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# Mechanical Vibrations

Mechanical Vibrations
Instructor : Engr. Izhar
Mechanical Engineering Department, CECOS
University

## BSc. Mechatronics Engineering (2009-2013)

UET Peshawar (Gold Medalist)

## MSc. Automation & Control Engineering

(2013-2015)
UET Peshawar (In Progress)
Vibration analysis
procedure

3
Free/Natural vibrations
Natural frequency
Or
Undamped natural
frequency

k
n
m

4
Free/Natural vibrations

How ?

k
n
m

5
Free/Natural vibrations
Equation of motion
mx kx 0
Response of the system
x A sin n t
x An cos n t x An2 sin n t

mA sin n t kA sin n t 0
2
n

k
n
m 6
Energy method
k
n
m

k
n
m
7
Vibration analysis
procedure

8
Free/Natural vibrations
Natural frequency
Or
Undamped natural
frequency

k
n
m

9
Free/Natural vibrations

How ?

k
n
m

10
Free/Natural vibrations
Equation of motion
mx kx 0
Response of the system
x A sin n t
x An cos n t x An2 sin n t

mA sin n t kA sin n t 0
2
n

k
n
m 11
Modeling
k

12
Modeling
Newtons law
k

mx F m

mx kx
k
mx kx 0 n
m
13
Modeling
Newtons law

I T
I kt

I kt 0
kt
n
I
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Energy method

PE KE contant k

U T contant
m

d
U T 0
dt

15
Energy method
PE Strain energy
1
kx 2 k
2
1 m
KE mx 2

2 x

d
U T 0
dt
d 1 1 2
kx mx 0
2

dt 2 2 16
Energy method

d 1 1 2
kx mx 0
2
k
dt 2 2
m
kxx mx x 0
x

x kx mx 0

mx kx 0
17
Energy method
PE Strain energy
1
kt 2
2
1 2
KE I
2
d
U T 0
dt
d 1 1 2
kt I 0
2

dt 2 2 18
Energy method
d 1 1 2
kt I 0
2

dt 2 2

kt I 0

kt I 0

I kt 0

19
Class problem
Determine
1. Equation of motion
2. Natural frequency

## Use both Newtons and energy

method

20
Class problem
Newtons law
J o To

J o mgl sin

J o mgl sin 0
sin (for small )

J o mgl 0
21
Class problem
Newtons law
J o mgl 0

mgl
0
Jo
mgl
n
Jo

J o ml 2
n
g
l
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Class problem
Energy method

23
Class problem
Energy method

24
Equation of motion
Newtons law k

mx F m

mx kx x

mx kx 0 k
n
m
x ( 0) x0
x ( 0) v0
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Equation of motion
Newtons law k

mx F m

mx kx x

mx kx 0 k
n
m
x ( 0) x0
Initial
x ( 0) v0 conditions
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Equation of motion
Newtons law k

mx F m

mx kx x

mx kx 0 k
n
m
x (0) x0 Initial displacement =
x (0) v0 x at t = 0
Initial velocity = v0
0
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2nd Order Ordinary Differential Equation
with Constant Coefficients

mx kx 0

28
Periodic motion

function
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Periodic motion

## Phase determine the initial value of the sine

function
30
Periodic motion

31
Amplitude and Phase
from the initial conditions

32
Relationship between x, v, a

-
A
2
A

- 33
2A
Relationship between x, v, a

34
Relationship between x,
v, a
k

Equilibri
um
position

35
Harmonic motion
Newtons law
mx kx 0 k

m
Other forms of
solutions x

36
Harmonic motion
Newtons law
mx kx 0 k

m
Other forms of
solutions x

How ?
Check it

37
Harmonic motion
Newtons law
mx kx 0

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