.0.11/32


BGP routing table entry for 1:3:110.0.0.11/32, version 43
Paths: (2 available, best #2, table red) Backup/Repair
Backup/RepairPath
Path
Additional-path-install PE2
PE2
Advertised to update-groups:
1
Refresh Epoch 1
110, imported path from 1:1:110.0.0.11/32
10.0.0.2 (metric 21) from 10.0.0.6 (10.0.0.6)
Origin IGP, metric 0, localpref 100, valid, internal, backup/repair
Extended Community: RT:1:100
Originator: 10.0.0.2, Cluster list: 10.0.0.6 , recursive-via-host
mpls labels in/out nolabel/16
Refresh Epoch 1 Primary
PrimaryPath
PathPE1
PE1
110, imported path from 1:2:110.0.0.11/32
10.0.0.1 (metric 21) from 10.0.0.6 (10.0.0.6)
Origin IGP, metric 0, localpref 2000, valid, internal, best
Extended Community: RT:1:100
Originator: 10.0.0.1, Cluster list: 10.0.0.6 , recursive-via-host
mpls labels in/out nolabel/17
PE3#

Paths
Pathsflagged
flaggedasasrecursive-
recursive-
via-host
via-hostbybydefault
defaultfor
for
vpnv4 (See later)
vpnv4 (See later)
2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 46
PE1

BGP PIC: IOS PE3

PE2
BGP
BGPPath
PathList
List
Primary Entry
Primary Entry

PE3#sh ip cef vrf red 110.0.0.11/32 internal | i list|lock|adj|buck|choic|chain


contains path extension list
path DD944670, path list DD60E02C, share 1/1, type recursive, for IPv4, flags must-be-
labelled, recursive-via-host
path DD9449F0, path list DD60E2AC, share 1/1, type attached nexthop, for IPv4IGP Path List
IGP Path List
nexthop 10.1.2.2 Ethernet0/1 label 17, adjacency IP adj out of Ethernet0/1, addr
10.1.2.2 DE6DF558
path DD944A60, path list DD60E2AC, share 1/1, type attached nexthop, for IPv4
nexthop 10.1.5.5 Ethernet0/2 label 18, adjacency IP adj out of Ethernet0/2, addr
10.1.5.5 DE6DF6B8
path DD9446E0, path list DD60E02C, share 1/1, type recursive, for IPv4, flags must-be-
labelled, repair, recursive-via-host
path DD944AD0, path list DD60E2FC, share 1/1, type attached nexthop, for IPv4
nexthop 10.1.5.5 Ethernet0/2 label 19, adjacency IP adj out of Ethernet0/2, addr
10.1.5.5 DE6DF6B8 BGP
BGPPath
PathList
List
PE3# Backup
Backup (repair)Entry
(repair) Entry

IGP
IGPPath
Pathlist
list(to
(to
backup next-hop)
backup next-hop)
2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 47
PE1

BGP PIC: IOS XR PE3

PE2

RP/0/5/CPU0:C3#show bgp vrf VPN_1 10.1.0.0/22

BGP routing table entry for 10.1.0.0/22, Route Distinguisher: 100:100

Paths: (2 available, best #1)


Not advertised to any peer
Path #1: Received by speaker 0
Not advertised to any peer
101
10.1.1.1 (metric 120) from 172.16.1.7 (10.1.1.1)
Received Label 66
Origin EGP, localpref 100, valid, internal, best, group-best, import-candidate, imported
Received Path ID 0, Local Path ID 1, version 28702
Extended community: RT:100:1 Backup/Repair
Backup/RepairPath
Path
Originator: 10.1.1.1, Cluster list: 172.16.1.7
Path #2: Received by speaker 0 PE2
PE2
Not advertised to any peer
101
10.2.1.1 (metric 145) from 172.16.1.7 (10.2.1.1)
Received Label 66
Origin EGP, localpref 100, valid, internal, backup, add-path, import-candidate, imported
Received Path ID 0, Local Path ID 2, version 155502
Extended community: RT:100:1
Originator: 1.2.1.1, Cluster list: 172.16.1.7

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 48


PE1

BGP PIC: IOS XR PE3

PE2

RP/0/5/CPU0:C3#show route vrf VPN_1 10.1.0.0/22

Routing entry for 10.1.0.0/22


Known via "bgp 100", distance 200, metric 0
Tag 101 Backup/Repair
Backup/RepairPathPath
Number of pic paths 1 , type internal shows up in routing
shows up in routing
Installed Jan 25 03:21:36.026 for 1d19h table
tableas
aswell!
well!
Routing Descriptor Blocks
10.1.1.1, from 172.16.1.7
Nexthop in Vrf: "default", Table: "default", IPv4 Unicast, Table Id: 0xe0000000
Route metric is 0
10.2.1.1, from 172.16.1.7, BGP backup path
Nexthop in Vrf: "default", Table: "default", IPv4 Unicast, Table Id: 0xe0000000
Route metric is 0
No advertising protos.
RP/0/5/CPU0:C3#

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 49


PE1

BGP PIC: IOS XR PE3

PE2

RP/0/5/CPU0:C3#show cef vrf VPN_1 10.1.0.0/22

10.1.0.0/22, version 4, internal 0x40040001 (ptr 0x9e1923b8) [1], 0x0 (0x0), 0x4100
(0x9ed2b0d4)
Updated Jan 25 03:21:36.793
Prefix Len 22, traffic index 0, precedence routine (0)
via 10.1.1.1, 3 dependencies, recursive [flags 0x10]
path-idx 0
next hop VRF - 'default', table - 0xe0000000
next hop 10.1.1.1 via 16393/0/21
next hop 10.10.13.1/32 PO0/0/1/0 labels imposed {16393 66}
via 10.2.1.1, 2 dependencies, recursive, backup [flags 0x110]
path-idx 1
next hop VRF - 'default', table - 0xe0000000
next hop 10.2.1.1 via 16032/0/21
next hop 10.12.16.2/32 PO0/0/0/0 labels imposed {16032 66}

RP/0/5/CPU0:C3#
Backup
Backup(repair)
(repair)Entry
Entry

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 50


2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 51


FIB

BGP Net
172.16.0.0/16 IP Routing Table
10.0.0.3/32
10.0.0.4/32
10.0.0.3
b: 10.0.0.4 10.0.0.0/24
...
??
10.0.0.3/32 10.0.0.4/32 10.0.0.0/24 0.0.0.0/0

FIB


,
, BGP next-hop /32
,

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 52



IOS: /32
/ , :
BGP PIC Edge
BGP next-hop directly connected (eBGP)
router bgp ...
address-family ...
bgp recursion host

IOS XR: labeled path


(vpnv4/6/rfc3107 next-hops) /32

4.2, unlabeled path, VRF
: ,
BGP
:
router bgp ...
address-family ...
nexthop resolution prefix-length minimum <len>

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 53


BGP label allocation BGP
PIC Edge
BGP L3VPN
p1 CE1
: p1, L=20
p2
p2, L=61
Per prefix ( ) p3, L=22
p3
p4, L=34 CE2
p4


p5 CE1
p5, L=51 p6
Per CE p6, L=51
p7, L=67
, p8, L=67 p7 CE2
p8

Per VRF p10, L=88(a)


p10
p11
CE1
p11, L=88(a)
p12, L=88(a)
...
VRF p12 CE2

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 55


BGP PIC Edge: Per prefix

label switched path (1)

p1 via CE1, local label 111


backup: PE2, L=222

PE1
(active)
IP 111 IP
L1 111
IP

p1
CE1

p1

p1 via PE1, L=111 PE2


backup: CE1, local label 222 (standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 56


BGP PIC Edge: Per prefix

1-, 1
2
p1 via CE1, local label 111
backup: PE2, L=222

PE1
(active)
IP 111 IP
L1 111

p1
IP
222
CE1
L2
222 IP p1

IP

p1 via PE1, L=111 PE2


backup: CE1, local label 222 (standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 57


BGP PIC Edge: Per VRF
IP lookup
,

Active-Backup BGP
Best External

PE1 allocates
PE1
p1 via CE1, (active) per-vrf label 50
backup: PE2, L=30
p2 via CE1,
backup: PE2, L=30
p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via PE1, L=50 p2
backup: via CE1
p2 via PE1, L=50
backup: via CE1 PE1 allocates
PE2 per-vrf label 30
(standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 58


BGP PIC Edge: Per VRF
IP lookup
,

Active-Backup BGP
Best External
- ,
BGP control plane 2
PE1
p1 via CE1 (active)
backup: PE2, L=30
p2 via CE1
backup: PE2, L=30
p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via PE1, L=50 p2
backup: via CE1
p2 via PE1, L=50
backup: via CE1
PE2
(standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 59


BGP PIC Edge: Per VRF
IP lookup
,

Active-Backup BGP
Best External
- ,
BGP control plane 2
PE1
p1 via CE1 (active)
backup: PE2, L=30
p2 via CE1
backup: PE2, L=30
p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via PE1, L=50 p2
backup: via CE1
p2 via PE1, L=50
backup: via CE1
PE2
(standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 60


BGP PIC Edge: Per VRF
IP lookup
,

Active-Backup BGP
Best External
- ,
BGP control plane 2
PE1
p1 via CE1 (active)
backup: PE2, L=30
p2 via CE1
backup: PE2, L=30
p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via PE1, L=50 p2
backup: via CE1
p2 via PE1, L=50
backup: via CE1
PE2
(standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 61


BGP PIC Edge: Per
BGP PIC Edge
:
, ,



: (123 456) 1,
1-1 ?
p1 via CE1, per-CE label=50
alternate: PE2, L=123 PE1
p2 via CE1, per-CE label=50 (per-CE label)
alternate: PE2, L=456

p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via CE1, per-pfx label=123
alternate: PE2, L=50
p2 CE2
p2 via CE2, per-pfx label=456
alternate: PE2, L=50
PE2
2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. (per prefix label) 62
BGP PIC Edge: Per Prefix
1:1
,

aggregate lookup
,
BGP PIC Edge!
PE1
p1 via CE1, local label 111 (active)
backup: PE2, L=222
p2 via CE1, local label 333
backup: PE2, L=444
p1
p2 CE1

p1
p1 via PE1, L=111
backup: CE1, local label 222
p2 via PE1, L=333 p2 CE2
backup: CE2, local label 444
PE2
(standby)

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 63


BGP label allocation:

Per-Prefix Per-CE Per-VRF

Possible transient
BGP PIC Edge Fully supported Not supported
loop

Possible transient
BGP Best-External Yes Yes
loop

eiBGP Multipath Yes Yes No

ECMP PE-CE Yes No Yes

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 64


Inter-AS MPLS VPN
MPLS-VPN :

Option A: () ASBRs ASBRs

VPN, SP
CE

eBGP
Option B: VPN,
eBGP vpnv4/6


eBGP

Option C: , eBGP
eBGP
vpnv4/6
RR
next-hop ( PE)
eBGP IGP+LDP
eBGP

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 65


Inter-AS Option B BGP PIC Edge

Hmm, how can I
RD PE protect CE1
, against PE1
1 failure?
2 rd1:p1 via PE1
rd2:p1 via PE2
ASBR1
rd1:p1 via PE1
ASBR- AS PE1 ASBR1
p1
CE1
PE PE2
rd2:p1 via PE2 ASBR2
ASBR1 ,
rd2:p1
PE1

2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 66


L3VPN: RR redundancy (IOS) -
1. RR1
:
, RR1
RDs per PE

2. iBGP hold-time, PE3
, RR1 rd1:10/8, NH PE1
VRF 10/8 rd2:10/8, NH PE2
3. rd1:10/8

RR1
import-
scanner ( 15 ) 10.0.0.0/8
15M/S PE1
SRE
PE3
> rd1:10/8, NH PE1, from RR1
rd1:10/8, NH PE1, from RR2
> rd2:10/8, NH PE2, from RR1
rd2:10/8, NH PE2, from RR2 RR2 PE2
rd2:10/8
vrf import
> rd3:10/8, NH PE1, from RR2
RR1 rd1:10/8, NH PE1
> rd3:10/8, NH PE2, from RR2
RR1 rd2:10/8, NH PE2

, BGP rd:prefix
2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 67
L3VPN: RR redundancy (IOS) -

router bgp ..
address-family ipv4 vrf
maximum-paths [ibgp 2] import 4

, 12.2SRE/15.0M
router bgp ..
address-family ipv4 vrf
import path selection all
import path limit 4


!(~100 bytes/path)
> rd1:10/8, NH PE1, from RR1
rd1:10/8, NH PE1, from RR2
> rd2:10/8, NH PE2, from RR1
PE3
rd2:10/8, NH PE2, from RR2

vrf import
> rd3:10/8, NH PE1, from RR1
rd3:10/8, NH PE1, from RR2
> rd3:10/8, NH PE2, from RR1
rd3:10/8, NH PE2, from RR2

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2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 69


?



IGP
( )
IOS , IOS-XR NX-
OS
BGP PIC BGP

BGP

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BGP PIC IOS (7600,
ASR1K) NX-OS
PIC-Core
7600
12.2(33)SRB: IPv4, non-ECMP
12.2(33)SRC: IPv4, non-ECMP + ECMP / vpnv4, non-ECMP
15.0(1)S: IPv4+vpnv4, non-ECMP and ECMP

ASR1k: XE2.5.0
NX-OS: 5.2
PIC-Edge
7600, 7200: 12.2(33)SRE
ASR1k: XE3.2.0 (v4), 3.3.0(v6)
NX-OS: Radar

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BGP PIC IOS XR
BGP PIC Core
3.4 CRS, 3.3 12k, 3.7 ASR9k
BGP PIC Edge
Multipath: 3.5
Unipath: 3.9


4.2
Like 3107 + Label, additional PIC triggers and many more

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3

?

a) IP/MoFRR (IP Multicast-only Fast Re-Route
b) QoS
ME3600/3800
c) Ethernet OAM/CFM/ELMI

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!
Q&A , .

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Q&A

. Q&A ,

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,

, ,

https://supportforums.cisco.com/community/russian/expert-corner


Q&A 5

https://supportforums.cisco.com/community/russian/expert-corner/webcast

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Cisco
Support Community
https://supportforms.cisco.com/community/russian
http://www.facebook.com/CiscoRu

http://twitter.com/CiscoRussia

http://www.youtube.com/user/CiscoRussiaMedia

http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cisco-technical-support/id398104252?mt=8

http://www.linkedin.com/groups/CSC-Cisco-Support-Community-3210019

Newsletter Subscription: https://tools.cisco.com/gdrp/coiga/showsurvey.do?


surveyCode=589&keyCode=146298_2&PHYSICAL%20FULFILLMENT
%20Y/N=NO&SUBSCRIPTION%20CENTER=YES

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,
Thank you.