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STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF

RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
APPLIED IN A PHD REPORT
A Landscape Research Study
Research area and its context
2

TITLE OF PAPER HEALTH


PROMOTING POCKET
PARKS IN A LANDSCAPE
ARCHITECTURAL
PERSPECTIVE
AUTHOR Karin Krasgig
Peschardt
Domain of Research
Landscape architecture and
Design in Urban Area
University Department of
Geosciences and Natural
Resource Management,
University of Copenhagen

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Overview of the Study
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The study looks into Urban Green Infrastructure


(UGI) ,specifically Pocket Parks and their role in
health in dense urban areas in developed
countries
The study evaluated the use and users of the
pocket parks, the assosciation between the
characteristics of the park and their percieved
restorativenss, as well as relationship between
the specific features of the park.

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Overview of the study.. contd
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Defining terms HEALTH and POCKET PARKS


Two aspects of parks are considered for
segregation restoration and socialising
Looks into the knowledge benefits towards health
by pocket parks
Study resulted in coming up with guidelines for
design of pocket parks with the two aspects in
consideration
Contributed to EBHD Evidence Based Health
Design

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


HYPOTHESIS & RESEARCH QUESTIONS
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POCKET PARS ARE LATENT RESOURCE IN PROMOTING


HUMAN HEALTH IN DENSE CITY AREAS
How are the pocket parks used and who are the users?

Which factors influence the use of the pocket parks?

How do users assess the restorative potential of


pocket parks?
How are the nature characteristics(PSD) associated
with average and stressed users perceived restoration?
How are the pocket parks correlated to the preferred
types of use?
What is the users subjective perception of a pocket
park before and after a redesign?

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Fundamental model of
6 EBHD used

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Approach
7

The study was divided into 4 parts:


On site questionnaire survey-on use and users

Association of perceived restorativeness

(Perceived Restorative Scale - PRS) and


characteristics of the park (Perceived Sensory
Dimensions PSD)
Specific features of the park related to the

most preferred type of use


Users perception of park before and after the

redesign
Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17
Background study LITERATURE
RESEARCH
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Study of health being incorporated in city


planning in the past Rome and Greek cities
Liveable landscapes ideologies of Le Corbusier,
Jane Jacobs, Kevin Lynch
Compact city development related health
disorders
Health impact- Stress reduction socialising
Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI) Urban Green
Spaces Pocket Parks and their Size
Limiting the exclusive user group and selecting
broad user group
Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17
Methodology
9

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Hauser Plads - Copehagen
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Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Case studies CORRELATIONAL
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RESEARCH

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Physical Characteristics taken for sensory
study
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Noise
Size and Shape linear/oblong,
scattered, compact , somewhat
scattered to somewhat compact
Greenness- ground level(ground), eye
level(wall) , tree canopy(sky)
EAPRS(Environmental Assessment of
Public Recreation Spaces) validated
tool by Schipperjin stusy then modified
to suit the scale chosen in this study
Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17
Questionnaire survey QUALITATIVE AND
QUANTITATIVE METHODS
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Questionnaire survey was done among


users to understand :
Fascination ( Tangible and Intangible

features)
Extent ( Sensory Dimensions perceived)

Preference (Cultural Choices , Transport)

Compatibility ( Usability of space)

Self Estimated Health Status

The data collected was then statistically


analysed using various methods
Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17
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Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


NATURAL EXPERIMENT -COMBINED
STRATEGY Before Redesign
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Study of Dante's Plads Park before and


after Redesign

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


NATURAL EXPERIMENT -COMBINED
STRATEGY
16 Before Redesign

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


NATURAL EXPERIMENT -COMBINED
STRATEGY
17 After

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


NATURAL EXPERIMENT -COMBINED
STRATEGY
18 After

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


NATURAL EXPERIMENT -COMBINED
STRATEGY
19 After

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Analysis of Data - Methods
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Part I of the study used FREQUENCY ANALYSES


and LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSES
DUNCAN METHOD used to evaluate PRS Scores in
each case and LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
used to associate the varied PSDs in Part II
Part III was analysed using Pearsons Correlation
Method and Cluster Analysis using Wards
Method.
Part IV was analysed using FREQUENCY ANALYSIS
to identify demographic background of users
before and after redesign
Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17
Logical Regression Analysis
21

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Research Contribution/
22 Conclusion
Guidelines were formulated
for Urban pocket park
Design in Copen Hagen
based on EBHD

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


23

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17


Inferences/Conclusion
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Use of Multiple Research methodologies have


resulted in the refined results of the study
Combined strategy is the predominantly used
Appropriate Analytical tools for data analysis
were used in each stage
Limitations due Typology of Park selected
Cultural barriers and differences have not
been included in study which have been
mentioned in scope of study

Parvathi M, 2015802011,MArch Landscape, SAP,2015-17