Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Rapid Prototyping & Alternative

Manufacturing Techniques
or how to get it done differently
than we told you yesterday
Outline
Welding
Waterjet
EDM
Stereolithography & 3-D printing
Casting
Forming
Injection Molding
Thermoforming
Outline
Welding
Waterjet
EDM
Stereolithography & 3-D printing
Casting
Forming
Injection Molding
Thermoforming
Welding
Fabrication method that joins metal by melting
the base materials & adding a filler
Needs protective clothing, masks, special
equipment
STRONG welds take practice and experience,
otherwise get a professional to do it

Base
weld material

Heat affected zone


Waterjet
Cut material using high-
pressure water and an
abrasive powder
No Heat-Affected Zone
Can cut almost anything
No tempered glass, some
ceramics
Waterjet - DFM
Planar geometry
Kurf part wont have straight edges
EDM Electrical Discharge
Machining
Must be conductive material
Great for cutting very hard material easily
Expensive & hard to find shops that do it
Intricate detail
Non-contact machining
Stereolithography & 3-D Printing
Go straight from CAD to part
Material is often brittle, although new
polymers are being developed
Can have undercuts, long holes, high
depth-width ratios
Stereolithography & 3-D Printing
Sand Casting
Interesting part geometries
Can be pretty cheap
Not good surface finish
Not good accuracy
Need to make pattern
Need draft angles
Shrinks on cooling (not predictable)
Local (Burlington, MA)
Forming
Can bend or punch sheet metal
Cheap, fast, easy
Not very accurate
Injection Molding
Melt plastic pellets and presses melted
plastic into molds
Molds have to be machined, expensive,
time-intensive
Good for high-rate production
Thermoforming
Thermoplastic heated to a rubbery
consistency and then stretched over a
mold and allowed to cool
Not high precision or accuracy
Good for moderately complex geometry