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Unit 8: Just imagine!.

Topics: Conditionals, Time


clauses, Base and strong
adjectives, Making
suggestions.
Diego Hernando Torres Valencia
Contents:
Dream big :
1. Conditionals. Never give up :
Do your best :
2. Time clauses.
3. Base and strong
adjectives.
4. Making
suggestions.
5.
New headway Intermediate :
Student Book: Unit 8 : Just Imagine

New-Headway

Intermediate

Unit 8
Just
imagine
4
Listening on You Tube:
YOU TUBE:
https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=BO-2AYjtYKA&index=8&list=PL87St7ckm
1RhltI5ERJLlH9q6b30NmhBk
New-Headway
Intermediate

5
Unit 8: Just imagine !
Un i t 8

Imagine !
Main content
1.Grammar:

First, second zero 2. Vocabulary:


conditionals
Various conditional Base and strong
forms adjectives
Time clauses: when, Making
as soon as, before, suggestions
until, after
would rather -
wouldnt mind
Test your grammar

1. Look at the pictures. Put the words under each


picture in the right order to complete the sentences.
a. I usually get the bus to school, but
get I if up late lift me Dad gives
a Imyget up late, my dad gives me a lift
~> if ________________________________________
b. Ive got my driving test next week, and
pass I pass
I the test
test, Illthe if car buy
buy a new Ill car a
new
~> if ________________________________________
c. I dont have any money at all, but
I won a million pounds, Id travel a round the world
million won I a if round Id the pounds
travel world
a
~> if ________________________________________
b
2. Which situation:
c
is always true?
First conditional

Form:
If + Present Simple + Will + V
(+) If I find your wallet, Ill let you know.
(-) If you lose your ticket, you wont be able to go
(?) What will you do if you dont find a job?
Note:
- We dont use will in the if clause.
NOT * if you will leave now, youll catch the train.
* if Ill go out tonight, Ill give you a ring.

- If can be replaced by unless (= if not) or in case


(= because of the possibility ).
-Unless I hear from you, Ill arrive at 8 oclock.
-Ill take my umbrella in case it rains.
First conditional

The use:
1 First Conditional sentences express a possible
condition and its probable result in the future.
Condition (if clause) Result (result clause)
If I find a jumper that suits you,Ill buy it for you.
If I arrive home early, Ill give you a ring.
If you can find my purse, I might buy you a bicycle.
2 We can use the First Conditional to express
different functions (all of which express a
possible condition and a probable result.)
- If you do that again, Ill kill you! (= a threat)
- Careful ! If you touch that, you Ill burn yourself ! (=
a warning)
- Ill post the letter if you like. (= an offer)
- If you lend me $100, Ill love you forever. (= a
1. Put the words from the box in the
gaps:
ll you do wont get ll be ll get

ll ask wont do get ll be

Mum: Oh, dear! I hope everything will be all right.


Youve never been abroad before.
Jim: Dont worry, Mum. I _______ OK. I can look
after myself. Anyway, I _______ with Anthony.
We _______ anything stupid.
Mum: But what ________ if you run out of money?
Jim: We _________ a job of course!
Mum: Oh. What about if you get lost?
Jim: Mum! If we _______ lost, we _______ someone the
way,
but we _______ lost because we know where were
2. Make similar dialogues about other things
that Jims mother is worried about. Use you and
I.

Oh dear! What will you Dont worry,


do if you get food Mum. Ill.
poisoning?

Get food poisoning


Lose your passport Dont like the food
Get sunburnt Dont understand
Are homesick the language
Wake up late to
school
3. Put the verb into the correct
tense.

Mum: But how will get I know that youre all


right?
ll send
Jim: When we _____(get) to a big city, I
_____(send) you a postcard.
Mum: Oh. But Jim, its such a long flight to
arrive
Istanbul!
ll give
Jim: Mum! As soon as we _____hear (arrive)
in ll be
Turkey, I _____ (give) you a ring!
Time clauses:
Conjunctions of time + Present Simple, S +
will + V

* Conjunction of time: When, while, as


soon as, after, before, until
Note:
- Conjunctions of time are not usually
followed by will. They refer to future
tense, but we use a present tense.
Ill phone you when I get home.
As soon as dinner is ready, Ill give
you a call
Put if, when, or as soon as into each box.
Put the verb into the correct tense.
J: Goodbye, darling! Good luck with the interview!
S: thanks, Ill need it. I hope the trains areifrunning oniftime. the
are _____(be) delayed,
trains ll getI ______ (get) a taxi. am I ______(be)
late for thellinterview,
be I ______ (be) furious with myself!
J: Just keep calm! Phone me when you can.
S: I will.As soon as come I _____ (come) out of the interview,ll giveI _____ (give)
you a ring.
J: When ______
will ______ (know) if
you know youve got the job?
S: Theyll_____
send (send) me a letter in the next few days. if they
offer
_____ (offer) me ll job, I _____ (accept)if it, and
theaccept I accept it,
llwe _______(have
have to to) move house. You know that, dont you?
J: Sure. But well worry about that later.
S: OK. What are you doing today?
J: I cant remember.when I _____ (get) to the office,
get ll lookI _____ (look) in
my diary. I dont think Im doing much today.
S: Dont forget to pick up the children when you ______ (get) back
get
from work. if dont hurry ll miss
J: I wont. Youd better go now. you _______ (not hurry), you
_____ (miss) the train.
ll see
S: OK. I _____ (see) you this evening. Bye!
J : Bye, my love. Take care., and good luck !
Ask and answer question about Joe and
Sues conversation.
Example:
What/Sue/do/if/trains/delayed?
- What will Sue do if the trains are delayed?
- Shell get a taxi.
1. How/she/feel/if/late for the interview?
- How will she feel if shes late for the interview?
- Shell be furious with her self. (fell furious
sounds odd)
2. When/Sue/phone/Joe?
- When will Sue phone Joe?
- Shell phone Joe as soon as she comes out of
the interview.
3. When/know/if/shes got the job?
- When will she know if shes got the job?
- In the next days.
4. What/she/do/if/they/offer her the job?
- What will she do if they offer her the job?
- Shell accept it.
5. What/they/have to do/if/she/accept/job?
- What will they have to do if she accepts the job?
- Theyll have to move house.
6. What/Joe/do/when/get/office?
- What will Joe do when he gets to the office?
- Hell look in his diary.
7. What/happen/if/Sue/not hurry?
- What will happen if Sue doesnt hurry?
- Shell miss the train.
Second Conditional

Form:
If + Past Simple + would
(+) If I won some money, Id go round the world.
(-) Id give up my job if I didnt like it.
(?) If you needed help, who would you ask?

Note:
- was can change to were in the condition clause
if I were rich, I wouldnt have to work

If he
he
Second conditional
The use:
1 - We use Second Conditional to express an
unreal situation and its probable result. The
situation or condition is improbable,
impossible, imaginary, or contrary to known
facts.
- If my mother was still alive, shed be very
proud. (But shes dead.)
- If Ted needed any money, Id lend it to him.
(But he doesnt need it.)
2 - Other modal verbs are possible in the result
clause.
-I could buy some new clothes if I had some
money.
-If you wanted that job, youd have to apply
very soon.
Look at the picture
and listen to some
people saying
what they would
do if they won $2
million. Try to
guess who says
what and write a
number in the box.
Write notes on
what they would
do with it. Practise
2 some
3 4 of
5 the
6 7 8
Discussion:
What would you do with two million
pounds?
*Work in groups. Ask and answer
questions.
Practice

a - What .. buy?
b - How much .. give away?
give it to?
c - go on holiday? Where to?
d - What about your job? carry on
working or give up your job?
e - go on a spending spree?
f - be happier than you are now?
Zero Conditional

If .+ present .+ present

When we have a conditional sentence


with two present tenses, it expresses a
situation that is always true. If means
when or whenever. This is called the
zero conditional. Zero conditional
sentences refer to all time, not just the
present or future.
E.g:
- If I read too much, I get a headache.
- If you drop an egg, it breaks.
Would rather - Wouldnt mind

Read the example below. Do we use the past


tense forms had and would to refer to past time,
or to show unreality?

- If I had $2 million, I would go round the


world.
Id rather (= I would rather) + infinitive
means the same as Id prefer to
- I dont like studying. Id rather be outside
playing tennis.
I wouldnt mind + noun or ing means I
would (quite) like
- I wouldnt mind a cup of tea.
- I wouldnt mind having a few weeks off
Various conditional forms
Match a line in A with a line in B and a
line in C
A B C
a - If Tony rings, 1 - Dont wait for 1 - It would be
b - If youve me. really useful for
finished your 2 - I might do an work.
work, evening class. 2 - He can get hold
c - If Im not 3 - You have to of me there.
back by 8.00, have a visa. 3 - Keep warm and
d - If youve got 4 - You must give have plenty of
the flu, me a ring, fluids.
e - If youre 5 - Tell him Im at 4 - But you must be
ever in London, Andys. back here in fifteen
f - If you go to 6 - You can have mins.
Australia, a break. 5 - We could go out
g - Id buy a 7 - You should go somewhere.
word processor to bed. 6 - Id love to be
h - If I had more 8 - If I could really good at
time, afford it. photography.
7 - You can get one
Dialogue with will and would
Work in pairs.
Look at the following situations. Decide if they are
possible;
imaginary and probably wont happen.
Ask and answer questions about what you will do or
would do in each situation.
Example:
Theres a good film on TV tonight. (Possible)
A: Whatll you do if theres a good film on TV tonight?
B: Ill watch it.
You find burglars in your flat. (Imaginary)
A: What would you do if you found burglars in your flat?
B: Id phone the police.
1 - You cant do this exercise. possible

2 - The weathers good this weekend. possible

3 - A good friend invites you out tonight.


imaginary
4 - You are the president of your country.
imaginary
5 - You dont have any homework tonight.
possible
6 - Your teacher gives you extra homework
tonight.
imaginary
7 - You can speak perfect English.

imaginary
Reading:
Listen to the song. What dont the singers of the song want to do?
What do they want to do?
Who wants Who to bewants to be a millionaire?
a millionaire?
I dont.
Have flashy flunkies I dont.
everywhere. Who wants uranium to spare?
I dont. I dont.
Who wants the bother of a Who wants to journey on a
country gigantic yacht?
estate? Do I want a yacht? Oh, how I
A country estate is something do not!
Id Who wants a fancy foreign
hate. car?
Who wants to wallow in I dont.
champagne? Who wants to tire of caviar?
I dont. I dont.
Who wants a supersonic plane? Who wants a marble
I dont. swimming
Who wants a private landing pool, too?
field, I dont.
Pre reading task:
Which of the following do you think are good
suggestions (v) or bad suggestions (x) for
people, who win huge amounts of money in a
lottery or on the football pools?

If you win a lot of money,


you should give up work.
you should buy a new house.
you mustnt let I change you.
its a good idea to keep it a secret.
you should give money to everyone who
asks for it.
you should go on a spending spree.
WHILE READING

Reading the article. The following sentences


have been taken out of the text. Where do
you think they should go?

a. 6 They were furious!


b. 2 We feel at home

c. 3 It is tempting to move to a bigger house

d. 5 nothing but misery


e. 1 What the money would do to us!
f. 7 It seems fantastic!
g. 4 Most of their money will be frittered away
h. 8 If you lent him some money,
Answer the questions.
a. Does the magazine article talk more about the positive side
of winning a lot of money, or the negative side?
Much more about the negative side.
b. How can a large amount of money affect
our work? our home? our friends?
- Our work
People who win a lot of money might give up work, but then
there is no reason to get up in the morning.
- Our home and friends
They might buy a bigger house but then they leave their friends
behind.
c. How does the article say money can be frittered away?
Money can be spent employing all sorts of people who are trying
to protect them.
d. Charities, relatives, lawyers, security guards,
psychotherapists.
Psychotherapists
Which of them is speaking in the following lines?
Tell me about your relationship with your father. Charity
Twenty pounds will feed a family for a month.
relative
Please give generously.
Now, John, you know youve always been my favorite Security guard
nephew. Lawyer
Sorry, sir. You cant go any further without permission.
e. Give three facts each about the lives of Val Johnson, Alice
Hopper, and Malcolm Price.
Why are they all mentioned?

Alice hopper
She won $950.000 four
Val Johnson years ago.
She won $850.000 in 1989. It made her miserable.
She went on a spending spree
for 4 years. She left her job and her
husband.
She married five times. She is
penniless and unhappy. She bought a villa and two
Malcolm Price bars
He won $2.5 million. in Spain.
He said it wouldnt change Her son was killed on a
him, and it didnt. motorbike.
He went to his local pub and She is now poor again.
didnt even buy his friends a
drink.
He is a lonely man.
f. In the imaginary family that has won $1
million, who says, It wont change us?
Who says, I want it to change us?
The husband says It wont change us. The
wife says she wants it to change them.

g. What do the children what to have? What


does the neighbour want?
They want computer games, CD players and
motorbikes. The neighbour wants to borrow
some money.

h. Who in the family doesnt buy anything?


What do the others buy?
The husband doesnt buy anything. The son
buys a huge music system. The daughter
buys a holiday in Barbados with her friend.
The wife buys a Rolls-Royce and a racehorse
What do you think?

1. In what way is our life like a jigsaw?


Because the different parts of our life, for
example, our work, friends, and house, all
go together.
2. How does winning a large amount of
money smash the jigsaw?
If something happens to one part of our
lives, the other parts are affected, too.
3. Why do we need work in our lives?
Work gives our life structure, and something
to do everyday.
4 - In the story of the family that has won $1
million, what is joke about the toilet seat?
All the husband wants to do is fix the toilet seat,
but nobody else is interested. They want to
spend their money on much more exotic
things.
5 - What does he mean when he says, It wont
change us? What does his wife want to
change?
He wants their life to be unchanged, presumably
because they are happy. His wife is looking
forward to spending lots of money.
6 - What for you are the answers to the
questions in the last paragraph of Who wants
Vocabulary
Find a word or words in the text that mean the same as the following definitions. They are in
the same order as they appear in the text.

f. a time when you


a. not often go
b. very big to the shops and
c. break violently spend a lot of
d. area around your money
house asking (for g. having not a penny
something) very h. basic things to eat
strongly like bread, sugar,
e. keep (something) vegetables
safe, defend i. a hole through
Base and strong adjectives

1. Some adjectives have the idea


of very. Look at these examples
from the article on pages 80 81.

a huge windfall huge means very big


it seems fantastic fantastic means very
good
Itll be brilliant! Brilliant means very
good
2. Put a base adjective from the box next to a
trong adjective.
good bad cold frightened funny
tasty angry tired pretty/attractive interesting
hot surprised clever dirty
Base adjective Strong adjective

Big
_____________ Enormous, huge
_____________ Boiling
exhausted
_____________
Freezing
_____________ Delicious
_____________ Fascinating
_____________ Horrid, horrible, awful, terrible, disgusting
_____________ Perfect, marvelous, superb, wonderful, fantastic, brilliant
_____________ Filthy
_____________ Astonished, amazed
Furious
_____________
Hilarious
_____________ Terrible
_____________ Beautiful
_____________ brilliant
_____________
_____________
Note:

1. We can make adjective more extreme with


adverbs such as very and absolutely.
Their house is very big.
Their garden is absolutely enormous.
2. We can use very only with base adjectives.
very tired - NOT very exhausted
3. We can use absolutely only with strong
adjectives.
absolutely wonderful - NOT
absolutely good
4. We can use really with both base and strong
adjectives.
really tired - really exhausted
What do you think?

Imagine that you have $5000 that you want to give to charity.
Who would you give the money to? How would you divide it?
Think about what you would do, and then discuss your ideas
with a partner.
E.g:
- Id do charity to help old people with food and housing
- I would give some of the money to the poor children.
WRITING
Words that join ideas
1. Some words and expressions are used to make a
comment on what is being expressed.
Example:
What an awful journey you had! You must be
exhausted! Anyway, youre here now so lets not
worry any more. (Anyway = lets change the
subject and talk about something else.)
2. Some words are used to join ideas and sentences.
Example:
George was rich. He wasnt a happy man.
George was rich, but he wasnt a happy man.
Although George was rich, he wasnt a happy man.
George was rich. However, he wasnt a happy man.
WRITING
3. Choose the words that fit best.

a. Even g. Although
b. Unfortunately h. Because
c. At least i. As well
d. Also j. Of course
e. So
k. But
f. Only
l. Either
m. Pretty enough!

n. Because of

o. Actually

p. Anyway
Making suggestions
Which of the suggestions are for Maggie and
which for Paul? Which one include the speaker?
Why dont
Lets go to the we go for a
cinema! walk?
I dont think
Maggi you should go
If I were you, e+ out so much.
Id get a Speak
better-paid er
job. Shall we have
a game of
cards?
Why dont you
ask your Paul
parents? Youd better
get a loan
from the
You ought to bank
save some Im bored!
money every Im broke!
month!
Listen to Maggie & Paul.

Answers: Give some of the suggestion

- Why dont we ?
- Lets
- Shall we ?
- If I were you, Id
- Youd better
- Why dont you
- You ought to
Identify how to accept and reject
suggestions

Answer
: Rejecting
Accepting suggestions
suggestions I dont feel like
Thats a good idea! Oh no! I couldnt bear
Why didnt I think of it! Id rather do
that? anything but that!
I couldnt do that.
Id rather not.
Its a good idea, but
Ive already tried it.
4. Change the sentence using the prompts.
Example:
Lets go to the cinema.

A. Why dont we ? B. eat out tonight?

Why dont we go to the Why dont we eat out tonight


cinema?
C. I think we should

I think we should eat out


tonight.

Lets go to the Why dont you phone


cinema. Pat?
a. Why dont we ? a. Youd better
b. redecorate the b. tell the truth
house c. You should
c. If I were you, Id d. ought to
d. buy some new e. have a break
clothes f. Lets
Make dialogues for the situations using ways of making suggestions

Example:
You have got a terrible cold.
A. My heads killing me! And my nose is so sore!
B. I think you should go to bed with a hot drink.
A. Thats a good idea. Ill go right now.
B. Ill make you a hot lemon drink.
A. Oh, that would be lovely!
a. Youve just got a job in Moscow, so you need to learn the
Russian language, and find out about Russian people and
culture as quickly as possible.
b. You both have the evening free, and theres nothing on TV.
c. Your flats a mess, it hasnt been decorated for ages, and
the furniture is ancient. Suddenly you inherit some money!
d. You cant decide whether to go to university (but you dont
know what to study) or have a year off and go round the
world.
Homework

1. Do all the exercises in work book.


2. Learn the conditionals and time
clauses.
3. Prepare for the new lesson.
Thanks for your
attention
The End
...

Be strong, but not


rude.
Be kind, but not
weak.
Be bold, but do not
bully.