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COMMUNCIATION SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM

The components of the Communication System


supply a means of communication from:

1. One part of the aircraft to another


2. Aircraft to ground station
3. Aircraft to aircraft.

The System includes these types of communication:

1. Speed Communication

a. High Frequency Communication (HF)


b. Very High Frequency Communication (VHF)
c. Selective Calling (SELCAL)
d. Control Panel and Audio Management Unit

2. Data Transmission
3. Central Aural Warning (CAWS)
4. Voice Recorder.

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FLIGHT COMPARTMENT FLIGHT AND CABIN/SERVICE
INTERPHONE COMPONENT LOCATIONS (1 of 2)

COMPONENTS AND LOCATIONS

The Push-To-Talk (PTT) Interphone/Radio Switches


are on the front outboard part of each control wheel.
The Radio PTT Switches on the Captains and First
Officers Light Control Panels are below windows L2
and R2.

The Cockpit Speakers are in the overhead ceiling on


the left and right sides of the Overhead Console. The
Forward Overhead Switch Panel is in the forward part
of the Overhead Console.

The Captains and First Officers Audio Jack Panels


are above the L2 and R2 windows.

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FLIGHT COMPARTMENT FLIGHT AND SERVICE
INTERPHONE COMPONENT LOCATIONS (2 of 2)

COMPONENTS AND LOCATIONS (cont'd)

Three Communications Radio Panels (CRP) and two


of three Digital Audio Panels are on the center
pedestal.

The third digital audio panel is located at the first


observers work station.

The observers audio jack panel is between the upper


main and lower main circuit breaker panels.

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HANDHELD MICROPHONE JACK LOCATION

This illustration shows the location of the captains


and first officers handheld microphone jacks and
hangars.

The handheld microphones allow the crew to transmit


on the flight interphone, service interphone and radio
communication systems.

To the left of the captains flight controls (rudder


pedals and control column) on the captains side
console are the captains handheld microphone jack
and hangar (see illustration).

To the right of the first officers flight controls on the


first officers side console are the first officers
handheld microphone jack and hangar.

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AUDIO MANAGEMENT UNIT LOCATIONS

The audio management units are located in the main


avionics radio rack on the left number 4 shelf.

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DIGITALLY CONTROLLED AUDIO SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM (1 OF 2)

This illustration shows the operation of the Audio The interface between the crew and the audio
Management Unit (AMU) 1. management unit are:

There are two interchangeable audio management 1. The oxygen mask interphone
units in the digitally controlled audio system. The
audio management units supply all circuits for audio 2. The boomset
integration. The circuits are: 3. The headset
4. The hand-held microphone
1. The receiver and transmitter sidetone audio 5. The radios
2. The warning signals
6. The interphone push-to-talk switches
3. The microphone audio
4. The Push-To-Talk (PTT) key line control. 7. The audio control panel.

AUDIO MANAGEMENT UNIT CARDS AND The flight crew sends inputs (requirements) to the
FUNCITONS digitally controlled audio system through the audio
control panel. Then the audio control panel sends
The audio management units have two station the crews inputs to the audio management in a
control cards and an interphone amplifier card. digital word format. When the audio management
Station control card 1 supplies direct interface with unit receives the digital word and completes the
the function (request). It sends a digital word back to the
captains microphone, the headsets, the push-to-talk audio control unit. The return data word makes sure
switches and the audio control panel. The that the system configuration is correct.
interphone amplifier card and other circuits in the
audio management unit supply amplification for the
flight interphone system. If station control card 1 has
a failure, then the captains circuits go to station
control card 2.

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DIGITALLY CONTROLLED AUDIO SYSTEM
BLOCK DIAGRAM (2 OF 2)

This illustration shows the operation of the Audio


Management Unit (AMU) 2. The interface between the crew and the audio
management unit are:
There are two interchangeable audio management
units in the digitally controlled audio system. The 1. The oxygen mask microphone
audio management units supply all circuits for audio 2. The boomset
integration. The circuits are: 3. The headset
4. The hand-held microphone
1. The receiver and transmitter sidetone audio 5. The radios
2. The warning signals 6. The interphone push-to-talk switches
3. The microphone audio 7. The audio control panel
4. The Push-To-Talk (PTT) key line control 8. The right control wheel.

AUDIO MANAGEMENT UNIT CARDS AND The flight crew sends inputs (requirements) to the
FUNCITONS. digitally controlled audio system through the audio
control panel. Then the audio control panel sends
The audio management units have two station the crews inputs to the audio management unit in a
control cards and an interphone amplifier card. digital word format. When the audio management
Station control card 1 supplies direct interface with unit receives the digital word and completes the
the first officers microphone, the headsets, the push- function (request). It sends a digital word back to the
to-talk switches and the audio control panel. Station audio control unit. The return data word makes sure
control card 2 supplies direct interface with the right that the system configuration is correct.
and left observers microphone, the headsets, the
push-to-talk switches and the audio control panel.
The interphone amplifier card and other circuits in the
audio management unit supply amplification for the
service interphone system. If station control card 1
has a failure, then the first officers circuits go to
station control card 2. This procedure removes the
right and left observers circuits from service.
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AUDIO MANAGEMENT UNIT

This illustration shows the controls and connector on


the front of the audio management unit.

There are 2 adjustments on the front of the audio


management unit for speaker muting. Use the mute
adjustment screws to adjust each of the 2 station
control cards in the audio management unit. The
adjustment screw on the left is for station control card
number 1. The adjustment screw in the center is for
station control card number 2. Both adjustment
screws effect the same speaker output. Only one
station control card at a time is responsible for the
output speaker. On audio management unit number
1, the mute adjustment effects the captains speaker.
On audio management unit number 2, the mute
adjustment effects the first officers speaker.

On the top right of the front of the audio management


unit is an adjustment screw for interphone gain
adjustment. On audio management unit number 2,
this adjusts the service interphone gain.

On the bottom of the front face of the audio


management unit is an interphone jack. On audio
management unit number 1 this connects you to the
flight interphone. On audio management unit number
2 this connects you to the service interphone.

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AUDIO CONTROL PANEL

This illustration shows the audio control panel. system. You can use the hand-held microphone, the
boom microphone, or the oxygen mask microphone
The MD-11 has three audio control panels with an with the flight interphone system. The MECH part of
optional fourth panel. The audio control panel the MIC/MECH light comes on when the mechanic
accepts manual inputs. The manual inputs go to a pushes the pilot call switch on the external power
microprocessor directly and indirectly through analog panel.
to digital converters. The microprocessor makes a
429 data word. The data word shows the manual A radio MIC/CALL button sets the microphone circuits
inputs. This data word goes to the audio for a communications radio. Push the RADIO switch
management unit to make the necessary audio circuit to speak on the selected radio with the hand-held
configuration changes. microphone. The radio MIC/CALL lights supply a
visual indication of signal inputs from the selective
The audio management unit sends back a 429 data calling system.
word to the audio control panel. The data word
shows the audio circuit configuration of the audio The cabin (CAB) MIC/CALL button supplies
management unit. The audio control panel compares alternative operative of the cabin service interphone
the transmitted and received data words for system system. Push the RADIO switch to speak on the
valid operation. service interphone with the oxygen mask microphone
or the boom microphone. The push-to-talk switch on
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS the hand-held microphone connects the service
interphone with the CAB button. The CALL part of
All of the MIC/CALL buttons and the MIC/MECH the cabin MIC/CALL button comes on if there is an
button electrically connect (interlock). You can set interphone call from a cabin panel (pilot call switch).
one MIC circuit at a time.
The passenger address is inoperative on freighters.
The microphone/mechanic (MIC/MECH) button lets
you set the microphone circuits for the flight
The INT-off-RADIO push-to-talk switch is a toggle
interphone. Push the MIC/MECH button to connect a
switch that is spring-set in the off position.
microphone audio line and supply a push-to-talk
keyline to the flight interphone amplifier. When you
The IDENT ON switch/light lets or does not let morse
push the button, the MIC light comes on. Use the
code identification tones through the audio circuits to
INT/RADIO switch to speak on the flight interphone
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MECHANIC CALL & SERVICE INTERPHONE

The MECH CALL and MAINT INTPH control switches


are located just to the right of the overhead lighting
control panel.

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MECHANIC CALL HORN LOCATION

This illustration shows the location of the mechanic


call horn.

The mechanic call horn sounds when you push the


overhead panel mechanic call switch/light.

The mechanic call horn is on the fight side of the


nose wheel well.

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NOSE LANDING GEAR

This illustration shows the nose landing gear


downlock safety pin and steering by pass valve pin.

The nose landing gear downlock safety pin installs


through the upper and lower lock link. Airline
procedures dictate to maintenance crew when to
install downlock pins. However, anytime the aircraft is
on the ground, the downlock safety pins should get
installed.

The steering by pass valve pin is at the right side of


the nose landing gear strut support. Use the steering
by pass safety pin to hold the nosewheel steering by
pass valve in the by pass position. The nosewheel
steering by pass valve lets the nose gear turn freely
(left or right) during tow operation. This will permit
hydraulic fluid to transfer from one side of the
steering cylinder to the other.

Remove the nose gear downlock safety pin and


steering by pass valve pin before flight. They have a
REMOVE BEFORE FLIGHT streamer attached to
each pin.

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GROUND POWER RECEPTACLE

This illustration shows the communications call


switch and interphone jacks on the external power
panel.

On the upper left of the external power panel is the


pilot call switch. If you push the pilot call switch you
will:

1. Sound the electro-mechanical chime in the


cockpit
2. Turn on the blue call light on the MECH/CALL
switch/light on the overhead panel
3. Turn on the white MECH light on the flight
interphone MIC/MECH switch/light on all audio
control panels.

On the lower left of the external power panel are a


flight interphone jack and a service interphone jack.
Connect to the flight interphone jack to communicate
on the flight interphone system. Connect to the
service interphone jack to communicate on the
service interphone system. To communicate on the
service interphone system with the external power
panel service interphone jack, you mush first push
the MAINT INTPH switch on the overhead panel to
show
ON (amber letters).

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FLIGHT INTERPHONE SYSTEM SCHEMATIC
(FREIGHTER)

This illustration shows the flight interphone system. Push the overhead panel mechanic call switch/light to
sound the horn in the nosewheel well. Push the
The main components of the flight interphone system ground power panel pilot call switch to light the
are: MECH light on all audio control panels and on the
overhead panel. The ground power panel pilot call
1. The number 1 Audio Management Unit (AMU-1) switch also sounds the captains call bell.
2. The number 2 Audio Management Unit (AMU-2)
3. The captains audio control panel
4. The first officers audio control panel
5. The right observers audio control panel
6. The mechanic call switch/light on the overhead
panel.
7. The pilot call switch on the ground power panel
8. The flight interphone jack on the ground power
panel
9. The flight interphone jack on the nose landing
gear
10.The courier station communications equipment
11. The number 1 Annunciator Control Unit (ACU-1)
12.The number 3 Annunciator Control Unit (ACU-3).

The number 1 audio management unit contains the


flight interphone amplifier. All flight interphone audio
must go through the flight interphone amplifier. The
INT switch/light on the audio control panels selects
the flight interphone system. The INT position of the
push-to-talk toggle switch on the audio control panels
also selects the flight interphone system.

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SERVICE INTERPHONE JACKS LOCATIONS

The Service Interphone System allows


communication between cabin attendant stations and
the flight deck. Handset and interphone jacks permit
communication between ground service locations
and the flight deck.

There are twenty one (21) jack locations throughout


the aircraft. The locations are:

1. The Nose Wheel Well


2. The Ground Power Receptacle
3. In each Engine Nacelle
4. At the Fueling Station
5. In the Tail Cone
6. In the Vertical Stabilizer
7. In each Main Wheel well
8. In the Avionics Compartment
9. In each Air Condition Compartment
10. In each Lower Cargo Compartment
11. In the Center Accessory Compartment
12. In the Aft Fuselage Compartment
13. Near the Horizontal Stabilizer jack screws.

There is a Maintenance Interphone Switch on the


Overhead Instrument Panel which permits the
connection of the Service Interphone Jacks to the
interphone system.

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SERVICE INTERPHONE SYSTEM SCHEMATIC
(FREIGHTER)

This illustration shows the service interphone system.

The main components of the service interphone


system are:

1. The two Audio Management Units (AMUs)


2. The flight compartment handset
3. The maintenance interphone switch on the
overhead panel
4. The 21 maintenance interphone jacks
5. The number 1 Annunciator Control Unit (ACU-1).

The number 2 audio management unit contains the


service interphone amplifier. All service interphone
audio must go through the service interphone
amplifier.

The cockpit handset connects directly to the number


2 audio management unit. Push the maintenance
interphone switch on the overhead panel to connect
the 21 maintenance interphone jacks to the service
interphone system. The maintenance interphone On
light will also come on. Push the service interphone
switch on the audio control panel to send the pilots
oxygen mask/boom/handheld mic audio to the
service interphone system.

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COURIER STATION CALL/INTERPHONE SCHEMATIC

This illustration shows the courier station call and NOTE: You can NOT use the pedestal handset to
interphone functions. talk to the courier since the courier station
is on the flight interphone system and the
Push the courier to pilot call switch at the courier pedestal handset is on the service
station panel to alert the cockpit. The courier to pilot interphone system.
call switch lights the blue courier call light on the
cockpit overhead switch panel and sounds the The courier communications equipment is on the
captains call bell. When you push the courier to pilot flight interphone system. All audio to and from the
call switch the number 1 DC bus sends 28 VDC to courier must go through the flight interphone amplifier
the captains call bell relay and to the call interlock in the number 1 audio management unit.
box. The power input to the interlock box activates
the silicon controlled rectifier. This completes the The courier station communication equipment
circuit from the number 1 annunciator control unit to a consists of:
ground in audio management units number 1 and
number 2. This causes the number 1 annunciator 1. A handheld mic with push-to-talk switch
control unit to provide a ground for the 28 VDC power 2. An oxygen mask mic with push-to-talk switch
from the number 1 DC bus through the courier call 3. A speaker/amplifier
switch annunciator bulbs.
The courier station speaker/amplifier receives 28
Push the call reset switch on the overhead panel and VDC power from the left emergency DC bus.
the courier call light goes off. When you push the call
reset switch you remove the ground from the input A chime speaker is also at the courier station. The
into audio management units number 1 and number chime speaker receives 28 VDC power from the
2. This removes the ground for the power input number 1 DC bus. The input logic and output signals
through the courier call light. Lift the cockpit pedestal for the chime speaker are:
handset off the hanger and then put it back on the
hanger to reset the courier call light. 1. Put on oxygen mask -hi/low chime
2. No smoking - hi chime
3. Fasten seat belt - low chime.

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CALL INTERLOCK BOX LOCATION
(INTERPHONE CALL SYSTEM)

This illustration shows the location of the call


interlock box.

The call interlock box contains several silicon


controlled rectifiers in parallel. Push any attendant-
to-pilot call switch to activate a silicon controlled
rectifier in the call interlock box. The call interlock
box completes the circuit to activate the blue CALL
light on the cockpit overhead switch panel.

The call interlock box is behind the cockpit overhead


panel left of the number 1 engine fire handle.

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MD-11 COMMUNICATION RADIO PANEL (CRP)

The following is a description of the function of each


control or indicator of the Communication Radio And STBY display windows. Pressing the switch/light
Panel (CRP). on a radio already selected will have no effect.

1. STANDBY DISPLAY WINDOW


4. ACTIVE DISPLAY WINDOW
The upper half of the window shows the selected
standby radio (VHF-1, VHF-2, VHF-3 HF-1 or HF-2). The upper half of the window shows the selected
The lower half displays the STANDBY frequency that active radio. The lower half shows the frequency in
can be transferred to the ACTIVE display window. use for the selected radio. However, if ACARS is
installed and VHF-3 is selected, the upper half will
2. FREQUENCY SELECTOR display VHF-3 and the lower half will display ACARS.

The Frequency Selector knobs change the standby


frequency only. Turning the knobs changes both the 5. TRANSFER SWITCH
STANDBY Display and the standby frequency
memory. The ACTIVE frequency display (or Memory) Pressing the transfer button causes the ACTIVE and
cannot be directly changed by the frequency selector. STANDBY display to change places. The frequency
Rotation of the inner knob selects digits to the left of shown in the STANDBY display cannot be used until
the decimal and the outer selects digits to the right of transferred to the ACTIVE display. The ACTIVE
the decimal. display and memory contain the last frequency
entered from any CRP to the selected radio.
3. RADIO SELECTOR INDICATORS (5)
NOTE: The DLK LOST light is not functional on the
The five radio selector indicators are electrically
interlocked so that only one radio can be selected at MD-11.
a time. Pressing one of the five switch/lights causes
the light bar on switch/light to come on. Also, a visual
indication of ACTIVE and STBY frequencies is stored
in memory for the selected radio. The selected radio
frequency will appear in the ACTIVE
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ACARS FREQUENCY CONTROL

The following is a description of the function of each


control or indicator of the Communication Radio
Panel (CRP).

The transfer switch swaps frequencies from the


ACTIVE window to the STANDBY. Every CRP always
reflect the current active frequency regardless which
of them was operated to change the frequency.

Each VHF/HF has 1 active frequency and a different


standby frequency for each CRP. So each radio has
4 frequencies within the 3 CRPs.

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COMMUNICATION RADIO TUNING

This illustration shows the Communication Radio The ARINC Communications Addressing and
Panel (CRP) tuning data flow. Reporting System (ACARS) management unit sends
a low discrete signal out of port A select. This low
The three communication radio panels constantly goes to the Very High Frequency (VHF)-3. The low
tune as many as five radios, three Very High discrete signal lets very high frequency radio 3 use
Frequency (VHF) and two High Frequency (HF). The the data at Port A. The low discrete signal also lets
MD-11 aircraft has three communication radio panels the communication radio panels show DATA in the
in the flight compartment on the pedestal. ACTIVE display when you push the VHF-3 button.

NORMAL MODE Each communication radio panel has a digital data


output line and two digital data input lines. The digital
The normal mode starts after a 2 second power-up data lines transmit digital frequency data for all of the
initialization with no failures. The communication radios and for the communication radio panels.
radio panel 1 (in the normal mode) sends a low When the pilot changes the frequency, the
signal discrete to very high frequency radio 1 and communication radio panel moves the standby
high frequency radio 1. This low signal discrete lets communication radio panel (with a frequency change)
the radios operate with the data at port A. The sends this new frequency data out so the other
communication radio panel 1 supplies frequency tune communication radio panels can update their active
data to port A for the number 1 radios. memories. The memory stacks use the last-in first-
out procedure.
The communication radio panel 2 (in the normal
When a communication radio panel receives a
mode) sends a low signal discrete to very high
frequency change it stops the data output unit its
frequency radio 2 and high frequency radio 2. This
memory stack has the new frequency. This frequency
low signal discrete lets the radios operate with the
change update occurs in approximately 1 second.
data at port A. The communication radio panel 2
This frequency change procedure lets any
supplies frequency tune data to port A for the number
communication radio panel control the frequency of
2 radios. the radios.

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COMMUNICATION RADIO TUNING (continued)

ACARS OVERRIDE MODE FAILURE MODE

The ACARS override mode for the ARINC The communication radio panels have a built-in test
communication addressing and reporting system lets function (that fully operates on initialization and then
the flight crew use the very high frequency radio 3 for monitors four parts of a six-part test sequence). If a
voice communication. With DATA in the ACTIVE communication radio panel fails on initialization, the
display when you push the transfer button, the displays stay blank. If a communication radio panel
communication radio panel goes into the override fails after initialization, the displays show FAIL in the
mode for the ARINC communication addressing and lower part of the displays.
reporting system. The ACARS OVERRIDE signal
output-line (from the communication radio panel) If a FAIL indication shows, the communication radio
goes low for 45 to 55 milliseconds. This low signal panel does two built-in procedures. These built-in
input (to the ARINC communications addressing and failure procedures are below.
reporting system management unit) causes the unit
to change the port A select-output signal to go to an 1. The port A select output-line goes to the open
open circuit condition. This open circuit condition will circuit condition. This condition causes the
cause very high frequency radio 3 to stop the use of connected radios to use data port B for frequency
port A data and use port B data. data.
2. The frequency data output of a bad radio panel
must come from a good radio panel. This bad to
The communication radio panels go back to the
good data transfer is as follows:
normal mode when you select VHF-3 and push the
frequency transfer button.
a. The output from communication radio panel 3
is the good data for communication radio
panels 1 and 2.
B. The output from communication radio panel 2
is the good data for communication radio
panel 3.
The bad to good data transfer occurs through internal
429 data bus electronic switches.
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FIRST OFFICERS JACK PANEL

This illustration shows the location of the first officers


jack panel.

The audio jack panels let communication through a


headset and boom-mic.

Located above the right clearview window is the first


officers audio jack panel (as shown in the
illustration). Above the left clearview window is the
captains audio jack panel. The jack panels have
jacks for a boomset and headset.

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RIGHT OBSERVERS STATION

This illustration shows the locations of the right


observers audio control panel, headset jack, boom
microphone jack and handheld microphone jack.

The right observers communications support


equipment allows the right observer to communicate
on the flight interphone, service interphone and radio
communications systems.

On the left of the right observers station is the right


observers audio control panel, which is audio control
panel number three.

On the aft panel of the right observers station,


between the upper and lower main circuit breaker
panels are the right observers headset hack, boom
microphone jack and handheld microphone jack.

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RIGHT OBSERVERS JACK PANEL
AND HANDHELD MICROPHONE

This illustration shows the location of the right


observers audio jack panel and handheld
microphone jack.

They are on the aft bulkhead of the right observers


station between the upper and lower main circuit
breaker panels.

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THIRD OBSERVER'S HEADSET LOCATION

This illustration shows the location of the third


observer's headset jack.

NOTE: The seat for this position has been removed.

The third observer's headset jack allows the observer


to connect a headset to listen to the on-aircraft audio
communications as selected on the first observers
audio panel.

On the left side of the cockpit, near the cockpit


entrance door, and below the cockpit overhead
stowage compartment is the third observer's headset
jack.

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AUDIO MANAGEMENT UNIT

This illustration shows the control and connector on


the front of the audio management unit.

There are 2 adjustments on the front of the audio


management unit for speaker muting. Use the mute
adjustment screws to adjust each of the 2 station
control cards in the audio management unit. The
adjustment screw on the left is for station control card
number 1. The adjustment screw in the center is for
station control card number 2. Both adjustment
screws effect the same speaker output. Only on
station control card at a time is responsible for the
output speaker. On audio management unit number
1, the mute adjustment effects the captain's speaker.
On audio management number 2, the mute
adjustment effects the first officer's speaker.

On the top of the front of the audio management unit


is an adjustment screw for interphone gain
adjustment. On audio management unit number 1,
this adjusts the flight interphone gain. On audio
management unit number 2, this adjusts the service
interphone gain.

On the bottom of the front face of the audio


management unit is an interphone jack. On audio
management unit number 1 this connects you to the
flight interphone. ON audio management unit number
2 this connects you to the service interphone.

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FOREWORD

This information sheet adds data to the course content.

FAILURE DETECTION

The CRP has built-in-test (BIT) functions that check for internal failures. These checks are done on initial power up
and at different times during normal operation.

The functions tested by BIT are as follows:

1. Panel controller functions


2. Nonvolatile Random Access Memory (RAM)
3. Front panels inputs and rear panel discrete inputs
4. Front panel outputs and rear panel outputs
5. Power failure circuits
6. ARINC 429 transmitter/receiver interface

FAILURE ANNUNCIATION

If a failure occurs in BIT tests (3-6), the CRP active and standby display windows will show the word FAIL..
After a BIT failure has occurred and FAIL is displayed, the BIT will continue to test the failure. If the failure
is corrected, the CRP will be returned to the communications radio system.
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HF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

This illustration shows the High Frequency (HF) The HF transceiver sends a signal to the digital flight
communications system. data acquisition unit each time you set the
microphone key (push-to-talk) for transmit.
The HF system supplies long range communications
on frequencies from 2 to 30 Mhz.
The HF transceiver sends fault data to the
Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU)
The main components of the HF system are the HF
customer option.
transceiver, the HF antenna coupler and the HF notch
type antenna. The MD-11 has two HF transceivers
and two HF antenna couplers. The two systems
share one notch type antenna.

Use the communications radio panel to frequency


tune the HF transceiver. Use the audio control panel
to select either HF 1 or HF 2 for transmit and receive.
The audio control panel sets the audio management
unit. All audio to and from the HF transceiver then
goes through the audio management unit to and from
the cockpit speaker, headsets and microphones. All
HF transceiver goes through the HF antenna coupler.
The antenna coupler provides a 50 Ohm impedance
match between the antenna and the transmission
line. The HF antenna sends and receives all HF
transmissions.

The HF transceiver may receive Selective Calling


signals (SELCAL) The HF transceiver sends selective
calling signals to the SELCAL decoder.

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HF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM INTERFACE SCHEMATIC

GENERAL radio panel supplies a fixed resistance load that sets


the gain of the receiver.
The High Frequency (HF) communications system
uses single sideband transceiver equipment for long A high frequency transceiver uses 115 VAC, 3-phase
range communications between aircraft. The system power. The high frequency transceiver will supply one
uses the same equipment for communications from phase of this power to the high frequency coupler
an aircraft to a ground station. unit. When you set the centralized fault display
interface unit option, the high frequency transceiver
The high frequency communications system fault data kept in memory is available. The high
components are: frequency transceivers supply data that tells the
digital flight data acquisition unit how much time the
1. Two Collins HF transceivers transmitter is in use. The high frequency transceivers
2. Two HF couplers supply receiver audio to the selcal decoder. The high
3. One Antenna frequency transceivers supply sidetone and receiver
4. Two HF interlock relays. audio to the audio management units. The high
frequency transceivers get the microphone (MIC)
The interfaces for the high frequency audio and the Push-To-Talk (PTT) keyline ground
communications system are: signal from the audio management units.

1. Three Communication Radio Panels (CRP) The high frequency transceivers supply 28 VDC to the
2. The Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit high frequency couplers to use with the interlock
(CFDIU) (optional) circuits. When the interlock voltage stops, then that
3. The Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) systems transmitter stops operation. The high
4. The Selcal Decoder frequency transceivers supply Radio Frequency (RF),
5. The Audio Management Units. tune, control and fault signals to the high frequency
coupler. The high frequency transceivers also receive
SYSTEM OPERATION these signals from the high frequency coupler.

The communication radio panels supply digital The high frequency couplers align internal circuits so
frequency tune data and a port A select low signal to that the high frequency transceivers transmission
the high frequency transceivers. The communication
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HF COMMUNICATIONS TRANSCEIVER LOCATION

Both HF transceivers are located in the main avionics


rack in the middle of shelf number 1.

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ANTENNA COUPLER

The High Frequency (HF) antenna couplers (two) are The antenna couplers operate in the frequency range
adjacent to each other above the aft drop ceiling at between 2 and 30 MHz. Each coupler has its own
the center line. Access to these units is through the servo motor, controlled by error signals that come
forward ceiling panel found between the aft galleys. from the servo amplifiers. Tuning starts when the HF
radio system receives a Push-To-Talk (PTT) keyline
The coupler operates for the transmit and receive from the Audio Management Units (AMUs). Tuning
functions. The function of the antenna coupler is to stops when the Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
supply the correct impedance-match between the (VSWR) is less than or equal to 1.3:1.
notch antenna and the 50 ohm transmission line.

The MD-11 uses a dual HF communications systems.


The HF system operates with one antenna and two
transceivers. This dual system permits one
transceiver to transmit at a time.

The HF system has an interlock system. The


interlock system will not let the HF system transmit
Radio Frequency (RF) power that is not necessary.
The key interlock will open is one of these four fault
conditions occur:

1. Failure of the coupler to tune in 15 seconds with


RF applied
2. Failure of the coupler to tune in 15 seconds with
low or no power applied
3. Failure of the tuning elements to go to the Home
position in 15 seconds
4. A short circuit has occurred.

63
64
HF ANTENNA COUPLER AND COUPLER MOUNT
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION

GENERAL

The location for the High Frequency (HF) couplers


and the coupler mount is in the aft cabin overhead
compartment. The antenna couplers connect to the
antenna through a single feed-through device. The
couplers use the same antenna but do not use a
switch relay. The coupler isolates the receiver
transmitter.

REMOVAL/INSTALLATION

The removal and installation instructions are in the


MD-11 maintenance manual Airline Transport
Association (ATA) chapter 23-11-06.

65
66
HF ANTENNA INSTALLATION

The H.F. Antenna is a High-Current, Low-Voltage,


Notch-Type. The aircraft fuselage is used as the
radiating element.

The notch is found in the Diverter below the No. 2


Engine intake. The notch is made of:

1. The No. 2 Engine Intake


2. The front spar of The Vertical Stabilizer
3. The Fuselage.

The Antenna Supply point is the metal leading edge


of the diverter which is electrically bonded to the
Engine Intake at the upper end.

The Antenna System is tuned to 50 OHMS by the


Antenna Coupler.

67
68
COLLINS HFS-700
HIGH FREQUENCY SYSTEM TRANSCEIVER

The High Frequency (HF) transceiver is a Line Push the SQL/LAMP test switch and the front panel
Replaceable Unit (LRU). The HF transceiver is in the LEDs will come on. When you push the SQL/LAMP
main avionics compartment on the main avionics test switch, you will also squelch the audio. The MIC
rack, on shelf number 1. and PHONE jacks permit you to operate/monitor the
transmit and receive functions from the front panel.
FUNCTION

The HFS-700 HF Transceiver permits Upper


Sideband (USB) two-way long-range
communications. The HF transceiver operates in the
frequency band of 2.0000 MHz to 29.9999 MHz.

FRONT PANEL

The front panel of the HFS-700 HF Transceiver has


three Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs), a test switch and
two jacks.

LRU FAIL (RED LED) shows internal transceiver


failure. KEY INTERLOCK (RED LINE) shows
antenna coupler failure (too much tune time, internal
power failure, or too much tune reactance).
CONTROL INPUT FAIL (RED LED) shows incorrect
serial-bus data transfer (repetition rate not sufficient
at five words each second or unsatisfactory data
format/content).

69
70
VHF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

This illustration shows the Very High Frequency


(VHF) communications system.

The VHF system supplies short range line-of-sight


voice and data communications on frequencies from
118 to 138 Mhz.

The main components of the VHF system are the VHF


transceiver and the VHF blade antenna. The MD-11
has three VHF transceivers and three VHF blade
antennas.

Use the communications radio panel to frequency tune


the VHF transceiver. Use the audio control panel to
select either VHF 1, VHF 2 or VHF 3 for transmit and
receive. The audio control panel sets the audio
management unit. All audio to and from the VHF
transceiver then goes through the audio management
unit to and from the cockpit speaker, headsets and
microphones. The VHF antenna sends and receives
all VHF transmissions.

The VHF transceiver may receive selective calling


signals. The VHF transceiver sends selective calling
signals to the SELCAL decoder.

The VHF transceiver sends a signal to the digital flight


data acquisition unit each time you set the microphone
key (push-to-talk) for transmit.

The VHF transceiver sends fault data to the


Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU).
71
72
VHF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

This illustration shows the Very High Frequency


(VHF) transceivers. They are on the fourth shelf, left
and right.

73
74
VHF ANTENNA REMOVAL/INSTALLATION

There are three (3) blade type Very High Frequency


(VHF) antennas on the MD-11:

1. VHF-1 antenna is located on top of the fuselage


at approximately station #1331.
2. VHF-2 antenna is located on the bottom of the
fuselage at approximately station #625.
3. VHF-3 antenna is located on the bottom of the
fuselage at approximately station # 1731.

All three (3) antennas can be removed/installed from


the exterior surface of the fuselage.

75
76
VHF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM INTERFACE SCHEMATIC

GENERAL SYSTEM OPERATION

The Very High Frequency (VHF) communications The communication radio panel supply digital
system uses three standard amplitude modulation frequency tune data as follows.
transceivers for line-of-sight radio communications
between aircraft. The system uses the same 1. The communication radio panel 1 data line
equipment for communications from an aircraft to a connects to port A of the very high frequency
ground station. radio 1 and to port B of the very high frequency
radio 2 and 3.
2. The communications radio panel 2 data line
The very high frequency communications system
connects to port A of the very high frequency
components are:
radio 2 and the port B of the very high frequency
radio 1.
1. Three Collins VHF transceivers 3. The ARINC communication addressing and
2. Three Antennas. reporting system management unit data line
connects to port A of the very high frequency
The interfaces for the very high frequency radio 3.
communications are:
Communication radio panel 1 sends a port A select
1. Three Communication Radio Panels (CRP) low signal to the very high frequency radio 1.
2. The ARINC Communication Addressing and Communication radio panel 2 sends a port A select
Reporting System (ACARS) Management Unit low signal to the very high frequency radio 2. The
3. The Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit ARINC communications addressing and reporting
(CFDIU) (optional) system management unit sends a port A select low
4. The Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) signal to the very high frequency radio 3.
5. The Selcal Decoder
6. The Audio Management Units (AMUs). The very high frequency transceivers use 28 VDC
power. When the very high frequency transceivers
have the centralized fault display interface unit
option, then the very high frequency transceiver fault
data kept in memory is available. The very high
frequency transceivers supply data that tells the
77
78
VHF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM TEST

Push and hold the TEST pushbutton switch on the


front of the VHF transceiver. The test result sequence
follows:

1. All three test lights should illuminate RED.


2. The LRU status light should turn GREEN and the
other two remain RED.
3. All three lights should extinguish.
4. At about 30 seconds, the LRU status light should
illuminate GREEN. The other two lights should
remain extinguished.
5. Release the TEST switch and the test is
complete.

79
80
AIRLINE COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSING AND REPORTING SYSTEM(ACARS) INTRODUCTION
System General System Operation

The Airline Communications Addressing and Reporting The airborne element of the ACARS System operates in
System (ACARS) is an addressable digital data link system. conjunction with a ground based digital data processor in
ACARS permits the exchange of data and messages either a demand or polled mode. In the demand mode of
between an aircraft and a ground-based operations center. system operation, the Management Unit (MU) will transmit
The information is communicated between the aircraft and messages when it determines that the Data Link channel is
ground-based station via a VHF or HF radio channel in free of traffic. In the polled mode it will transmit only in
digital format. The information is relayed via the ground response to a message from the ground containing a coded
stations to a central computer processor where data is address with the registration number and flight number of the
converted into airline operations messages. The data is selected aircraft. The demand mode is used in environments
then relayed to the airline computer which is connected to in which the volume of communications is sufficiently low for
the airlines various operations control centers. message contention to pose no problems. The polled mode
is used in environments in which unacceptable contention
System Description levels cannot otherwise be avoided.

ACARS relieves the flight crew of sending many routine If a down-link message is not acknowledged, the aircraft
voice radio messages by transmitting pre-formatted system will automatically repeat the message. If, after six
messages at specific times during the flight. These attempts no acknowledgement is received, the NO COMM
messages may include the following: annunciator is activated.

If an up-link message is not acknowledged, the ground-


1. Time the airplane left the gate
based system will automatically repeat the message. If, after
2. Lift off time
six attempts no acknowledgement is received, the message
3. Touchdown time originator will be informed that the message was not
4. Time of arrival at the gate. delivered.
These ACARS functions are known as the OUT-OFF-IN or Voice communications via ACARS are initiated from the
000I times. airplane or the ground. ACARS informs the pilot whether the
ground circuit is ready. When the circuit is ready, the pilot
The accurate reporting of event times, engine information, uses an assigned frequency and follows normal air/ground
crew identification, and passenger requirements provides for communication techniques.
a close monitoring of any particular flight. Airplane system
data, such as engine performance reports, can be sent to All ACARS communications in the US are on 131.550.
the ground after being manually entered by the flight crew. System control and aircraft tracking is located in Ann Arbor,
Personnel on the ground may request data at any time Michigan.
during the flight.

81
ACARS operating frequency in the continental U.S. is 131.550 MHz

82
AIRLINE COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSING AND REPORTING SYSTEM(ACARS)

SYSTEM COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU)
monitors the aircraft system faults and sends reports about:
The Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit (DFDAU) supplies
engine data to the management unit when necessary. Also, 1. The time or date
the digital flight data acquisition unit receives documentation 2. The departure and destination airports
data from the management unit. 3. The flight number
4. The flight phase.
The Flight Management Computer (FMC) supplies flight
related data that the pilot puts into the system. The pilot
puts in the departure and destination airports. DESCRIPTION OF COMPONENT OPTIONS

The Multifunction Control Display Units (MCDU) supply The Data Management Unit (DMU) supplies aircraft system
general communications between the management unit and data to the management unit when necessary. Also, the
the ground station. data management unit receives documentation data from
the management unit.

The Control Radio Panels (CRP 1, 2, and 3) supply tune


frequency data for th every high frequency transceiver 3. The auxiliary cabin terminal supplies passenger and
The control radio panels change from management unit provision data between the cabin attendants and the
data link transmission to voice operation. management unit. The video digital interface unit tells the
management unit to send the digital data related to the
condition of the aircraft.
Switches and a pin programming discrete supply the
necessary logic data inputs to the management unit. These
logic data inputs cause the OUT-OFF-IN (OOOI) data to go The Satellite Data Unit (SDU) supplies a satellite data link or
to memory for a data down link. The aircraft batteries supply a communications interface between the aircraft
power for the internal clock. management unit and the ground station. The Central Aural
Warning Unit (CAWU) receives voice go-ahead alerts to let
the pilot know voice communication with the number 3
transceiver is satisfactory.

83
84
AIRLINE COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSING AND REPORTING SYSTEM(ACARS)
OOOI OFF - The transition from the OUT state to the OFF state will
A crewmember gains access to the OOOI screen from the MAIN occur when the strut switch has assumed the airborne position.
MENU. The OOOI page provides the operator with a means of This time will be captured and used in the DEPARTURE message
viewing the various OOOI times and status. The OOOI status, with the automatically generated ETA message. ETA is computed
displayed to the right of OOOI STATUS, indicates either BAD or from the OFF time and ETE time entered previously by the pilot.
OK. BAD indicates that an OOOI STATUS, indicates either BAD or
OK. BAD indicates that an OOOI error exists. The operator can ON - The transition from the OFF state to the ON state will occur
access the SENSORS page to determine the type of OOOI error, when the strut switch = on ground. An ON message will be
if an OOOI error exists. OK indicates that the status of the OOOI formatted and sent containing this time.
sensors appear correct.
ACARS Flight Sequence
All OOOI times except OUT and DOOR CLOSE times, will be
cleared when transitioning from IN to OUT. BLOCK time is the Cold start:
difference in time between IN and OUT times. FLIGHT time is the
When the MU is initially powered - up and the data stored in non-
time difference between OFF and ON times.
volatile memory is determined to be invalid, or the MU's internal
UTC clock indicates an invalid time, it will prompt the pilot to fill in
OOOI Definitions
the Initialization Page. This condition constitutes a COLD START
IN - The normal transition from the ON state (completion of of the MU. A request for a UTC update will automatically be
previous flight segment) to the IN state occurs when the parking down-linked after a cold start occurs.
brake is set and followed by any door opening or no oil pressure is
detected on any engine. The time of the last brake set will be If the MU is unable to obtain the correct time from the ground
captured and used in the IN message. A door opened message network (the NO COMM annunciator lights up), it will prompt the
will be sent if any cargo door or crew door open event has pilot to optionally enter the correct time manually following the
occurred. The time of the door open event will be captured and completion of the Initialization Pages. All captured times based on
used in the door open message. If a new crew has boarded or the this manually entered time will be flagged by using an alpha
flight number has changed for the next flight segment, the crew character as the first character of the time.
will initiate the initialization sequence specified in the previous
section. If the flight is continuing, then the crew will merely At gate:
reinitialize the PRE-FLIGHT page and a PREFLIGHT message
will be down-linked. The normal transition from the IN state (completion of previous
flight segment) to the AT GATE state occurs when any cargo door
OUT - The transition from the IN state to the OUT state will occur or the crew door is opened. If any engines are still running at the
when all doors are closed, oil pressure is detected in any engine, time the door is opened, the IN event will be declared and the IN
parking brake is released and the aircraft ground speed changes. message will be sent. The crew will first fill in the Initialization
this time will be captured and down-linked in an OUT message Pages at the start of a flight.
along with the DOOR CLOSE time. A pre-flight data prompt (FLT
DATA) will be activated on the transition from IN state to OUT Any detection of all doors closing will be captured and held as the
state if a pre-flight message has not been generated by the crew. DOOR CLOSE time.
85
86
ACARS Frequency Control

This illustration shows the ACARS display enable and ACARS OVERRIDE MODE
override operation.
The ACARS override mode operates when the VHF-3 is
The Communication Radio Panels (CRPS) control the controlled by the ACARS and the CRP transfer switch is
ACARS (ARINC Communications Addressing and pushed. The indications are as follows:
Reporting System) display enable and override operation.
When power is applied to the ACARS Management Unit 1. The ACTIVE display window of the CRP that started
(MU) and the CRPS, this occurs: the ACARS override mode shows it standby (STBY)
frequency. This STBY frequency shows in the
1. The CRPs get a ground at the rear connector on the ACTIVE display window of all CRPs with VHF 3
ACARS DISPLAY ENABLE pin. selected.
2. The ACARS MU takes control of VHF radio number 3. 2. The STBY display window shows DATA on the
bottom half of the display window and VHF 3 on the
top half.
ACARS DISPLAY ENABLE
3. The last active frequency is now put in the standby
display buffer memory.
To operate the ACARS system, push the VHF 3
4. The standby frequency of the CRPs that did not
switch/light an any CRP. When the VHF 3 switch/light is
start the ACARS override mode show in the standby
pushed, the indications are as follows:
display buffer memory. This indicates the ACARS
does not have control of VHF-3.
1. The VHF-3 active frequency is put in the active
display buffer memory.
2. The bottom half of the active display window shows
DATA
3. This indicates the ACARS MU has control of VHF-3
4. The VHF-3 active frequency in the active display
buffer memory of the CRPs is transmitted to VHF-3.

87
88
ACARS MANAGEMENT UNIT

GENERAL SELF TEST

The ARINC Communications Addressing and


To do a self-test the operator pushes the TEST
Reporting System (ACARS) management unit is in
button for 6 to 7 seconds. The PASS indication must
the avionics compartment. The management unit
come on for a satisfactory test. These test
works with system number 3 of the very high
procedures are in the MD-11 maintenance manual in
frequency transceiver to supply communications
Airline Transport Association (ATA) chapter 23-24-01.
between the aircraft and the ground stations. The
management unit collects and changes data from:

1. The multifunction control display units


2. The flight management computers
3. The digital data acquisition unit
4. The centralized fault display interface unit.

FRONT PANEL

The management unit has three light-emitting diodes


and a TEST switch. The light-emitting diodes show
CONTROL FAIL, (Line Replaceable Unit) LRU FAIL,
and PASS indications. The CONTROL FAIL
indication shows the status of the control unit digital
word. The CONTROL FAIL indication shows if the
management unit does not receive valid 429 data
from the control unit. The LRU FAIL status shows the
internal failure status of the management unit. An
energized light-emitting diode shows the failure of the
internal test. The LRU PASS status shows the
internal status of the management unit. The PASS
indication shows if the self-test is satisfactory.

89
90
91
92
SELCAL

The Selective Calling System (SELCAL) allows the


flight crew to be alerted to incoming messages or
radio communications.

Each aircraft is assigned a unique 4 letter code.


These letters represent specific audio frequencies
that, when included as part of the radio transmission,
are detected by the SELCAL unit. Once the
appropriate code is detected, aural and visual alerts
are provided to the flight crew, alerting them to
incoming communications addressed to their aircraft.

The aural alerts consists of a tone generated by the


CAWS. The visual alert is an illuminated CALL light
on all three Audio Control Panels (ACP). The CALL
light will illuminate on the MIC select button
representing the specific radio the tones were
received on.

To cancel the light, select the MIC button for the


appropriate radio and key the microphone using any
key switch. The CALL light on the three ACUs will
extinguish.

Changing an aircraft's assigned code is


accomplished by rotating the Code Selector knobs to
the appropriate position.

93
SELCAL
SELCAL
CODE
SELECT
PANEL

CAPTAIN
ACP - 1
VHF - 1 ANNUNCIATOR
FIRST OFFICER
CONTROL UNIT
ACP - 2
(ACU - 3)
VHF - 2 OBSERVER
ACP - 3

VHF - 3 SELCAL
DECODER

CENTRAL
HF - 1 AURAL
SPEAKER
WARNING
(CHIME)
UNIT
HF - 2 (CAWU)

PTT
RESET

AUDIO
MANAGEMEN
T
UNIT - 1

AUDIO
MANAGEMEN
T
UNIT - 2

94
SELCAL

The SELCAL unit and code selector are located on


and below the radio rack #4 shelf, left hand.

95
96
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER

This illustration shows the cockpit voice recorder.

The cockpit voice recorder records the last 30


minutes of cockpit audio.

The cockpit voice recorder records:

1. Area microphone audio


2. Captains audio from audio management unit-1
3. First officers audio from audio management
unit-2
4. Cockpit pedestal handset audio from audio
management unit-2 for service interphone audio.

Use the control panel to erase the cockpit voice


recorder audio. The parking brake switch must be
set and the ground sensing switches must be in the
on ground state to erase the audio.

Use the control panel to test the system.

97
98
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER CONTROL PANEL

GENERAL

The Cockpit Voice Recorder panel is in the overhead


instrument panel. The is no ON/OFF switch. The
control panel has:

1. A 600 OHM HEADSET audio jack


2. A TEST switch
3. A microphone monitor meter
4. An ERASE switch
5. An area microphone.

CONTROL PANEL COMPONENT FUNCTION

The audio jack permits the operator to monitor the


test tone audio from the Cockpit Voice Recorder
when the system is in a test. The TEST switch
energizes a test tone oscillator in the Cockpit Voice
Recorder that does tests in all recording circuits of
the system. The microphone monitor meter shows
the recording level of the test tone audio during the
system test. The meter operates with the TEST
switch.

The ERASE switch will erase the contents of the


Cockpit Voice Recorder tape. The area microphone
monitors all flight compartment sound.

99
100
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER

GENERAL The Underwater Locator Beacon includes:

The Cockpit Voice Recorder system records the last 1. A water switch
30 minutes of all flight crew communications, noise,
tones or sound conversation in the flight 2. Locator beacon pulse circuitry
compartment area. The Cockpit Voice Recorder 3. A battery
System records all radio and interphone audio from 4. A shock cushion
the Captain, the First Officer, the Service Interphone 5. A container.
System and Passenger Address audio from the aft
pedestal handset. The Cockpit Voice Recorder
continuously records on a 15-minute bi-directional The Underwater Locator Beacon, when started, emits
tape. a pulse every second. This signal identifies the
position of the Underwater Locator Beacon and the
As the Cockpit Voice Recorder records the last audio Cockpit Voice Recorder.
input, it erases the first audio input. Thus, the
recorder always has the most current flight crew
audio data on the tape. You cannot listen to the tape
with the Cockpit Voice Recorder installed in the
aircraft. You can erase the tape completely with the
aircraft on the ground and the parking brake set.

The front panel of the Cockpit Voice Recorder has an


Underwater Locator Beacon and a headset audio
jack to monitor test tones. The Underwater Locator
Beacon helps to locate the Cockpit Voice Recorder
when it is under water.

101
102
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER LOCATION

LOCATION

The Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) is in the right


utility tunnel of the center cargo compartment at
station number 1787. Access to the Cockpit Voice
Recorder is through the panel that is aft of the left
side of the doorjamb in the center cargo
compartment.

103
104
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER SCHEMATIC

SYSTEM OPERATION mixers goes to the record head of the magazine


assembly and the signal records onto the magnetic
The Cockpit Voice Recorder receives power from the tape. The monitor head supplies an audio output to
Right Emergency (R-EMER) Alternating Current (AC) the monitor amplifier. The monitor amplifier supplies
bus. The Cockpit Voice Recorder power supply sends audio output to the headphone jacks on the Cockpit
18 volts Direct Current (DC) to the system control Voice Recorder and the control panel and the monitor
panel for the Cockpit Voice Recorder to operate the meter on the control panel. The erase head of the
microphone. The Cockpit Voice Recorder power magazine assembly receives an input from the 65
supply also sends 18 volts DC to the monitor amplifier KHz oscillator. The 65 KHz signal input permits the
and 30 volts DC to the bulk erase circuit and oscillator. erase head to erase the first audio on the magnetic
tape.
The Cockpit Voice Recorder has four channel and four
audio transformers that receive audio inputs from the SYSTEM TEST
area microphone on the control panel: Audio
Management Unit 1 (AMU-1), AMU-2 and Passenger Install a headset in the 600 OHM headset jack on the
Address (PA) amplifier-1. Channel one records all Cockpit Voice Recorder control panel. Push and hold
Passenger Address announcements from the aft the TEST switch on the Cockpit Voice Recorder
pedestal handset and service interphone from AMU-2. control panel for approximately 5 seconds. Make
Channel two records the First Officers interphone, sure that you hear a 600 Hz tone on all four channels
radio communications, navaid identification/voice of the tape. (The Cockpit Voice Recorder
signals and Passenger Address announcements from
automatically goes through each channel). Make
sure that the monitor meter needle shows a minimum
AMU-2. Channel three records the Captains
of 8 decibels on the meter. (The Cockpit Voice
interphone, radio communications, navaid
Recorder must no use more than 5 seconds to to
identification/voice signals and PA announcements
through all channels.)
from AMU-1. Channel four records all sound the area
microphone receives in the flight compartment.
SYSTEM ERASURE
The audio from each channel goes to individual Radio Make sure that the park brake is in the SET position
Frequency (RF) mixers. The audio mixes with an and the aircraft is in an ON GROUND condition.
oscillator frequency of 65 KHz. The output of the Install a headset in the 600 OHM headset jack on the
Cockpit Voice Recorder control panel. Push and
105
106
SAT-2000
Satellite
Communications
System
MAINTENANCE GUIDE

107
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS PAGE

SAT-2000 Installation Checkout ................................... 1


SATCOM MAIN MENU ... 1
BITE Annunciation 1
Soft Faults. 2
ICAO Address Check.. 3
Installation Test.. 3
Cockpit Voice Talkout 6
Cabin Voice Talkout.. 7
Operational Tests 7
CMC Fault Codes 8
OMS Fault Text Messages 16
Status of SATCOM On ACARS MU 23
Voice Operation Check. 23
SATCOM Display Screens. 24
SATCOM-MAIN Menu 27
Advisories 30
Inactive Advisories. 30
Active Advisories 31
SATCOM-PRIORITY Page 33
Inflight Menus 34
SATCOM - LOG Menu.. 34
SATCOM Directory. 41
SATCOM Directory N/20 43
DIRECTORY DISPLAY N/20 Page. 44
SATCOM Number Entry Page. 45
SATCOM-GES SELECT Page. 47

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 108


TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont)

CONTENTS PAGE

DIRECTORY INDEX. 48
DIRECTORY INDEX MODIFY Page.. 49
BITE Status. 50
BITE STATUS 1/3 Menu 50
SATCOM SYS BUS 1/2 Menu. 52
SATCOM SYS BUS 2/2 Menu. 53
BITE STATUS 2/3 Menu 54
BITE STATUS 3/3 Menu 56
SATCOM CONFIG Page 57
SATCOM - H/W CONFIG.. 58
SATCOM Secure ORT... 59
SATCOM - RESET (First Display) Page. 60
SATCOM - RESET (Last Display) Page.. 61
SATCOM IN USE Page. 62
SATCOM TEST Page 63
Maintenance Menus.. 64
SATCOM MAINT Menu 64
SATCOM-SYS TEST 65
SATCOM-FREQ TBL Menu 66
SATCOM-GES PREF Menu... 68
SATCOM-PARMS Menu. 69
SATCOM-OPTIONS 1/2 Page 71
SATCOM-OPTIONS 2/2 Page 73
SATCOM-CONFIG AUDIO Page 74
SATCOM-ORT RESTORE Page 76

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 109


TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont)

CONTENTS PAGE

Multipurpose Interactive Display Unit (MIDU) 77


MIDU Operation. 77
Cockpit Voice. 78
Call Placement (Using the ACP). 78
Air-To-Ground. 78
Ground-To-Air. 80
Call Placement (Using the MCDU). 80
Air-To-Ground 80
Ground-To-Air ... 82
Example (Cockpit Air-To-Ground Call).. 82
Call Interruption. 84
Call Answering 84
Call Termination - AES Initiated...... 84
Call Termination - GES Initiated.. 85
Cabin Voice Operations ................................................................................................................................... 85
DTMF Telephone Operation............................................................................................................................ 86
How To Place A Call........................................................................................................................................ 86
How To Enter Numbers.................................................................................................................................... 86
Placing A Call Without Prefix Numbers ............................................................................................................ 86
Examples Of Placing Calls............................................................................................................................... 88
Example 1 (Placing A Call To London)............................................................................................................. 88
Example 2 (Placing A Call To Hong Kong)....................................................................................................... 88
Placing A Call With Prefix Numbers................................................................................................................. 89

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 110


TABLE OF CONTENTS (Cont)

CONTENTS PAGE

How To Camp-On (Call In Queue)........................................................................................................ 91


How To Cancel A Camp-On Request................................................................................................... 91
How To Enter A Preferred Ground Station........................................................................................... 92
Last Number Redial............................................................................................................................. 94
How To Speed Dial.............................................................................................................................. 94
Accessing A Speed Dial Number.................................................................................................. 94
Entering A Number In Speed Dial................................................................................................. 95
Audio Playback of Speed Dial Number......................................................................................... 96
How To Terminate Lower Priority Calls......................................................................................... 96
How To Set Call Priority................................................................................................................ 96
If Your Call Is Terminated..................................................................................................................... 97
Audio Status Messages................................................................................................................. 97
Audio Configuration Messages...................................................................................................... 98
Audio Tones.................................................................................................................................. 99
Sample Dialing Sequences.................................................................................................................. 100
Appendix A, Cause Codes............................................................................................................................. 106
Appendix B, Satellite Regions and GES Locations........................................................................................ 112
Appendix C, Simplified Log-On Sequence..................................................................................................... 113
Appendix D, SRT Program Pin Matrix............................................................................................................ 114
Appendix E, Abbreviations and Acronyms...................................................................................................... 115

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY


111
SAT-2000 INSTALLATION CHECKOUT BITE Annunciation
The following checkout procedure lists those tests that may be
performed to verify proper operation of the SAT-2000 system The BITE annunciation is shown on the SATCOM MAIN MENU.
installed in an aircraft. These tests do not require special test The system BITE status will be displayed as one of the
equipment, but instead make use of the MCDU, CMC (or OMS) following:
and the ACARS to verify operation. <BITE OK All system LRUs pass BITE and are active on
the bus and all installed channel modules are
SATCOM MAIN MENU functional.
<BITE OK * All system LRUs pass BITE and are active,
Check the bottom center of the display (SATCOM MAIN MENU) but not all installed channel modules are functional
for advisories. A SAT INOP advisory indicates the SRT is unable <BITE FAIL One or more LRUs report a fault or
to perform due to severe error in the system. The SAT INOP inactivity on the system bus.
advisory is issued if one of the following occurs:
1. The 66.56-MHz or 1.68-MHz oscillators indicate an
unlocked condition.
2. Log-on is halted, awaiting valid aircraft ID (SRT is unable
to determine ICAO address).
3. All channel modules show a failure or if only one channel
module is active in a voice system.
4. Any transmit inhibit fault condition has been encountered
for approximately 10 seconds or more.
5. A warm up fault exists. (For BITE purposes, the HSR warm up
is not considered a failure until 20 minutes have passed since
last power interruption (cold start) or 3 minutes have passed
since the HSR first indicated OK (since the most recent cold
start).
6. The 1802 MHz oscillator indicates an unlocked condition.
Any item that causes the SAT INOP advisory to appear must
be corrected before system operation will resume. To isolate
the cause of the fault check the BITE annunciation.

112
Some faults may cause system inoperability. These faults are Should the BITE indicate OK, check for soft faults. Soft faults
further identified with SAT INOP in addition to BITE FAIL are faults that reduce the capabilities of the system but do not
indication. To determine the faulted system, select the BITE cause the system to stop operating.
STATUS page and look through the pages until a faulted LRU is
found. The lower pages, BITE STATUS 1/3, 2/3, 3/3 and the Soft Faults
System Bus menu 1/2 and 2/2 in most cases show LRU
statuses as OK, INACTIVE, FAULT or NONE. For each of these The SRT-2000 is capable of de-allocating faulted channel
statuses there are possible actions the user can take. Refer to modules during operation. A faulted channel module is
the following list: considered to be a soft fault. Soft faults are faults that reduce
the capabilities of the system but do not cause the system to
FAULT The LRU should be replaced. stop operating. When a channel module fault occurs, the <BITE
INACTIVE The interwiring or applied ac power should be OK* BITE status will be displayed on the SATCOM MAIN
checked. MENU. Selecting <BITE OK* will cause the display of the
NONE This indicates the rear strapping identifies the LRU SATCOM BITE STATUS 2/3 page (refer to figure 21). The
is not installed. channel module status will be indicated next to and below 4R.
NO DATA This indication applies only to the IRS The channel module status is indicated by the number of
bus. When this status is annunciated, the SRT is functional channel modules and the total number of installed
receiving IRS data but is unable to calculate an channel modules. Selecting CHANNELS> (4R) from the
antenna steering solution. The SRT must be SATCOM BITE STATUS 2/3 page will cause the display of the
receiving invalid or only partial data from the IRS. The SATCOM H/W CONFIG page. The SATCOM H/W CONFIG
IRS may need to be initialized. page will identify the faulted module and the number of
NOTE: If an SCIU is used to condition the INS data, remaining channel modules.
the SCIU as well as the interface between the INS
and SCIU should also be checked.
TEST This indication applies only to the BSUs. This
status will be shown while the BSU is performing self-
test. This status is not considered to be a fault
unless the BSU does not end its self-test within 2
minutes of power up.

113
ICAO Address Check WARNING: A 1-SECOND CARRIER WILL BE
TRANSMITTED AT THE OUTPUT OF EACH ANTENNA
The ICAO aircraft identification that will be used by the SATCOM DURING THE SYS TEST. MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL
system is identified on the SATCOM CONFIG page. Select SHOULD NOT BE NEAR THE ANTENNAS DURING
<CONFIG from the SATCOM MAIN MENU. The address is PERFORMANCE OF THIS TEST.
shown as an 8-digit number (ACID). PIN following the number
indicates the identification was derived from the rear connector CAUTION: ENTERING THE PROTECTED LEVEL COULD
pins. BUS following the number indicates the identification was DISRUPT NORMAL OPERATION OF THE SATCOM SYSTEM.
derived from the ARINC 429 aircraft ID bus.
NOTE: The protected level code can only be entered when
Installation Test the AES is not logged on to a GES and is for use by ground
maintenance personnel only.
The SRT-2000 provides a test of the systems RF receive and
transmit paths. To run the test, the SRT must be in the Results of the test sequence will be displayed in the area below
maintenance mode. To enter the maintenance mode, select 2L and above 6L. If no faults are detected and the installation
<CONFIG from the SATCOM MAIN MENU. From the test has been run, OK will be displayed.
SATCOM-CONFIG page, enter a value ten times the value of
the last three digits of the software part number into the
protected level code (i.e., if the software part number is 685-
1234-001, enter 0010). Then enter CONFIRM_. From the
SATCOM-MAINT menu select <SYS TEST. The installation
test is run by pressing <RUN. Results of the test are displayed
following completion. The test should take less than 30 seconds
to complete.
NOTE: Ensure LRU BITE is okay prior to performing the
installation test.

114
Installation Faults STBD BSU FAULT
RX COMB/CABLE FAULT Checked at all times. This fault is indicated in the BSU
Tested during receiver BITE test. This fault is declared if all maintenance word.
LNA receive gain tests, while the SRT is in multiple LNA IGA LNA/DPLXR FAULT
configuration, indicate FAULT. Checked continuously if equipment present and enabled.
LRU Faults This fault is detected by monitoring the LNA BITE discrete
SDU CH MODE X TX FAULT if an IGA is installed.
Tested during power up tests, during power control system T/P LNA/DPLXR FAULT
calibration and during each transmission. This fault is Checked continuously if equipment present and enabled.
reported if any one channel module indicates a fault in the This fault is detected by monitoring the LNA/DPLXR fault
transmit path. The number of the faulted channel module is bit of the associated BSU maintenance word if an HGA is
designated by X. installed.
RFU TX GAIN FAULT STBD LNA/DPLXR FAULT
Tested during transmit path BITE test, and also during Checked continuously if equipment present and enabled.
power control system calibration. This fault is reported if, This fault is detected by monitoring the LNA/DPLXR fault
while indicating power at its input, the RFUs indicated bit of the associated BSU maintenance word if an HGA is
output power varies from the commanded or expected installed.
power. IGA RX GAIN FAULT
SDU CH MOD X RX FAULT Tested during receive path BITE test. This fault is reported
Tested during power up tests, during the receive path BITE if the selected LNA is unable to set the RFUs AGC bit.
test, and during normal operation. This fault is declared if a HPA TX GAIN FAULT
single channel module indicates an AGC fail. The faulted Tested during transmit path BITE test. A TX GAIN FAULT
channel module number is represented by X. is reported if 5 consecutive power control sequences
RFU RX GAIN FAULT requiring an RFU attenuator adjustment have been
Tested during receive path BITE test. This fault is reported performed without a change in the adjustment direction. If the
if the RFU AGC loop does not show active with the RFU TX GAIN FAULT is detected and the HPA reports a fault
noise diode turned on. condition, the transmit inhibit will be held for 4 minutes
TOP/PORT LNA RX GAIN FAULT (following a detection) and then removed.
Tested during receive path BITE test. This fault is reported HPA VSWR FAULT
if the selected LNA is unable to set the RFUs AGC bit. Checked continuously if equipment present. This fault is
STBD LNA RX GAIN FAULT indicated in the HPA VSWR discrete signal.
Tested during receive path BITE test. This fault is reported HPA TEMP FAULT
if the selected LNA is unable to set the RFUs AGC bit. Checked continuously if equipment present. This fault is
HPR FAULT indicated by measuring the voltage on the HPA
Checked continuously if equipment present. This fault is temperature analog signal. This fault is set when the
indicated in the BSU maintenance word. temperature reaches 80 C. The HPA will shut down when the
T/P BSU FAULT temperature reaches 85C.
Checked at all times. This fault is indicated in the BSU TX GAIN FAULT
maintenance word. Tested during each transmission. This fault is indicated
during normal operation. As isolation to an RFU TX GAIN
fault or HPA TX GAIN fault, it is not possible.
HPA Internal Shut Down
Checked continuously. This fault is indicated by monitoring
the HPA internal shutdown discrete. 115
Cockpit Voice Talkout
The SRT-2000 can be made to perform a voice talkout. When in If the number of available channel modules is less than 4, the
the talkout mode, the SRT will echo back words spoken into analog ports that are not able to be routed through a channel
either cockpit microphone with a quarter second delay. The module will be looped back through the CEPT module.
delayed echo can be heard in the headphone. This test verifies
the audio levels and interconnection of the cockpit voice. To adjust audio levels, select <RETURN and then select
OPTIONS> from the SATCOM-MAINT Menu. Select CONFIG
To run the test, place the SRT in the maintenance mode by AUDIO from SATCOM-OPTIONS 1/2 page. Input and output
selecting <CONFIG from the SATCOM MAIN MENU. From the levels are adjusted via the SATCOM-CONFIG AUDIO page.
SATCOM-CONFIG page, enter a value ten times the value of Sidetone is not used during this test.
the last three digits of the software part number into the
protected level code (.i.e, if the software part number shows
685-1234-001, enter 0010). Then enter CONFIRM_. From the
SATCOM-MAINT menu select <SYS TEST. Selection of 1L will
enable/disable the talkout mode. Enable the talkout mode. The
talkout mode causes each cockpit audio microphone to be
looped back to the respective headphone audio. This connection
is made with cockpit audio #1 being assigned the lowest number
working channel module installed in the SRT. Cockpit audio #2 is
assigned the next lowest numbered working channel module.

The chimes and lights are activated in the following sequence.

(1) Activate the chime output (only) as determined by SRT


program pin strapping. The chime will remain active for
approximately 3 seconds.
(2) Activate cockpit voice call light #1 (only) for approximately 1
second.
(3) Activate cockpit voice call light #2 (only) for approximately 1
second.
(4) Activate both call lights until the audio talkout mode is
terminated.
The audio talkout mode is maintained until 1L is selected again.

116
The Doppler shift is provided as a reference. The Doppler will
Cabin Voice Talkout
change as the aircraft moves towards or away from the received
The SRT-2000 can be made to perform a voice talkout from a
satellite. When an aircraft is on the ground (and the frequency
cabin terminal unit (CTU). To place a call that will behave as
reference is fully warmed), this Doppler shift should not exceed
a talkout, place the SRT in the maintenance mode. (Refer to
300 Hz (shown below 4L).
cockpit voice talkout procedure.) Entering telephone number
001-319-395-8781 will cause the SRT-2000 to perform a voice
NOTE: If the Doppler shift exceeds _300 Hz while the AES is on
talkout.
the ground, replace the SRT. The HSR oscillator has
Entering this number will cause the SRT to select the first
probably drifted outside operating tolerances.
available channel module for call placement. Once the number
is entered, the SRT will provide all CEPT-E1 messages required
The following is a list of possible conditions that may cause the
to make a fully connected call to the CTU. A delayed voice will
SATCOM system to not log-on (NO COMM) and identifies
be heard.
possible corrective action.
Operational Tests
Once all nonoperational installation tests have passed, the
ANTENNA Confirm antenna has line-of-sight view to satellite.
system can be tested operationally. The SRT performs a log-on
BLOCKAGE
search when first started. The results of this search when
MULTIPATH Multipath can cause a drop in the received signal
displayed on the SATCOM-LOG page indicates the status of the
level. It occurs when the direct and reflected
system operation. Refer to figure 1.
satellite signal phases destructively sum together
at the antenna. Multipath occurs at low satellite
l ook angles (below 30 degrees). If multipath is
suspected, the effect can sometimes be reduced
by changing the orientation of the antenna with
respect to the satellite (eg, move the aircraft
location by a few feet).
SATELLITE Verify with the ground service provider that
PROBLEM satellite is operational and is transmitting at a
power level sufficient to establish a link.
GES Verify with the ground service provider that the
PROBLEM GES is operating properly and that other users
have been using the system. Also verify that the
SATCOM - LOG Menu
aircraft ICAO address is loaded into the validation
Figure 1
table (of the GES).
Signal quality, bit error rate (BER) and signal units in error are all
CMC FAULT CODES
shown on the SATCOM-LOG menu. A good value for signal
If the aircraft contains a CMC, the CMC fault codes can be
quality is above 24 (shown below 4R). The number of raw bit
checked to indicate a possible course of action.
errors, for the receive P-channel, is annunciated next to and
SDU FAIL OR CMC ~ SATCOM BUS FAIL 23201
below 5R. This number is usually zero, but can increase to as
SRT not receiving label 227 word from CFDIU. Possible
large as 200 before signal degradation occurs. Signal units
corrective actions include: (1) Check continuity of CMC output to
(SUs) in error should be less than 10 for a good signal (shown
SRT input bus, (2) Replace SRT.SATCOM ~ CMC BUS FAIL
below 5L).
23202 CMC is not receiving label 350 word from SRT and fault
23204 is not present. Check continuity of SRT output 117 to CMC
input bus.
SATCOM (NO TEST RESPONSE) 23203 NOTE: If both fault 23207 and antenna fault 23215 are
No corrective action. displayed, the fault is likely due to VSWR problem most
likely in the transmission path between HPA output and
SATCOM SDU FAIL or SATCOM SDU OUTPUT BUS FAIL antenna. Refer to fault 23215 corrective actions.

23204 SATCOM LGA HPA FAIL 23209


CMC not receiving label 350 word from SRT and all MCDUs The label 350 word bit 15 is set by one of the criteria listed
not receiving label 350 word from SRT. Possible corrective for fault 23207. The corrective actions are the same as for
actions include: (1) Confirm AC power is applied to SRT. fault 23207.
(2) Check continuity of SRT output to CMC input bus and
continuity of SRT output to MCDU input buses, (3) replace NOTE: If both faults 23209 and antenna fault 23217 are
SRT. displayed, the fault is likely due to VSWR problem most
likely in the transmission path between HPA output
SATCOM SDU FAIL and antenna. Refer to fault 23217 corrective actions.
23205
The label 350 word bit 11 is set. This occurs when an
internal failure of any processor or any synthesizer is out-of-
lock, SDU TX GAIN fault occurs or SDU RX Splitter fault
occurs. Possible corrective actions include: replacing SRT.

SATCOM RFU FAIL


23206
The label 350 word bit 12 is set for at least 10 seconds. This
occurs when any bit of the RFU ARINC 429 word indicates a
fault, except HSR MONITOR (in first 20 minutes), TX INPUT
LEVEL or AGC LOOP. Or this could occur when the SSM of
the RFU ARINC 429 word is set to failure warning. Replace
the SRT.

SATCOM TOP/PORT HPA FAIL 23207


The label 350 word bit 13 is set by one of the following: (1) A
fault is set in the HPA ARINC 429 word to the SRT
(INTERNAL POWER SUPPLY, HPA TEMP, INTERNAL RAM,
INTERNAL ROM), (2) the HPA ARINC 429 word SSM is set
to failure warning, or (3) RF fault is detected by system BITE
(T/P HPA GAIN FAULT). Possible corrective actions include:
(1) replace the suspect HPA, (2) check coax between RFU
TX out and HPA input, and (3) Check transmit path from 118
HPA output through the antenna.
SATCOM TOP/PORT DIPLEXER/LNA FAIL 23210 NOTE: If faults 23229 and 23252 are also displayed, starboard
The label 350 word bit 16 is set. The BSU ARINC 429 word BSU is probably without power or has failed.
indicates a LNA/DIPLEXER fault. Corrective action is to
replace the suspect LNA/DIPLEXER. SATCOM STARBOARD BSU FAIL
23214
NOTE: For a system having dual high and low gain antennas, The label 350 word bit 20 is set. The SSM of the ARINC 429
HIGH GAIN LNA fault may not be reported when the word is set to failure warning or the BSU bit of the BSU
system is in low gain mode. ARINC 429 word indicates a fault. Corrective action is to
replace the suspect BSU.
SATCOM STARBOARD DIPLEXER/LNA FAIL 23211
The label 350 word bit 17 is set. The BSU ARINC 429 word NOTE: If faults 23218, 23228, and 23253 are also displayed,
indicates a LNA/DIPLEXER fault. Corrective action is to TOP/PORT BSU is probably without power or has
replace the suspect LNA/DIPLEXER. failed.

NOTE: For a system having dual high and low gain antennas,
HIGH GAIN LNA fault may not be reported when the
system is in low gain mode.

SATCOM LGA DIPLEXER/LNA FAIL 23212


The label 350 word bit 18 is set. The LNA/DIPLEXER has
been commanded on and less than 15 V is present at fault
discrete to SRT. Corrective action is to replace the suspect
LNA/DIPLEXER.

NOTE: LGA LNA fault may not be reported when system is in


high gain mode.

SATCOM TOP/PORT BSU FAIL


23213
The label 350 word bit 19 is set. The SSM of the ARINC 429
word is set to failure warning or the BSU bit of the BSU
ARINC 429 word indicates a fault. Corrective action is to
replace the suspect BSU.

119
SATCOM TOP/PORT HGA FAIL 23215 SATCOM HIGH POWER RELAY FAIL 23218
The label 350 word bit 21 is set. The HPA ARINC 429 word The label 350 word bit 24 is set. Either BSU ARINC 429
indicates a VSWR fault or the BSU indicates an HGA fault word indicates a HPR STATUS fault. Corrective action is to
(bit 11). Corrective actions include: (1) Check the transmit replace the high power relay. If the fault still persists, check
path from HPA output to antenna (coax cables, splitters, wiring between HPR and BSUs.
relays, filters, etc.) or (2) replace the suspect HGA.
ACARS ~ SATCOM BUS FAIL
NOTE: If fault 23257 SATCOM HGA HPA VSWR FAIL is also 23219
displayed, attempt to correct the vswr problem in The label 351 word bit 14 is set. The SRT is not receiving the
transmit label 270 word on CMU#1 input bus. Check AC power is
path before replacing the high gain antenna. Fault applied to ACARS MU and check the continuity of ACARS
23257 is only available in CMC software version -009 or output to SRT CMU #1 input bus.
greater.
CDU-L ~ SDU BUS FAIL
SATCOM STARBOARD HGA FAIL 23216 23220
The label 350 word bit 22 is set. The HPA ARINC 429 word The label 351 word bit 12 is set. The SRT is not receiving
indicates a VSWR fault or the BSU indicates an HGA fault label 350 or label 377 from CDU-L. Check that AC power is
(bit 11). Corrective actions include: (1) Check the transmit applied to CDU-L and check ARINC 429 bus from CDU to
path from HPA output to antenna (coax cables, splitters, SRT.
relays, filters, etc.) or (2) replace the suspect HGA.

SATCOM LOW GAIN ANTENNA FAIL 23217


The label 350 word bit 23 is set. The LGA HPA indicates an
output VSWR fault. The transmit path from the HPA output to
the antenna should be checked (coax cables, relays,
splitters, filters, etc.).

NOTE: The coax going from the diplexer to the antenna should
show a dc short from center pin to shield with the
antenna connected. If an open is observed, then there
is a problem with the coax or the antenna. This is not a
comprehensive test. There still could be a problem with
the coax or antenna even if a dc short is observed.
If the trouble is not found in the transmit path, replace
the
suspect LGA.
120
SATCOM RFU ~ SDU BUS FAIL SATCOM TOP/PORT HPA ~ SDU BUS FAIL 23227
23221 The label 351 word bit 21 is set. The SRT is not receiving
The label 351 word bit 26 is set. The SRT is not receiving label 350 word from TOP/PORT HPA. Corrective actions
the label 350 word from the RFU. Corrective action is to include: (1) check continuity on ARINC 429 buses between
verify AC power is applied to RFU and check continuity on TOP/PORT HPA and SRT, (2) verify SRT program select
ARINC 429 bus from the RFU to the SRT. pins P1B-11E through P1B-11K are strapped for correct
configuration, and (3) verify HPA SDI pins are strapped
IRU-L ~ SDU BUS FAIL correctly.
23222
The label 351 word bit 13 is set. The SRT is not receiving SATCOM TOP/PORT BSU ~ SDU BUS FAIL 23228
the label 324 word on the IRS#1 input bus. Verify IRU-L is The label 351 word bit 24 is set. The SRT is not receiving
active and check continuity of ARINC 429 bus between label 350 word from TOP/PORT BSU. Corrective action is to
IRU output and SRT IRS#1 input. verify AC power is applied to BSU and check continuity on
ARINC 429 bus from TOP/PORT BSU to SRT.
IRU-R ~ SATCOM SDU BUS FAIL 23224
The label 351 word bit 20 is set. The SRT is not receiving NOTE: If faults 23218 and 23253 are also displayed, TOP/
the label 324 word on the IRS#2 input bus. Verify IRU-R is PORT BSU probably is without AC power or has failed.
active and check continuity of ARINC 429 bus between
IRU output and SRT IRS#2 input.

SATCOM LGA HPA ~ SDU BUS FAIL 23225


The label 351 word bit 23 is set. The SRT is not receiving
label 350 word from HPA. Possible corrective actions
include: (1) verify AC power is applied to the HPA, (2)
check continuity on ARINC 429 bus from HPA to SRT, (3)
verify SRT program select pins P1B-11E through P1B-11K
are strapped for correct configuration, or (4) verify HPA
SDI pins are strapped correctly.

CDU-R ~ SDU BUS FAIL


23226
The label 351 word bit 16 is set. The SRT is not receiving
label 350 or label 377 from CDU-R. Corrective action is to
check CDU-R is active and to check continuity on ARINC
429 bus from CDU to SRT.

121
SATCOM STARBOARD BSU ~ SDU BUS FAIL 23229 SATCOM RFU RX CABLE FAIL 23237
The label 351 word bit 25 is set. The SRT is not receiving The label 350 word bit 26 is set. RFU maintenance word
label 350 word from starboard BSU. Correction action is to indicates AGC loop has failed. Check receive path from LNA to
verify AC power is applied to starboard BSU and check RFU input.
continuity on ARINC 429 bus from STARBOARD BSU to SATCOM RFU TX CABLE FAIL 23238
SRT. The label 350 word bit 27 is set. HPA not detecting input in
presence of RFU output. Check RF transmit path between
NOTE: If faults 23213 and 23252 are also displayed, RFU and HPA.
starboard BSU is probably without power or has
failed.

SATCOM SDU FAIL, SATCOM SDU OUTPUT BUS 1 FAIL

23230
Not supported (reserved for dual SATCOM).

SATCOM SDU FAIL, SATCOM SDU OUTPUT BUS 2 FAIL

23231
Not supported (reserved for dual SATCOM).

CDU-C ~ SATCOM SDU BUS FAIL 23232


The label 351 word bit 17 is set. SRT is not receiving label
350 or label 377 from CDU-C. Verify CDU-C is active and
check continuity on ARINC 429 bus from CDU-C to SRT.

FMC-L ~ SATCOM SDU BUS FAIL 23233


Interface not supported. It is always declared OK.

FMC-R ~ SATCOM SDU BUS FAIL 23234


Interface not supported. It is always declared OK.
CTU ~ SDU BUS FAIL
23235
The label 351 word bit 27 is set. SRT receiving loss of
signal (LOS) indication on cabin control bus. Check if CTU is
active and check bus from CTU to SRT.
SATCOM SYSTEM CONFIGURATION PROGRAM PINS
122
INVALID 23236
The label 350 word bit 25 is set. SRT calculating incorrect
SATCOM SDU ~ SATCOM RFU BUS B FAIL 23239
The label 353 word bit 11 is set. RFU maintenance word
indicates control bus input fail. Check ARINC 429 bus from
SRT to RFU.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS C FAIL 23240
Not used. Always declared OK.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS D FAIL 23241
Not used. Always declared OK.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS E FAIL
23242
Not used. Always declared OK.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS F FAIL
23243
Not used. Always declared OK.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS G FAIL
23244
Not used. Always declared OK.
SDU/RFU INPUT BUS H FAIL
23245
Not used. Always declared OK.
SATCOM SDU ~ HGA HPA MULTI-CONTROL BUS FAIL 23246
The label 353 word bit 18 is set. HGA HPA maintenance
word indicates control bus input fail. Check ARINC 429 bus
from SRT to HPA.
HGA HPA OVER TEMPERATURE FAIL 23247
The label 353 word bit 19 is set. HPA maintenance word
indicates HPA overtemperature shut down has occurred.
Check for proper cooling air. If fault continues to persist,
replace HPA.
SATCOM SDU ~ LGA HPA MULTI-CONTROL BUS FAIL 23248
The label 353 word bit 20 is set. HGA HPA maintenance
word indicates control bus input fail. Check ARINC 429 bus
from SRT to HPA.
SATCOM SDU ~ TOP/PORT BSU MULTI-CONTROL
BUS FAIL 23249
The label 353 word bit 21 is set. TOP/PORT BSU
maintenance word is reporting control bus input fault. Check
ARINC 429 bus from SRT to BSU.
SATCOM SDU ~ STARBOARD BSU MULTI-CONTROL 123
BUS FAIL 23250
The label 353 word bit 22 is set. Starboard BSU
ICAO ADDRESS PROGRAM PINS FAIL 23251 ACARS-L ~ SATCOM SDU BUS FAIL
23258
STARBOARD BSU ~ PORT BSU BUS FAIL 23252 The label 351 bit 15 is set. SRT is not receiving 270 word on
The label 353 word bit 26 is set. Port BSU reporting ARINC CMU #2 input bus. Verify ac power is applied to ACARS
429 crosstalk bus from starboard BSU has failed. Check output to SRT CMU #2 input bus.
crosstalk bus wiring from starboard BSU to port BSU.
SATCOM AIRCRAFT ID ICAO ADDRESS FAIL 23259
NOTE: If faults 23213 and 23229 are also displayed, starboard A valid ICAO ID has not been received. Check aircraft ID
BSU is probably without power or BSU has failed. input bus SRT pins P1B-4A, 4B. Verify aircraft ID input 429
discrete is strapped correctly (SRT pin P1A-2A).
PORT BSU ~ STARBOARD BSU BUS FAIL 23253
The label 353 word bit 27 is set. Starboard BSU reporting SATCOM ~ ACARS BUS FAIL
ARINC 429 crosstalk bus from port BSU has failed. Check 23313
crosstalk bus wiring from port BSU to starboard BSU. The ACARS is not receiving label 350 word from the SRT.
Check continuity on ARINC 429 bus from SRT output to
NOTE: If faults 23214, 23218, and 23228 are also displayed, ACARS input.
TOP/PORT BSU is probably without power or BSU has
failed. SATCOM ~ ACARS-L BUS FAIL 23333
The left ACARS is not receiving label 350 word from the SRT.
LGA HPA OVER TEMPERATURE FAIL 23254 Check continuity on ARINC 429 bus from SRT output to
The label 353 word bit 29 is set. HPA maintenance word ACARS input.
indicates HPA overtemperature shut down has occurred.
Check for proper cooling air. If fault persists, replace HPA.

SATCOM SDU one or more VOICE/DATA Modules Fail 23256


Any of the following label 354 word bits are set: 12, 13, 14,

15, 16, or 17. Any one of the 6 SRT channel modules has
failed.

SATCOM HGA HPA VSWR FAULT 23257


The label 354 word bit 18 is set. Check transmit path from
HPA output to antenna (coax cables, relays, splitters, filters,
etc).

124
SATCOM ~ ACARS-R BUS FAIL 23353 AIDRU2(1FP2)/SDU(105RV1) 34-12-34 77
The right ACARS is not receiving label 350 word from the DTMF
SRT. Check continuity on ARINC 429 bus from SRT output Label 351 word bit 20 is set. SRT is not
to ACARS input. receiving label 324 word on IRS#2 input
bus. Verify IRU-R is active and check
OMS FAULT TEXT MESSAGES continuity of ARINC 429 bus between
If the aircraft contains an OMS, the OMS fault text messages IRU output and SRT IRS#2 input.
can
be checked to indicate a possible course of action.

ACARS-MU1(1RB1)/SDU1(105RV1) 23-2434 71 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 14 is set. SRT is not
receiving label 270 word on CMU#1 input
bus. Check AC power is applied to
ACARS MU and check continuity of
ACARS output to SRT CMU#1 input
bus.

MU2(NOT/DEF)/SDU1(105RV1) 72 DTMF
Label 351 word bit 15 is set. SRT is not
receiving label 270 word on CMU#2 input
bus. Check AC power is applied to
ACARS MU and check continuity of
ACARS output to SRT CMU#2 input
bus.

ADIRU1(1FP1)+ADIRU2 (1FP2)/SDU1 34-12-34 76 DTMF


(105RV1) 77
DTMF

Label 351 word bit 13 and bit 20 are set,


indicating that all IRS inputs have failed.

AIDRU1(1FP2)/SDU(105RV1) 34-12-34 76 DTMF

Label 351 word bit 13 is set. SRT is not


receiving label 324 word on IRS#1 input 125
bus. Verify IRU-L is active and check
continuity of ARINC 429 bus between
ANTENNA (116RV1) 23-28-11 BSU-L (15RV1)/SDU1 (5RV1) 23-28-44 85 DTMF
Label 350 word bit 21 is set. IGA indicates Label 351 bit 24 is set indicating the
one of following: a reverse bias PORT BSU bus has failed.
supply undervoltage or overvoltage, an
IGA state set response different from the BSU-R (15RV2) 23-28-44 57 DTMF
set state command, or IGA LNA/DIPLEXER Label 350 bit 20 is set. SSM of ARINC 58 DTMF
fault is indicated by LNA BITE 429 word is set to failure warning or the 59 DTMF
discrete input. BSU bit of the BSU ARINC 429 word indicates
a fault. Replace the suspect BSU.
ANTENNA(116RV1)/SDU1(105RV1) 23-28-11

Label 351 word bit 24 is set. IGA BITE


query response has not been received
after 5 consecutive BITE query requests.

BSU (8RV1) 23-28-46 51


DTMF
Label 350 word bit 19 is set. SSM of 52
DTMF
ARINC 429 word is set to failure warning 53
DTMF
or the BSU bit of BSU ARINC 429 word
indicates a fault. Replace suspect BSU.

BSU(8RV1)/SDU1(105RV1) 23-28-46 84 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 24 is set, indicating
TOP BSU bus has failed.

BSU-L(15RV1) 23-28-44 54
DTMF
Label 350 bit 19 is set. SSM of ARINC 55 DTMF
429 word is set to failure warning or the 56 DTMF
BSU bit of the BSU ARINC 429 word indicates
a fault. Replace the suspect BSU.

BSU-L (15RV1)/BSU-R (15RV2) 23-28-44 97 DTMF


Label 353 bit 26 is set, indicating a port 126
BSU bus has failed.
BSU-R (15RV2)/SDU1 (105RV1) 23-28-44 86 DTMF NOTE: HIGH GAIN LNA fault may not be reported when
Label 350 bit 25 is set, indicating starboard system is in low gain mode, for systems with
BSU bus has failed. dual high and low gain antennas.

BSU-R (15RV2)/BSU-L (15RV1) 23-28-44 98 DTMF D LNA-R (20RV2) 23-28-37 47


Label 353 bit 27 is set, indicating starboard DTMF
BSU bus failed. Label 350 word bit 17 is set. BSU 48
DTMF
CTU (3RY)/SDU1(105RV1) 23-92-34 78 DTMF ARINC 429 word indicates a starboard
Label 351 word bit 27 is set. SRT receiving LNA/DIPLEXER fault. Replace suspect
loss of signal (LOS) indication on LNA/DIPLEXER.
cabin control bus. Check if CTU is active
and check bus from CTU to SRT. NOTE: HIGH GAIN LNA fault may not be reported when system

CFDIU(1TW)/SDU1(105RV1) A320 31-32-34 70 DTMF is in low gain mode, for systems with dual high and low
Label 351 word bit 11 is set. SRT not receiving gain antennas.
label 227 word from CFDIU.
Possible corrective actions include:
(1) check continuity of CMC output to
SRT input bus, (2) replace SRT.

CMC(1TM1)/SDU1(105RV1) A340 45-13-34 70 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 11 is set. SRT not receiving
label 227 word from CMC. Possible
corrective actions include:
(1) check continuity of CMC output to
SRT input bus, (2) replace SRT.

D LNA-L (20RV1) 23-28-37 45 DTMF


Label 350 word bit 16 is set. BSU 46 DTMF
ARINC 429 word indicates a port LNA/
DIPLEXER fault. Corrective action is to
replace the suspect LNA/DIPLEXER.

127
D LNA-TOP (19RV1) 23-28-38 43 HIGAIN ANTENNA-R (18RV) 23-28-12 62
DTMF DTMF
Label 350 word bit 16 is set. BSU 44 Label 350 word bit 22 is set. SRT ARINC 63
DTMF DTMF
ARINC 429 word indicates a top LNA/ 429 word indicates a VSWR fault or BSU
DIPLEXER fault. Replace suspect LNA/ indicates a port HGA fault (bit 11). Corrective
DIPLEXER. actions include: (1) Check transmit
path from SRT output to antenna
NOTE: HIGH GAIN LNA fault may not (coax cables, splitters, relays, filters, etc)
be reported when system is in or (2) replace suspect HGA.
low gain mode, for systems with
dual high and low gain antennas

FMGC1(1CA1)/SDU1(105RV1) A320 22-83-34 79 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 18 is set. Interface
not supported. It is always declared OK.

FMGC2(1CA1)/SDU1(105RV1) A340 22-83-35 80 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 29 is set. Interface
not supported. It is always declared OK.

FMGEC1(1CA1)/SDU1(105RV1) A340 22-83-34 79 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 18 is set. Interface
not supported. It is always declared OK.

FMGEC2(1CA1)/SDU(105RV1) A320 22-83-35 80 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 29 is set. Interface
not supported. It is always declared OK.

HIGAIN ANTENNA-L (17RV) 23-28-12 62


DTMF
Label 350 word bit 21 is set. SRT ARINC 63
DTMF
429 word indicates a VSWR fault or BSU
indicates a port HGA fault (bit 11). Corrective
actions include: (1) Check transmit
path from SRT output to antenna 128
(coax cables, splitters, relays, filters, etc)
or (2) replace suspect HGA.
HIGAIN ANTENNA-TOP (16RV1) 23-28-13 60 DTMF
Label 350 word bit 21 is set. HPA 23-28-13 60 MCDU1(2CA1)+MCDU2(2CA2)/SDU1 22-82-12 73 DTMF
DTMF (105RV1) 74 DTMF
ARINC 429 word indicates a VSWR fault 61
DTMF Label 351 word bits 12 and 16 are set.
or BSU indicates a HGA fault (bit 11).
Corrective actions include: (1) Check MCDU1(2CA1)+MCDU3(2CA3)/SDU1 22-82-12 73 DTMF
transmit path from HPA output to antenna (105RV1)
(coax cables, splitters, relays, filters,
etc) or (2) replace suspect HGA. Label 351 word bits 12 and 17 are set.

HI POWER-RELAY (21RV) 23-28-42 66 DTMF


Label 350 word bit 24 is set. Either BSU 67 DTMF
ARINC 429 word indicates a HPR STATUS 68 DTMF
fault. Corrective action is to replace
high power relay. If fault persists,
check wiring between HPR and BSUs.

MCDU1(2CA1)/SDU1(105RV1) 22-82-12 73 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 12 is set. The SRT is
not receiving label 350 or label 377 from
CDU-L. Check that AC power is applied
to CDU-L and check ARINC 429 bus
from CDU to SRT.

MCDU2(2CA2)/SDU1(105RV1) 22-82-12 74 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 16 is set. The SRT is
not receiving label 350 or label 377 from
CDU-R. Check that CDU-R is active
and check continuity on ARINC 429 bus
from CDU to SRT.

MCDU3(2CA3)/SDU1(105V1) 22-82-12 75 DTMF


Label 351 word bit 17 is set. The SRT is
not receiving label 350 or label 377 from
CDU-C. Check that CDU-C is active
and check continuity of ARINC 429 bus 129
from CDU-C to SRT.
MCDU1 (2CA1)+MCDU2 (2CA2)+ 22-82-12 73 DTMF Label 353 word bit 21 is set, indicating
MCDU3(2CA3)/SDU1(105RV1) 74 DTMF SDU/TOP BSU multicontrol bus failure.
75 DTMF
Label 351 word bits 12, 16, and 17 are SDU1(105RV1) BUS M-CTRL/BSU-L 23-28-34 94 DTMF
set. (15RV1)

MCDU2 (2CA2)+MCDU3 (2CA3)/SDU1 28-82-12 74 DTMF Label 353 word bit 21 is set, indicating a
(105RV1) 75 DTMF SDU/PORT BSU multicontrol bus failure.

Label 351 word bits 16 and 17 are set. SDU1 (5RV1) BUS M-CTRL/BSU-R 23-28-34 95 DTMF
(15RV2)
POWER SUPPLY INTERRUPT 24-00-00
SRT will log and transmit a power interrupt Label 353 word bit 22 is set, indicating an
message after power-up initialization SRT/Starboard BSU multicontrol bus failure.
if the label 227 word from the OMS is
present and indicates flight phase DC1. WRG: CONFIG PIN PROG/SDU1 23-28-34 15
DTMF
POWER SUPPLY OVERTEMP class 3 23-28-34 01 DTMF (105RV1)

SDU (105RV1) Class 1 23-28-34 01 DTMF Label 350 word bit 25 is set. SRT calculating
Label 350 word bit 11 is set. This occurs thru incorrect parity on rear connector
when the an internal failure of any processor 14 DTMF strapping. Check rear connector strapping
or any synthesizer is out-of-lock, and verify parity strapping is correct.
TX GAIN fault occurs or RX splitter fault WRG:ICAO ADDRESS PIN PROG/
occurs. Possible corrective actions are: SDU1(105RV1) 23-28-34 96
(1) Replace SRT. DTMF

SDU1 (5RV1) Class 2 23-28-34 16 DTMF Label 353 word bit 23 is set, indicating an
Label 354 word bits 12 thru 17 are set. thru ICAO address program pin failure.
Voice/data channel modules 1 thru 6. 21 DTMF

SDU1(105RV1)/OVERTEMPERATURE 23-28-31 36 DTMF


Label 353 word bit 19 is set indicating an
HGA HPA overtemperature condition.

SDU1(105RV1) BUS M-CTRL/BSU 23-28-93 93 DTMF


(8RV1) 130
Status of SATCOM on ACARS MU Voice Operation Check
Check voice operation by performing an air-to-ground telephone
Verify the interface between SATCOM and the ACARS MU in call as described in the example presented on page 81. If the
systems providing data service. Perform the following procedure system is able to log-on but unable to place calls, this procedure
to verify this interface. may show the cause. In the event of an abnormal call
termination, cause codes are displayed on the MCDU. These
From ACARS main menu (on ACARS MU) select cause codes will be displayed on the status line of the SATCOM-
ACARS-MNTCE INDX, then select LINK STATUS. The MAIN MENU.
SATCOM status will be displayed as one of four states. Refer to Appendix A.
IN OP SATCOM is not operational (power is probably off).
ACARS MU is not receiving label 270 word from

the SRT.
NO COMM The ACARS MU is receiving the label 270 word
from the SRT, however the SATCOM system is not
logged-on to a satellite.
OK The SATCOM system is logged-on to a satellite.
BUSY The SATCOM system is logged on to a satellite and
is in the process of passing ACARS messages.

NOTE: Some ACARS software versions display an IN OP state


as NO COMM on the LINK STATUS page. To verify
ACARS is really in the IN OP state select ACARS
MNTCE INDX (from the ACARS main menu). Next

select SYSTEM STATUS and then I/O SYSTEMS. If


the I/O SYSTEMS page displays SATCOM as IN
OP, then ACARS MU is not receiving the label 270 word
from the SRT. A SATCOM OK on the I/O SYSTEMS
page only means that the ACARS MU is receiving the

label 270 word from the SRT and does not indicate the
SATCOM system log-on status.

Typically, an OK or BUSY indication is a good indication that the


SATCOM SYSTEM LRUs are operational and the SATCOM link
layer is healthy. An OK signifies that the SATCOM system has
logged-on to a GES. It does not indicate ACARS traffic will pass
over SATCOM. Most aircraft are configured to select SATCOM 131
only when VHF is not available. A continuous BUSY indication
most likely indicates a problem in the ACARS link layer and not
SATCOM DISPLAY SCREENS

The following paragraphs define the screen display formats and


functions for a multipurpose control and display unit (MCDU).

MCDU pages are arranged in a hierarchic fashion. General


functions are identified at the highest level. Functions are
organized into categories that allow for quick identification and
location of a desired selection. The hierarchy of the pages is
identified in figure 2. Note the normal entry for an installed SRT
is from the main MCDU menu. Selection of SATCOM from the
MCDU MAIN menu will result in display of the SATCOM-MAIN
menu or if SATCOM is already active on another MCDU, the
SATCOM IN USE page will be displayed. The in-flight mode
pages are not available when the SRT is in the maintenance
mode.

NOTE: In the MCDU display menus that follow, lower case


lettering is used to denote the small alphanumeric font
and upper case lettering is used to denote the large
alphanumeric font.

Text that is located next to the left or right margin of the MCDU
display generally indicate fields which are available for user
entry. Text offset by a character indicate a field which is display
only and cannot be modified.

When multiple MCDUs are used to control the system, all


MCDUs have simultaneous access to the SATCOM - MAIN
MENU. Features on the SATCOM - MAIN MENU are available
on all MCDUs until the feature or features are selected for use
by one of the MCDUs. The feature will then be removed or
disabled from the other MCDUs by removing the prompt and
title.

132
SATCOM Page Hierarchy
Figure 2 (Sheet 1 of 2) 133
SATCOM Page Hierarchy
Figure 2 (Sheet 2 of 2) 134
SATCOM-MAIN MENU INDEX TWO (5L) Selecting 5L will display the first
SATCOMDIRECTORY page from the displayed index group
and allow the user to select a new number. This prompt will
indicate the last index group accessed, other than
EMERGENCY.
EMERGENCY (5R) The name of the first index entry is
always displayed next to 5R, and is normally reserved for
emergency phone numbers. Selecting 5R will display page 1
of the SATCOM-DIRECTORY pages.
INDEX (6L) Selecting 6L displays the SATCOM DIR-INDEX
page, allowing the user to select from the list of directory index
names.
The second page of the SATCOM MAIN MENU displays the
present SATCOM BITE status, and the prompts for the
SATCOM MAIN MENU 1/2 SATCOM-CONFIG menu and SATCOM-LOG menu. Refer to
figure 4.
Figure 3
LABEL (1L) Selecting 1L with a telephone number entered in
the scratchpad, causes that number to be displayed as
currently selected label with the priority set to the lowest
priority.
ACTION2 (2L) Selecting 2L causes the indicated action to be
performed for voice 1 channel.
PRIORITY (1R) The voice 1 channel call priority is displayed
next to 1R. When the voice channel is not in use, selecting 1R
will cause the display of the SATCOM PRIORITY page.
ACTION1 (2R) Selecting 2R causes the indicated action to be
performed for the voice 1 channel.
LABEL (3L) Selecting 3L with a telephone number entered in SATCOM MAIN MENU 2/2
the scratchpad, causes that number to be displayed as Figure 4
currently selected label with the priority set to the lowest
priority. BITE OK (1L) Selecting 1L will display the SATCOM - BITE
ACTION2 (4L) Selecting 4L causes the indicated action to be STATUS 1/3 page.
performed for voice 2 channel. LOG (1R) Selecting 1R will display the SATCOM-LOG menu.
CONFIG (2L) Selecting 2L will display the SATCOM-CONFIG
PRIORITY (3R) The voice 2 channel call priority is displayed page.
next to 3R. DIR DISPLAY (3L) Selecting 3L will display the SATCOM
ACTION1 (4R) Selecting 4R causes the indicated action to be DIRECTORY menu. DIR DISPLAY will not be shown 135
if neither
performed for voice 2 channel. Voice 1 or Voice 2 are available.
CABIN CALLS (3R) Selecting 3R will determine whether
passenger air-to-ground calls will be allowed from the CTU. If
not allowed, new cabin calls will be rejected and any cabin
calls in progress will be terminated. Selecting 3R will alternate
display between ENABLED* or DISABLED*.

The SATCOM CABIN DISABLE page will be displayed when


ENABLED prompt is selected. Selecting CONFIRM will
terminate any cabin telephone call. New telephone calls will not
be accepted.

SATCOM CABIN DISABLE Page


Figure 5

CANCEL (6L) Selecting 6L will return display to the MAIN


MENU page 2.
CONFIRM (6R) Selecting 6R will return display to the MAIN
MENU page 2.

136
Advisories TEXT COND DESCRIPTION
Advisories are automatic prompts and warnings generated by
the SATCOM SRT and are displayed at the bottom center of the MAINT SET Upon user entry of the protected entry
SATCOM MAIN MENU. Advisories associated with a crew passcode via the MCDU.
response are called active advisories. Advisories that are NOTE: The protected level code can
informational in nature are called inactive advisories. The only be entered when the
advisories are ranked by priority within the class. In the event of AES
more than one advisory of a class being active at the same time, is not logged on to a GES
the highest priority advisory will be displayed. If no advisories of and
a class are active, the display area will be blank. All advisories is for use by ground
when triggered, will display for a minimum of one second. maintenance personnel only.
CLR This indication is cleared upon
INACTIVE ADVISORIES selection of 6R, RESUME>.

Advisories that are informational in nature are called inactive SAT INOP SET Set under the following conditions:
advisories. Inactive advisories are displayed until the condition (1) system failures
which activated them is no longer in effect. There are eight (2) log-on is halted, awaiting valid
inactive advisory messages which can be composed of up to aircraft ID.
eight characters. Inactive advisories for SATCOM will be (3) all channel modules show a
displayed in small font and in the center of the MCDU display failure
between 6R and 6L. The inactive advisories listed are in or if only one channel module is
descending order of precedence (with DISABLED having the active in a voice system.
highest priority). (4) any transmit inhibit fault condition
that has been encountered for
approximately ten seconds or
more.
(5) a warmup fault exists.

TX MUTE SET Rear connector discrete pin grounded.

137
TEXT COND DESCRIPTION ACTIVE ADVISORIES

PWR SET Following a system cold start. Active advisories inform the operator of a condition requiring
CLR This indication will be shown for attention or that a function is available. The active advisories are
displayed next to 6R and pressing that key will perform the
approximately 20 seconds action listed in the following table. The advisory message can be
following composed of up to seven characters.
a power-up from a cold start.
WARMING SET HSR or HPA is cold. In the event that the conditions causing the setting of an active
CLR Upon HSR reaching stable advisory are detected while the SRT is not active on any MCDU,
the indication SATCOM<REQ>, will appear on the MCDU main
temperature. menu.
LOGGED SET Following successful log-on to a

GES.
CLR 10 seconds following successful
log-on.
SEARCH SET Upon initiation of the log-on search.
CLR Following successful log-on to a
GES.
LOW GAIN SET Low rate data only service is being
provided and an HGA is installed.
CLR Service operation provides
telephone service and high rate
data.
WAITING SET While in the WAITING USER
INPUT
state at log-on. This advisory
indicates that the SRT is awaiting

user input to proceed with the log-

on process.
CLR Upon entry of a SAT ID/GES ID or

selection of AUTOSEL* from the


138
WAITING USER INPUT state.
NO CABIN SET While cabin calls are disabled due
TEXT COND DESCRIPTION
The active advisories listed are in descending order of
precedence (with LOG-ON> having the highest priority). RESUME SET Shown in conjunctions with the "
MAINT" inactive advisory if the
NOTE: Active advisories may overwrite existing selections in 6R.
SRT has been placed in
maintenance mode.
SEL Selection of RESUME* will cause
the display to show CONFIRM*.

CLR Selection clears advisory.


LOG-on> SET The log-on search process is
awaiting operator command to
continue log-on.
SEL Displays the SATCOM-LOG MENU
CALL> SET Ground initiated voice call received
by the SRT awaiting cockpit crew
answer.
SEL Causes the SATCOM MAIN MENU
to be displayed so that the call may
be answered.
CLR Upon answer or rejection of ground
initiated call.
NOTE: CALL> advisory is never
displayed on the SATCOM -
MAIN MENU.
CONFIRM* SET Upon selection of RESUME* when
in maintenance mode.
SEL Cause the SRT to end maintenance
mode operation and transition to
inflight mode operations. The
SATCOM-MAIN menu will be
displayed upon resumption.
CLR Selection clears advisory. Any key
press other than the selection of 6R
will cause the advisory RESUME* to
appear. 139
SATCOM-PRIORITY Page

SATCOM PRIORITY Page


Figure 6
EMG (2R) Selecting 2R will cause the emergency (1) priority
to be associated with the call label on the MAIN MENU or the
NUMBER ENTRY page if the priority page is entered from the
NUMBER ENTRY page. The priority is temporary if the
PRIORITY page is entered from the MAIN MENU.
HGH (3R) Selecting 3R will cause the operational high (2)
priority to be associated with the call label on the MAIN MENU
or the NUMBER ENTRY page if the priority page is entered
from the NUMBER ENTRY page. The priority is temporary if
the PRIORITY page is entered from the MAIN MENU.
LOW (4R) Selecting 4R will cause the operational low (3)
priority to be associated with the call label on the MAIN MENU
or the NUMBER ENTRY page if the priority page is entered
from the NUMBER ENTRY page. The priority is temporary if
the PRIORITY page is entered from the MAIN MENU.
PUB (5R) Selecting 5R will cause the public (4) priority to be
associated with the call label on the MAIN MENU or the
NUMBER ENTRY page if the priority page is entered from the
NUMBER ENTRY page. The priority is temporary if the
PRIORITY page is entered from the MAIN MENU.
RETURN (6L) Selecting 6L will return the user to the menu
that the priority page was selected from, either the SATCOM -
MAIN MENU or the NUMBER ENTRY page. 140
INFLIGHT MENUS
SATCOM-LOG MENU

SATCOM -LOG Menu


Figure 7
ACTION (6R) Selecting 6R will cause the displayed action to
be performed.
ABORT*
Displayed during the search portions of log-on. Selection of 6R
while ABORT* is displayed will result in the AES aborting the
search. The AES will go to the WAIT USER INPUT state.
LOG-OFF*
This action is possible from the REQUESTING LOGON, WAIT
ING ACK or LOGGED ON state. Selection of 6R while LOG-
OFF* is displayed will cause the AES to go to the WAIT USER
INPUT state. If the AES will perform a log-off to the GES.
CAUTION: PRIOR TO POWER DOWN OF THE AES, THE
USER SHOULD LOG-OFF THE CURRENT GES.
MANUAL*
Displayed while the SRT is in the WAIT USER INPUT state.
Selection of 6R will start a manual logon using the displayed
SATID, GESID and antenna selection.
STATUS (1L) Logon status is displayed next to 1L. The
following status messages are displayed under the conditions 141
described.
HSR NOT READY SELECTING SAT
Displayed while the log-on process is being delayed due to the Displayed while the AES selects a satellite.
high stability reference (HSR), indicating a warm-up condition.
TUNING TO SAT
HPA NOT READY Displayed while the AES tunes to and scans reception from the
Displayed while the log-on process is being delayed due to the selected satellite.
HPA warmup delay.
SELECTING GES
BSU NOT READY Displayed while the AES selects a GES.
Displayed if the log-on process is delayed due to the BSU
being in self-test. This is only shown if the HSR is warm. TUNING TO GES
Displayed after the selected satellite has been proven
AES ID NOT READY acceptable and while the AES tunes to the selected GES.
Displayed if the AES is awaiting a valid aircraft ID.

WAIT USER INPUT


Displayed while the AES is awaiting input from the user and is
shown in conjunction with the WAITING inactive advisory.
The WAIT USER INPUT state is entered under any of the
following conditions: (1) if at power up the log-in the owners
preference table is USER COMMANDED; or, (2) if a user
commanded log-on has failed for any reason; or, (3) if the AES
receives a log-on reject due to a permanent unavailability; or,
(4) if the user has selected LOG OFF* or ABORT *. When in this
state, the Satellite/GES field next to 3L can be modified by the
user. Also, AUTO LOG* will be displayed next to 6R. The user
may manually select a Satellite/GES for log-on or may select
AUTO LOG* (6R) which causes the AES to select a GES
according to preferences entered in the GES preference table.

142
SPOT BEAM SEARCH LOGGED ON
Displayed while the SRT is determining the optimal spot beam Displayed after the AES has successfully logged onto a GES.
for log-on. While in the LOGGED ON state, the LOG-OFF* actions will
be available.
SPOT BEAM NOT AVAIL
Displayed if the GES does not support spot beam operation LOGGED OFF
either because it is not transmitting a spot beam map or the Displayed after the AES has begun the log-off process and
GES capabilities broadcast indicates the GES does not support before going to the WAIT USER INPUT state.
spot beam voice operation.

GES NOT AVAIL


Displayed if the AES is in the USER COMMANDED mode and
the user selected GES is not referenced in the GES data table.

SAT NOT AVAIL


Displayed if the AES is in the USER COMMANDED mode and
the user selected satellite cannot be received.

UPDATING TABLE
Displayed while the AES is updating system tables.

REQUESTING LOGON
Displayed after the AES has selected a GES for log-on and
prior to the AES sending the log-on request. The AES is waiting
for a logon confirm from the GES.

WAITING ACK
Displayed after the AES has received the log-on confirm (plus
any additional P/R/T-channel control signal units), and has sent
a log-on acknowledge to the GES. The AES is waiting for a
logon acknowledge from the GES.

143
REJECT-TEMPORARY, SIGNAL (2L) Signal quality is displayed next to and below 2L.
REJECT-PERMANENT, The signal quality range is 0.0 to 99.9. A larger value indicates
REJECT-INV PARAM a stronger received signal. Typical values are within the 10.0
Displayed to indicate the cause of a rejected log-on attempt. If to 60.0 range and are dependent upon several variables such
the attempt was to a manually selected GES, the AES will go to as signal power of the GES P-Channel, antenna gain, aircraft
the WAIT USER INPUT state and continually display the attitude and overall system health. Signal quality is based on
cause. If the attempt was to an automatically selected GES, the ratio of the signal plus noise to the estimated noise of the
and the type of reject is permanent, the log-on process will received P-Channel. If no P-Channel is being received, this
continue with the next selected GES and the failed GES will not field displays 0.0. Signal quality is not displayed while in the
be attempted again for 1 hour. If the reject type was temporary WAIT USER INPUT state.
or invalid parameters, the GES may be tried again on the
ensuing log-on attempt. Although the signal level ranges discussed in the following
paragraphs are typical, the GES P-Channel signal power can
LOGON FAILED change causing these ranges to change significantly. Signal
Displayed if log-on to a user-selected Satellite/GES has failed quality and SU/BIT errors should only be used as a guideline
and no cause code is available for display (for instance, if the in assessing overall system health.
failure was due to signal loss). The cause codes for a failure to
establish a call are generated by the GES. If the log-on fails
and it is not possible to receive messages from the GES, no
cause codes are available.

INVALID CLASS
Displayed if insufficient resources are available to the system
to support any of the four INMARSAT defined AES classes.
Voice mode is selected when the SRT rear connector strapping
indicates that voice services are required and at least 2 channel
modules are installed and functional. Cockpit voice is indicated
by the CODEC strapping of the SRT rear connector and
cabin voice is also indicated by SRT rear connector strapping.
Data mode is determined by the availability of an ACARS
CMU/MU, and a minimum of at least one functional channel
module.

144
Typical signal quality levels range from the high 30s to the mid SU/BIT ERR (5L) The number of signal units in error within a
40s for Aero-I operation with an intermediate gain antenna 3-minute sliding window of approximately 60 000 received bits
when in clear view of the satellite. and the number of raw bit errors is displayed next to 5L.
The SU error value is normally 0, however, some short term
A good signal quality during initial log will be in range of 50 to conditions may cause this value to increase slightly. If the
60 for Aero-H operation with a high gain antenna when in clear number increases to greater than 6, a satellite handover will
view of the satellite. After log-on, the signal quality may drop be
below 35 if the GES assigns a low power P-Channel or high initiated within 1 minute. This item is not displayed while in the
speed P-Channel (10.5 kbps). Otherwise, the signal quality WAIT USER INPUT state.
should remain in the 50 to 60 range as seen during the initial
log-on. The raw bit error is normally 0 (zero) during conditions that
can
Under normal flight conditions if the signal quality drops below support voice operations. Low-speed communications will
30, system degradation may begin to occur resulting in more continue should this number increase to as high as 200. The
frequent log-ons, limited call capacity and the potential for raw bit error number is not displayed while in the WAIT USER
slower ACARS communication. If signal quality is only INPUT state.
temporarily below 30, the condition is likely due to a normal and
expected degradation condition (i.e. edge of coverage, aircraft CHANNEL# (1R) The channel number locked onto or being
attitude, low antenna gain or short term radio propagation scanned by the SRT is displayed next to 1R. Display is a
effects). However, if the signal is persistently below 30, then the decimal representation in the range 8000-19600. Channel
overall system health may be suspect. number is not displayed while in the WAIT USER INPUT state.

DOPPLER (3L) Doppler correction in Hz is displayed next to


3L. Doppler correction is not displayed while in the WAIT
USER INPUT state. When stationary, Doppler correction is
typically within 150 Hz. In flight, Doppler correction can be
in the 1800 Hz range.
BEAM ID (4L) The BEAM ID number is a decimal
representation displayed next to 4L. The BEAM ID number
range is 0 to 63.

145
ANTENNA SYS (2R) The antenna subsystem in use is LOGON MODE (5R) Log-on mode is displayed next to 5R,
displayed next to 2R if the antenna subsystem is a high gain except when the log-on status is WAIT USER INPUT. Mode is
antenna. There is no display if the antenna subsystem is an displayed as either AUTO or USER COMMANDED. Log-on
intermediate gain antenna. mode is initialized per the owners preference table. When
log-on mode is AUTO, the AES will select the most preferred
SATELLITE ID (3R) SAT ID, as currently locked onto or being Satellite/GES per the GES preference table.
scanned by the SRT, is displayed next to 3R. Satellite ID is
displayed as the name of the satellite region. Figure 8 shows RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the MCDU to display
the satellite region name and an octal representation, range the page shown previous to entering the Log-on page. The
00-76, with labels assigned to octal 0 through 3 (00 - Atlantic Log-on page can be selected from the SATCOM-MAIN MENU
west, 01 - Atlantic east, 02 - Pacific, 03 - Indian). When in the 2/2 page.
WAIT USER INPUT state, a colon (:) prompt is displayed
and selecting 3R will cycle through the available satellite
regions. This will also cause the GES displayed next to 4R to
be set to the first GES available in that satellite region.
Selection 6R (MANUAL_) will start a manual log-on to the
specified satellite and GES. When in any other state, the
satellite ID numbers will be displayed without the colon (:)
prompt, and will not be available for user entry.

GES ID (4R) GESID, as currently locked onto or being


scanned by the SRT is displayed next to 4R. The GESID is
represented in octal, range 00 - 376 or by a text label. The
GESID is displayed as a text label, unless the label is
unknown. If the GESID label is unknown, then the GESID is
displayed as an octal value. Refer to figure 8. While the AES
is in the TUNING TO SAT portion of the log-on process, the
GESID is displayed as dashes. While in the WAIT USER
INPUT state, a colon (:) prompt is displayed and selecting 4R
will cycle through the available GESIDs within the selected
satellite region. Selecting 6R (START MANUAL) will start a
manual log-on to the specified satellite and GES. When in any
other state, the GES name or GESID number will be displayed
without the colon (:) prompt and will not be available for user
entry.

146
SATELLITE REGION GES ID

ATLANTIC WEST (00) 001 - GOONHILLY


002 - SOUTHBURY
004 - EIK

ATLANTIC EAST (01) 101 - GOONHILLY


103 - AUSSAGUEL
104 - EIK
105 - FUCINO

PACIFIC (02) 201 - SENTOSA


202 - SANTA PAULA
203 - YANAGUCHI
205 - PERTH
206 - NILES
CANYON
207 - BRUNEI
210 - KUMSAN

INDIAN (03) 301 - EIK


302 - NUNTHABURI
303 - AUSSAGUEL
305 - PERTH
306 - YAMAGUCHI
307 - BRUNEI
310 - SENTOSA
312 - FUCINO
GESID and Satellite Region
Figure 8

147
SATCOM DIRECTORY

The directory pages provide selection and entry of telephone


numbers and priorities for SATCOM call placement. In multiple
MCDU installations, calls can be initiated (or answered) on any
MCDU. The DIRECTORY for a voice channel will be inhibited
when the air-to-ground call is active. Entry into the DIRECTORY
page by one MCDU is considered access of channel. This is
controlled by removing the prompts from all other MCDUs.

DIRECTORY (20 pages) INDEX LABEL

Page 1/20 ENTRY 1 EMERGENCY


ENTRY 2
ENTRY 3
ENTRY 4
ENTRY 5

Page 2/20 ENTRY 6 USR TITLE 2


ENTRY 7
ENTRY 8
ENTRY 9
ENTRY 10

Page 3/20 ENTRY 11

Page 4/20 ENTRY 16 USR TITLE 3

Page 20/20 ENTRY 96


ENTRY 97
ENTRY 98
ENTRY 99
ENTRY 100

Directory Pages 148


Figure 9
DIRECTORY MENU Map
Figure 10
149
SATCOM DIRECTORY N/20 1L THRU 5L Selection of line select keys 1L through 5L will
cause the selection of the associated label for use on voice 1.
Refer to figure 11. This page displays the labels for each of the Selection of any line select key will cause the display of the
phone numbers entered in the SATCOM Directory. Five labels SATCOM - MAIN MENU 1/2 page.
are shown on this page. As many as 100 labels/numbers may be 1R THRU 5R Selection of line select keys 1R through 5R w
stored in the SATCOM directory. When functions consisting of cause the selection of the associated label for use on voice 2.
multiple pages are displayed, the current page and total number Selection of any line select key will cause the display of the
of pages are displayed on the first line as N/X. Where N is the SATCOM - MAIN MENU 1/2 page.
current page number and X is the total number of pages (i.e., RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the
1/20=page 1 of 20. page shown previous to entering the SATCOM - DIRECTORY
page. No call actions are taken other than updating the index
displays next to 5L on the SATCOM - MAIN MENU. The last
accessed index name is remembered for each MCDU.
If a particular directory entry is in the process of being edited (by
a different MCDU), then the line below the label will display
ENTRY BEING EDITED instead of the telephone number.

SATCOM-DIRECTORY NN/20
Figure 11

150
If a voice channel is not in use (does not have a call in progress 1L THRU 5L Selection of 1L through 5L will cause the display
and one of the incomplete call cause codes is not displayed), of the SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY page containing the entry
then a star prompt (*) will be displayed and selection of a line selected. Uninitialized labels will be displayed as dashes.
select key will cause the MCDU to display the SATCOM MAIN
MENU with the indicated call label selected for possible call RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the
placement. An ORT option (IMMEDIATE CALL ON SELECTION SATCOM - MAIN MENU 2/2 page. The index name of the last
ENABLE) allows the call to be initiated immediately when a new SATCOM DIRECTORY DISPLAY page displayed will be
label is selected. If this option is selected and the voice channel remembered for each available MCDU.
is in use, the voice channel star prompts (*) will not be
displayed.

Selection of NEXT PAGE or PREV PAGE on the MCDU will


display the next or previous sequential SATCOM - DIRECTORY
page, respectively. If the new directory page is associated with a
different index area then the previous displayed page, the index
name will be updated. The new index name will also be updated
on the SATCOM - MAIN MENU next to 5L, if the new index
name is not the first index name. The first index name is already
displayed next to 6L. Selection of 5L from the SATCOM - MAIN
MENU will cause the display of the first directory page
associated with that index name.

Uninitialized numbers will be displayed as dashes.

DIRECTORY DISPLAY N/20 PAGE


This page displays the labels for each of the phone numbers
entered in the SATCOM directory. Five labels are shown on this
page. As many as 100 labels may be stored in the SRT.

Selection of NEXT PAGE will display the next sequential


SATCOM DIRECTORY DISPLAY page. The index name will
change if the displayed page is from a different index area. The
index name displayed next to 5L on the SATCOM - MAIN MENU
page is not affected by operations from the SATCOM
DIRECTORY DISPLAY page or SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY
pages.
151
SATCOM - DIR DISPLAY NN/20 Page SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY
Figure 12 Figure 13

SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY PAGE


Refer to figure 13. This page provides entry of call address
labels and phone numbers. If an uninitialized label is selected,
the appropriate number of dashes will be displayed in each field.
SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY
Figure 13

152
LABEL (1L) The label for the callee is displayed next to 1L. GES SELECT (4R) GES preferences for call placement are
Labels may contain as many as 18 characters. Prior to entry, entered via 4R. Selection of 4R will cause the display of the
this field will display dashes. SATCOM GES SELECT page. Call placement will be
attempted using the entered GES when logged on in the
PHONE# (2L) The phone number associated with the callee associated satellite region.
is displayed next to 2L and is kept in the directory table. The
phone number consists of the international call prefix (00), the RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the
country code, a city or area code, and the telephone number. SATCOM DIRECTORY page that contains the entry for the
Characters such as dashes and spaces may be used to number last accessed.
separate fields in the number. Maximum field length will be 20
characters and may contain as many as 17 numeric Selection of NEXT PAGE or PREV PAGE on the MCDU will
characters. display the next or previous sequential SATCOM - DIRECTORY
page, respectively.
NETWORK ID (3L) The network ID for the callee is entered
via 3L. Network ID is displayed in decimal range 0-15. The
default value is 1.

PRIORITY (3R) Selection of 3R will cause the display of the


SATCOM - PRIORITY page. Priority will be displayed in either
numeric or alphabet text depending upon the option selection.
OPNL LOW is the default priority and should generally be
used. Cockpit calls are placed at a higher priority than cabin
calls. A call placed at an EMERGENCY priority will set off
alarms at the GES. The owner of the aircraft will be called and
told of an aircraft in emergency priority.
STORE (4L) Selection of 4L when *STORE is shown will
enter the call information as displayed into the number table.
When data is modified for an entry, *STORE will be
displayed. *STORE will continue to be displayed until the
modification data has been entered into nonvolatile memory.
Prior to modification, DELETE will be displayed.

DELETE (4L) Selection of 4L when *DELETE is shown will


cause the display of _CONFIRM next to 5L. Selection of 5L
(*CONFIRM) will delete the call information from the number
table. 153
The fields displayed on the SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY page SATCOM - GES SELECT PAGE
are considered protected if any of the following conditions exist: This page is selected from the NUMBER ENTRY page, and
the ORT protection level applied to the Telephone Directory allows the user to enter the preferred GES for the call to be
Table is set to protected. placed. Call placement will be attempted using the entered GES
in flight mode, and the mode of operation selected via the when logged on in the associated satellite region.
SATCOM -OPTIONS page is Label only.
the selected number entry is already being edited by
another MCDU.

If the ORT telephone tables protection level is set to


Protected/Modifiable, the entry or deletion of data will cause the
word MOD to be displayed on the SATCOM - CONFIG menu
next to the ORT part number.

When protected, the fields will be displayed one column


indented and will not be available for user entry. One of the
following messages will be displayed between 5L and 5R,
informing the user of the reason the entry is protected.

ORT PROTECTED
ENTRY BEING EDITED

SATCOM - GES SELECT Page


Figure 14
154
ATLANTIC WEST (1L) Selecting 1L will sequentially toggle
through the list of AOR-WEST associated GES IDSs
contained
in the system tables. Also included in the list is the
selection LOG ON GES, which indicates the log-on GES will
be used.

ATLANTIC EAST (2L) Selecting 2L will sequentially toggle


through the list of AOR-EAST associated GES IDSs contained
in the system tables. Also included in the list is the selection
LOG ON GES, which indicates the log-on GES will be used.

PACIFIC (3L) Selecting 3L will sequentially toggle through the


list of POR associated GES IDSs contained in the system
tables. Also included in the list is the selection LOG ON
GES, which indicates the log-on GES will be used.

INDIAN (4L) Selecting 4L will sequentially toggle through the


list of IOR associated GES IDSs contained in the system
tables. Also included in the list is the selection LOG ON
GES, which indicates the log-on GES will be used.
RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the
NUMBER ENTRY page. The last GES preference displayed,
will be the GES selected for use on the NUMBER ENTRY
page.

DIRECTORY INDEX
This page displays the user defined index names and allows
quick access to those pages of the directory. Selection of the
line select key next to the one of the index names will cause the
MCDU to display the first directory page associated with that
index name. If an entry has not been initialized, no display will
appear next to the appropriate line select key.

155
DIRECTORY INDEX MODIFY PAGE
(MAINTENANCE MODE ONLY)

This page displays the user defined index titles and allows
modification of the labels and associated directory pages.
User defined index labels are displayed next to the left line
select keys (LSKs). Titles may be modified by entering any 10
character alphanumeric string into the scratchpad and selecting
a left LSK. When an index label is entered into a label field that
has no page number defined, the page number will default to a
value equal to the previously defined page number plus one (or
20, whichever is less). Selection of left LSKs 1L through 5L
when the scratchpad is empty will cause the label to be entered
into the scratchpad.

Directory page numbers associated with each index label are


displayed next to the right side LSKs. The index page numbers
should be unique after any modifications to the directory.
The page number associated with the first index is set to 1 and
is
not modifiable. The label associated with the first index entry
defaults to EMERGENCY and may be modified (but not
deleted). This index label is displayed on the MAIN MENU page
next to 5R.

SATCOM - DIR INDEX Page The label and page number associated with the second index
Figure 15 entry defaults to label INDEX-TWO and page 2. These entries
may be modified but not deleted.

156
Any index entries (other than the first two) may be deleted by
pressing the CLR or DEL key, and then selecting the LSK of the
label to be deleted. A field of dashes will be displayed for any
undefined label or page number. An index entry page number
may be deleted only if the associated label is not defined. A NOT
ALLOWED error message will be displayed when an attempt is
made to delete a page number associated with a valid label.

BITE STATUS

The BITE status menus provide display of built-in-test results


from each of the individual LRUs and subassemblies of the
SATCOM system.

NOTE: In the MCDU display menus that follow, lower case

lettering is used to denote the small alphanumeric font


and uppercase lettering is used to denote the large
alphanumeric font.

BITE STATUS 1/3 MENU

Refer to figure 17. The three BITE STATUS pages provide


indication of the fault status of the SATCOM LRUs. Fault status
is determined from the fault summary words sent to the CMC.
DIRECTORY INDEX MODIFY Page
Figure 16

157
SDU (1L) SRT status is reported next to and below 1L. Status
is reported as either OK or FAULT.

T/P BSU (4L) Top/Port BSU status is displayed next to and


below 4L. Status is displayed as either OK, FAULT, TEST,
INACTIVE, or NONE.
IGA (5L) Intermediate gain antenna status is displayed
adjacent to and below 5L. Status is displayed as either OK,
FAULT, INACTIVE, or NONE.

SYS BUS (1R) Selection of 1R will display the SATCOM-SYS


BUS 1/2 menu. The status of system buses is displayed next
to and below 1R. Status is reported as OK or INACTIVE.
IGA LNA (3R) IGA LNA status is displayed next to and below
3R. Status is reported as either OK, FAULT, or NONE.
T/P LNA (4R) Top/Port LNA status is displayed next to and
below 4R. Status is displayed as either OK, FAULT, or NONE.
T/P HGA (5R) Top/Port HGA status is displayed next to and
below 5R. Status is reported as either OK, FAULT, or NONE.
RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return display to the
SATCOM-MAIN MENU.

SATCOM-BITE STATUS 1/3 Menu


Figure 17

158
Selection of the NEXT page function key on the MCDU will SATCOM SYS BUS 1/2 Menu
display the SATCOM-BITE STATUS 2/2.
The bus activity status of LRUs communicating to/from the
SATCOM system is provided by this page. Refer to figure 19.

Bus activities are indicated as OK, INACTIVE, or NONE. The


status OK versus INACTIVE is determined according to the
criteria used for the fault summary words sent to the CMC.
NONE will be shown when the rear connector strapping options
indicate a unit is not installed.

IRS bus status will be declared as OK, NO DATA, INACTIVE, or


NONE. OK will be indicated if all required IRS data is present on
the bus with SSM of NORMAL. INACTIVE will be indicated
according to the criteria used for bus activity words to the CMC.
NO DATA will be indicated if the bus is considered active but not
all required data is present with SSM of NORMAL. NONE is
shown when the rear connector strapping options indicate the
unit is not installed. Selection of the NEXT PAGE function key
will display the SATCOM - SYS BUS 2/2 page.

SATCOM-BITE STATUS Menu Map


Figure 18

159
RETURN (6l) Selection of 6L will return display to the SAT- SATCOM - SYS BUS 2/2 Menu
COM-BIT STATUS 1/3 page.
The bus activity status of LRUs communicating to/from the
SATCOM system is provided by this page. Refer to figure 20.
Bus activities are indicated as OK, INACTIVE, or NONE. OK
versus INACTIVE is determined according to the criteria used
for
the bus activity words sent to the CMC. The status NONE will be
shown when the rear connector strapping options indicate a unit
is not installed. Selection of the NEXT PAGE function key will
display the SATCOM - SYS BUS 1/2 page.

The CPDF (cabin packet data function) activity shown between


2L and 3L will indicate OK only if the SRT is receiving the proper
bus words from the CPDF and the CPDF is receiving the proper
bus words from the SRT.

RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return display to the


SATCOM-BITE STATUS 1/3 page.

SATCOM-SYSTEM BUS 1/2 Menu


Figure 19

160
BITE STATUS 2/3 MENU

SATCOM-SYSTEM BUS 2/2 Menu SATCOM-SYSTEM BUS 2/3 Menu


Figure 20 Figure 21

STBD BSU (1L) Starboard BSU status is displayed next to


and below 1L. Starboard BSU status is reported as OK,
FAULT, TEST, INACTIVE, or NONE.

161
CONFIG PARITY (3L) Rear connector configuration parity ANT IN USE (5R) The currently selected antenna subsystem
status is displayed next to and below 3L. If parity of pins is is displayed next to and below 5R. Possible selections
odd, OK is reported, otherwise, FAULT is displayed. displayed are: LGA, STBD HGA, T/P HGA, and NONE. NONE
is displayed if the AES cannot be made operational with either
ICAO STATUS (4L) ICAO address status is displayed next to antenna. This could be due to a detected failure or if the
and below 4L. ICAO address status will be displayed as configuration program pins are wired to indicate an invalid
INVALID or OK. combination of available antennas and supported services.

STBD LNA (1R) Starboard LNA status is displayed next to RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the
and below 1R. Starboard LNA status is reported as either OK, SATCOM-MAIN menu. Selection of the PREV page function
FAULT, or NONE. key, on the MCDU, will display the BITE STATUS menu 1/3.

STBD HGA (2R) Starboard HGA status is displayed next to


and below 2R. Starboard HGA status is reported as either
OK, FAULT, or NONE.

HPR (3R) High power relay status is displayed next to and


below 3R. HPR status is reported as either OK, FAULT, or
NONE.

CHANNELS (4R) Channel module status is indicated next to


and below 4R. Selection of 4R will display the SATCOM-H/W
CONFIG page. The line below 4R will display the number of
functional channel modules and the total number of installed
modules.

162
BITE STATUS 3/3 MENU

Refer to figure 22. Status of the data loaded in the owners


requirements table (ORT) is reported next to and beneath 1L.
The following are valid status messages:

Default No ORT loaded using default values.

OK ORT is valid.

Invalid The ORT must be reloaded.

Status of the secure data loaded owners requirements table


(ORT) is reported adjacent to and beneath 2L. The following are
valid status messages.

None No SECURE ORT loaded.

OK SECURE ORT is valid.

Invalid The SECURE ORT must be reloaded.

RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the


SATCOM-MAIN menu.

Selection of PREV PAGE function key, on the MCDU, will cause


the display of the BITE STATUS 2/3 menu. Selection of the
NEXT page function key will cause the display of the SATCOM
BITE STATUS 1/3 menu.

SATCOM-BITE STATUS 3/3 Menu


Figure 22
163
SATCOM CONFIG PAGE
This page provides system configuration information for the SECURE ORT (1L) Selection of 1L, when SECURE ORT is
SRT-2000. displayed will result in the SECURE ORT page being
displayed. This prompt is only available when a secure ORT,
that has at least one secured parameter, has been
downloaded into the SRT.

H/W CONFIG (1R) Selection of 1R will result in the


SATCOMH/W CONFIG page being displayed.

PROT LEVEL CODE (5L) Protected Level Code and the


entry boxes will only be displayed when the SRT is not logged
on. Selection of 5L will display the SATCOM-RESET page,
when the protected level code is in the scratchpad and when
entry is allowed.

NOTE: The protected level code can only be entered when


the AES is not logged on to a GES and is for use by
ground maintenance personnel only.

CAUTION: ENTERING THE PROTECTED LEVEL WILL


DISRUPT NORMAL OPERATION OF THE
SATCOM SYSTEM.

RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return display to the


SATCOM MAIN MENU.

SATCOM-CONFIG Page
Figure 23
164
SATCOM-H/W CONFIG

This page is used to identify the hardware configuration of the


SRT. Refer to figure 24. The page is entered via the selection of
1R from the SATCOM CONFIG page. The top level hardware
part number of the SRT is displayed above 1L. The number of
SATCOM channels installed is displayed above 3L. The number
of SATCOM channels available is displayed above 3R.

The status of each channel module is displayed. The possible


statuses are:
IDLE channel module ready, but not in use
VOICE 1/SAT 1/VOICE L/SAT L in use by audio channel 1
VOICE 2/SAT 2/VOICE R/SAT R in use by audio channel 2
DATA channel module in use for P/R/T channel
CABIN channel module in use by cabin
FAULT channel module failure has been detected
- - - - - channel module has not been installed.

SATCOM-H/W CONFIG Page


Figure 24 SATCOM-HW CONFIG Page
The text appearing between 1L and 1R and above 3L and 3R Figure 24
will
only be displayed when one or more of the channel modules
have
a displayed status of FAULT.
_ RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the The text appearing between 1L and 1R and above 3L and 3R
SATCOM CONFIG page. will only be displayed when one or more of the channel modules
have a displayed status of FAULT.

RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the


SATCOM CONFIG page.

165
SATCOM SECURE ORT

This page is used to identify the secure ORT configuration of the


SRT. Refer to figure 25. The page is entered via the selection of
1L from the SATCOM CONFIG page. Part numbers for the
secure ORT are displayed in the row just above 2L and at 2L.
The first number is a 12-digit field compatible with the Collins
part number format. The second number is a 15-character, free-
text field. Both part numbers can be defined by the user.

RETURN (6L) Selection of 6L will return the display to the


SATCOM CONFIG page.

SATCOM SECURE ORT Page


Figure 25

166
SATCOM-RESET (FIRST DISPLAY) PAGE

This page is displayed upon selection of the RESUME_ active


advisory while in maintenance mode or upon entry of the
protected level code on the SATCOM CONFIG page. If other
MCDUs are logged on to SATCOM when a user enters
maintenance mode through the SATCOM CONFIG page,
informational messages will be displayed from the 3L - 3R line
through the 5L - 5R line. Refer to figure 26. If display was
entered by selection of the RESUME * active advisory, selection
of 6R will cause the SRT to display the page shown in figure 27
and perform the cold start. Upon power up, the SRT will display
the SATCOM MAIN menu. If the entry onto the RESET page
was from passcode entry, selection of 6R will cause a PLEASE
WAIT message to appear while the SRT transitions to
maintenance mode. The SATCOM - MAINT page is displayed
when the transition is complete. If another MCDU was logged on
to SATCOM during the transition to maintenance mode, the
other MCDU display will change to the SATCOM IN USE page.
Selection of 6L will cause the SRT to cancel the reset operation
and to continue in the present mode of operation.

SATCOM-RESET Page - First Display


Figure 26

167
SATCOM-RESET (LAST DISPLAY) PAGE

This page will be displayed momentarily following selection of


CONFIRM_ from the SATCOM - RESET page. Refer to figure
27. The SRT will reset following display of this menu. The MCDU
may time-out during the reset. During this reset, any key press
will be ignored.

SATCOM-RESET Page - Last Display


Figure 27

168
SATCOM IN USE PAGE

If SATCOM is requested by an MCDU while already logged onto


another MCDU, the SATCOM IN USE page, will be displayed on
the requesting MCDU. Refer to figure 28. Upon de-selection of
SATCOM by the controlling MCDU, control will be passed to the
requesting MCDU and the SATCOM MAIN menu will be
displayed. MCDU priorities are based so that the first requesting
MCDU will have the highest priority. Priority is then based on
position within the system. The left MCDU has priority over the
right MCDU and the right MCDU has priority over the center
MCDU, if two MCDUs are requesting SATCOM at the same
time.

SATCOM IN USE Page


Figure 28

169
SATCOM TEST PAGE

This page is used to access instrumentation port (IP) blocks.


Refer to figure 29. Test commands are entered from the
scratchpad via 1L. The commands are entered in decimal and
may be entered as one to four digits in length. The test
commands are not listed, because the test commands are for
Rockwell-Collins development engineering use only.

NOTE: Entry of test commands may cause system


transmissions, interrupting normal SATCOM system
operation. The user should exercise caution before
entering any test commands.

Entry of a valid IP block number at 5R will result in the display of


the SATCOM IP BLK 1/N page. Selection of 6L will return the
display to the menu where the SATCOM-TEST page was
selected.

SATCOM-TEST Page
Figure 29

170
MAINTENANCE MENUS
SATCOM - MAINT MENU

FREQ TBL (1L) Displays SATCOM-FREQ table menu (figure


32).
GES PREF (2L) Displays the SATCOM-GES PREF table
menu (figure 33).
SYS TEST (3L) Displays the SYS TEST page (figure 31).
DISPLAY (4L) Displays the SATCOM-DIR DISPLAY menu
(figure 12).
BITE OK (5L) Present SATCOM system BITE status is
displayed next to 5L as either <BITE OK, <BITE OK*, or
<BITE FAIL. This status is reported as BITE OK: if all
SATCOM LRUs pass BITE, and are active on the bus (and all
installed channel modules are functional), or BITE OK* if all
SATCOM LRUs pass BITE and are active, but not all installed

channel modules are functional, or BITE FAIL; if one or more


LRUs reports a fault or inactivity on the bus. Only LRUs that
are indicated as being installed by the rear connector pins of
the SRT will be monitored. Selection of 5L displays the BITE
STATUS 1/3 menu.

SATCOM-MAINT MENU
Figure 30

CONFIG MAINT (6L) Displays the SATCOM-CONFIG page


(figure 23). Selection of 6L when the letters XXXX are in the
scratchpad will result in display of the SATCOM TEST page.
OPTIONS (1R) Displays the SATCOM-OPTIONS page (figure
35). 171
PARMS (2R) Displays the SATCOM-PARMS table menu
(figure 34).

ORT RESTORE (3R) Displays the SATCOM-ORT RESTORE


menu when any of the four data loadable owners
requirements table records is set to protected/modifiable; and
data in any of those tables is modified.

MODIFY (4R) Displays the SATCOM-INDEX MODIFY menu.


Prompt will only be displayed when the ORT protection bits
are set to allow modification of the telephone number
directories.

RESUME (6R) Selection will cause the AES to leave


maintenance mode. The main menu will be displayed when
normal operation is resumed.

SATCOM - SYS TEST

This page (figure 31) enables the initiation of the installation test
procedure.

on/OFF (1L) Selection of 1L will enable/disable the talkout


mode. The talkout mode causes each cockpit audio
microphone to be looped back to the respective headphone
audio. This connection is made with cockpit audio #1 being
assigned the lowest numbered working channel module
installed in the SRT. Cockpit audio #2 is assigned the next
lowest numbered working channel module.
SATCOM-SYS TEST Page
Figure 31

172
The chimes and lights are activated in the following sequence. SATCOM - FREQ TBL Menu
(1) Activate the chime output (only) as determined by SRT
program pin strapping. The chime will remain active for Refer to figure 32. This page provides the channel numbers
approximately 3 seconds. used for the initial satellite search during log-on. Uninitialized
(2) Activate cockpit voice call light #1 (only) for approximately 1 fields will be shown as dashes of the proper length.
second.
(3) Activate cockpit voice call light #2 (only) for approximately 1 NOTE: If the protection level applied to the initial satellite search
second. table is set to unmodifiable, the fields described in the
(4) Activate both call lights until the audio talkout mode is following paragraphs will be displayed one column
terminated. indented and will not be available for entry by the user. If
The audio talkout mode is maintained until 1L is selected again. the satellite search table protection level is set to
protected/modifiable, the entry or deletion of data will
RUN (2L) Selection of 2L will start the INSTALLATIONS/LRU cause MOD to be displayed on the SATCOM -
fault test. Faults returned by the test will be displayed in the CONFIG
area below 2L and above 6L. If no faults are detected and the page.
installation test has been run, OK will be displayed. If no faults
are known to exist and the installation test has not yet been Satellite ID, longitude, inclination, ascension, primary and
run, the fault display area is blank. Up to 7 faults are secondary psid channels are displayed and edited via this page.
displayed. As many as 16 satellite entries may be stored. Satellite ID is
If more than 7 faults are detected, only the first 7 will displayed in octal, range 00 to 76. Longitude is displayed in
be displayed. During performance of the test, TEST IN degrees (base ten) range -180 to +180. Inclination is displayed
PROGRESS will be displayed in place of <RUN next to 2L. in octal, range 0 to 7. Ascension is displayed in hexadecimal
Selection of 6L will return the display to the SATCOM-MAINT range 0
menu.

The talkout and installation tests are mutually exclusive. When


one of the tests is initiated, the prompt for the other test is not
displayed. The user is unable to initiate the other test until the
first test is completed (or turned off).

173
to FF. Psids are displayed in decimal range 8000 to 19 600. A Present page displayed and total number of pages is displayed
Psid value of 0 is used as a NULL Psid (not searched). by II/NN in the upper right of the display. When functions
consisting of multiple pages are displayed, the current page and
the total number of pages are displayed as II/NN where II is the
current page and NN is the total number of pages. Selection of
NEXT PAGE via the MCDU will display the next page and
increment the II field in the upper right of the display. Selection
of PREV PAGE via the MCDU will display the previous page and
decrement the II field in the upper right of the display.

Selection of 5R when the word CLR or DELETE is in the


scratchpad will result in the display of CONFIRM next to 5R.
Selection of 5R when CONFIRM is shown will remove the entry
from the frequency table. Selecting any key other than 5R while
CONFIRM is shown will return the display to ENTER and no
erasure will occur. If the protection level applied to the initial
satellite search table is set to unmodifiable, no prompt will be
enabled for 5R.

Selection of 5R when the word INIT is in the scratchpad will


result in the display of CONFIRM next to 5R. Selection of 5R
when CONFIRM is shown will cause re-initialization of the
frequency table to the frequencies stored in RAM. All manual
entries will be erased. Selecting any key other than 5R while
CONFIRM is shown will return the display to ENTER and no
erasure will occur.

SATCOM-FREQ TBL Menu


Figure 32

174
SATCOM - GES PREF Menu Satellite ID, GES, and preference levels are entered from the
scratchpad via 5R. Sixteen satellite/GES/preference entries are
Refer to figure 33. This menu displays the list of GES shown per page. As many as 50 satellite/GES/preferences may
preferences for the AES to use during log-on search. This data be entered into the table. Uninitialized values on a page will be
is part of the owners requirements table (ORT). If the protection displayed as - -/- - -/- -. SAT ID is displayed in octal range 00 to
level applied to the ORT table is set to unmodifiable, the user 76. GES ID is displayed in octal range 000 to 376. (Octal is a
will not be allowed to enter or delete data as described in the base 8 numbering system). GES preferences are displayed in
following paragraphs. If the tables protection level is set to decimal, range 1 to 99.
protected/modifiable; the entry or deletion of data will cause the
word MOD to be displayed on the SATCOM-CONFIG menu. Present page displayed and total number of pages is displayed
by II/NN in the upper right of the display. When functions
consisting of multiple pages are displayed, the current page and
the total number of pages are displayed as II/NN where II is the
current page and NN is the total number of pages.

SATCOM-GES PREF Menu


Figure 33
175
Selection of NEXT PAGE, via the MCDU, will display the next The users default mode of log-on is selected via 1L. Possible
page and increment II (current page). Selection of PREV PAGE, modes are AUTO: or USER CMD: (user commanded). The log-
via the MCDU, will display the previous page and decrement II on mode is a portion of the data loaded owners requirements
(current page). table.

Entered SAT ID/GES/preference values will be sorted by For DTMF operation, the user should configure the SRT to use
preference, then by SAT ID and GES ID and placed in numerical the AUTO mode of log-on. The manual (user commanded)
order in the table. Deletion of a SATID/GES/preference is mode of log-on is not supported by the DTMF interface controls.
performed by entering the SAT ID/GES with a preference of 00. However, user commanded log-on is possible by using an
MCDU control, if one is installed.
Selection of 5R when the word CLR or DELETE is in the
scratchpad will result in the display of CONFIRM_ next to 5R. The visibility look angle is entered via 1R. Entries may range
Selection of 5R when CONFIRM_ is shown will clear all entries from -90 (no visibility required) to +90. The default visibility look
in the SAT preference table. Selection of any key other than 5R angle is -5. The visibility angle is a portion of the data loaded
when CONFIRM_ is shown will return the prompt to ENTER. owners requirements table.
If the protection level applied to the initial satellite search table is
set to unmodifiable, no prompt will be enabled for 5R. Selection
of 6L will return the display to the SATCOM-MAINT menu.

SATCOM - PARMS Menu

Refer to figure 34. This page displays the users enterable log-
on
and installation parameters. All values will contain default
values. The values may be overwritten. New values will be
stored in nonvolatile memory. Default values for each parameter
are shown in figure 34. If the protection level applied to the data
loadable owners requirements table is set to unmodifiable,
some of the fields described in the following paragraphs will be
displayed on column indented and will not be available for user
entry. If the tables protection level is set to protected/modifiable;
the entry or deletion of data will cause the word MOD to be
displayed on the SATCOM-CONFIG menu.

176
Selecting 2L will toggle the GES search made between ALL
and PREF ONLY. The AES will perform a visibility check for
the satellite region of the selected GES. If the satellite is not
visible, the AES will select the highest preferred GES not yet
attempted. If the owners requirements table option for GES
SEARCH is PREF ONLY, then the search will include only
GESs listed in the GES preference data. If the owners
requirements table option for GES SEARCH is ALL, then the
search will also attempt any untried GESs in the GES data table
(if attempts at using GESs in the preference table were
unsuccessful). In either case, no GES listed in the GES
preference table with a priority of 99 will be attempted.

The date will only be displayed (4L) when there is a system


processor installed that supports a real time counter. Entries
may range from midnight, 1 January 1995 through 23:59, 31
December 2094. The date can be changed by entering data in
the format day/month/year and selecting 4L.

The time will only be displayed (4R) when there is a system


processor installed that supports a real time counter. Entries
may range from midnight (0000) through 2359. The time can be
changed by entering data in a 24-hour time format and selecting
4R.

SATCOM - PARMS
Figure 34

177
Cable loss between the HGA HPA and the HGA antennas is
entered next to 5R. The default value is 2.5 dB. The range is 1
to
2.5 dB. The value is provided for future use and at the time of
publication is not utilized by the system.

Selection of 6L will display the SATCOM MAINT menu.

SATCOM-OPTIONS 1/2 PAGE

Refer to figure 35. The SATCOM-OPTIONS 1/2 page allows the


user to select system operation functions. If the protection level
applied to the options table is set to unmodifiable, the fields
described in the following paragraphs will be displayed one
column indented and will not be available for user entry. If the
tables protection level is set to protected/modifiable, the entry or
deletion of data will cause the word MOD to be displayed on
the SATCOM-CONFIG menu.

_ PROMPT (1L) Selection of 1L will toggle the state of the


SATCOM SATCOM - OPTIONS 1/2 Page
prompt on the MCDU Main menu. Possible selections Figure 35
are SAT without the caret and <SAT with the caret.
_ CKPT VCE (1R) Selection of 1R will advance the number of PROMPT (1L) Selection of 1L will toggle the state of the
reserved cockpit voice channels through each possible SATCOM prompt on the MCDU Main menu. Possible
configuration. selections are SAT without the caret and <SAT with the
Possible configurations are 0, where all voice channels caret.
are shared with the cabin; 1, where one channel is
reserved for cockpit use; and 2, where two channels are CKPT VCE (1R) Selection of 1R will advance the number of
reserved for cockpit use. The number of reserved cockpit reserved cockpit voice channels through each possible
channels is not dependent upon the rear connector strapping. configuration. Possible configurations are 0, where all voice
channels are shared with the cabin; 1, where one channel is
reserved for cockpit use; and 2, where two channels are
reserved for cockpit use. The number of reserved cockpit
channels is not dependent upon the rear connector strapping.

178
LABEL (2R) Selection of 2R selects call placement mode. CHIME-FAIL (5R) When enabled, chime is activated upon call
Possible selections are LABEL and LABEL+#. If the attempt failure. Option can be enabled (YES) or disabled
LABEL mode of operation is chosen, then stars (_) will be (NO) with present selection displayed with the larger font.
displayed next to each label. Selection of the appropriate line CONFIG AUDIO (4L) Selection will display the CONFIG
select will cause the MCDU to display the SATCOM MAIN AUDIO page.
MENU and the indicated call label will be selected for possible CODEC GAIN (5L) The number entered will be the CODEC
call placement. If the LABEL+# mode of operation is chosen, gain level in dB. The CODEC gain range is -10 to +10 dB,
the indicated call label will be selected for possible call with an nominal value of 0 dB. The level of CODEC gain may
placement and will be displayed next to the symbol < or >. be changed to compensate for low audio levels transmitted by
Selection of the appropriate line select (for the desired some GESs. The codec gain applies to cockpit and cabin
number) will display the SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY page for audio in the ground-to-air direction only. Caution should be
the indicated callee. used when increasing the CODEC gain to boost ground-to-air
audio levels. Excessive CODEC gain settings may cause
DEFAULT (2L) routing of APC calls. Selection of 2L will distortion of the signals received from the GESs that are
sequence through the available options of: VOICE 1, VOICE transmitting at normal audio levels.
2,
CKPT VCE, or CABIN. Selection of VOICE 1/2 will route the
call to VOICE 1 if available, the to VOICE 2 (if VOICE 1 not
available).

CEPT PREF (3L) Selection of 3L will toggle the preference of


CODECs (4.8 kbps or 9.6 kbps) used for calls originating via
the CEPT port. For Aero-I configurations only 4.8 kbps will be
selectable.

CHIME-NORM (3R) When enabled, chime is activated upon


normal air-to-ground call completion. Option can be enabled
(YES) or disabled (NO) with present selection displayed with
the larger font.

CHIME-QUE (4R) When enabled, chime is activated upon


completion of a previously queued call. Option can be enabled
(YES) or disabled (NO) with present selection displayed with
the larger font.

179
There are four SATCOM-related sources of cockpit audio. These
sources are: (1) sidetone, (2) audio messages, (3) audio tones,
and (4) ground network audio. The user can adjust the sidetone
level via the SATCOM-CONFIG AUDIO page and the ground
network audio level through the codec gain (5L). The user can
also enable or disable the audio messages input (SATCOM-
CONFIG AUDIO, 3R). It is suggested that the user adjust the
cockpit audio output level to provide the best level from the
audio messages and audio tones sources, then use the
SATCOM-OPTIONS menu to adjust the codec gain (5L) and
sidetone level (SATCOM-CONFIG AUDIO, 2L) to provide the
best audio output level.

SATCOM-OPTIONS 2/2 PAGE

Refer to figure 36. The SATCOM-OPTIONS 2/2 page allows the


user to select additional system ORT operation functions.

_ SECURE VOICE (1L) option current state is shown next to 1L.


_ FAX (2L) mode enable option current state is shown next to
2L.
_ HGH SPD P (3L). High-speed P-channel enable option current
state is shown next to 3L. SATCOM - OPTIONS 2/2 Page
_ PC MODEM (4L). PC data enable option current state is Figure 36
shown next to 4L.

SECURE VOICE (1L) option current state is shown next to 1L.

FAX (2L) mode enable option current state is shown next to


2L.
HGH SPD P (3L). High-speed P-channel enable option current
state is shown next to 3L.
PC MODEM (4L). PC data enable option current state is
shown next to 4L.

180
FULL NUMBER (5L). Scratchpad number entry control option SATCOM-CONFIG AUDIO PAGE
current state is shown next to 5L. Possible values are:
ALWAYS, IN AIR, ON GRND, and NEVER.

DATA-3 (1R) enable option current state is shown next to 1R.

HGH SP R/T (2R). High-speed R-/T-Channel enable current


state is shown next to 2R.

CC DATA (3R). Credit card data enable option current state is


shown next to 3R.

BROADCAST (4R) data enable option current status is shown


next to 4R.

SATCOM - CONFIG AUDIO Page


Figure 37
TYPE (1L) The type of phone interface connected to analog
audio input 1 is displayed next to 1L. Potential interfaces are:
MCDU, :DISCRETE, :INFLIGHT, :AVTECH
DTMF_MIC and NONE. DISCRETE, :INFLIGHT, and
:AVTECH are indications of DTMF phone interfaces. (eg,
Wulfsberg WH-10 for DISCRETE and Inflight Phone for
INFLIGHT and :AVTECH). DTMF_MIC is used to indicate
a microphone with built-in DTMF pad is used with a
conventional cockpit audio system. The user may toggle
between :MCDU, DISCRETE, :INFLIGHT, :AVTECH,
DTMF_MIC, or NONE by selecting 1L.

181
SIDETONE (2L) Sidetone level is entered via 2L. Sidetone
level entry range is 0 to 20 dB. Nominal value is 10 dB.
INPUT LEVEL (3L) Input level sensitivity is entered via 3L. AUDIO MSGS (3R) Selection of 3R controls audio message
The entered number will be the nominal input level in VRMS. output (call progress messages) for cockpit calls. When both
The range is 0.15 VRMS to 1.5 VRMS. Nominal value is analog audio lines are strapped as MCDU or NONE, selecting
0.15 VRMS. 3R will toggle between ENABLED and DISABLED. When the
analog audio line is strapped for DISCRETE or DIGIT,
OUTPUT LEVEL (4L) Output level is entered via 4L. The REQUIRED will be shown next to 3R.
entered number will be the nominal output level in VRMS. The
output level range is 0.0 VRMS to 4.9 VRMS. Nominal value PRIORITY (4R) The default priority of calls placed via the
is 2.45 VRMS. selected interface is displayed next to 4R. Potential priorities
are COCKPIT, PUBLIC, and ALL.
CODEC PREF (5L) Selection of 5L will toggle the preference TERMINAL ID (5R) The terminal ID of the selected interface
of CODECs (4.8 kbps or 9.6 kbps) used for calls originating is displayed next to 5R. This item is a hexadecimal display
via the CEPT port. For Aero-I configurations only 4.8 kbps will item. Valid terminal IDs are defined as hexadecimal numbers
be selectable. 0 - FFF.

AUDIO LINE (1R) The audio line to be displayed is selected


via 1R. Selecting 1R will display the parameters associated
with the next audio line. The audio line identifications for
single/standalone systems are VOICE 1 and VOICE 2.

PUBLIC CALLS (2R) The ability to place and/or accept APC


or PUBLIC priority calls via the analog audio input lines is
displayed next to 2R. Selection of 2R toggles the value
between ENABLED and DISABLED. The EEPROM
stored value of this option may be overwritten due to strapping
of the INHIBIT CKPT APC discrete (TP13A).

NOTE: When TP13A is grounded, the discrete setting will be


used instead of the EEPROM stored value. If the
INHIBIT CKPT APC pin is grounded, PUBLIC priority
calls are not allowed. If the INHIBIT CKPT APC pin is
open, the user may lower the priority to PUBLIC. It is
not possible for the user to override the discrete strap
setting.

_
182
SATCOM-ORT RESTORE PAGE

This page allows the restoration of the data loaded owners


requirements table. Refer to figure 38. Selection of 6L will
display the SATCOM MAINT menu. Selection of 6R will display
the SATCOM RESET PAGE LAST DISPLAY menu.

SATCOM - ORT RESTORE Page


Figure 38 183
MULTIPURPOSE INTERACTIVE DISPLAY
UNIT (MIDU)

The MIDU is a Collins DLC-800 IDU programmed to emulate a


two-port MCDU. As far as the management unit is concerned,
the MIDU is no different from an MCDU; however, since the
MIDU has a touch screen, the user interface is slightly different.

MIDU Operation

The MIDU DLC-800 has a touch sensitive display screen. All


items that may be selected are indicated by inverse video on the
screen. When making a selection, the area that is active is
slightly larger than the inverse video block and changes to
normal video with an inverse border when touched. The actual
selection of the touched item does not occur until the finger is
removed from the screen.

Alpha, numeric, or other required characters are accessed from


individual keyboards that appear when the selected function
warrants.

Touch the NEXT or PREV page select in the bottom section of


the screen to access multiple pages on SATCOM functions.
As data is keyed, it will appear in the scratchpad at the top left of
the data entry page.

Selecting RTN at the bottom of the data entry page returns the
display to the previously selected menu page. The data that is
now displayed in the scratchpad display line may be moved to
the appropriate data line by touching the corresponding line
select key.

184
COCKPIT VOICE Call Placement (Using the ACP)
AIR-TO-GROUND
The SRT-2000 is connected to the existing cockpit audio system
through the audio management unit (AMU). The pilot and copilot To place an air-to-ground call, the crew is expected to select
can use existing headphone/microphone sets for placement of SATCOM-1 or SATCOM-2 (if available) on the audio control
cockpit voice audio calls. panel (ACP) so the progress of the call can be monitored. The
SATCOM menu is then selected from the MCDU.
The cockpit audio controls may have provisions for SATCOM-1
(or SATCOM-L) and SATCOM-2 (or SATCOM-R) depending on From the SATCOM menu, the directory entry corresponding to
strapping options. SATCOM voice procedures will be similar to the desired callee is shown. The directory entry contains the
other audio communications systems on board the aircraft. Call following information:
placement and control will be performed using one of the cockpit
MCDUs. (1) Name of called party or organization (up to 10 characters).
(2) Network ID.
The MCDU provides the method to tune the radio. The pilot (3) Called address (telephone number up to 17 decimal digits).
selects an available cockpit voice channel (Voice1 or Voice2) (4) Preferred GES (3 digits or dont care). Four entries, one
and the desired service (agency) using the MCDU controls. The for each satellite region.
selection is made from the SATCOM DIRECTORY (maintained
in the SRT-2000 nonvolatile memory).

Currently, there are two standard cockpit audio interfaces


offered
for the SAT-2000 Satellite Communications System. One
interface uses the audio control panel (ACP) to place a call, the
second interface uses the MCDU to place a call. The interface
using the ACP to place the call is preferred by Airbus, while the
second interface using the MCDU to place the call is preferred
by Boeing.

185
(5) Call priority - one of the following: EMERGENCY, OPNL If the called party is busy or if the ground network cannot
HIGH, OPNL LOW, or APC-CABIN. The low priority level complete the call due to network congestion, the AES will:
of APC-CABIN is optional and is enabled from the
SATCOM- OPTIONS 2/2 page or from strapping the rear (1) disable the voice CODEC,
connector. (2) generate a busy signal or network congestion signal,
(3) activate the chime if the owners requirements table is set
If a new directory entry is not selected for a particular voice to activate the chime when a failure occurs,
channel, then the last entry selected (for that channel) will be (4) indicate the reason for a call failure on the MCDU.
used.
The crew can acknowledge the call failure by selecting END
The call is initiated by selecting the desired SATCOM channel CALL on the MCDU.
on the audio control panel. The call will be placed immediately,
even if preemption is necessary.

The GES requested for the call is based on the preferred GES
(if
any) corresponding to the Satellite Region to which the AES is
currently logged on.

If the call is established successfully, the AES will;


(1) enable the voice CODEC,
(2) enable the audio sidetone,
(3) activate the call light for the associated channel,
(4) activate the chime (if the owners requirements table
parameters are set to activate the chime on successful
call placement).

If the call is completed, the crew will hear the ringing signal
generated by the ground network. No further crew action is
necessary for the duration of the call.

The crew may acknowledge the call by letting 10 seconds


elapse since the call was established. When the call is
acknowledged, the SRT-2000 cancels the repetitive chimes (if
necessary), and changes the flashing CALL light to continuous
(if necessary).
186
GROUND-TO-AIR From the SATCOM menu, the directory entry corresponding to
the desired callee can be chosen. If the LABEL mode of
When a ground-to-air call is received, the SRT-2000 verifies the operation is chosen, then stars (*) will be displayed next to each
call is destined for the cockpit crew. The AES then alerts the label. Selection of the appropriate line select will cause the
crew to the incoming call by: (1) activating the call light, (2) MCDU to display the SATCOM MAIN MENU and the indicated
activating the chime, and (3) indicating a ground initiated call is call label will be selected for possible call placement. If the
available, on the MCDU. LABEL+# mode of operation is chosen, the indicated call label
will be selected for possible call placement and will be displayed
The crew may then answer the call by selecting the appropriate next to the symbol < or >. Selection of the appropriate line
SATCOM MIC select on the audio control panel. select (for the desired number) will display the SATCOM
NUMBER ENTRY page for the indicated callee. The directory
When the call is answered, the SRT will: (1) cancel the chime (if entry contains the following information.
still active), (2) leave the CALL light on continuously, (3) enable
the voice CODEC, and (4) enable the sidetone. (1) Name of called party or organization (up to 10 characters).
(2) Network ID.
The crew may also reject the call by selecting REJECT on the (3) Called address (telephone number up to 16 decimal digits).
MCDU or by taking no action. The call will be rejected if it is not (4) Preferred GES (3 digits or dont care). Four entries, one
acknowledged in 120 to 240 seconds. for each satellite region.

Call Placement (Using the MCDU)

AIR-TO-GROUND

To place an air-to-ground call, the crew is expected to select


SATCOM-1 or SATCOM-2 (if available) on the audio control
panel (ACP) so the progress of the call be monitored. The
SATCOM menu is then selected from the MCDU.

187
(5) Call priority - one of the following: CABIN - APC, OPNL If the call is established successfully, the AES will:
LOW, OPNL HIGH, EMERGENCY. The low priority level
of CABIN - APC is optional and is enabled from the (1) enable the voice CODEC,
SATCOM- OPTIONS 2/2 page or from strapping the rear (2) enable the audio sidetone,
(3) activate the call light for the associated channel,
connector. (4) activate the chime (if the owners requirements table
parameters are set to activate the chime on successful
If a new directory entry is not selected for a particular voice call placement).
channel, then the last entry selected (for that channel) will be
used. If the call is completed, the crew will hear the ringing signal
generated by the ground network. No further crew action is
The call is initiated by one of the following methods: necessary for the duration of the call.

If sufficient system resources are available: Press the PLACE The crew may cancel repetitive light indicators and chimes for
CALL line select key on the MCDU. the call by keying the MIC once or by letting 10 seconds elapse
or, since the call was established. When the call is acknowledged,
If sufficient resources are not available to place the call (eg, the SRT-2000 cancels the repetitive chimes (if necessary), and
insufficient channel modules or HPA headroom) the MCDU changes the flashing CALL light to continuous (if necessary).
will display two options: (1) PREEMPT and (2) QUEUE
CALL. If the crew selects the QUEUE CALL option, the call

will be placed only when sufficient resources become


available. The call request will be terminated if the CALL IN
QUEUE condition exists for more than 10 minutes.

If the PREEMPT option is selected, a cabin call with the


lowest priority is disconnected to make sufficient resources
available.

The GES requested for the call is based on the preferred GES
(if
any) corresponding to the Satellite Region to which the AES is
currently logged on.

188
If the called party is busy or if the ground network cannot When the call is answered, the SRT will:
complete the call due to network congestion, the AES will:
(1) disable the voice CODEC, (1) cancel the chime (if still active),
(2) generate a busy signal or network congestion signal, (2) leave the CALL light on continuously,
(3) activate the chime if the owners requirements table is set (3) enable the voice CODEC,
to activate the chime when a failure occurs, (4) enable the sidetone.
(4) indicate the reason for a call failure on the MCDU. The crew may also reject the call by selecting REJECT on the
The crew can acknowledge the call failure by selecting END MCDU or by taking no action. The call will be rejected if it is not
CALL on the MCDU. acknowledged in 120 to 240 seconds.

GROUND-TO-AIR Example (Cockpit Air-To-Ground Call)

When a ground-to-air call is received, the SRT-2000 verifies the (1) From the SATCOM MAIN menu, select <DIRECTORY for
call is destined for the cockpit crew. The AES then alerts the Voice1 or Voice2.
crew to the incoming call by: (1) activating the call light, (2) (2) If the desired number is seen on the directory page next to a
activating the chime, and (3) indicating a ground initiated call is caret (<) or star (_), select the associated line select key.
available, on the MCDU.
NOTE: Go to step 4 if desired number is not shown.
The crew may then answer the call by selecting ANSWER on
the MCDU. In addition, the call may be answered by one of the
following (aircraft dependent) methods.

For Boeing 777 - The call may be answered by selecting SAT


MIC on the audio control panel.

For Boeing 767 - The call may be answered by selecting


SATCOM MIC on the audio control panel and pressing PTT.

For Boeing 747 - The call will be answered automatically.

189
(3) From the SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY page select the line CAUTION: BE CAREFUL WITH SELECTING THE
select key associated with the message _SELECT FOR EMERGENCY PRIORITY. A CALL PLACED AT
USE. EMERGENCY PRIORITY WILL SET OFF ALARMS
(4) If the desired number is not available on the directory page, AT THE GES. THE OWNER OF THE AIRCRAFT
select an unused entry line (dashes displayed). WILL BE CALLED AND TOLD OF AN AIRCRAFT
(5) At the SATCOM NUMBER ENTRY page enter an IN EMERGENCY PRIORITY.
alphanumeric label for the number (10 characters
maximum). (8) Enter the network ID. The network ID defaults to 1 and
should remain at 1 unless special GES services are
NOTE: This label will be used on the SATCOM DIRECTORY required.
page to identify the entered number. (9) Select the line select key associated with the STORE
message to store the number for future use. Press the line
(6) Enter the phone number using the following pattern select key associated with the message _SELECT FOR
(maximum of 20 characters). USE to return to the MAIN MENU and use the number
00-CC-NNN-NUMBER entered.
Where 00 is used as the access code for international calls,
CC is the country code, and NNN is the city or area code.

NOTE: For example, country code for USA is 1, for


Australia
61 and for Great Britain 44. In addition to public
numbers, the operator may be accessed by entering
the two digit code 92. Other short code numbers
and
series may be available at different GESs.
NOTE: Spaces and dashes may be entered along with the
numbers to identify the fields. The AES will ignore the
spaces and dashes and send only the numbers.

(7) Select the priority for the call. Cockpit calls are placed at one
of these priorities: CABIN - APC, OPNL LOW, OPNL HIGH,

or EMERGENCY. The low priority level of CABIN - APC is


optional and is enabled from the SATCOM - OPTIONS 2/2
page or from strapping the rear connector. OPNL LOW is
the
default priority and should generally be used. Cockpit calls 190
are placed at a higher priority than cabin calls. Pressing the
line select key next to the current priority will scroll through
(10) From the SATCOM MAIN MENU, select the line select key For systems using the ACP (Airbus preferred), the call can be
associated with the PLACE CALL* annunciation. terminated by releasing the MIC ON input.
(11) Select END CALL_ to end the call.
When a call is terminated, the SRT-2000 will: (1) disable any
Call Interruption busy or network congestion tones, (2) disable the CODEC
(muting the audio), (3) disable the sidetone, (4) signal a
If a cockpit voice call is interrupted due to loss of signal, the disconnect to the GES, and (5) clear any repetitive chime. The
sidetone will remain enabled. But the receive audio will be call light will be extinguished after the C-Channel has been
muted released and the channel unit is available for a new call.
during the signal outage. If the call must be abandoned
(because the signal is not reestablished within 40 seconds) the
SRT will: (1) disconnect the C-Channel, (2) disable the sidetone,
(3) extinguish the CALL light, and (4) indicate the cause of the
failure on the MCDU.

Call Answering

When the SATCOM system receives a ground-to-air call, the


following flight deck effects occur:
(1) the SATCOM call light is lit,
(2) the chime is sounded, and
(3) a SELCAL message is displayed on EICAS.

The cockpit crew selects the HF/SAT MIC/AUDIO pushbuttons


(left or right) on the audio selector panels and selects SAT on
the overhead HF/SAT XFER panel. The cockpit crew then
presses PTT to answer the call. Alternatively, the call can then
be answered via the MCDU, although the HF/SAT XFER and
MIC/AUDIO selections still must be made.

Call Termination - AES Initiated

The crew can terminate a call or call request at any time. This
includes during camp-on or call establishment, when a call is in
progress, or after a call failure. For systems using the MCDU
(Boeing preferred), the call can be terminated by selecting END
CALL on the MCDU or momentarily grounding the cockpit voice 191
channel release.
Call Termination - GES Initiated To initiate an air-to-ground call, the CTU will send a SETUP
. message to the SRT. The SETUP message will contain a called
If the GES signals a call termination, the AES will: (1) disable the party number and credit card information, to allow the SRT to
CODEC (mute the audio), (2) disable the sidetone, (3) complete process the call.
the normal call disconnect procedure, (4) display the cause for
call termination on the MCDU, (5) reset any associated When an air-to-ground call is considered complete, the SRT will
SATCOM, and EICAS/ECAM display, and (6) extinguish the send a connect and enter the active state. Then ringing from
CALL light when the channel unit becomes available for a new the ground will be heard on the audio channel. In the case of a
call. user busy event, the SRT would enter the Clearing initiated by
the network state and send a disconnect to the CTU. No busy
CABIN VOICE OPERATIONS tones would be generated by the SRT.

Telephone services are provided using a pair of C-Channels If a passenger voice call is interrupted due to loss of signal, the
(transmit and receive). The SRT-2000 is connected to a cabin receive audio will be muted during the outage. If the call must be
telephone unit (CTU). The SRT voice system will interface to the abandoned (because the signal is not reestablished within 40
CTU via a CEPT E1 bus. The calling procedure allows seconds) the SRT will disconnect the C-Channel and initiate the
passengers and cabin crew to set up a telephone call or receive call clearing procedure.
a telephone call within the international telephone network
through any GES offering telephony service.

The CTU will provide the SRT with the required information
needed to set up and complete a call. Information needed by the
SRT includes the calling number and passenger credit card
information.

192
DTMF TELEPHONE OPERATION A maximum of ten seconds is allowed between entry of
individual digits. Do not pause for more than 10 seconds
The SRT provides the capability to use a telephone handset between digit entries. If there is a pause for more than 10
(containing a numeric keypad) connected to the cockpit audio seconds, an audio message will be heard, the entered number
channels. This allows direct dialing of telephone numbers and and/or prefix codes will be discarded, and the line will be
access to status information via audio messages. returned to the initial default state. The interface will act just as if
the user had hung up (on-hook) and then picked up the phone
How To Place A Call again (off-hook).

The procedure for placing a call anywhere in the world is very Normally, no audio is present in the handset when it is on-hook.
similar to the dialing procedure used to place any international The only exception is the connection-in-progress tone which is
call. There are a few minor differences, through which these present in the handset when a call is in queue, even if the
instructions will guide the user. Synthesized voice messages will handset is on-hook.
help the user during the dialing procedure.
PLACING A CALL WITHOUT PREFIX NUMBERS
HOW TO ENTER NUMBERS
To call a number, the AES must be logged on to a
All telephone number entries are terminated with a pound (#) satellite/ground station. Typically, a user will log-on (or register)
sign to signal completion of each prefix code or telephone at the beginning of
number. For in-flight handsets, the use of the last pound (#) sign
is optional. The user must press SEND to initiate any DTMF digit
transfer; the signaling generated by pressing the SEND
pushbutton is sufficient to indicate the end of a command.

The star (*) entry is used to identify a prefix code. Optional


parameter digits my be required following the prefix code. Prefix
codes allow access to non-default priorities, preempt/queueing
of calls, and the speed dialer features. Prefix code entries must
be terminated by a pound (#) sign.

193
the flight, and the log-on may be renewed during the flight when When the AES is logged on, the user can place a call by taking
communications have been interrupted or the user changes the the handset off-hook and waiting for the dial tone. The user may
satellite or ground station being used. An aircraft can only be place a call several ways. The user can enter the prefix for
logged on to one GES at a time. international automatic dialing, country code, area or city code,
the telephone number and finally a pound (#) sign to indicate the
If the SRT has not completed logging on, the user will hear the end of the dialed number. Or the user can prefix his call with one
following message. The message will be followed by a network or more prefix codes to indicate the priority of the call, a
busy signal. preferred GES, to use a speed dial number, or to queue the call.

SATCOM is in the process of logging on. For example, to call a telephone number in the United States
and use the default OPERATIONAL LOW priority, the user picks
If one or more of the conditions required to place a call are not up the handset and hears the dial tone, then the greeting
satisfied when a handset is taken off-hook and the user does message.
not
have the priority to preempt, a network busy signal will be heard. All call entries must be terminated by a pound sign. Do not
exceed 10 seconds between digit entries.
NOTE: The conditions required to place a call are: the AES
must be logged on, a channel must be available, the The user enters the international telephone number and a pound
antenna system must be in high gain mode, and the (#) sign.
antenna gain must be sufficient.

If another user has a call in progress the following message will


be heard.

SATCOM system in use.

If the user is a cockpit user, the priority prefix codes may be


used to raise the call priority.

If one or more of the conditions required to place a call are not


satisfied when a handset is taken off-hook and the user has the
priority to preempt, a busy signal will be heard.

If there are sufficient resources available to place a call, a dial


tone signal will be heard.

194
00 1 319 395 1638# EXAMPLE 1 (Placing A Call To London)
Where 00 is the international prefix, 1 is the country code (USA),
319 is the area code, and 395 1638 is the number called. The sequence for dialing the London number 426 1111 would be
as follows.
The following message will be heard when the call is initiated.
00 44 71 426 1111#
Call setup in progress. Where 00 is the international prefix, 44 is the country code (UK),
Please stay on the line. 71 is the London city code, and 426 1111 is the number called.
After the message is completed, a connection in progress tone The pound sign (#) signals completion of the dialing process.
will be heard. The user should stay on the line until the call is
completed with the ground network. EXAMPLE 2 (Placing A Call To Hong Kong)

EXAMPLES OF PLACING CALLS The sequence for dialing the Hong Kong number 827 0181
would be as follows.
The operation of the DTMF telephone interface has been
designed to make the procedure for placing a call as similar as 00 852 827 0181#
possible to the procedure for dialing any international call.
However, if the user should desire to place a call through a Where 00 is the international prefix, 852 is the country code
ground station other than the current log-on ground station, the (Hong Kong), (there is no city code), and 827 0181 is the
user must be certain that the new ground station is available and number called. The pound sign (#) signals completion of the
supported by the current log-on ocean region. Refer to appendix dialing process.
B. If the new ground station cannot be used (not available), the
call will be terminated and the user will hear a message and
cause code explaining the call termination. If the user attempts
to enter an invalid ground station, then the current log-on ground
station will be used to place the call. To place a call over a
ground station other than the log-on ground station, use the
preferred ground station prefix code. The following examples
show international calls being placed on SATCOM without the
use of a prefix code.

195
PLACING A CALL WITH PREFIX NUMBERS

Prefix codes allow access to non-default priorities,


preempt/queueing of calls, and the speed dialer features. The
user can enter prefix codes to indicate the priority of the call, a
preferred GES, to use a speed dial number or to queue a call.
Prefix code entries must be terminated by a pound (#) sign. To
help the user remember the codes, the first character has been
selected based upon a letter that can be associated to the
function (C for camp on, G for ground station, L for last number
redial, etc). That letter appears on the numbered pushbuttons of
the standard telephone keypad. Within a function, the most
frequently used command uses a second digit of 1. For example
C1 (21) for camp on, L1 (51) for last number redial, M1 (61) for
status message, S1 (71) to access speed dialer slots, and T1
(81) to terminate lower priority calls if necessary/possible.
The following table lists the prefix codes available.

196
FIRST
CHAR CODE DESCRIPTION
C *21# Camp on. The call is queued and the user
may hang up the phone. When resources
are available the phone will ring to alert the
user. The call will be placed with OPERATIONAL LOW
priority.
*22# Cancel camp on. Code is only meaningful if
user has queued call and the queued call
has not expired.
G *4XXX# Preferred ground station code. Places a call
using ground station with GESID XXX as
the preferred ground station. If GES XXX
cannot be used, the log-on GES is used. All
3 digits of the GESID must be entered.
L *51# Redial the last number attempted. The call
uses the same priority.
M *60# Plays meanings of prefix codes.
*61# Plays system status messages.
*62# Plays system configuration message.
*63# Plays system configuration message.
*64# Plays BITE failure code if codes exist.
S *71N# Access speed dial number. Selects telephone
number stored (N) for use. The
parameters are also stored with dialer to
determine priority and GES.
*72N# Selects stored number slot (N) for entry of
number into speed dialer. Audio message
prompts user to enter number followed by a
pound sign.
*73N# Selects audio playback of stored number
(N), GES, and priority for specific speed dial
stored number slot.
T *81# Requests call preempt of lower priority calls
if necessary.
*91# Call placed using EMERGENCY priority.
*92# Call placed using OPERATIONAL HIGH
priority.
*93# Call placed using OPERATIONAL LOW
priority.
*94# Call placed using APC (public) priority. 197
*98# Enters test command protection code.
*99# Enter test command.
HOW TO CAMP-ON (CALL IN QUEUE) The user may hang up the phone following the queueing of the
call. When resources become available to place the call, the line
The user may use the prefix codes to queue a call (or camp on). queueing the call will ring. When the user picks up the phone
This allows the user to enter the telephone number and wait the following message will be heard and call setup will continue.
until
system resources become available to place the call. Your queued call is being placed. Please stay on the line.

The user picks up the handset and hears the busy signal. It is possible that between the time system resources become
The user enters a star, the prefix code, a pound sign and then available for the queued call and the time the user picks up the
the international telephone number followed by a pound (#) sign. phone, the system resources have again been allocated to a
*21# 00 1 319 395 1638# different user. In this case, the user will be informed by an audio
message that the queued call has been terminated.
Where 21 is the camp on prefix code, 00 is the international
prefix, 1 is the country code (USA), 319 is the area code, and HOW TO CANCEL A CAMP-ON REQUEST
395 1638 is the number called.
The queued call can be canceled by entering the prefix code
When a user has requested that a call be queued (camp on), *22#. The prefix code *22# is only meaningful if the user has
the queued a call and the queued call timer has not expired.
phone may be hung up. The call will remain in queue for several
minutes. If the phone is picked up while the call is still in queue,
an audio message indicating the queued call is still waiting will
be heard. After completion of the message, the connection in
progress tone will be heard.

Your call has been queued.

At that point the user may continue to wait, terminate the call
with another prefix code, or terminate the call by initiating a new
dialing sequence. If the queued call timer expires while the
phone is on-hook, no user notification is provided. If it expires
while the user is off-hook, a message will be heard and the dial
prompt will return (normally a busy signal).

Queued call has been canceled.

198
If the user enters a prefix code requesting a queued call be The user enters a star, the prefix code, the satellite ID of the
canceled, the following message will be heard. After completion ocean region, the preferred ground station GESID, a pound sign
of the message, the dial prompt will return (normally a busy and then the international telephone number followed by a
signal). If resource allocations have changed, it is possible that pound (#) sign.
some other tone will be heard.
*4103# 00 1 319 395 1638#
Queued call has been cancelled. Where 4 is the preferred ground station prefix code,103 is the
preferred ground station GESID, 00 is the international prefix, 1
HOW TO ENTER A PREFERRED GROUND STATION is the country code (USA), 319 is the area code, and 395 1638
(WHEN PLACING A CALL) is the number called.

Occasionally, the user may want to place a call using a different If the call is initiated, a connection in progress tone will be heard.
GES. The user can place a call to anywhere in the world from The user should stay on the line until the call is completed with
the current log-on ocean region, and the user can use any of the the ground network. The audio message is:
GESs that operate within the current log-on ocean region. The
selection of a different GES would not be permanent, and is an Call setup in progress.
option the user can exercise. The user should be certain that the
new preferred ground station is available and operating within
the current log-on ocean region. Refer to appendix B. If the new
preferred ground station is unavailable the call will be terminated
and the call termination cause code will be annunciated. If the
entered preferred ground station number was invalid, the log-on
ground station will be used to place the call.

In the following example, the preferred ground station would be


GESID 103 (AORE ocean region). If ground station 103 cannot
be used, the call will be terminated and the call termination
cause code will be annunciated (refer to appendix A).

The user picks up the handset and hears the dial tone, then the
greeting message.

All call entries must be terminated by a pound sign. Do not


exceed 10 seconds between digit entries.

199
Please stay on the line. Ground Network Error. Please try your call again later. will
be heard if any of the following cause codes (refer to
If any problems occur during the setup of the call, a busy signal appendix
will be heard. One or more of the following messages will be A) are received.
heard.
Network out of order
Call terminated. Switching equipment congestion
Equipment not available
Cause code < x >. Credit card number rejected
AES not authorized
Some specific call termination cause codes will be followed with Incoming calls barred
additional messages. The following list indicates the additional Credit card type not supported
message and the cause codes that would initiate that message. Required data rate not supported
Voice channel type not supported
Please insure your number is entered correctly. will be heard
if any of the following cause codes (refer to appendix A) are
received.

Unassigned number
No route to destination
Call rejected
Destination out of service
Invalid number format
Channel type not implemented
Invalid/Incomplete address
Undefined cause

Please try your call again later. will be heard if any of the
following cause codes (refer to appendix A) are received.

User busy
No user responding
No circuit/channel available
Continuity failure (signal lost)

200
Service type not supported Accessing a Speed Dial Number

LAST NUMBER REDIAL To access a phone number from the SATCOM directory, the user
enters a star, the prefix code and speed dial number, followed by
The last number dialed along with the associated priority and the pound (#) sign.
preferred GES is retained in memory for use by the last number
redial prefix code. A new priority or GES selection may precede *7101#
the entry of the last number redial code to change the stored
values. A call action request may also precede the last number In the example above, the user selects the stored telephone
redial code. Note that the previous call action request is not number in slot 1. When a slot number is less than ten, the leading
stored with the last number and will not be restored without zero must be entered. The parameters stored with the dialer
reentry of the call action request. determine call priority and GES.

To initiate the last number redial, the user enters a star, the prefix
code (51) and the pound sign.

If the call is initiated, a connection-in-progress tone will be heard.


The user should stay on the line until the call is completed with
the ground network. The audio message is:

Call setup in progress.


Please stay on the line.

HOW TO SPEED DIAL

The user can use a prefix code to enter phone numbers into the
SATCOM directory or access phone numbers already listed in the
SATCOM directory. The user is responsible for knowing the
directory speed dial number or he can use a prefix code to
annunciate the stored number in a particular slot.

NOTE: DTMF interfaces that have been strapped for cabin


priority
only have access to speed dial entries that have been
stored with a cabin priority. DTMF interfaces strapped for
cockpit operation may access speed dial entries stored
with cabin priority. However, these entries will be placed 201
with OPERATIONAL LOW priority if APC (Aeronautical
Public Communication) calls from the cockpit are
If an error is detected in the user entered dialing sequence, an The above prefix code selects entry of a telephone number into
audio message will indicate the problem. Following the message, slot 1. When a slot number is less than ten, the leading zero must
the dial tone is heard. Potential messages will include the be entered. An audio message will prompt the user to enter the
following: telephone number followed by a pound sign. The number may
include any priority and/or GES prefix codes normally allowed in
Invalid Prefix code. (for cockpit users, this message is dialing.
followed by a prefix description message)
Slot 99 is reserved for an emergency number only. A number
Speed Dial Entry < x > Not Defined. must be entered in slot 99 for use by the 91 prefix code.

Speed Dial Entry < x > Not available. (This is a cabin only Speed dial entries are entered in much the same manner in which
message. Message indicates cockpit priority has been you would place the call. Entry of the _S2XX# prefix code
entered for this slot.) selects the call action to be stored in speed dialer slot XX (1-99).
The user may then select a preferred ground station and priority
If a call is preempted by a higher priority call on the other audio
line, the preempted call will be disconnected. The user will be
informed that the call has been preempted by the following audio
message.

Your call has been preempted.

If the call is initiated, a connection in progress tone will be heard.


The user should stay on the line until the call is completed with
the ground network. The audio message is:

Call setup in progress.

Please stay on the line.

Entering A Number In Speed Dial


To enter a speed dial number into the SATCOM directory, the
user enters a star, a prefix code, the slot number, and a pound
sign. Then the user is prompted for the telephone number and
call
parameters.

*7201# 202
using appropriate prefix codes. Entry of the number terminated by HOW TO TERMINATE LOWER PRIORITY CALLS
the pound sign (#) signals the completion of the dialing sequence
and stores the number. Thereafter, entry of prefix code _S1XX# The user can terminate a lower priority call, if necessary. If the
will recall the stored information and place the call. Entry of the user enters prefix code _T1# and a number (requesting a call be
_S3XX# prefix code will result in one of the following messages preempted), a call preemption will be attempted. If successful, the
to indicate what information has been stored. call setup-in-progress message will be heard. If the preemption is
not successful, a busy tone will be heard.
Number stored in slot < x > is <telephone number>.
HOW TO SET CALL PRIORITY
The preferred GES number is <number>.
The priority of the call can be set by the user. There are four
Call priority is [EMERGENCY, OPNL HIGH, OPNL LOW, priority states (from lowest to highest): CABIN, OPERATIONAL
CABIN]. LOW, OPERATIONAL HIGH, and EMERGENCY. The low priority
level of CABIN - APC is optional and is enabled from the
or one of the following error messages will be heard. SATCOM - OPTIONS 2/2 page or from strapping the rear
Speed Dial Entry <X> not defined. connector. OPERATIONAL LOW is the default priority and should
generally be used. Cockpit calls are placed at a higher priority
Speed dial entry <X> no available. (Cabin only message. than cabin calls. The CABIN priority is used for cabin-only audio
Indicates cockpit priority has been entered for this slot.) channels, and is at the same priority lever as OPERATIONAL
LOW.
Audio Playback Of Speed Dial Number

If the user wishes to confirm the number in a particular slot, the


user can enter the following prefix code followed by the slot
number.

*7329#

The prefix code above selects slot 29 of the SATCOM directory.


An audio message will annunciate the stored number, GES, and
priority. One of the following messages will be heard.

Number stored in slot < x > is < telephone number >.

The preferred GES number is < number >.

203
A call placed at an EMERGENCY priority will set off alarms at the In the case of a queued call, the phone will ring when the
GES. The owner of the aircraft will be called and told of an resources become available to place a call. The user will pick up
aircraft in emergency priority. If a call is preempted by a higher the phone and a message will indicate the queued call is
priority call on the other audio line, the preempted call will be proceeding. It may take many seconds to complete the ground
disconnected. The user will be informed that the call has been connection, when a user places a call. It is possible that between
preempted by the following audio message. the time the resources became available (call setup in progress)
and the time that the user picks up the phone, the resources may
Your call has been preempted. become allocated to a different user. In this case, the user will be
informed by an audio message that the queued call has been
IF YOUR CALL IS TERMINATED terminated.

If any problems are encountered during set up of the call, one or AUDIO STATUS MESSAGES
more of the following messages will be heard. Following
completion of the message, a busy signal will be heard. If a failure has been detected a failure tone will be heard. If a
failure tone is heard, the user may enter prefix code _M1# to hear
Call Terminated a status message. Entry of other prefix codes is allowed but it is
highly unlikely that any calls can be placed until corrective action
Cause code < x > is taken.

Some specific call termination cause codes will be supplemented


with additional messages.

Please insure your number is entered correctly.

Please try your call again later.

Ground Network Error. Please try your call again later.

A call can be terminated for a variety of reasons. Try the call later
if any of the previous messages are received.

204
Entry of *60# will cause the following prefix audio messages to
be played.

Press *911# for emergency, preemptive call to predefined


number. The predefined number occupies directory slot 99.
Directory slot 99 must contain an emergency number or an
error message will be annunciated. (Message reserved for
cockpit use.)

Press *91# for emergency priority on next call. (Message


reserved for cockpit use.)

Press *92# for FLIGHT SAFETY priority. (Message


reserved for cockpit use. The FLIGHT SAFETY priority is
equivalent to the OPERATIONAL HIGH priority.)

Press *T1# (_81#) to preempt. (Message reserved for


cockpit use.)

Press *C1# (*21#) to queue a call. (Message reserved for


cockpit use.)

AUDIO CONFIGURATION MESSAGES

If a failure has been detected a failure tone will be heard. If a


failure tone is heard, the user may enter prefix code _M2# to hear
a configuration message. Entry of other prefix codes is allowed
but it is highly unlikely that any calls can be placed until corrective
action is taken.

205
AUDIO TONES
TONE DESCRIPTION OPERATION
Audio tones, heard over the handset, are used to relay
information such as operating status to the user. The tones heard
Dial tone Two tones Dial tone occurs when the
when using the handset are listed below.
combined to audio line is
available for use.
produce a
continuous tone.

Busy signal A slow pulsed Busy signal occurs when the


tone. audio line is not available for
use. It is heard when

preemption was not


successful, and when the
queued call timer expires. If
the user wishes to place a
call, the user may elect to
camp-on or change the
priority of the call.

Network A rapid pulsed The AES is logging-on or


congestion tone. insufficient resources are
tone available to place the call.

Connection A series of single The connection in progress


in progress short pulsed tone occurs between the time
tones that the number is entered and the
produces a time the GES accepts the call.
series of beeps.

Failure Two alternating Tone is heard when a failure


tone tones. occurs in the airborne system.
A failure tone will also occur if
resources are not available,
or if the AES is not logged on.
The user can enter _61 to
hear the reason for 206
the failure
and the cause code.
Sample Dialing Sequences *4XXX#< telephone number > Places call using ground
station GESID XXX as the
The following examples demonstrate a sample of dialing preferred station. If ground
sequences. Although the previous examples used only a single station XXX is unavailable, the
prefix code to access call features, the following samples call will be terminated and the
demonstrate that more than one prefix can be used if each prefix cause code will be
is preceded by a star and followed by a pound sign. annunciated. If an invalid
ground station is entered, the
< telephone number ># Call is placed with current log-on ground station
OPERATIONAL LOW priority will be used to place the call.
if All 3 digits of the GESID must
line is configured as cockpit or be entered.
CABIN priority if configured for
cabin. *51# Redial the last number
attempted. Use same priority.
*21#< telephone number ># Only valid if busy tone is heard
prior to placing a call. Call is *60# Playback of prefix code
queued. User may hang up meanings is heard.
the
phone. When resources
become available the phone
will ring to alert user that the
call is proceeding. Call will be
placed with OPERATIONAL
LOW priority. Call will remain
queued for a while.

*22# Only meaningful if user has


queued a call and queued call
timer has not expired. Cancels
a queued call.

207
*61# Plays system status message. When the above message groups are completed, the user will
If the SRT is operating normally and has successfully logged hear a failure tone, busy signal, or dial tone as appropriate.
on, the following messages will be heard: The user may then enter any additional prefix codes that will
be recognized when that tone is heard.
SATCOM logged-on
Satellite ID is <X> *62# or *63# Plays system configuration
GESID is <XXX> message.

The SATID and GESID numbers will be the numbers of the When the user enters the *62# or the *63# prefix, one of the
logged on satellite and GES. following message groups will be heard.

If the SRT is in the process of logging on, the following (All, X) of the Y Channel modules installed are
messages will be heard: available
Hardware part number is <12 digit number>
SATCOM log-on in progress. Software part number is <12 digit number>
Satellite ID is <X>.
GES ID is <XXX>.

The satellite ID and GESID numbers will be the numbers of


the satellite and GES being searched at the moment the
message is heard.

If the system is unable to initiate a log-on sequence, the


following messages will be heard:

SATCOM system unable to log-on.


Cause code <X> (May be repeated for multiple
causes).

The cause codes can indicate: (1) that one or more of the
SATCOM LRUs has failed BITE tests, (2) an LRU is inactive
on the bus, or (3) other conditions prevent the system from
logging on.

208
And if the owners requirements table (ORT) has been loaded: CODE SRU FAULT CODE SRU FAULT

Owners requirement table part number is <12 digit 00 No faults 20 Channel Module 5
number> 01 Sys Proc RAM 21 Channel Module 6
02 Sys Proc ROM 22 (RESERVED)
And either, 03 Sys Proc EEPROM 23 (RESERVED)
04 IO 429 24 (RESERVED)
Owners requirement table has been modified,
or 05 A429 Intern Loopback 25 RFU Unlock
No message at all if ORT has not been loaded or 06 (RESERVED) 26 (RESERVED)
modified. 07 E1 Internal Loopback 27 RFU TX Gain
08 (RESERVED) 28 RFU RX Gain
*64# Plays BITE failure code if 09 MHz 66.56 Synth Unlocked 29 HSR Monitor
codes exist.
10 (RESERVED) 30 (RESERVED)
When the user enters the *64# prefix, one of the following 11 MHz 1.68 Synth Unlocked 31 (RESERVED)
message groups will be heard, giving BITE failure information. 12 IO Card Failed Start Up 32 (RESERVED)
13 (RESERVED) 33 (RESERVED)
Not available if logging faults is in process, 14 (RESERVED) 34 (RESERVED)
00 if no faults are present
YY may be repeated for multiple faults. Refer to 15 Serial Discrete Parity 35 HPA TX Gain
table for list of SRUs and corresponding codes. 16 Channel Module 1 36 HPA Over
Temperature
17 Channel Module 2 37 (RESERVED)
18 Channel Module 3 38 (RESERVED)
19 Channel Module 4 39 (RESERVED)

209
CODE SRU FAULT CODE SRU FAULT
*711# Selects telephone number
(*7100#) stored in speed dial slot 1 (99) for 40 (RESERVED) 75 MCDU 3 Bus
use. Parameters stored with 41 (RESERVED) 76 IRS 1 Bus
dialer determine priority and GES. 42 (RESERVED) 77 IRS 2 Bus
43 TOP LNA Diplexer 78 Cabin Digital Bus
44 TOP LNA RX Gain 79 FMC 1 Bus

45 PORT LNA Diplexer 80 FMC 2 Bus


46 PORT LNA RX Gain 81 (RESERVED)
47 STBD LNA Diplexer 82 (RESERVED)
48 STBD LNA RX Gain 83 (RESERVED)
49 (RESERVED) 84 (TOP BSU Bus)

50 (RESERVED) 85 PORT BSU Bus


51 TOP BSU SSM 86 STARBOARD BSU Bus
52 TOP BSU 87 (RESERVED)
53 TOP BSU Self Test 88 (RESERVED)
54 PORT BSU SSM 89 (RESERVED)

55 PORT BSU 90 (RESERVED)


56 PORT BSU Self Test 91 (RESERVED)
57 STBD BSU SSM 92 (RESERVED)
58 STBD BSU 93 SDU to TOP BSU Bus
59 STBD BSU Self Test 94 SDU to TOP BSU Bus

60 TOP VSWR 95 SDU to STARBOARD


BSU bus
61 TOP BSU HGA 96 IACO
62 PORT VSWR 97 PORT to STBD XTALK Bus
63 PORT BSU HGA 98 STBD to PORT XTALK Bus
64 STBD HGA VSWR 99 Power Supply Interrupt

65 STBD BSU HGA 100 Power Supply Overtemp


66 HPT TOP BSU 101 All Channel Modules
67 HPR PORT BSU 102 SECURE ORT INVALID
68 HPR STBD BSU 103 TX GAIN
69 (RESERVED) 104 IGA LNA/DIPLEXER

70 CFDS Input Bus 105 IGA LNA RX GAIN


71 CMU 1 Bus 106 IGA VSWR
72 CMU 2 Bus 107 INTERMEDIATE GAIN ANT
73 MCDU 1 Bus
74 MCDU 2 Bus 210
*7299# Selects slot 99 for entry. Audio < number >#
message prompts user to enter number
followed by a pound sign. Number may include
any priority and/or ground station prefix codes
normally allowed in dialing. Preempt or camp on
requests are ignored.

*7345# Selects slot 45. Audio message indicates stored


number, GES, and priority.

*81# Requests call preempt of lower priority calls if


necessary.

*91#< telephone number ># Call is placed using emergency priority. Lower
priority calls are not preempted.

*91#*81#<telephone number># Call is placed using emergency priority. Lower


priority call preempted if necessary.

*92#<telephone number># Call is placed using OPERATIONAL HIGH


priority.

*92#_51# Redial the last number attempted. Use


OPERATIONAL HIGH priority.

*93<telephone number> Call is placed using OPERATIONAL LOW


priority. *93# prefix is redundant unless some
other priority prefix code has been previously
entered.

Note that lower priority calls are not


automatically preempted unless the call preempt
prefix code is also entered. (For cockpit use
only).

211
*94# Call is placed using APC (Aeronautical Public
Communications) priority. This command may
be used by cockpit interfaces to lower the
priority of calls from the default OPNL LOW.

*98< x >#*9939# Enters test command 39. (X) is the protection


code.

212
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES
The following codes have been established to indicate to the user
the reasons for calls not being established. The DTMF CODE is
the numbered code heard over the handset when a cause code is
reported in systems using the DTMF telephone cockpit audio
interface.

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

UNASSIGNED Unassigned 001 The GES or PSTN


NUM number were unable to
place a call with the
given number. Verify the
number is entered
correctly. Verify the
network ID is set
correctly (1 for PSTN or
as required for private
network).

NO ROUT TO No route to 0011 The GES or PSTN


DSTN destination or 141 were unable to place
a call with the given
number. Verify the
number is entered
correctly. Verify the
network ID is set
correctly (1 for PSTN or
as required for private
network).

NORM Normal 010 or Seen at end of call.


CLEARING clearing 155 or No error was 156
detected in call
termination. The user
may have hung up
before the AES user
began talking.

USER BUSY User busy 011 or The line is busy. Call


171 again later. 213
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

NO ANSWER No user 012 The called party did


responding not answer within a
timeout from call
initialization. The
timeout period is
typically 4 minutes.
Try again later.

CALL Call 015 The GES or PSTN


REJECTED rejected were unable to place
a call with the given
number. Verify the
number is entered
correctly. Verify the
network ID is set
correctly (1 for PSTN
or as required for
private network).

DEST OUT Destination 0111 The PSTN were


SERV out of or unable to place a call
service 1510 with the given number.
Verify the number is
entered correctly.
Verify the network ID
is set correctly (1 for
PSTN or as required
for private network).

INVLD FORMAT Invalid 0112 The GES or PSTN


number were unable to place
format a call with the given
number. Verify the
number is entered
correctly. Verify the
network ID is set
correctly (1 for PSTN 214
or as required for
private network).
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

NORM Normal, 0115 Seen at end of call.


UNSPECIF unspecified or No error was
1511 detected in call
termination. The user
may have hung up
before the AES user
began talking.

NO CHAN No circuit/ 022 This may be seen if a


AVAIL channel higher priority call is
available already a call in
place that is consuming
all available HPA power
or if the GES has all
channel units in use.
Try call again later.

NTK OUT OF Network out 026 This would be due to


ORD of order a GES failure. Try call
again. If still no call
placement, log-on to
another GES.

EQUIP Switching 0210 The GES has all lines


CONGEST equipment or 154 in use, or the GES is
congestion not assigning a channel
for operation while the
AES is requesting. Try
call again. If still no call
placement, log-on to
another GES.

215
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

CHTYP NOT Channel 042 The GES does not


IMPL type not support the type of
implemented call being made.
verify the number is
entered correctly.
Verify network ID is
set correctly (1 for
PSTN or as required
for private network).
If all appear OK,
log-on to another GES.

NO CHAN No channel 121 Shown if the GES has


AVAIL available all channels in use or,
if a channel module
fails during the call.
Try call again.

NO UNIT AVAIL No channel 122 Shown if the GES has


unit all channels in use or, if
available a channel module fails
during a call. Try call
again. Failed module
will be removed from
operation.

EQP NOT Data 123 or Message should


AVAIL equipment 124 not be seen in cockpit.
not Try call again later. If
available still no call placement,
log on to another GES.

CT CRD NUM Credit card 131 Message should not


REJ number be seen in cockpit.
rejected Try call again. If still
no placement,
log on to another GES.
216
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

INVALID ADDR Invalid/ 132 The PSTN was unable


incomplete to place a call with the
address given number. Verify
the number is entered
correctly. Verify the
network ID is set
correctly (1 for PSTN or
as required for private
network).

AES NOT AES not 142 The AES does not


AUTHOR authorized appear in the GES
tables. Log on to
another GES.

CALLS Incoming 143 The AES does not


BARRED calls barred appear in the GES
tables. Log on to
another GES.

SIGNAL LOST Continuity 151 or The transmitted or


failure 153 or received signal has
157 or been lost. Try call
158 or again.
159

BAD CARD Credit card 161 Message should not


TYPE type not be seen in cockpit.
supported Try call again. If still
no call placement,
log on to another
GES.

RATE NOT Required 162 or Message should not


SUPPT rate not 163 be seen in cockpit.
supported Try call again. If still
no call placement, 217
log on to another GES.
APPENDIX A CAUSE CODES

MCDU/MIDU DTMF
ABBREVIATION FUNCTION CODE ACTION

TYPE NOT Voice 164 Message should not


SUPPT channel be seen in cockpit.
type not Try call again. If still
supported no call placement, log
on to another GES.

TYPE NOT Service 165 Message should not


SUPPT type of be seen in cockpit.
supported Try call again. If still
no placement, log on to
another GES.

AES ABSENT AES absent The AES does not


appear in the GES
tables. Log-on to
another GES.

UNDEFINE Undefined 1715 Message sent by


CAUSE cause GES when call is
terminated abnormally.
Try call again.

218
APPENDIX B
SATELLITE REGIONS AND GES
LOCATIONS

The following table shows the satellite and GES IDs at the time of
publication.

SATELLITE GES
COMMENT
Region ID Longitude ID Location
(deg)
AORW 00 -54 001 Goonhilly
Southbury PSID #2
002
004 Eik
005 Aussaguel PSID #1
101 Goonhilly PSID #1
AORE 01 -15
103 Aussaguel PSID #2
104 Eik
105 Fucino

POR 02 178 201 Sentosa


202 Santa Paula PSID #2
203 Yamaguchi
205 Perth PSID #1
206 Niles Canyon
207 Brunei
210 Kumsan

IOR 03 64 301 Eik PSID #2


302 Nunthaburi
303 Aussaguel
305 Perth
PSID #1
306 Yamaguchi
307 Brunei
310 Sentosa
312 Fucino 219
APPENDIX C
SIMPLIFIED LOG-ON SEQUENCE

220
APPENDIX D
SRT PROGRAM PIN MATRIX

221
APPENDIX E C
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS C-BAND Frequency band from 4 to 6 GHz
A CCITT International Telegraph and Telephone
A/C Aircraft Consultative Committee
ACARS Aircraft communications addressing and CCS Cabin communication system
reporting system CDU Control display unit
ACID Aircraft identification CEPT Conference Europeene des Postes et
ACK Acknowledge signal Telecommunications
ACP Audio control panel CFDIU Central fault display interface unit
ACU Audio control unit CFDS Central fault display system
ADS Automatic dependent surveillance CH Channel
ADDR Address CIC Cabin interphone controller
ADIRU Air data inertial reference unit CKPT Cockpit
AEEC Airline electronic engineering committee CLR Clear
AES Aircraft earth station CMC Central maintenance computer
AGC Automatic gain control CMD Command
AIDS Aircraft integrated data system CMS Central maintenance system
AMP Audio management panel CMU Communications management unit
AMU Audio management unit CNTL Control
ANT Antenna CODEC Coder/decoder
AOR Atlantic ocean region CONFIG Configuration
AOS Airline operations control CPDF Cabin packet data function
APC Aeronautical passenger communications CRC Cyclic redundancy code
ARINC Aeronautical Radio, Inc. CTRL Control
ASDL Aeronautical satellite data link CTU Cabin telephone unit
ATA Air Transport Association
ATC Air traffic control
ATN Aeronautical telecommunications network

BER Bit error rate


BITE Built-in-test-equipment
BLK Block
BPSK Binary phase shift keying
BSU Beam steering unit

222
D I

DEL Delete ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization


DLC Data link control ID Identification
DMU Data management unit IDU Interactive display unit
DPLXR Diplexer IGA Intermediate gain antenna
DTMF Dual-tone multifrequency INMARSAT International Maritime Satellite
Organization
E INOP Inoperative
INT Internal
ECAM Electonic caution alert module I/O Input/output
EFIC EFIS control panel IOR Indian ocean region
EFIS Electronic flight instrument system IP Instrumentation port
EICAS Engine indication and crew alerting IRS Inertial reference system
system IRU Inertial reference unit

F L

FCC Flight control computer LGA Low gain antenna


FMC Flight management computer LNA Low noise antenna
FMGC Flight management guidance computer LRU Line replaceable unit
FMGEC Flight management guidance and LSB Least significant bit
envelope computer LSK Line select key
FREQ Frequency LSW Least significant word

G M

GES Ground earth station MAX Maximum


GESID Ground earth station identification MCDU Multifunction control display unit
MDLTR Modulator
H MIC Microphone
MIDU Multipurpose interactive display unit
HEX Hexadecimal MIN Minimum
HF (hf) High frequency MOD (1) Module, (2) modified
HGA High gain antenna MON Monitor
HPA High power amplifier MSB Most significant bit
HPR High power relay MSG Message
HSR High stability reference MSW Most significant word 223
H/W Hardware MU Management unit
Hz Hertz
N S

SAT Satellite
NACK Negative acknowledgment signal SATCOM Collins satellite communications
NCD No computed data SCDU Satellite control data unit
NCS Network coordination station SCIU Satellite communications interface unit
NVM Nonvolatile memory SDI Source destination identifier
SDU Satellite data unit
O SEL elect
SELCAL Selective calling system
SIU Satellite interface unit
OMS Onboard maintenance system SRT SATCOM receiver-transmitter
OPNL Operational SSM Sign status matrix
ORT Owners requirements table STBD Starboard
OSI Open systems interconnection STRBD Starboard
SU Signal unit
S/W Software
P SWDL Software data loader
SYNTH Synthesizer
PABX Private automatic branch exchange SYS System
PBX Private branch exchange
PC Personal computer T
POR Pacific ocean region TBL Table
PREF Preference TEMP Temperature
PSTN Public switched telephone network T/P Top port
PTT Push-to-talk TX Transmit
PWR Power
U
R UW Unique word

RAM Random access memory V


REQ Request
RFU Radio frequency unit VCE Voice
VHF (vhf) Very high frequency
ROM Read only memory VOX Voice
RTN Return VSWR Voltage standing wave ratio
RTS Request to send
RX Receive X

XFER Transfer
XMT Transmit
XTALK Crosstalk 224

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